Rapid City
Left to right, from top: Downtown Rapid City, The Journey Museum and Learning Center, Dahl Arts Center, Rapid City Public Library, and Alex Johnson Hotel.
Flag of Rapid City
Official logo of Rapid City
Gateway to the Black Hills, City of Presidents
Location in Pennington County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Pennington County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 44°04′17″N 103°13′15″W / 44.07139°N 103.22083°W / 44.07139; -103.22083
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Dakota
FoundedFebruary 1876[1]
IncorporatedFebruary 1883[2]
 • MayorJason Salamun
 • City55.13 sq mi (142.78 km2)
 • Land55.07 sq mi (142.62 km2)
 • Water0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Elevation3,356 ft (1,023 m)
 • City74,703
 • Estimate 
 • RankUS: 461st
SD: 2nd
 • Density1,356.58/sq mi (523.78/km2)
 • Urban
85,679 (US: 342nd)
 • Metro
154,165 (US: 279th)
DemonymRapid Citian[7]
Time zoneUTC–7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC–6 (MDT)
ZIP codes
57701–57704, 57709
Area code605
FIPS code46-52980
GNIS feature ID1267543[4]

Rapid City is a city in South Dakota, United States, and the county seat of Pennington County.[8] It is the second most populous city in the state, after Sioux Falls. It is located on the eastern slope of the Black Hills in western South Dakota and was named after Rapid Creek, where the settlement developed. The population was 74,703 as of the 2020 census.[5]

Known as the "Gateway to the Black Hills" and the "City of Presidents" because of the life-size bronze president statues downtown, Rapid City is split by a low mountain ridge that divides the city's western and eastern parts, called ‘The Gap.’ Ellsworth Air Force Base is on the city's outskirts. Camp Rapid, part of the South Dakota Army National Guard, is in the city's western part.

Rapid City is home to such attractions as Art Alley, Dinosaur Park, the City of Presidents walking tour, Chapel in the Hills, Storybook Island, and Main Street Square. The historic "Old West" town of Deadwood is nearby. In the neighboring Black Hills are the tourist attractions of Mount Rushmore, the Crazy Horse Memorial, Custer State Park, Wind Cave National Park, Jewel Cave National Monument, and the museum at the Black Hills Institute of Geological Research. To the city's east is Badlands National Park.


This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources in this section. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Rapid City, South Dakota" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (November 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this message)
Rapid City in 1938

The public discovery of gold in 1874 by the Black Hills Expedition, led by George Armstrong Custer, brought a mass influx of European-American miners and settlers into Rapid City.[9] A group of unsuccessful miners founded Rapid City in 1876, trying to create other chances; they promoted their new city as the "Gateway to the Black Hills"; it was originally known as Hay Camp. The "Gateway" nickname is shared by neighboring Box Elder. In February 1876, John Richard Brennan and Samuel Scott, with a small group of men, laid out Rapid City. It was eventually named for the spring-fed Rapid Creek that flows through it.

The land speculators measured off a square mile and designated the six blocks in the center as a business section. Committees were appointed to recruit prospective merchants and their families to locate in the settlement. Such merchants soon began selling supplies to miners and pioneers. The city's location on the edge of the Plains and Hills and its large river valley made it a natural hub for the railroads that were constructed in the late 1880s from both the south and east. By 1900, Rapid City had survived a boom and bust and was developing as an important regional trade center for the Upper Midwest.

The Black Hills had become popular in the late 1890s, but Rapid City became a more important destination in the 20th century. Local entrepreneurs promoted the sights, the availability of the automobile for individual transportation, and construction of improved roadways after World War I led to many more tourists to this area, including President Calvin Coolidge and the First Lady in summer 1927. Coolidge announced that he would not seek reelection in 1928 from his summer office in Rapid City. Gutzon Borglum, already a noted sculptor, began work on Mount Rushmore in 1927, and his son, Lincoln Borglum, continued the work after Gutzon's death in 1941. The work was halted due to the US need to invest in buildup for its entry into World War II; the sculpture was declared complete in 1941. Although tourism had sustained the city throughout the Great Depression of the 1930s, gasoline rationing during World War II decimated such travel. But investments in the defense industry and other war-related growth stimulated the placement of new military installations in the area, bringing more businesses and residents.

