Our Homeland Movement
Mi Hazánk Mozgalom
AbbreviationMHM
PresidentLászló Toroczkai
Deputy PresidentDóra Dúró
Vice PresidentsIstván Apáti
Dávid Dócs
Előd Novák
Zoltán Pakusza
General SecretaryIstván Szabadi
FounderLászló Toroczkai
Founded23 June 2018 (2018-06-23)
Registered20 August 2018 (2018-08-20)
Split fromJobbik
Headquarters1085 Budapest, József krt. 43.
NewspaperMagyar Jelen
Youth wingYouth of Our Homeland
Paramilitary wingNemzeti Légió
(2019–2020)
Magyar Önvédelmi Mozgalom
(2020–)[1]
Membership (2022)Increase 2500-3000[2]
IdeologyHungarian nationalism[3]
National conservatism[4]
Hungarian irredentism[5]
Agrarianism[6]
Traditionalist conservatism[7]
Social conservatism[8]
Hard Euroscepticism[9]
Anti-corruption[10]
Anti-communism[11]
Anti-immigration[9]

Antiziganism[12][13]
Anti-LGBT[14]
Antisemitism[15][16]
Anti-Islam[17][18]
Right-wing populism[19]
Political positionFar-right[20][21]
National affiliationMi Hazánk–FKgP
Colours  Green
  White
SloganIgazságot Magyarországnak!
(transl. Justice for Hungary!)
National Assembly
6 / 199
European Parliament
0 / 21
County Assemblies
8 / 381
General Assembly of Budapest
0 / 33
Website
mihazank.hu

Our Homeland Movement (Hungarian: Mi Hazánk Mozgalom) is a Hungarian far-right political party founded by Ásotthalom mayor and former Jobbik Vice-President László Toroczkai and other Jobbik dissidents that left the organization after the party's leadership moved away from its radical beginnings.

History

On 14 October 2018, the party's politicians announced the party would organize a youth wing. On November 7, 2018, László Toroczkai announced to the media that 3 former Jobbik politicians, István Apáti, Erik Fülöp and János Volner joined his political party. János Volner later left.[22]

In early 2019, the party made an alliance with the right-wing Hungarian Justice and Life Party and the agrarian Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party.[23]

In May 2019, it was announced the party would be forming the National Legion, a uniformed 'self-defense' group similar to Magyar Gárda, the paramilitary wing Jobbik, which was banned in 2009.[24][25]

In 2019 local elections, the party won 8 seats in counties' assemblies.

László Toroczkai speaking at Corvin köz
László Toroczkai speaking at Corvin köz

In 2022 parliamentary elections, the party surpassed the 5% threshold to enter parliament, winning 6 seats and forming the second largest faction in the Hungarian Parliament.

Policies

Although the party identifies itself as a "third way" party, opposing the policies of both the left-wing opposition and the right-wing governing party Fidesz, Our Homeland Movement and its ideologies have been described as far-right and extremist,[26] and even as neo-fascist by the European Roma Rights Centre.[27] The party supports the segregation of Hungarian and Roma pupils in educational institutions.[28]

The party strongly opposes LGBT rights. After the release of a children's book, Meseország mindenkié, which features LGBT members and ethnic minorities as characters, the Deputy President of the party, Dóra Dúró, proceeded to call the book "homosexual propaganda" on a press conference, and promptly ripping the pages out of the book and then shredding them. The move caused significant controversy and garnered international attention.[29] On the Budapest Pride website, the party has been described as neo-nazi and Orbán-friendly.[30]

In an interview to Mandiner, party leader László Toroczkai described MHM as "a unique green party in Europe", stating that "we are unwilling to accept that only anti-social and anti-human liberal parties can be green parties. We think that those who do not want to protect our environment, our forests, our beautiful Great Plain, Lake Balaton, our rivers cannot really love their homeland". Thus, the party is sometimes referred to as supporting some form of green conservatism.[31]

Amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, the party has protested lockdown measures set in place by the government, accusing them of "inciting panic" and ruining the country.[32] The party also promotes vaccine hesitancy, launching a petition against using COVID-vaccines on children aged 12–15.[33]

The party supports the reintroduction of the death penalty, and conscription.[34][35][36]

History of leaders

Image Name Entered office Left office Length of Leadership
1
Toroczkai László.jpg
László Toroczkai 23 June 2018 present 3 years, 11 months and 28 days

Electoral results

National Assembly

Election Votes Seats Rank Government Leader
# % ±pp # +/−
2022 332,487 5.88% New
6 / 199
New 3rd in opposition László Toroczkai

European Parliament

Election year # of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall seats won +/-
2019 114,156 3.29% (6th)
0 / 21

Mayoral, the last elections was in 2019:

Membership

The number of members of Our Homeland Movement
Year Membership
2019 Increase1000[40]
2020 Increase1300[41]
2022 Increase2500-3000[42]

