This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Timeline of operating systems" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (September 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

This article presents a timeline of events in the history of computer operating systems from 1951 to the current day. For a narrative explaining the overall developments, see the History of operating systems.

1950s

1960s

1970s

1980s

1990s

2000s

Year–month Windows Apple BSD Linux Others
2000–01
2000–02 Windows 2000[31] Solaris 8
2000–03 FreeBSD 4.0 Red Hat Linux 6.2E AtheOS
BeOS R5
2000–04 Pocket PC 2000
2000–05
2000–06 Windows CE 3.0 OpenBSD 2.7 Plan 9 Third Edition[32]
2000–07 Windows 2000 Service Pack 1 OS/400 V4R5
2000–08 Debian 2.2 MorphOS 0.1[33]
2000–09 Windows Millennium Edition[34] Mac OS X Public Beta SUSE Linux 7.0
2000–10 z/OS
z/VM
MorphOS 0.2
2000–11
2000–12 NetBSD 1.5
OpenBSD 2.8
AmigaOS 3.9[35]
HP-UX 11i
2001–01 Mac OS 9.1
2001–02 MorphOS 0.4[36]
2001–03 Mac OS X Cheetah (v10.0)
2001–04
2001–05 Windows 2000 Service Pack 2 AIX 5L 5.1
OS/400 V5R1
2001–06 OpenBSD 2.9
2001–07 Mac OS 9.2 eComStation 1.0
2001–08 Haiku[37]
2001–09 Mac OS X Puma (v10.1)
2001–10 Pocket PC 2002
Windows XP[38]
Windows XP 64-bit Edition 2002[39]
Novell NetWare 6.0
2001–11
2001–12 OpenBSD 3.0 OS/2 4.52
2002–01 Windows CE 4.x JX microkernel for Java
Sanos microkernel[40] for net appliances
K42 microkernel for NUMA machines
2002–02
2002–03 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1 AS
2002–04 SUSE Linux 8.0 Plan 9 Fourth Edition[41]
2002–05 OpenBSD 3.1 Solaris 9 (SPARC)
2002–06
2002–07 Debian 3.0 Syllable 0.4.0[42]
2002–08 Windows 2000 Service Pack 3 Mac OS X Jaguar[43] (v10.2) OS/400 V5R2
2002–09 Windows XP Service Pack 1 NetBSD 1.6
2002–10 AIX 5.2
2002–11 OpenBSD 3.2 MorphOS 1.0
2002–12 MorphOS 1.1
2003–01 FreeBSD 5.0 Solaris 9 (x86)
JNode[44]JavaOS successor
2003–02 MorphOS 1.2
ReactOS 0.1.0
2003–03 Windows XP 64-bit Edition 2003[45] MorphOS 1.3
2003–04 Windows Server 2003 eComStation 1.1
2003–05 OpenBSD 3.3 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1 ES
2003–06 Windows 2000 Service Pack 4
Windows Mobile 2003
OpenVMS 8.0
2003–07
2003–08 Novell NetWare 6.5
MorphOS 1.4
2003–09 HP-UX 11i v2
2003–10 Mac OS X Panther (v10.3) Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3
SUSE Linux 9.0
2003–11 OpenBSD 3.4 Fedora Core 1
2003–12 Linux 2.6.0[46]
2004–01 Linux 2.6.1 ReactOS 0.2.0
2004–02 Linux 2.6.2, 2.6.3
2004–03 Linux 2.6.4 ReactOS 0.2.1
2004–04 Linux 2.6.5 ReactOS 0.2.2
2004–05 OpenBSD 3.5 Linux 2.6.6
Fedora Core 2
2004–06 i5/OS V5R3
ReactOS 0.2.3
2004–07 DragonFly BSD 1.0
2004–08 Windows CE 5.x
Windows XP Service Pack 2
Linux 2.6.8 AIX 5.3
eComStation 1.2
2004–09 ReactOS 0.2.4
2004–10 Linux 2.6.9
Ubuntu 4.10
2004–11 OpenBSD 3.6 Fedora Core 3
2004–12 NetBSD 2.0 Linux 2.6.10
2005–01 Solaris 10
ReactOS 0.2.5
2005–02 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 OpenVMS 8.2
2005–03 Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition
Linux 2.6.11
Novell Open Enterprise Server
MorphOS 1.4.4
2005–04 Mac OS X Tiger (v10.4) DragonFly BSD 1.2 Ubuntu 5.04 ReactOS 0.2.6
MorphOS 1.4.5
2005–05 Windows Mobile 5.0 OpenBSD 3.7
2005–06 Linux 2.6.12
Fedora Core 4
Debian 3.1
2005–07
2005–08 Linux 2.6.13 ReactOS 0.2.7
MorphOS 1.4.5 Classic
2005–09
2005–10 Linux 2.6.14
Ubuntu 5.10
SUSE Linux 10.0
ReactOS 0.2.8
2005–11 FreeBSD 6.0
OpenBSD 3.8
2005–12 NetBSD 3.0 ReactOS 0.2.9
2006–01 DragonFly BSD 1.4 Linux 2.6.15 i5/OS V5R4
Solaris 10 1/06
2006–02
2006–03 Windows Server 2003 R2 Linux 2.6.16
Fedora Core 5
2006–04
2006–05 OpenBSD 3.9 SymbOS
MINIX 3.1.2
2006–06 Linux 2.6.17
Ubuntu 6.06 (LTS)
Solaris 10 6/06
2006–07 DragonFly BSD 1.6
2006–08 BS2000/OSD v7.0[47]
ReactOS 0.3.0
2006–09 Windows CE 6.0 Linux 2.6.18 FreeDOS 1.0
OpenVMS 8.3
2006–10 Fedora Core 6
Ubuntu 6.10
Slackware 11.0
2006–11 Windows Vista OpenBSD 4.0 Linux 2.6.19 AmigaOS 4.0
Solaris 10 11/06
2006–12
2007–01 DragonFly BSD 1.8 Bharat Operating System Solutions
2007–02 Windows Mobile 6.0 Linux 2.6.20 Inferno Fourth Edition
2007–03 Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 ReactOS 0.3.1
2007–04 Linux 2.6.21
Ubuntu 7.04
Debian 4.0
2007–05 iPhone OS 1 OpenBSD 4.1 Fedora Linux 7
2007–06
2007–07 Linux 2.6.22
Slackware 12.0
2007–08 DragonFly BSD 1.10 Solaris 10 8/07
2007–09 iPhone OS 1.1 HP-UX 11i v3
ReactOS 0.3.3
2007–10 Mac OS X Leopard (v10.5) Linux 2.6.23
Ubuntu 7.10
OpenVMS 8.3-1H1
2007–11 Windows Home Server OpenBSD 4.2 Fedora Linux 8
gOS
AIX 6.1,
2007–12 NetBSD 4.0
2008–01 Linux 2.6.24 ReactOS 0.3.4
2008–02 Windows Vista Service Pack 1
Windows Server 2008
DragonFly BSD 1.12
FreeBSD 7.0
2008–03 IBM i 6.1
Singularity 1.1
2008–04 Windows Mobile 6.1
Windows XP Service Pack 3
Linux 2.6.25
Ubuntu 8.04 (LTS)
2008–05 OpenBSD 4.3 Fedora Linux 9
Slackware 12.1
Solaris 10 5/08
OpenSolaris 2008.05
BS2000/OSD v8.0A
2008–06 SUSE Linux 11.0 MorphOS 2.0
ReactOS 0.3.5
2008–07 iPhone OS 2 DragonFly BSD 2.0 Linux 2.6.26
2008–08 STOP 6.5
ReactOS 0.3.6
2008–09 iPhone OS 2.1 AmigaOS 4.1
z/OS V1R10
MorphOS 2.1
2008–10 Linux 2.6.27
Ubuntu 8.10
Android 1.0
Solaris 10 10/08
OKL4 3.0
2008–11 iPhone OS 2.2 OpenBSD 4.4 Fedora Linux 10 Singularity 2.0
ReactOS 0.3.7
Genode 8.11[48]
2008–12 Linux 2.6.28
Slackware 12.2
MorphOS 2.2
OpenSolaris 2008.11
2009–01
2009–02 DragonFly BSD 2.2 Debian 5.0
Android 1.1
ReactOS 0.3.8
2009–03 Linux 2.6.29
2009–04 NetBSD 5.0 Ubuntu 9.04
Android 1.5
ReactOS 0.3.9
2009–05 Windows Mobile 6.5
Windows Vista Service Pack 2
OpenBSD 4.5 Solaris 10 5/09
2009–06 iPhone OS 3 Linux 2.6.30
Fedora Linux 11
Palm webOS 1
AmigaOS 4.1
OpenSolaris 2009.06
2009–07 ReactOS 0.3.10
2009–08 Mac OS X Snow Leopard (v10.6) Slackware 13.0 MorphOS 2.3
2009–09 iPhone OS 3.1 DragonFly BSD 2.4 Linux 2.6.31
Android 1.6
2009–10 Windows 7
Windows Server 2008 R2
OpenBSD 4.6 Ubuntu 9.10
Android 2.0
Solaris 10 10/09
MorphOS 2.4
2009–11 FreeBSD 8.0 Fedora Linux 12
openSUSE 11.2
2009–12 Linux 2.6.32 ReactOS 0.3.11