In 1930, the Rapid City Chamber of Commerce sent a letter inviting Al Capone to live in the Black Hills.[10] South Dakota's governor did not support the idea, and Capone declined.[10]

Panoramic view of Sixth and Main Streets in Rapid City, 1912

In the 1940s Rapid City benefited greatly from the opening of Rapid City Army Air Base, later Ellsworth Air Force Base, an Army Air Corps training base. The local population nearly doubled between 1940 and 1948, from almost 14,000 to nearly 27,000. Military families and civilian personnel soon took every available living space in town, and mobile home parks proliferated. Rapid City businesses profited from the military payroll.

During the Cold War, the government constructed missile installations in the area: a series of Nike Air Defense sites were constructed around Ellsworth in the 1950s. In the early 1960s three Titan missile launch sites were constructed; these contained a total of nine Titan I missiles in Rapid City's general vicinity. Beginning in November 1963, the land for 100 miles east, northeast and northwest of the city was dotted with construction of 150 Minuteman missile silos and 15 launch command centers. They were all deactivated in the early 1990s.[11]

In 1949, city officials envisioned the city as a retail and wholesale trade center for the region. They developed a plan for growth that focused on a civic center, more downtown parking, new schools, and paved streets. A construction boom continued into the 1950s. Growth slowed in the 1960s.

After the Black Hills Flood of 1972, the worst natural disaster in South Dakota history, a building boom took place over the next decade to replace damaged structures. On June 9, 1972, heavy rains caused massive flash flooding along Rapid Creek through the city, killing 238 people and destroying more than $100 million in property.

Debris along Rapid Creek after 1972 flood

In response to this devastation, Rapid City received an outpouring of private donations and millions of dollars in federal aid. It was able to complete a major part of its 1949 plan: clearing the area along the Rapid Creek and making the floodplain a public park. In other areas, new homes and businesses were constructed to replace those that had been destroyed. Rushmore Plaza Civic Center and a new Central High School were built in part of the area that was cleared. The high school opened in 1978, with the graduating class that year attending classes in both the original school (housed in what is now Rapid City High School and community theater) and the new one.

The rebuilding generated construction and related jobs that partly insulated Rapid City from the drop in automotive tourism caused by the 1974 Oil Embargo, but tourism was depressed for most of a decade. In 1978, Rushmore Mall was built on the city's north edge, enhancing the city's status as a local retail center.

In 1980, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled in United States v. Sioux Nation of Indians that the federal government had not justly compensated the Sioux people for the Black Hills when it unilaterally broke a treaty guaranteeing the Black Hills to them. As a result, the federal government offered a financial settlement, but the Lakota Sioux declined on the principle that the theft of their land should not be validated. They still demand the return of the land. The settlement funds accrue interest.[12] This land includes Rapid City, by far the largest modern settlement in the Black Hills. As of 2023, the dispute has not been settled.

In the 1980s, tourism increased again as the city hosted the annual Sturgis Motorcycle Rally; another decline occurred in the late 1990s. Fears that Ellsworth AFB would be closed under the BRAC review and base closure process in the 1990s and 2000s led to attempts to expand other sectors of the economy. Growth continued and the city expanded significantly during this period.

Today, Rapid City is South Dakota's primary city for tourism and recreation. With the federal government's approval of a Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory at the Homestake Mine site in nearby Lead, Rapid City is primed for advancements in technology, medicine, and scientific research.

1972 Rapid Creek flood

Main article: 1972 Black Hills flood

Cars thrown together by the 1972 flood

On June 9–10, 1972, extremely heavy rains over the eastern Black Hills of South Dakota produced record floods on Rapid Creek and other streams in the area. Nearly 15 inches (380 mm) of rain fell in about six hours near Nemo, and more than 10 inches (250 mm) of rain fell over an area of 60 square miles (160 km2). According to the Red Cross, the resulting peak floods (which occurred after dark) left 238 people dead and 3,057 people injured.[13] Total property destruction was estimated in excess of $160 million (about $964 million in 2018 dollars), which included 1,335 homes and 5,000 automobiles that were destroyed. The flood also nearly destroyed a popular children's park: Story Book Island.[14]

Runoff from this storm produced record floods (highest peak flows recorded) along Battle, Spring, Rapid, and Box Elder creeks. Smaller floods also occurred along Elk and Bear Butte creeks. Canyon Lake Dam, on the west side of Rapid City, broke the night of the flood, unleashing a wall of water down the creek. The 1972 flooding has an estimated recurrence interval of 500 years,[15] which means that a flood of this magnitude will occur on average once every 500 years. Every year there is a 0.2% chance (1 in 500) that a similar event will occur. To prevent similar damage, the city has prohibited residential and business construction on its flood plain. Today the flood plain is used for civic functions such as golf courses, parks, sports arenas, and arboretums, based mostly on the landscape and temporary use by people.

