The ITV television network of the United Kingdom is divided into a number of geographical regions.
Since 2002, all regions share the same programming except for regional news, weather, advertising and some local political content. Before then, the regions were independent stations, each with its own schedule and branding.
The table below lists the current 14 regions and 23 sub-regions for ITV and its two associated channels, the timeshifted ITV +1 and the high-definition ITV HD.
While the main SD channels (ITV1, UTV, and STV) on the Freeview platform provide a service for all 23 sub-regions, some sub-regional services are not available on some of the other channels and platforms, and another service is substituted instead, as indicated in the table.
Most Freeview transmitter areas overlap to some extent, so ITV regional services can often be received beyond the service areas indicated. Regional and sub-regional news and weather coverage may extend to include overlap areas.
The other ITV channels such as ITV2, ITV3 and ITV4, are not divided into regions, and each broadcasts a single service across the country.
|Map ref||Freeview||Satellite||Virgin Media||Service area|
|ITV Anglia (East)||Anglia (East)||Meridian (East)||Anglia (East)||Meridian (East)||Meridian (East)||Anglia (East)||Meridian (East)||Norfolk, Suffolk, eastern and northern Essex|
|ITV Anglia (West)||Anglia (West)||Anglia (West)||Cambridgeshire, most of Northamptonshire, central and northern Bedfordshire, northeastern Hertfordshire, northeastern Buckinghamshire and southeastern fringes of Lincolnshire|
|ITV Border (England)||Granada||Granada||Border (England)||Border (Scotland)||Granada||Border (England)||Granada||Central and northern Cumbria|
|ITV Border (Scotland)||Border (England)||Border (Scotland)||N/A[note 1]||N/A[note 1]||Dumfries and Galloway and Scottish Borders|
|ITV Central (East Midlands)||Central (West Midlands)||Central (West Midlands)||Central (East Midlands)||Central (West Midlands)||Central (West Midlands)||Central (East Midlands)||Central (West Midlands)||Leicestershire, central and southern Derbyshire, southern Nottinghamshire, Rutland and southwestern Lincolnshire|
|ITV Central (West Midlands)||Central (West Midlands)||Central (West Midlands)||Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, the West Midlands, Worcestershire and northern Gloucestershire|
|▼ 4||ITV Channel||—||—||—||Channel||—||N/A[note 1]||N/A[note 1]||Channel Islands|
|ITV Granada||Granada||Granada||Granada||Granada||Granada||Granada||Granada||Cheshire, Greater Manchester, Lancashire, Merseyside, northwestern Derbyshire, southern Cumbrian coast, western North Yorkshire and Isle of Man|
|ITV London||London||London||London||London||London||London||London||Greater London, southern and western Essex, north western Kent, Surrey, eastern Berkshire, southern Bedfordshire, southern Buckinghamshire, Luton and most of Hertfordshire|
|ITV Meridian (East)||Meridian (East)||Meridian (East)||Meridian (East)||Meridian (East)||Meridian (East)||Meridian (East)||Meridian (East)||Most of Kent and most of East Sussex|
|ITV Meridian (West)||Meridian (West)||Meridian (West)||Central and southern Hampshire, West Sussex, Isle of Wight, central and eastern Dorset, southeastern Wiltshire and southwestern East Sussex|
|ITV Meridian (Thames Valley)||Meridian (Thames Valley)||Meridian (Thames Valley)||Oxfordshire, central and northwestern Buckinghamshire, western Berkshire, northern Hampshire, eastern Gloucestershire and southwestern Northamptonshire|
|STV (Edinburgh & the East)||STV (Glasgow & the West) (Edinburgh evening news opt-out)||STV (Glasgow & the West)||Sky: STV (Edinburgh & the East)||STV (Edinburgh & the East)||N/A[note 2]||STV (Edinburgh & the East)||STV (Glasgow & the West)
(Edinburgh evening news opt-out)
|Clackmannanshire, East Lothian, Edinburgh, Fife (except North East Fife), Midlothian and West Lothian|
|Freesat: STV (Glasgow & the West)|
|STV (Glasgow & the West)||STV (Glasgow & the West)||STV (Glasgow & the West)||STV (Glasgow & the West)||Argyll and Bute, East Ayrshire, East Dunbartonshire, East Renfrewshire, Falkirk, Glasgow, Inverclyde, Lochaber, North Ayrshire, North Lanarkshire, Renfrewshire, Stirling, South Ayrshire, South Lanarkshire, West Dunbartonshire.|
