There are many distinct styles and schools of martial arts. Sometimes, schools or styles are introduced by individual teachers or masters, or as a brand name by a specific gym. Martial arts can be grouped by type or focus, or alternatively by regional origin. This article focuses on the latter grouping.

For Hybrid martial arts, as they originated from the late 19th century and especially after 1950, it may be impossible to identify unique or predominant regional origins. It is not trivial to distinguish "traditional" from "modern" martial arts. Chronology is not the decisive criterion, as, for example, "traditional" Taekwondo was developed in the 1950s, while the "modern" hybrid martial art of Bartitsu was developed in ca. 1900.

A large portion of traditional martial arts can be categorized as Folk wrestling (see the separate article), although in some cases a folk wrestling style and a modern combat sport may overlap or become indistinguishable from each other once the sport has been regulated.

Africa

Angola
Egypt
Madagascar
Nigeria
Senegal
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan

Americas

Barbados
Brazil
Canada
Colombia
Cuba
Haiti
United States

Asia

Bangladesh
China
India
Indonesia
Israel
Japan
Korea
Laos
Malaysia
Mongolia
Myanmar
Cambodia
Philippines
Thailand
Turkey
Vietnam
Sri Lanka

Europe

Main article: Historical European martial arts

Finland
France
Germany
Serbia
Greece
Iceland
Italy
Republic of Ireland
Spain
Russia
Switzerland
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Others

Oceania

Australia
New Zealand
Samoa

See also