In 2007, the Rapid City Public Library created a 1972 Flood digital archive[16] that collects survivors' stories, photos and news accounts of the flood. The Journey Museum has an interactive display on the 1972 flood; this is an ongoing project to give future generations the best idea of how the people were affected and what changes the city made as a result of the major losses of life and property. Plans include the memorialization of all those who died from the flood by the preparation of individual biographies, so they may be remembered more fully.


Rapid City is located in the shadow of Black Elk Peak, which at 7,242 feet (2,207 m), is the second highest point east of the Rocky Mountains, after Guadeloupe Peak in Texas at 8,571 feet.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 55.49 square miles (143.71 km2), of which 55.41 square miles (143.5 km2) is land and 0.08 square mile (0.2 km2) is water.

Rapid City is located on the eastern edge of the Black Hills, and has developed on each side of the Dakota Hogback. Rapid City's "Westside" is located in the Red Valley between the foothills of the Black Hills proper and the Dakota Hogback, so named for the red Spearfish formation soils and the way the valley completely encircles the Black Hills. Rapid City has expanded into the foothills, with developments having been built on both ridges and in valleys developed, especially in the last 20 years. This arid edge area has a higher risk of wildfire, as shown by the Westberry Trails fire in 1988.

View of the city from Dinosaur Park

Skyline Drive follows the summits of the Dakota Hogback south from near Rapid Gap (where Rapid Creek cuts through the Hogback) to a large high plateau that forms the current south edge of Rapid City. The Central and Eastern portions of Rapid City lie in the wide valley of Rapid Creek outside the Hogback. It includes a number of mesas rising a hundred feet or more above the floodplain.

Rapid Creek

Rapid Creek flows through Rapid City, emerging from Dark Canyon above Canyon Lake and flowing in a large arc north of downtown. It descends to the southeast where the valley widens. Since the flood damage of 1972, the city has prohibited most development in the floodplain of Rapid Creek. It has adapted this green space for public uses: a series of parks, arboretums, and bike trails, which have reconnected the city to the creek for residents.

To the north, a series of ridges separate Rapid Creek from Box Elder Creek. Both older and new residential areas and commercial areas have developed here, along I-90. To the south, the terrain rises more steeply to the southern widening of the Dakota Hogback into a plateau dividing the Rapid Creek drainage from Spring Creek.


View of southern Rapid City from the east after a rainstorm, including a view of Black Elk Peak and the Black Hills

Rapid City features a temperate semi-arid climate (Köppen: BSk) bordering on a hot-summer humid continental climate (Köppen: Dwa), and is part of USDA Hardiness zone 5b.[17] Its location makes its climate unlike both the higher elevations of the Black Hills to the west and the Great Plains to the east. It is characterized by long arid summers and long dry winters, with short but distinct spring and autumn seasons. Precipitation averages 17.44 inches or 443.0 millimetres annually, but has historically ranged from 9.12 inches or 231.6 millimetres in 1974 to 27.70 inches or 703.6 millimetres in 1946.[18][19]

Winters are cold and dry, with January being the coldest month with a daily mean temperature of 24.3 °F or −4.3 °C.[18][19] Chinook winds can warm temperatures above 50 °F or 10 °C, doing so on average about 20 times from December to February.[18][19] Temperature inversions, however, occasionally produce warmer temperatures in the Black Hills. On average, highs do not climb above freezing on 43 days, while the low temperature reaches 0 °F or −17.8 °C on an average of 18 nights.[18][19] Snowfall is frequent but usually not heavy; March and April are typically the snowiest months. The seasonal total averages 48.5 inches or 1.23 metres, although historically ranging from 16.9 inches or 0.43 metres during 1980–81 to 80.9 inches or 2.05 metres during 1985–86.[18][19] Extensive snow cover does not remain for long, with only nine days seasonally with 5 inches or 0.13 metres or more on the ground.[18][19] Measurable snow has occurred in every month except July.[18]

