ISO 20022 is an ISO standard for electronic data interchange between financial institutions. It describes a metadata repository containing descriptions of messages and business processes, and a maintenance process for the repository content. The standard covers financial information transferred between financial institutions that includes payment transactions, securities trading and settlement information, credit and debit card transactions and other financial information.
The repository contains a huge amount of financial services metadata that has been shared and standardized across the industry. The metadata is stored in UML models with a special ISO 20022 UML Profile. Underlying all of this is the ISO 20022 metamodel – a model of the models. The UML profile is the metamodel transformed into UML. The metadata is transformed into the syntax of messages used in financial networks. The first syntax supported for messages was XML Schema.
ISO 20022 is widely used in financial services. Organizations participating in ISO 20022 include SWIFT. ISO 20022 is the successor to ISO 15022; originally ISO 20022 was called ISO 15022 2nd Edition. ISO 15022 was the successor of ISO 7775.
ISO 20022 Financial services – Universal financial industry message scheme.
|ISO 20022-1:2013 Part 1||Metamodel|
|ISO 20022-2:2013 Part 2||UML profile|
|ISO 20022-2:2013 Part 3||Modeling|
|ISO 20022-2:2013 Part 4||XML Schema generation|
|ISO 20022-2:2013 Part 5||Reverse engineering|
|ISO 20022-2:2013 Part 6||Message transport characteristics|
|ISO 20022-2:2013 Part 7||Registration|
|ISO 20022-2:2013 Part 8||ASN.1 generation|
A 2015 report by the United States's Federal Reserve System classified Europe having "mature adopters" of ISO 20022; India, South Africa, Japan, Singapore, and Switzerland as having "growing adopters"; and Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and New Zealand as having "interested adopters". The report concluded that the Federal Reserve should push for ISO 20022 adoption within the United States financial system.
Australia's New Payments Platform, launched in February 2018, uses ISO 20022 messaging.
The Reserve Bank of New Zealand plans to support ISO 20022 from November 2022 onward.
In July 2018, the Federal Reserve Board of Governors requested comments on the proposed adoption of the ISO 20022 message format in a migration beginning in 2020 and ending in 2023.
Nordic countries launched the P27 payment platform.
The Eurosystem in March 2023 switched its real-time gross settlement to T2, which follows ISO 20022. The switch involves transactions for settling payments related to the Eurosystem's monetary policy operations, as well as bank‑to‑bank and commercial transactions. TARGET2 previously handled transactions for over 2000 G€ per day.
The Federal Reserve's FedNow payments service uses ISO 20022 messaging.