A typical Tamil version of the Kural
A typical Tamil version of the Kural

Tirukkural, also known as the Kural, is considered one of the most widely translated non-religious works in the world.[1] As of 2020, the work has been translated into about 41 world languages. As of 2014, English language alone had about 57 versions available, which is estimated to have crossed 100 by 2020.

Table of available translations

S. No. Language Year of first
translation
No. of translations
available
(as of 2021)
No. of complete
translations available
1. Arabic 1976 4 3
2. Armenian 1978 1 1
3. Bengali 1939 4 4
4. Burmese 1964 1 1
5. Chinese 1967 2 2
6. Czech 1952 1 0
7. Danish 2021 1 1
8. Dutch 1964 1 0
9. English 1794 69 32
10. Fijian 1964 2
11. Finnish 1972 1 0
12. French 1767 18
13. Garo 2000 1
14. German 1803 8
15. Gujarati 1931 3 1
16. Hindi 1924 19
17. Indonesian 1 1
18. Italian 1985 1 1
19. Japanese 1981 2
20. Kannada 1940 8
21. Konkani 2002 1 1
22. Korean 1981 2 1
23. Latin 1730 3 1
24. Malay 1964 3
25. Malayalam 1595 21
26. Marathi 1930 2 1
27. Meitei 2012 1 1
28. Norwegian 2017 1 1
29. Odia 1978 6 5
30. Polish 1958 2
31. Punjabi 1983 2
32. Rajasthani 1982 1
33. Russian 1963 4 2
34. Sanskrit 1922 8
35. Santali 1 0
36. Saurashtra 1980 1 1
37. Sinhalese 1961 2
38. Swedish 1971 1
39. Telugu 1877 14
40. Thai 2019 1 1
41. Urdu 1965 2
42. Vaagri Booli 1

Alphabetically

See also

References

  1. ^ "Thirukkural translations in different languages of the world". www.oocities.org. Retrieved 10 January 2017.