Compared to locations in the east, the area warms rather gradually early in the year, with the last measurable snow typically occurring in late April and precipitation totals beginning to increase; May snow occurs several times per decade. Toward the middle of the year, storms typically develop over the Black Hills during the afternoon and move onto the plains in the evening. Only in April through June have calendar-day precipitation amounts exceeding 3 inches or 76.2 millimetres been observed. June 15, 1963, with 3.78 inches or 96.0 millimetres, holds the single-day rainfall record;[18] the record-wettest month is May 1996 with 8.18 inches or 207.8 millimetres.[18] Rapid City has an average of twenty clear to partly cloudy days[20] and 67% of its possible sunshine in June.[21] This is the traditional "flood" season for Rapid and other creeks in the Eastern Hills. Temperatures warm rapidly as summer approaches.

Summer in Rapid City has relatively pleasant temperatures, and is relatively dry (following a wet spring), and relatively sunny. July is the warmest month of the year, having a daily mean temperature of 72.4 °F (22.4 °C).[18][19] An average of 32 days reach 90 °F (32.2 °C)+ highs and 5 with 100 °F (37.8 °C)+ highs.[18][19] Due to the elevation and aridity, lows rarely remain at or above 70 °F (21.1 °C) and during July and August fall to or below 50 °F or 10 °C on an average 7.6 days.[18] Rapid City records an average of nine thunderstorm days in August,[20] but only 1.56 inches or 39.6 millimetres of rain in that month.

Fall is a transition season: the average first freeze occurs in Rapid City on October 4 and in the Black Hills in late August through September. The Rapid City area's first snowfall is usually in October, although higher elevations sometimes receive significant snow in September. Occasional cold fronts moving through the area bring blustery northwest winds.

Sunshine is abundant in the region in all months except December, averaging 2850 hours, 64% of the possible total, per year.[21]

Official extreme temperatures range from −31 °F or −35 °C on February 2, 1996, up to 111 °F or 44 °C on July 15, 2006; the record low daily maximum is −18 °F or −28 °C on February 2, 1989, while the record high daily minimum is 75 °F or 24 °C on July 8, 1985, and July 28, 1960.[22]

Rapid City had the record for an extreme temperature drop of 47 °F or 26.1 °C, which was achieved on January 10, 1911, from 60 °F or 16 °C to 13 °F or −11 °C.[23] This was due to the Chinook wind, but record was lost to Spearfish, South Dakota, in 1942.[24]

Climate data for Rapid City Regional Airport, South Dakota (1991−2020 normals,[a] extremes 1942−present)[b]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 76
Mean maximum °F (°C) 61.3
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 36.0
Daily mean °F (°C) 24.3
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 12.7
Mean minimum °F (°C) −9.6
Record low °F (°C) −27
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.31
Average snowfall inches (cm) 5.3
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 5.7 6.6 7.0 10.5 12.6 12.5 9.8 7.9 6.6 7.1 5.1 5.0 96.4
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 6.1 7.1 4.1 4.3 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.7 3.6 5.4 32.8
Average relative humidity (%) 63.5 65.1 63.8 58.6 60.8 61.9 56.2 52.6 53.5 54.2 62.2 64.8 59.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 163.5 174.0 233.9 246.9 274.3 310.5 335.5 323.8 261.9 226.0 156.6 149.9 2,856.8
Percent possible sunshine 57 59 63 61 60 67 72 75 70 66 54 54 64
Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961−1990)[18][22][21]


Historical population
2022 (est.)78,824[6]5.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[25]
2020 Census[5]

2020 census

As of the census of 2020, there were 74,704 people and 33,411 households in the city.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 67,956 people, 28,586 households, and 16,957 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,226.4 inhabitants per square mile (473.5/km2). There were 30,254 housing units at an average density of 546.0 per square mile (210.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 80.4% White, 1.1% African American, 12.4% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 4.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.

There were 28,586 households, of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.7% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.90.

The median age in the city was 35.6 years. 23.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.7% were from 25 to 44; 25% were from 45 to 64; and 14.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 59,607 people, 23,969 households, and 15,220 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,336.7 inhabitants per square mile (516.1/km2). There were 25,096 housing units at an average density of 562.8 per square mile (217.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.33% White, 0.97% African American, 10.14% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 2.77% from two or more races.[26] Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.77% of the population.[26]

There were 23,969 households, out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.96.[26]

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.3% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $35,978, and the median income for a family was $44,818. Males had a median income of $30,985 versus $21,913 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,445. About 9.4% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.

