The Indian Defence services have established numerous academies and staff colleges across India for the purpose of training professional soldiers in military sciences, warfare command and strategy, and associated technologies.

Education and training

Rashtriya Indian Military College: The Rashtriya Indian Military College (RIMC), Dehradun was founded on 13 March 1922 with the object of providing necessary preliminary recruit training for Indians wishing to become officers in Indian Armed Forces. The institution now runs school classes from 8th to 12th on 10+2 CBSE pattern and serves as a feeder institution to the National Defence Academy, Khadakwasla (Pune), where males who have passed 12th class of school are taken as cadets to receive their initial training for the Army, Navy and Air Force.

Sainik School: The Sainik Schools are asystem of schools in India established and managed by the Sainik Schools Society under Ministry of Defence. They were conceived in 1961 by V. K. Krishna Menon, the then Defence Minister of India, to rectify the regional and class imbalance amongst the Officer cadre of the Indian Military, and to prepare students mentally and physically for entry into the National Defence Academy (NDA), Khadakwasla, Pune and Indian Naval Academy (INA), Ezhimala, Kerala. Today there are 33 such schools running and proposed for future covering all the states of the country.[1][2]

Integrated national institute

Indian National Defence University at Gurugram in Haryana is likely to commence courses from 2018-19 as an autonomous integrated national institute.[3][4][5][6] At least 66% students will be from the Indian Armed Forces and the remaining 33% will be from the Paramilitary forces of India, Police in India and civilians.[3] Functioning on the similar principals as Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), the university will offer post-graduate studies, doctoral and post-doctoral research as well as higher studies through distance learning to military and civilians to be imparted by the mixed teaching faculty composed of military officials and civilians in the ratio of 1:1.[3][7]

Courses will include war gaming and simulation, neighborhood studies, counter insurgency and counter terrorism, Chinese studies, evaluation of strategic thought, international security issues, maritime security studies, Eurasian studies, South East Asian studies, material acquisition, joint logistics, and national security strategy in peace and war.[8]

Following existing institutes will be affiliated to the university:[3]

Indian Army

The chief institutions training Indian Army officers are:

Others include:

Indian Navy

The Indian Navy has numerous training establishments at various places. The Indian Naval Academy is presently located in Ezhimala, near Kannur in Kerala State.

Indian Air Force

The Indian Air Force has a Training Command and several training establishments. While technical and other support staff are trained at the various Ground Training Schools, the pilots are trained at the Air Force Academy located at Dundigal, near Hyderabad, Telangana.

For Officers

For Airmen [11]

Indian Coast Guard

As of now Indian Coast Guard Navik (sailors) Cadets are trained at INS Chilka and other naval establishments. Officer cadets are currently trained at Indian Naval Academy. In coming years, the new Indian Coast Guard Academy is coming up at Mangalore.

Tri-service Institutions

Medical Personnel

The AFMC is located in Pune, Maharashtra. It is an inter-services institution. AFMC has multiple roles to perform. They are primarily training of medical undergraduates and post-graduates, dental postgraduates, nursing cadets and paramedical staff. Patient care forms an integral part of its training curriculum and the attached hospital benefits from the expertise available at AFMC. The institution is responsible for providing the entire pool of specialists and super-specialists to Armed Forces by giving them in-service training.

The AFMC is well known as one of the premier medical institutions of India, and its entrance is through National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for which lakhs of students appear. The students compete for its 150 seats (30 for female cadets and 115 for male cadets) out of which 5 are reserved for cadets from friendly foreign countries . Selected candidates are also required to pass a medical and fitness test, which is at par with the one for Officer Cadets. On the completion of the five-year course, the medical cadets are granted short service commission for seven years or permanent commission in the Indian Army, Navy, or Air Force, which includes a one year internship, after which the officers are detailed for Medical Officers' Basic Course (MOBC) at the Officers' Training School at AMC Centre and School at Lucknow for basic military training as well as training in battle-field medicine.

See also


  1. ^ "official website of ministry of defence, government of india".
  2. ^ "Sainik Schools Society".
  3. ^ a b c d National def varsity project on fast track, Daily Pioneer, 11 December 2017.
  4. ^ Finally, India to get a national defence university - Times of India
  5. ^ India to set up national defense university - People's daily online
  6. ^ a b "India can be net provider of security in region: PM". Hill Post. 23 May 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
  7. ^ a b Manmohan Singh laid the foundation stone of National Defence University
  8. ^ Land acquisition for the Indian National Defence University started - India Today
  9. ^ "Military Academies in India". 12 April 2020.
  10. ^ ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ Kothari, Vishwas (3 February 2016). "Military intelligence training school completes 75 years". The Times of India. Retrieved 2020-10-24.
  13. ^ Kulkarni, Sushant (2017-05-26). "Top military intelligence officers in Pune, to brainstorm on security challenges". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2020-10-24.