Flag of Hungary
Hungarian Parliament Building.

Hungarian nationalism (Hungarian: magyar nacionalizmus) developed in the late 18th century[1][2] and early 19th century along the classic lines of scholarly interest leading to political nationalism and mass participation.[3][4] In the 1790s, Hungarian nobles pushed for the adoption of Hungarian as the official language rather than Latin.[1][2]



Former (After 1989: End of communism in Hungary)

Former (Before 1945)


See also


  1. ^ a b Almási, Gábor; Šubarić, Lav (2022). "The new discourses of nation: The origins of nationalism in late eighteenth-century Hungary (Part 1)". Nations and Nationalism. 28 (3): 894–908. doi:10.1111/nana.12827. ISSN 1354-5078. S2CID 248717936.
  2. ^ a b Almási, Gábor; Šubarić, Lav (2022). "The new discourses of nation: The origins of nationalism in late eighteenth-century Hungary (Part 2)". Nations and Nationalism. 28 (4): 1326–1339. doi:10.1111/nana.12826. ISSN 1354-5078. S2CID 248709263.
  3. ^ Hoolihan, Mark James (2007). Mark James Hoolihan, p. 17, 2007. Michigan State University. Department of History. ISBN 9780549238607.
  4. ^ Colquhoun, A. R., & Colquhoun, E. M. C. (1914). The whirlpool of Europe, Austria-Hungary and the Habsburgs. New York: Dodd, Mead.
  5. ^ Ilikova, Lilia; Tushev, Andrey (2020). "Right-Wing Populism in Central Europe: Hungarian Case (Fidesz, Jobbik)". redalyc.org. Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  6. ^ Palonen, Emilia (25 July 2018). "Performing the nation: the Janus-faced populist foundations of illiberalism in Hungary". Journal of Contemporary European Studies. 26 (3): 308–321. doi:10.1080/14782804.2018.1498776. Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  7. ^ "Europe and right-wing nationalism: A country-by-country guide". BBC News. 2016-04-27. Retrieved 2023-09-06.
  8. ^ "ECHR upholds ban on Hungarian far-right group". Euronews.com. euronews. 9 July 2013.
  9. ^ Haines, John R. (10 July 2018). "/A New Political Movement Emerges on Hungary's Far Right". Fpri.org. FPRI.
  10. ^ Vida, István (2011). "Kelet Népe Párt, Kereszténydemokraták (KNP–KD)". Magyarországi politikai pártok lexikona (1846–2010) [Encyclopedia of the Political Parties in Hungary (1846–2010)] (in Hungarian). Gondolat Kiadó. pp. 365–366. ISBN 978-963-693-276-3.
  11. ^ Vida, István (2011). "A Magyar Érdek Pártja (AMÉP)". Magyarországi politikai pártok lexikona (1846–2010) [Encyclopedia of the Political Parties in Hungary (1846–2010)] (in Hungarian). Gondolat Kiadó. p. 334. ISBN 978-963-693-276-3.
  12. ^ The Hungarian Patient: Social Opposition to an Illiberal Democracy Hardcover – July 2, 2015 by Peter Krasztev (Author, Editor), Jon Van Til (Editor), p. 134. [1]
  13. ^ "Kuruc.info - Megszűnt a MIÉP, felszámolási eljárásban az FKGP - vezetőik a Mi Hazánk jelöltjei lettek".
  14. ^ Sipos, Péter (1979). "Nyilasmozgalmak,1931–1944". História. 1 (04): 44.
  15. ^ "Hungarian nationalism" (PDF). Oszk.hu. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
  16. ^ "Hungarian Nazis (Arrowcross Party)". Terrorhaza.hu.
  17. ^ a b Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p911 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  18. ^ Paksy Zoltán - A nemzetiszocialista mozgalmak megszerveződése, párt- és regionális struktúrája Magyarországon az 1930-as években, Múltunk 2003/3 p. 202-237.- (Zoltán Paksy - The organization, party and regional structure of the national socialist movements in Hungary in the 1930s) [2]
  19. ^ "Hungarian far right launches new political party". The Guardian. 8 July 2017. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  20. ^ "Hungarian far-right figure attacked in Serbia". politics.hu. Archived from the original on 2014-10-26. Retrieved 2015-01-04.
  21. ^ "Elfogytak a tagok: megszűnik a Pax Hungarica Mozgalom" (in Hungarian). Mandiner. 2017-07-31. Retrieved 2017-08-09.
  22. ^ Mareš, Miroslav; Laryš, Martin; Holzer, Jan (October 25, 2018). Militant Right-Wing Extremism in Putin's Russia: Legacies, Forms and Threats. Routledge. ISBN 9780429953620 – via Google Books.
  23. ^ "Jobbik deputy chairman slams Véderő head; party seen favoring crackdown on controversial civil guard group". politics.hu. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  24. ^ Szemán, László János (8 December 2017). "Felszámolták a szélsőséges hungarista szervezetet". Magyar Idők (in Hungarian). Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  25. ^ Kovács, Zsóka (12 March 2018). "Prosecutor's office presses charges against Hungarian National Front". dailynewshungary.com. Dailynews Hungary.
  26. ^ "Hungarian Government Urged To Protect Roma From Harassment and Intimidation". Human Rights First. 2011-03-18. Archived from the original on 2011-04-08. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
  27. ^ a b "Más néven alakult újjá a feloszlatott Szebb Jövőért". hvg.hu (in Hungarian). 2014-10-18. Retrieved 2024-02-26.
  28. ^ 4News
  29. ^ 4News
  30. ^ rcc.int

Further reading

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