Statistical area

The population of the Rapid City metropolitan statistical area (Pennington and Meade Counties) was 139,074 at the 2020 census. Rapid City is also included in the Rapid City-Spearfish combined statistical area, which, with the addition of Lawrence County, had a 2020 census population of 164,842.


Rapid City's economy is diverse, but industry is a small portion. Heavy and medium industrial activities include a Portland cement plant (constructed and owned for 84 years[27] by the State of South Dakota and sold in 2003 to Grupo Cementos de Chihuahua, or GCC, a Mexican-based conglomerate); Black Hills Ammunition, an ammunition and reloading supplies manufacturing company; several custom sawmills, a lime plant, a computer peripheral component manufacturing plant, and several farm and ranch equipment manufacturers. Of particular note, this city is the center for the manufacture of Black Hills gold jewelry, a popular product with tourists and Westerners in general. The city is the site of the only American manufacturer of stamping machines used for the labeling of plywood and chipboard products.

Most gold mining has ceased in the Black Hills and was never conducted in or near Rapid City. Regional mining operations include for sand and gravel, as well as the raw materials for lime and Portland cement (including chemical-grade limestone, taconite iron ore, and gypsum) remains an important part of the economy.

The largest sector of the Rapid City economy is government services, including local, state, and federal. Major employers include Ellsworth Air Force Base,[28] home of the 28th Bomb Wing flying the B-1B long-range bomber; the Army National Guard based at Camp Rapid and hosting annual exercises in the Black Hills, drawing troops from five to ten states; and various federal agencies, including the National Park Service, US Forest Service, and Indian Health Service.

Monument Health covers one of the largest geographic service areas in the United States. The health care sector employs more than 8,000 persons in the Rapid City area.[28]

Tourism constitutes a major portion of the Rapid City economy,[28] due to the proximity of Mount Rushmore, Sturgis, home of the Sturgis Motorcycle Rally; Deadwood, and other attractions in the Black Hills. This city provides most services for the Motorcycle Rally. Prepared to satisfy the Rally's demand for motel rooms, camp sites, and other services for tourists during the first week of August, Rapid City has the capacity to host other large events, such as conventions, and numerous associated tourists year-round. Various minor tourist attractions, including wildlife parks, specialty shops, caves, water parks, private museums, and other businesses are found in and near Rapid City.

Other economic sectors include financial service, insurance and investing companies. As noted, the city has a strong medical services sector, and several institutions of higher education. Rapid City is also the major market town for much of five states, drawing commerce from more than half of South Dakota, and large portions of North Dakota, Montana, Wyoming, and the Nebraska Panhandle.

The real compound annual growth rate of the gross domestic product of the Rapid City Metropolitan Statistical Area was 2.6% for 2001–2013.[29]

Arts and culture

Places of interest

Cultural resources

Rapid City has invested in public sculptures, notably "The City of Presidents" series of life-sized bronze statues depicting each former President of the United States, located on street corners in the downtown area.[39]


Rapid City Public Library

The Rapid City Public Library is a major resource for education.[40]


Active teams

Defunct teams

Other teams and events


Rapid City institutions of higher education include the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Oglala Lakota College's He Sapa College Center, Black Hills State University - Rapid City University Center (includes classes and degrees through five other South Dakota post-secondary Institutions), National American University, Western Dakota Technical Institute, Black Hills Beauty College, John Witherspoon College, and several small sectarian preacher training schools.

Black Hills State University is located in nearby Spearfish and offers several classes in Rapid City. A South Dakota State University nurse training program is based in Rapid City.

In 2013, 26.6% of Rapid City residents 25 or older had earned a bachelor's degree or higher.[41] This is on par with the average educational attainment in the United States. The highest rates of educational attainment in South Dakota can be found in metropolitan areas of Rapid City and Sioux Falls.

