India maintains 10 paramilitary forces.[1]

List of paramilitary forces

From 1986 to 2011 the Central Armed Police Forces were considered as Central Police Organisations (CPOs).[2] However, as per their respective acts they all are Armed Police Forces.[2][3]

The paramilitary forces are made up of:[1]

Paramilitary Forces[1]
Paramilitary force Active Strength Governing Body Operational area Role
Assam Rifles 63,747[5] Ministry of Home Affairs (administrative)
Ministry of Defence (operational)[6]
Northeast India, India–Myanmar border Border guarding force
Border Security Force 257,363[5] Ministry of Home Affairs India–Pakistan border and India–Bangladesh border[7] Border guarding force
Central Industrial Security Force 144,418[5] Ministry of Home Affairs Industries, public sector undertakings, space installations, airports and seaports Protection and security of operational areas
Central Reserve Police Force 313,678[5] Ministry of Home Affairs National Counter-insurgency and general elections
Indo-Tibetan Border Police 89,432[5] Ministry of Home Affairs India–China border[8] Border guarding force
National Security Guard 10,000 Ministry of Home Affairs National Counter-terrorism
Railway Protection Force 76,563 Ministry of Railways Indian Railways Protection and security of operational areas
Sashastra Seema Bal 97,244[9] Ministry of Home Affairs India–Nepal border and India–Bhutan border[10] Border guarding force
Special Frontier Force 10,000[9] Cabinet Secretariat[11] Covert operations
Special Protection Group 3,000[9] Cabinet Secretariat National Executive Protection
Total 1,065,445

Ranks and insignia

Officers
Rank group General / flag officers Senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Assam Rifles[12][13]
Director-general[note 1]
-
Special director-general[note 2]
-
Additional director-general[note 3]
-
Inspector general[note 4]
-
Deputy inspector-general[note 5]
-
Commandant[note 6]
-
Second-in-command[note 7]
-
Deputy commandant[note 8]
-
Assistant commandant[note 9]
-


Border Security Force
Director-general
-
Special director-general
-
Additional director-general
-
Inspector general
-
Deputy inspector-general
-
Commandant
-
Second-in-command
-
Deputy commandant
-
Assistant commandant
-


Central Industrial Security Force[14][15]
Director-general
-
Special director-general
-
Additional director-general
-
Inspector general
-
Deputy inspector-general
-
Senior commandant
-
Commandant
-
Deputy commandant
-
Assistant commandant
-


Central Reserve Police Force[16][17]
Director-general
-
Special director-general
-
Additional director-general
-
Inspector general
-
Deputy inspector-general
-
Commandant
-
Second-in-command
-
Deputy commandant
-
Assistant commandant
-


Indo-Tibetan Border Police[18]
Director-general
-
Additional director-general
-
Inspector general
-
Deputy inspector-general
-
Additional deputy inspector-general
-
Commandant
-
Second-in-command
-
Deputy commandant
-
Assistant commandant
-


National Security Guard[19]
Director general
-
Additional director general
-
Inspector general
-
Deputy inspector general
-
Group commander
-
Second in command
-
Deputy commander
-
Team commander
-


Railway Protection Force
Director general Additional director general Inspector general/
Principal chief security commissioner
Deputy inspector general/
Chief security commissioner
Senior commandant/
Senior divisional security commissioner
Commandant/
Divisional security commissioner
Assistant commandant/
Assistant security commissioner


Sashastra Seema Bal[20]
Director-general
-
Additional director-general
-
Inspector general
-
Deputy inspector-general
-
Commandant
-
Second-in-command
-
Deputy commandant
-
Assistant commandant
-


Special Frontier Force
Brigadier
Colonel
Lieutenant colonel
Major
Captain
First Lieutenant
Second Lieutenant


Rank group General / flag officers Senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Personnel below officer rank
Rank group Junior commissioned officers Non commissioned officers Enlisted
Assam Rifles[21]
No insignia
Subedar major
सूबेदार मेजर
Subedar
सूबेदार
Naib subedar
नायब सूबेदार
Warrant officer
-
Havildar[note 10]
हवलदार
Rifleman[note 11]
-


Border Security Force
No insignia
Subedar major
सूबेदार मेजर
Inspector
निरीक्षक
Sub-inspector
उप निरीक्षक
Assistant sub-inspector
सहायक उप निरीक्षक
Head constable
हवलदार
Constable
-


Central Industrial Security Force[14][15][22]
No insignia
Inspector
निरीक्षक
Sub inspector
उप निरीक्षक
Assistant sub-inspector
सहायक उप निरीक्षक
Head constable
हवलदार
Constable
-


Central Reserve Police Force[16][17]
No insignia
Subedar major
सूबेदार मेजर
Inspector
निरीक्षक
Sub-inspector
उप निरीक्षक
Assistant sub-inspector
सहायक उप निरीक्षक
Head constable
हवलदार
Constable
-


Indo-Tibetan Border Police[18]
No insignia
Subedar major
सूबेदार मेजर
Subedar/Inspector
सूबेदार/निरीक्षक
Sub inspector
उप निरीक्षक
Head constable
हवलदार
Naik
नायक
Lance naik
लांस नायक
Constable
-


