Military ranks and rank insignia of Norway were changed June 1, 2016, with the reintroduction of the Non-Commissioned Officer Corps, and the abolishment of the one-tier officer system in place since 1975.[1]

New system of 2016

The Storting adopted in 2015 the new scheme for military personnel, Militærordningen.[1] From 2016, the Norwegian Defence Forces have two career ladders for the military personnel; one officer scheme for personnel who with a degree from the military academy, or a university degree and qualification courses, and a non-commissioned officer scheme for personnel with non-commissioned officer school.[2][3]

Commissioned officers

The rank insignia for commissioned officers for the army, navy and air force respectively.

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Norwegian Army
No equivalent
No equivalent
General Generalløytnant Generalmajor Brigader Oberst Oberstløytnant Major Kaptein/
Rittmester
Løytnant Fenrik


 Royal Norwegian Navy
No equivalent
No equivalent
Admiral Viseadmiral Kontreadmiral Flaggkommandør Kommandør Kommandørkaptein Orlogskaptein Kapteinløytnant Løytnant Fenrik


Norway Royal Norwegian Air Force
No equivalent
No equivalent
General Generalløytnant Generalmajor Brigader Oberst Oberstløytnant Major Kaptein Løytnant Fenrik


NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer

Enlisted

The following are the rank insignia for enlisted for the army, navy and air force respectively.

NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Norwegian Army
Command Sergeant Major
Sjefssersjant
Sergeant Major
Sersjantmajor
Master Sergeant
Kommandersersjant
Sergeant First Class
Stabssersjant
Staff Sergeant
Oversersjant
Senior Sergeant
Sersjant 1. klasse
Sergeant
Sersjant
Corporal 1st Class
Korporal 1. klasse
Corporal
Korporal
Specialist 1st Class
Visekorporal 1. klasse
Specialist
Visekorporal
Private 1st Class
Ledende menig
Private
Menig


 Royal Norwegian Navy
Sjefsmester Flaggmester Orlogsmester Flotiljemester Skvadronmester Senior Kvartermester Kvartermester Ledende Konstabel Konstabel Senior Visekonstabel Visekonstabel Ledende menig Menig
Translation Command Master Chief Petty Officer Flag Master War Master Flotilla Master Squadron Master Senior Quartermaster Quartermaster Leading Constable Constable Senior Vice Constable Vice Constable Leading Seaman Seaman
Norway Royal Norwegian Air Force
Sjefssersjant Sersjantmajor Kommandérsersjant Stabssersjant Oversersjant Vingsersjant Sersjant Seniorspesialist Ledende spesialist Spesialist Visespesialist Ledende Flysoldat Flysoldat
Translation Command Sergeant Major Sergeant Major Command Sergeant Staff Sergeant Senior Sergeant Wing Sergeant Sergeant Senior Specialist Leading Specialist Specialist Junior Specialist Leaning Airman Airman
NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

Historic ranks

System 1916–1930

Norwegian Army Ranks in 1928.
Norwegian Army Ranks in 1928.
Norwegian Navy ranks 1916-1930.
Norwegian Navy ranks 1916-1930.

Officers

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Norway Norway
Army
[4]
No equivalent
No equivalent
No equivalent
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstløitnant Major Kaptein/
Rittmester
Premierløitnant Sekondløitnant
Norway Navy No equivalent No equivalent
No equivalent
No equivalent
Admiral Viseadmiral Kontreadmiral Kommandør Kommandørkaptein Kaptein Premierløitnant Sekondløitnant

Enlisted

System ?–1975

Norwegian ranks 1962.
Norwegian ranks 1962.

Officers

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Norway Army No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstløitnant Major Kaptein/
Rittmester
Premierløitnant Sekondløitnant
Norway Navy No equivalent
No equivalent
Admiral Viseadmiral Kontreadmiral Kommandør Kommandørkaptein Kaptein Premierløitnant Sekondløitnant Kadet

Enlisted

System 1975–2016

Norway did not have a non-commissioned officer system and thus Sergeant and Petty officer are grouped with the officers under the common designation befal. The officers are divided into three groups: The befal (company officers, ranks Ensign to Captain inclusive), the staff officers (stabsoffiser, ranks Major to brigadier inclusive), and the generals (Major General to General inclusive).

Fenrik (Ensign) used to be referred to as Second Lieutenant (Norwegian: Fenrik), while the rank of lieutenant went by First Lieutenant. The rank of Brigadier is not an old tradition in the Norwegian armed forces and was instated as a replacement for Oberst I (First Colonel); what is now Oberst used to be Oberst II (Second Colonel). As shown, the Cavalry have two ranks which differ from the regular Army: Dragon (Dragoon) instead of Menig (Private), and Rittmester (Rittmeister) instead of Kaptein (Captain).

The ranks of Grenader and Matros were bestowed upon soldiers who have finished the 12 months compulsory service and had signed one or more three-year contracts to continue serving. The ranks of Visekorporal/Visekonstabel/Vingsoldat (Corporal/Leading Rate) were usually ascribed to soldiers with long and/or outstanding service, though may be bestowed on soldiers with extra responsibilities (e.g. the shift-commander among a group of soldiers on guard-duty). A UB-Korporal/Kvartermesteraspirant (Rate Corporal/Petty Officer-in-training) was a soldier who has finished the UB course (Utskrevet Befalskurs), a course intended to prepare conscripted soldiers for non-commissioned officer duties, but still under training in "the field". After one-year course and service these soldiers were qualified for the rank of Sersjant or Kvartermester.

Officers

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
Norway Army &
Air force
No equivalent
No equivalent
General Generalløytnant Generalmajor Brigader Oberst Oberstløytnant Major Kaptein/
Rittmester
Løytnant Fenrik
Norway Navy No equivalent
No equivalent
Admiral Viseadmiral Kontreadmiral Flaggkommandør Kommandør Kommandørkaptein Orlogskaptein Kapteinløytnant Løytnant Fenrik

Enlisted

The rank insignia for enlisted for the army, navy and air force respectively.

NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Norway Norway No equivalent
Sersjant Korporal Visekorporal 1. klasse Visekorporal Menig
Sergeant Corporal Master Lance Corporal Lance Corporal Private
Norway Norway No equivalent
No equivalent
Kvartermester Konstabel Visekonstabel Menig
Sergeant Corporal Seaman Junior Seaman
Norway Norway No equivalent
Sersjant Korporal Visekorporal 1. klasse Visekorporal Flysoldat
Sergeant Corporal Master Lance Corporal Lance Corporal Aircraftman

References

  1. ^ a b "Forsvaret innfører ny personellordning" (norsk). Regjeringen. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  2. ^ "Her er de nye gradene" (norsk). Forsvaret (2015-12-11). Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  3. ^ "TJ 12-3-2 Bestemmelse for Hærens distinksjoner og andre uniformstegn, s. 10" (norsk). Forsvaret (2016-04-26). Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  4. ^ Rühl, Moritz. "The Army of Norway 1939". Uniformology. Retrieved 30 April 2019.