The local public schools fall under the Rapid City Area Schools school district. There are three high schools within the district: Rapid City Central High School; Stevens High School; and Rapid City High School, which also houses the Performing Arts Center. The middle schools include East, North, South, Southwest, and West. There are 16 elementary schools within the district. These are Black Hawk, Canyon Lake, Corral Drive, General Beadle, Grandview, Horace Mann, Kibben Kuster, Knollwood Heights, Meadowbrook, Pinedale, Rapid Valley, Robbinsdale, South Canyon, South Park, Valley View, and Woodrow Wilson.[42]

There are also various private schools in Rapid City. The city has four Christian high schools: Saint Thomas More, Rapid City Christian High School, Liberty Baptist Academy, and Open Bible Christian School. Rapid City also has various private grade schools, including St. Paul's Lutheran School of the WELS.[43]


AM radio

AM radio stations
Frequency Call sign Name Format Owner City of License Broadcast Market
580 AM KZMX 580 Country Country Mt. Rushmore Broadcasting, Inc. Hot Springs Rapid City
810 AM KBHB Five State Ranch Radio Farm HomeSlice Media Group, LLC Sturgis Rapid City
920 AM KKLS The Cowboy Classic Country HomeSlice Media Group, LLC Rapid City Rapid City
980 AM KDSJ Oldies Goldrush Broadcasting, Inc. Deadwood Rapid City
1150 AM KIMM Fox Sports Rapid City Sports Gunslinger Radio, Inc. Rapid City Rapid City
1340 AM KTOQ ESPN Rapid City Sports Haugo Broadcasting, Inc. Rapid City Rapid City
1380 AM KOTA News Radio KOTA News/Talk Riverfront Broadcasting Rapid City Rapid City

FM radio

FM radio stations
Frequency Call sign Name Format Owner Target city/market City of license
88.3 FM KLMP The Light Christian Bethesda Christian Broadcasting Rapid City Rapid City
88.7 FM K204FB KILI-FM Community Radio
KILI-FM translator
Lakota Communications Inc. Rapid City Rapid City
89.3 FM KBHE South Dakota Public Broadcasting NPR SD Board of Directors for Educational Telecommunications Rapid City Rapid City
89.9 FM KJRC Real Presence Radio Catholic Radio Real Presence Radio Rapid City Rapid City
90.3 FM KASD Bott Radio Network Christian Bott Radio Network Rapid City Rapid City
91.3 FM KTEQ-FM K-Tech Alternative South Dakota School of Mines and Technology Educational Radio Council Rapid City Rapid City
91.7 FM K218DX CSN International Christian
KAWZ-FM translator
CSN International Rapid City Box Elder
92.3 FM KQRQ-FM Q92.3 Classic Hits Riverfront Broadcasting Rapid City Rapid City
93.1 FM KRCS Hot 93.1 Top 40 HomeSlice Media Group, LLC Rapid City Sturgis
93.9 FM KKMK 93.9 The Mix Hot AC HomeSlice Media Group, LLC Rapid City Rapid City
94.7 FM K234BR Real Presence Radio Catholic Radio
KJRC Translator
Real Presence Radio Rapid City Rapid City
95.1 FM KSQY K-Sky Album-Oriented Rock Haugo Broadcasting, Inc. Rapid City Deadwood
95.9 FM KZZI The Eagle Country Riverfront Broadcasting Rapid City Belle Fourche
96.3 FM K242BK The Eagle Country
KZZI Translator
Riverfront Broadcasting Rapid City Rapid City
97.1 FM KFND-LP Religious Calvary Chapel of the Black Hills Rapid City Rapid City
97.5 FM K248BT Hot 93.1 Top 40
KRCS Translator
HomeSlice Media Group, LLC Rapid City Rapid City
97.9 FM KVPC VCY America Christian VCY America, Inc. Rapid City Rapid City
98.7 FM KOUT Kat Country 98.7 Country HomeSlice Media Group, LLC Rapid City Rapid City
99.5 FM KRKI-FM1 99-5/107-9 True Country Classic Country
KRKI-FM booster
Bad Lands Broadcasting Rapid City Rapid City
100.3 FM KFXS 100.3 The Fox Classic Rock HomeSlice Media Group, LLC Rapid City Rapid City
100.7 FM K264CP News Radio KOTA News/Talk
KOTA-AM Translator
Riverfront Broadcasting Rapid City Rapid City
101.1 FM KDDX X-Rock Active Rock Riverfront Broadcasting Rapid City Spearfish
101.9 FM KFMH-FM1 Kool 101.9 Oldies
KFMH-FM booster
Bad Lands Broadcasting Rapid City Rapid City
102.7 FM KXMZ Hits 102.7 Hot AC Haugo Broadcasting, Inc. Rapid City Box Elder
103.5 FM K278AN X-Rock Active Rock
KDDX-FM translator
Riverfront Broadcasting Rapid City Rapid City
104.1 FM KIQK Kick 104 Country Haugo Broadcasting, Inc. Rapid City Rapid City
104.7 FM K284BA The Cowboy Classic Country
KKLS-AM Translator
HomeSlice Media Group, LLC Rapid City Rapid City
105.7 FM K289AI ESPN Rapid City Sports Haugo Broadcasting, Inc. Rapid City Rapid City
106.3 FM KZLK Z106.3 1980s Riverfront Broadcasting Rapid City Rapid City
106.7 FM K294BT Fox Sports Rapid City Sports
KIMM-AM Translator
Black Hills Broadcasting, L.L.C. Rapid City Rapid City
107.1 FM KSLT Power 107.1 Christian Contemporary Northwestern Media Rapid City Spearfish
107.9 FM KXZT 99-5/107-9 True Country Country Bad Lands Broadcasting Rapid City Newell