2010s

Year–month Windows Apple BSD Linux Others
2010–01 Android 2.1 AmigaOS 4.1 Upd. 1
2010–02 Linux 2.6.33
2010–03
2010–04 iPhone OS 3.2 DragonFly BSD 2.6 Ubuntu 10.04 (LTS) AmigaOS 4.1 Upd. 2
IBM i 7.1
2010–05 OpenBSD 4.7 Linux 2.6.34
Fedora Linux 13
Android 2.2
eComStation 2.0
2010–06 iOS 4 MorphOS 2.5
OpenVMS 8.4
2010–07 openSUSE 11.3
2010–08 Linux 2.6.35
2010–09 iOS 4.1 Solaris 10 9/10
AIX 7.1
2010–10 Windows Phone 7 DragonFly BSD 2.8 Linux 2.6.36
Fedora Linux 14
Ubuntu 10.10
MorphOS 2.6
ReactOS 0.3.12
2010–11 iOS 4.2 NetBSD 5.1
OpenBSD 4.8
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6
2010–12 Android 2.3 MorphOS 2.7
2011–01 Linux 2.6.37
2011–02 Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Debian 6.0
Android 3.0
2011–03 Windows CE 7.0 iOS 4.3 Linux 2.6.38
openSUSE 11.4
ReactOS 0.3.13
2011–04 Windows Home Server 2011 DragonFly BSD 2.10 Ubuntu 11.04
Slackware 13.37
2011–05 OpenBSD 4.9 Linux 2.6.39
Fedora Linux 15
Android 3.1
AmigaOS 4.1 Upd. 1 (for Classic)
eComStation 2.1
2011–06 iOS 5 Google Chrome OS (first shipped) 9front
2011–07 Mac OS X Lion (v10.7) Linux 3.0
Android 3.2
HP webOS 3
AmigaOS 4.1 Upd. 3
2011–08
2011–09 Windows Phone 7.5
2011–10 Linux 3.1
Ubuntu 11.10
Android 4.0
2011–11 OpenBSD 5.0 Fedora Linux 16
openSUSE 12.1
Solaris 11 11/11
2011–12 AmigaOS 4.1 Upd. 4
2012–01 FreeBSD 9.0 Linux 3.2 FreeDOS 1.1
2012–02 DragonFly BSD 3.0 ReactOS 0.3.14
Minix 3.2
2012–03 iOS 5.1 Linux 3.3
Android 4.0.4
2012–04 Ubuntu 12.04 (LTS)
2012–05 OpenBSD 5.1 Linux 3.4
Fedora Linux 17
DexOS
2012–06 BS2000/OSD 9.0
MorphOS 3.0
2012–07 OS X Mountain Lion (v10.8) Linux 3.5
Android 4.1
openSUSE 12.2
MorphOS 3.1
AmigaOS 4.1 Upd. 5
2012–08
2012–09 Windows Server 2012 iOS 6 Linux 3.6
Slackware 14.0
Qubes OS
2012–10 Windows 8
Windows Phone 8
NetBSD 6.0
OpenBSD 5.2
Ubuntu 12.10 Solaris 11.1
2012–11 DragonFly BSD 3.2 Android 4.2 Haiku R1 Alpha 4
2012–12 FreeBSD 9.1
2013–01 iOS 6.1 Fedora Linux 18 BlackBerry 10
Solaris 10 1/13
2013–02 Windows Phone 7.8
2013–03 openSUSE 12.3
2013–04 DragonFly BSD 3.4 Linux 3.9
Ubuntu 13.04
2013–05 NetBSD 6.1
OpenBSD 5.3
Debian 7.0 ReactOS 0.3.15
MorphOS 3.2
2013–06 Windows CE 8.0 (2013) Linux 3.10
2013–07 Fedora Linux 19
Android 4.3
2013–08
2013–09 iOS 7 FreeBSD 9.2 Linux 3.11 MorphOS 3.3
z/OS Version 2.1
2013–10 Windows 8.1
Windows Server 2012 R2
OS X Mavericks (v10.9) Ubuntu 13.10
2013–11 DragonFly BSD 3.6
OpenBSD 5.4
Slackware 14.1
openSUSE 13.1
Android 4.4
Linux 3.12