References

  1. ^ "A Nemzeti Légió beolvadt a Magyar Önvédelmi Mozgalomba". Magyar jelen. December 2, 2020. Retrieved December 2, 2020.
  2. ^ "A Mi Hazánk lett a legerősebb ellenzéki párt, második a DK, harmadik a Momentum". YouTube. May 15, 2022.
  3. ^ Cseresnyés, Péter (November 18, 2018). "Horthy Commemoration Revives Political Debate over His Regentship". Hungary Today. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
  4. ^ Pálfy, Dániel Ábel (September 2, 2019). "Bármikor vállalom az átvilágítást! – Toroczkai László a Mandinernek". Mandiner. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
  5. ^ "Toroczkai: Történelmet csinálunk". Magyar Nemzet. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
  6. ^ "Demográfiai földprogramot szorgalmaz a Mi Hazánk". Mandiner. Retrieved August 5, 2020.
  7. ^ "Mi Hazánk Party Aims to Protect "Northern Civilisation"". January 28, 2019.
  8. ^ "A Mi Hazánk szerint 50 százalékos béremelés volna igazságos a postásoknak". Mi Hazánk. July 23, 2020. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
  9. ^ a b Vass, Ábrahám (May 21, 2019). "Mi Hazánk's EP Program: 'Roma Problem', Opposing Migration, Russia-Friendly Politicsp". Hungary Today. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
  10. ^ "Mi Hazánk: nyomozást rendeltek el László Imre volt kabinetfőnökének ügyében". ATV. Retrieved March 27, 2021.
  11. ^ "Mi Hazánk Ifjai: kommunista nem lehet hős". Makó Híradó. November 3, 2019. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
  12. ^ "Hungary's most radical nationalist party since WWII just won 7 seats in parliament". The Times of Israel.
  13. ^ "Hungary far-right protest stokes fears of anti-Roma violence". May 21, 2019.
  14. ^ "Hungary's LGBTQ community braces for 'propaganda' bill". July 8, 2021.
  15. ^ "A New Political Movement Emerges on Hungary's Far Right - Foreign Policy Research Institute".
  16. ^ "Observations on the current state of Hungarian far-right | Heinrich Böll Stiftung | Prague Office - Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary".
  17. ^ "Anti-Muslim populism in Hungary: From the margins to the mainstream". July 24, 2019.
  18. ^ "Magyarországra köszöntött a muszlimellenes populizmus kora". August 2019.
  19. ^ György, Károly (2020). "Hungarian right-wing populism: Nothing is what it seems". International Union Rights. 27 (1): 12–13. doi:10.14213/inteuniorigh.27.1-2.0012. S2CID 226463204.
  20. ^ Szijarto, Imre (June 14, 2020). "The Decline of Democracy in Hungary Is a Troubling Vision of the Future". Jacobin (magazine). Retrieved June 15, 2020.
  21. ^ Cseresnyés, Péter (April 29, 2020). "Mi Hazánk Leader Sues Facebook for Damage to Reputation". Hungary Today. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
  22. ^ "Az exjobbikos Volner János: Nekünk nem lesz oligarchánk". origo.hu (in Hungarian). Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  23. ^ "A Független Kisgazdapárt is csatlakozna a MIÉP és a Mi Hazánk Mozgalom együttműködéséhez". Magyar Narancs. Retrieved February 20, 2019.
  24. ^ "Hungary far-right party forms uniformed 'self-defense' group". Fox News. May 14, 2019. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  25. ^ "The National Legion — Far-right launches new paramilitary group in Hungary". Hungarian Free Press. May 15, 2019. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  26. ^ "Tension flares between Roma and nationalist extremists in Hungary". The Japan Times. May 22, 2019. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  27. ^ "Budapest: Municipality votes to evict far-right Mi Hazánk from their office after anti-Roma racist poster scandal".
  28. ^ "Dúró Dóra: a Mi Hazánk szegregálna". 24.hu (in Hungarian). January 6, 2020. Retrieved June 14, 2022.
  29. ^ "A Children's Book Is Becoming a Symbol of Resistance in Hungary's Fight Over LGBT Rights". Time. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  30. ^ "Orbán-friendly neonazi groups make Budapest dangerous | Budapest Pride".
  31. ^ Ábel, Pálfy Dániel (September 2, 2019). "Bármikor vállalom az átvilágítást! – Toroczkai László a Mandinernek | Mandiner". Mandiner (in Hungarian).
  32. ^ "Hungarian far-right party protests lockdown". AP NEWS. April 20, 2021. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  33. ^ "Mi Hazánk Launches Petition Against Vaccination Rollout for Children". Hungary Today. July 13, 2021. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  34. ^ "Mi Hazánk Calls for Public Debate on Possibility of Reinstating Death Penalty". February 3, 2020.
  35. ^ "New Hungarian radical party in favour of death penalty". July 26, 2018.
  36. ^ "Virradat Program" (PDF). June 14, 2022.
  37. ^ "Helyi önkormányzati választások 2019 - Ásotthalom (Csongrád megye)". Választás. Retrieved October 13, 2019.
  38. ^ "Helyi önkormányzati választások 2019 - Cserháthaláp (Nógrád megye)". Választás. Retrieved October 13, 2019.
  39. ^ "Éberling Balázzsal, Homorúd polgármesterével bővült a Mi Hazánk Mozgalom". YouTube. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
  40. ^ "Magyarországi párttagok száma 2019". June 18, 2019.
  41. ^ "Mi Hazánk tagok száma 2020". YouTube.
  42. ^ "A Mi Hazánk lett a legerősebb ellenzéki párt, második a DK, harmadik a Momentum". YouTube. May 15, 2022.
Far-right and radical nationalist politics in post-WWII Hungary