Public Transit

Rapid City is served by Rapid City Rapid Ride, which provides fixed route and demand response service to the region.

Rapid City has a municipally owned bus service, providing multiple bus stops and a headquarters in the city. It has limited city-to-city bus service along I-90. Charter bus services operate in the area, connecting Rapid City and Deadwood with cities in Colorado, Nebraska, and Iowa.

Intercity bus service to the city is provided by Jefferson Lines.[45]


This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (May 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this message)


Rapid City Regional Airport provides flights to the airline hub cities, and has general aviation operations, including wildfire fighting activities, and medical flight support to Rapid City medical facilities and regional Indian Health Service operations.


Historically, Rapid City was served by three railroads. Following extensive restructuring in the industry in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, the city is now served only by the Rapid City, Pierre and Eastern Railroad (RCP&E). Until the 1950s Chicago and North Western Railway ran a daily passenger train from Chicago to Rapid City.


Rapid City is located on the boundary of the Western and Eastern power grids. It is served by the hydroelectric plants of the two Mainstem dams on the Missouri River, and the large coal fields and power plants of the Powder River Basin of Wyoming. It is located where the two national power grids connect with each other, allowing switching of electrical power from east to west and vice versa. Rapid City had its own coal-fired power plant but could not afford to meet current air pollution standards and closed it. Closed for similar reasons were coal-fired power stations near Gillette, Wyoming. The Ben French power station located within city boundaries shut down September 2012, more than two years ahead of its scheduled shutdown. Rapid City now obtains much of its power from the Missouri dams and importing it from elsewhere. Following the shut down of the plants dependent on coal, electrical rates have increased. The city has had to spend more to import electricity over a longer distance.


National Guard officer candidates take part in a tactical road march through a west Rapid City neighborhood.

Rapid City obtains most of its water supply from Rapid Creek and the alluvial aquifers associated with the creek, owning significant water rights in Pactola Reservoir located some 15 miles (24 km) west of the city, but does also obtain water from some springs in the vicinity, and has the ability to draw water from deep formations that receive water from recharge in areas of the Black Hills where the formations come to the surface. The heavy dependence on shallow alluvial aquifers is of some concern to planners, as most suburbs of Rapid City use septic systems for domestic sewage treatment. However, water supplies remain relatively good for future growth.


Hospitals include:

Emergency services

Emergency medical services are provided by the Rapid City Fire Department. Emergency medical transportation by rotor and fixed wing aircraft is provided by Black Hills Life Flight, and MARC (Medical Air Rescue Company).

Notable people

Main article: List of people from Rapid City, South Dakota

Sister cities

Rapid City has three sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:


  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.
  2. ^ Official temperature and precipitation records for Rapid City kept at the old municipal airport from August 1942 to October 11, 1950, and at Rapid City Regional since October 12, 1950.[22] Snowfall and snow depth records date to September 1, 1942, and the move to Rapid City Regional, respectively.[18]