|STV (Aberdeen & the North)||STV (Aberdeen & the North)||STV (Glasgow & the West)||Sky: STV (Aberdeen & the North)||STV (Aberdeen & the North)||N/A[note 2]||N/A[note 1]||N/A[note 1]||Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire, Highland (except Lochaber), Moray, na h-Eileanan Siar, Orkney and Shetland|
|Freesat: STV (Glasgow & the West)|
|STV (Dundee & Tayside)||Sky: STV (Dundee & Tayside)||STV (Dundee & Tayside)||STV (Dundee & Tayside)||STV (Aberdeen & the North)||Angus, Dundee, North East Fife, Perth and Kinross|
|Freesat: STV (Glasgow & the West)|
|ITV Tyne Tees||Tyne Tees||Tyne Tees||Tyne Tees||Granada||Granada||Tyne Tees||Granada||County Durham, Northumberland, Teesside, Tyne and Wear and northern North Yorkshire|
|UTV||UTV||UTV||UTV||UTV||ITV Granada||UTV||UTV||Northern Ireland|
|ITV Cymru Wales||Wales||Wales||Wales||Wales||Central (West Midlands)||Wales||Central (West Midlands)||Wales|
|ITV West Country (West)[note 3]||West Country (West)||Central (West Midlands)||West Country (West)[note 3]||Central (West Midlands)||Central (West Midlands)||West Country (West)[note 3]||Central (West Midlands)||Bristol, Forest of Dean, southern Gloucestershire, most of Wiltshire, northern fringes of Dorset and Somerset|
|ITV West Country (South West)[note 4]||West Country (South West)||West Country (South West)[note 4]||West Country (South West)[note 4]||Devon, Cornwall and western Dorset|
|ITV Yorkshire (South)||Yorkshire (South)||Granada||Yorkshire (South)||Yorkshire (North)||Granada||Yorkshire (South)||Granada||East Riding of Yorkshire, most of Lincolnshire, central Nottinghamshire, northeastern Derbyshire and northwestern Norfolk|
|ITV Yorkshire (North)||Yorkshire (North)||Yorkshire (North)||South Yorkshire, West Yorkshire, central and southern North Yorkshire and northern Nottinghamshire|
Main article: History of ITV
Independent Television began as a franchised network of independently-owned regional companies that were both broadcasters and programme makers. Each regional station was responsible for its own branding, scheduling and advertising, with many peak-time programmes shared simultaneously across the whole network. The companies serving London, the Midlands, North West England and Yorkshire (which were the first to start broadcasting in 1955 and 1956) were responsible for making or commissioning the majority of nationally-networked programmes; these companies were known as the "Big Four" before 1968 and the "Big Five" afterwards (reflecting the number of companies). Every company made its own regional programmes.
The network began with companies serving London in 1955, and gradually grew until all companies were on air by 1962, and continued to grow as more transmitters were provided for existing companies during the 1960s and 1970s. Over time, some companies lost their franchises and were replaced by others, and the regions covered by some franchises were changed. From 1993, mergers between ITV companies became possible; as a result, companies began to take each other over to increase efficiencies and to expand. By 2004, all of the ITV franchises in England and Wales were owned by the newly-formed ITV plc, the four other franchises being Scottish TV, Grampian TV, UTV and Channel.
The list below indicates the on-air brand names predominantly used by each regional company, which may differ from the official company name or franchise name. Each company used its own branding:
Thus companies' brands were often seen by viewers outside their own areas, especially the Big Four/Five brands. From 1989, a national ITV corporate identity was established, which saw regional brands combined with the national ITV brand, although the balance between regional and national brands varied from company to company.
By 2002, all regional companies in England and Wales were owned by either Granada plc or Carlton Communications. These companies carried identical schedules, except for regional news and weather which continued to use joint regional and ITV1 branding. At all other times national ITV1 branding alone was used in England but not Wales. Two years later, Granada and Carlton merged to form ITV plc. Regional branding in England was completely abolished in 2006.