National Security Guard[19]
No insignia
Subedar major
सूबेदार मेजर
Assistant commander-1
-
Assistant commander-2
-
Assistant commander-3
-
Ranger grade I
-
Ranger grade II
-
Combatised tradesmen
-


Railway Protection Force
No insignia
Inspector
निरीक्षक
Sub inspector
उप निरीक्षक
Assistant sub-inspector
सहायक उप निरीक्षक
Head constable
हवलदार
Constable
-


Sashastra Seema Bal[20]
No insignia
Subedar major
सूबेदार मेजर
Inspector
निरीक्षक
Sub inspector
उप निरीक्षक
Assistant sub-inspector
सहायक उप निरीक्षक
Head constable
हवलदार
Naik
नायक
Lance naik
लांस नायक
Constable
-


Special Frontier Force
No insignia
Subedar Major Subedar Naib Subedar Havildar Naik Lance Naik Sepoy
Rank group Junior commissioned officers Non commissioned officers Enlisted

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Equivalent to the rank lieutenant general (लेफ्टिनेंट - जनरल)
  2. ^ Equivalent to the rank lieutenant general (लेफ्टिनेंट - जनरल)
  3. ^ Equivalent to the rank lieutenant general (लेफ्टिनेंट - जनरल)
  4. ^ Equivalent to the rank major general (मेजर - जनरल)
  5. ^ Equivalent to the rank brigadier (ब्रिगेडियर)
  6. ^ Equivalent to the rank colonel (कर्नल)
  7. ^ Equivalent to the rank lieutenant colonel (लेफ्टिनेंट - कर्नल)
  8. ^ Equivalent to the rank major (मेजर)
  9. ^ Equivalent to the rank captain (कप्तान)
  10. ^ Equivalent to the rank head constable (-)
  11. ^ Equivalent to the rank constable (-)

References

  1. ^ a b c IISS (2012). "Chapter Six: Asia". The Military Balance. 112 (1). London: Routledge: 205–302. doi:10.1080/04597222.2012.663215. S2CID 219626887.
  2. ^ a b "Office Memorandum" (PDF). MHA. MHA, GoI. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 January 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  3. ^ Dholabhai, Nishit (26 March 2011). "For the paramilitary, all's in a new name". The Telegraphy.
  4. ^ Parliamentary Standing Committee on Home Affairs (12 December 2018). Working conditions in Border Guarding Forces Sashastra Seema Bal, Indo-Tibetan Border Police and Border Security Force) (PDF). Rajya Sabha. p. 1. Retrieved 23 January 2024.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Annual Report 2016-17" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 August 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  6. ^ Tiwary, Deeptiman (7 December 2021). "Explained: Assam Rifles' dual control structure, and its role". The Indian Express.
  7. ^ "Introduction". bsf.nic.in. Border Security Force. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  8. ^ "Home | Indo Tibetan Border Police, Ministry of Home Affairs". itbpolice.nic.in. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  9. ^ a b c (Iiss), The International Institute of Strategic Studies (14 February 2020). The Military Balance 2020. Routledge, Chapman & Hall, Incorporated. ISBN 9780367466398 – via Google Books.
  10. ^ "Role- SSB Ministry Of Home Affairs, Govt. Of India". ssb.nic.in. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  11. ^ Chhina, Man Aman Singh; Kaushik, Krishn (2 September 2020). "Explained: What is the Special Frontier Force, referred to as Vikas Battalion?". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  12. ^ "असम राइफल्स विनियमन 2016 - Assam Rifles Regulation 2016" (PDF). 18 November 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2022.
  13. ^ "Two Hundred Thirteenth Report - Security Situation in the North Eastern States of India" (PDF). Department-Related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Home Affairs. 19 July 2018. pp. 6–8. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
  14. ^ a b "All ranks inclusive annual governing body meeting". Central Industrial Security Force. 19 November 2018. Archived from the original on 23 September 2022 – via Facebook.
  15. ^ a b "The Central Industrial Security Force Act, 1968 (50 of 1968): (As Modified Vide Act No.14 of 1983, 20 of 1989, 40 of 1999 and 22 of 2009)" (PDF). Central Industrial Security Force. 2009. p. 18.
  16. ^ a b "The Central Reserve Police Force Rules/Regulations/Scheme,1955" (PDF). 24 February 1955.
  17. ^ a b "Career Prospects". Central Reserve Police Force. Archived from the original on 23 March 2022.
  18. ^ a b "XI Miscellaneous - 153. Rank structure". The Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force Act, 1992 (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. 1 September 1992.
  19. ^ a b "The National Security Guard Act, 1986 (47 of 1986)" (PDF). Government of India. 22 September 1986. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
  20. ^ a b "Sashastra Seema Bal Rules, 2009" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. 2009.
  21. ^ "Two Hundred Thirteenth Report - Security Situation in the North Eastern States of India" (PDF). Department-Related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Home Affairs. 19 July 2018. pp. 6–8. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
  22. ^ "The Central Industrial Security Force Rank Structure". Network18 Group. 2022.

Further reading