  1. ^ Hasselstrom, p. 331.
  2. ^ "Fred E. Stearns". Rapid City Library. Archived from the original on January 24, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
  3. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2022.
  4. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Rapid City, South Dakota
  5. ^ a b c "Explore Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 12, 2023.
  6. ^ a b "City and Town Population Totals: 2020-2022". United States Census Bureau. December 12, 2023. Retrieved December 12, 2023.
  7. ^ Zimmer, Eric Steven; Abrahamson, Eric John; Maloney, Brenna (April 2021). "Our History, Our Future: A Historic Context Document for Rapid City, South Dakota". Rapid City Government. Rapid City Historic Preservation Commission. Retrieved March 2, 2022.
  8. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  9. ^ "Western Frontier History". United States Forest Service. Retrieved July 12, 2023.
  10. ^ a b Jackson, William (2008). Almanac of North Dakota Mysteries & Oddities, 2009-2010. Valley Star Books. p. 44. ISBN 9780967734989. OCLC 259419005.
  11. ^ "Retiring a Minuteman ICBM (LGM-30F)". U.S. Nuclear Weapons Cost Study Project. The Brookings Institution. Archived from the original on May 10, 2007. Retrieved October 4, 2007.
  12. ^ Giago, Tim (June 3, 2007). "The Black Hills: A Case of Dishonest Dealings". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 26, 2007.
  13. ^ "The 1972 Black Hills-Rapid City Flood Revisited". United States Geological Survey. Archived from the original on October 9, 2007. Retrieved October 15, 2007.
  14. ^ "Storybook Island in Rapid City reflects on the 1972 flood". June 6, 2022.
  15. ^ (Burr and Korkow, 1996)
  16. ^ 1972 Flood digital archive Archived February 10, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map. United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 19, 2021.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h "Station: Rapid City RGNL AP, SD". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 19, 2021.
  20. ^ a b "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Rapid City, South Dakota, United States of America". Retrieved September 5, 2009.
  21. ^ a b c "WMO Climate Normals for RAPID CITY/REGIONAL ARPT SD 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 19, 2021.
  22. ^ a b c "Threaded Extremes". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
  23. ^ Lyons, Walter A (1997). The Handy Weather Answer Book (2nd ed.). Detroit: Visible Ink press. ISBN 0-7876-1034-8.
  24. ^ US Department of Commerce, NOAA. "The Black Hills Remarkable Temperature Change of January 22, 1943". www.weather.gov. Retrieved March 3, 2024.
  25. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
  26. ^ a b c U.S. Census Bureau. Census 2000. "Census Demographic Profiles, Rapid City" (PDF). CenStats Databases. Retrieved January 31, 2009.((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)[dead link]
  27. ^ Created by SD Constitutional Amendment, 1919.
  28. ^ a b c "Rapid City: Economy". City-Data.com. Retrieved October 16, 2008.
  29. ^ "Economic Output (GDP)". South Dakota Dashboard. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
  30. ^ a b Orlowski, Aaron. "Main Street Square marks anniversary". Rapid City Journal. Retrieved January 15, 2017.
  31. ^ "Museum of Geology Homepage". South Dakota School of Mines & Technology. Retrieved March 24, 2017.
  32. ^ "Dahl Arts Center Homepage". Rapid City Arts Council. Retrieved March 24, 2017.
  33. ^ "Suzie Cappa Art Center Homepage". Suzie Cappa Art Center - Studio & Gallery. Retrieved March 24, 2017.
  34. ^ "Black Hills Playhouse Homepage". blackhillsplayhouse.com. Retrieved March 24, 2017.
  35. ^ "Art Alley Homepage". artalley.awardspace.com. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved March 24, 2017.
  36. ^ "Performing Arts Center of Rapid City Homepage". performingartsrc.org. Retrieved March 24, 2017.
  37. ^ "Black Hills Community Theater Homepage". bhct.org. Retrieved March 24, 2017.
  38. ^ "Prairie Edge Trading Co & Galleries Homepage". prairieedge.com. Retrieved March 24, 2017.
  39. ^ visitrapidcity.com, Rapid City South Dakota Convention & Visitors Bureau, Rapid City, 2010. Retrieved on November 15, 2010.
  40. ^ "Rapid City Public Library Homepage". rcgov.org. Retrieved March 24, 2017.
  41. ^ "Educational Attainment". South Dakota Dashboard. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
  42. ^ "Rapid City Area Schools". Rapid City Area Schools. Archived from the original on December 22, 2007. Retrieved April 25, 2008.
  43. ^ "St. Paul's Lutheran School & Preschool".
  44. ^ "Black Hills Visitor Homepage". Retrieved March 24, 2017.
  45. ^ "South Dakota Bus Stops". Retrieved July 20, 2023.
  46. ^ "Google Sites: Sign-in".

Further reading