Some regions were divided into sub-regions for the purposes of regional news and advertising, but these sub-regions were not usually identified by on-air branding and consequently are not shown here (with the exception of Wales and the West of England which, after 1964, were managed under a single franchise but are shown as separate regions).
|Area||First on air||1955–
|Northern Scotland||30 September 1961||Grampian||Grampian Television||Grampian TV[note 3]|
|Central Scotland||31 August 1957||Scottish Television / STV||Scottish Television||Scottish TV[note 3]|
|Northern Ireland||31 October 1959||Ulster Television||UTV|
|Channel Islands||1 September 1962||Channel Television||Channel Television / CTV||CTV||Channel|
|North East England||15 January 1959||Tyne Tees Television||TTTV / Tyne Tees||TTTV / Tyne Tees / North East 3[note 4]||ITV1 Tyne Tees|
Cumbria, Isle of Man
|1 September 1961||Border Television||Border||ITV1 Border|
|North West England[note 5]||3 May 1956||Granada||ITV1 Granada|
|Yorkshire[note 5]||3 November 1956||Yorkshire Television||Yorkshire Television||ITV1 Yorkshire|
|Lincolnshire, East Riding of Yorkshire||20 December 1965||Anglia||Anglia until 1974|
|Yorkshire Television from 1974|
|East of England||27 October 1959||Anglia||ITV1 Anglia|
|Midlands[note 5]||17 February 1956||ATV||Central||
|South and South East England||30 August 1958||Southern||TVS||Meridian||ITV1 Meridian|
|London area[note 5]||22 September 1955||ITV1 (London)|
|Wales||14 September 1962||Teledu Cymru from WWN until 1964||
||HTV Wales||HTV (Cymru Wales)||ITV1 Wales|
|Teledu Cymru from TWW after 1964[note 15]|
|South Wales and West of England
VHF 405-line only
|14 January 1958||TWW (General)[note 16]||
||HTV (General) until 1985||—|
| West of England
UHF and digital
|30 May 1970||—||HTV West||HTV (West)||
|South West England||29 April 1961||Westward||Westward TV||TSW|
|Nationwide breakfast franchise||1 February 1983||—||TV-am[note 18]||GMTV[note 19]|
|Nationwide teletext franchise||1978||—||ORACLE||Teletext|
In the table above coloured highlights denote companies whose broadcasting times were limited:
|STV||SMG||STV Group plc|
|Diagram showing the sale of franchisees from company to company to form ITV plc and SMG|
From 2002, all regional companies in England used national ITV1 branding alone for networked programmes. Similarly in Scotland, both the Scottish and Grampian regions were rebranded in 2006 as "STV" at all times.
Continuity branding used for networked programmes, that is, excluding regional programmes.
|Northern Scotland||Grampian TV||STV|
|Central Scotland||Scottish TV|
|Channel Islands||Channel||ITV1 Channel Television||ITV||ITV1|
|England, Southern Scotland, Isle of Man||ITV1[note 21]|
With all English franchises owned by ITV plc, there have been times when the news regions have not coincided with the official franchise regions. These exceptions are listed in the tables below. For the names of the regional news programmes, see ITV (TV network) § Regional programming.
ITV network regions and sub-regions continue to be used by ITV Media to sell different advertisements in each sub-region.
|Northern Scotland||Grampian Television||STV North|
|Central Scotland||Scottish Television||STV Central|
|Channel Islands||Channel Television||ITV Channel Television|
|North East England||ITV Tyne Tees||Franchise: ITV Tyne Tees||ITV Tyne Tees|
|News: ITV Tyne Tees & Border|
|Southern Scotland, Cumbria||ITV Border||ITV Border|
|Franchise: ITV Border|
|Isle of Man||ITV Granada|
|North West England||ITV Granada|
|Yorkshire and Lincolnshire||ITV Yorkshire|
|East of England||ITV Anglia|
|Midlands||ITV Central||ITV Central|
|Oxfordshire||Franchise: ITV Central||ITV Meridian|
|News: ITV Thames Valley||News: ITV Meridian|
|ITV Meridian||ITV Meridian|
|Franchise: ITV Meridian|
|South and South East England||ITV Meridian|
|Wales||News: ITV Wales||ITV Cymru Wales|
|Franchise: ITV Wales & West|
|West of England||ITV West Country|
|News: ITV West||News:|
ITV West and Westcountry
|South West England||ITV Westcountry|
|Franchise: ITV Westcountry|
Each regional company was not just a broadcaster but also a television production company. After mergers, all the production arms of the companies acquired by ITV plc were taken over by Granada Productions, which became ITV Studios in 2009. The two STV regions formed SMG Productions, which became STV Productions and then STV Studios.
|Former regional companies||2002–2004||2004–2006||2006–2009||2009–2020||From 2020|
|Scottish and Grampian||SMG Productions||STV Productions[note 22]||STV Studios|
|Channel Television||Channel Television||ITV Studios|
|Carlton, Central, Westcountry[note 23]||Carlton Productions|
|All other companies||Granada combined with regional company name and logo|