2013–12 Fedora Linux 20 MorphOS 3.4
Muen[49] separation kernel
2014–01 FreeBSD 10.0 Linux 3.13
2014–02 ReactOS 0.3.16
MorphOS 3.5
2014–03 iOS 7.1 Linux 3.14
2014–04 Windows Phone 8.1 Ubuntu 14.04 (LTS) Solaris 11.2
2014–05 OpenBSD 5.5
2014–06 DragonFly BSD 3.8 Linux 3.15
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7
MorphOS 3.6
2014–07
2014–08 Linux 3.16 MorphOS 3.7
2014–09 iOS 8 Minix 3.3
2014–10 OS X Yosemite (v10.10)
iOS 8.1
Ubuntu 14.10
Linux 3.17
2014–11 OpenBSD 5.6
FreeBSD 10.1
DragonFly BSD 4.0
openSUSE 13.2
Android 5.0
IBM i 7.2
ReactOS 0.3.17
2014–12 Linux 3.18
Fedora Linux 21
2015–01
2015–02 Linux 3.19
2015–03 iOS 8.2
2015–04 iOS 8.3
watchOS 1
Linux 4.0
Debian 8.0
Ubuntu 15.04
Redox OS
2015–05 Fedora Linux 22 BS2000/OSD 10.0
2015–06 iOS 8.4 Linux 4.1 MorphOS 3.9
2015–07 Windows 10 (1507)
2015–08 FreeBSD 10.2 Linux 4.2
2015–09 OS X El Capitan (v10.11)
iOS 9
watchOS 2
NetBSD 7.0 z/OS Version 2.2[50]
2015–10 iOS 9.1
tvOS9
Android 6.0
Ubuntu 15.10
AIX 7.2[51]
Solaris 11.3[52]
2015–11 Windows 10 November Update (1511)
Windows 10 Mobile (1511)
tvOS9.1 Linux 4.3
Fedora Linux 23
openSUSE Leap 42.1
2015–12 iOS 9.2
watchOS 2.1
tvOS9.2
2016–01 Linux 4.4 Minix 3.4
2016–02 ReactOS 0.4
2016–03 iOS 9.3
watchOS 2.2
tvOS9.3
OpenBSD 5.9
FreeBSD 10.3
Linux 4.5
2016–04 Ubuntu 16.04 IBM i 7.3
ReactOS 0.4.1
2016–05 Linux 4.6
2016–06 Slackware 14.2
Fedora Linux 24
Linux Mint 18
2016–07 Linux 4.7
2016–08 Windows 10 Anniversary Update (1607)
Windows 10 Mobile Anniversary Update (1607)
DragonFly BSD 4.6 Android 7.0 ReactOS 0.4.2
2016–09 Windows Server 2016 (1607) macOS Sierra (v10.12)
iOS 10
watchOS 3
tvOS10
OpenBSD 6.0 Linux 4.8
2016–10 iOS 10.1
watchOS 3.1
NetBSD 7.0.2
FreeBSD 11.0
Android 7.1
Ubuntu 16.10
2016–11 Oracle Linux 7.3
Fedora Linux 25
openSUSE Leap 42.2
ReactOS 0.4.3
2016–12 iOS 10.2
tvOS10.1
Linux 4.9
Linux Mint 18.1
FreeDOS 1.2
2017–01
2017–02 Linux 4.10 ReactOS 0.4.4
2017–03 iOS 10.3
watchOS 3.2
tvOS10.2
DragonFly BSD 4.8
NetBSD 7.1
2017–04 Windows 10 Creators Update (1703)
Windows 10 Mobile Creators Update (1703)
OpenBSD 6.1 Linux 4.11
Ubuntu 17.04
2017–05 ReactOS 0.4.5
ArcaOS 5.0.0
2017–06 Debian 9.0
Fedora Linux 26
2017–07 Linux 4.12
openSUSE Leap 42.3
BS2000/OSD 11.0
ArcaOS 5.0.1
2017–08 Android 8.0
2017–09 macOS High Sierra (v10.13)
iOS 11
watchOS 4
tvOS11
Linux 4.13 ReactOS 0.4.6
2017–10 Windows 10 Fall Creators Update (1709)
Windows 10 Mobile Fall Creators Update (1709)
Windows Server 2016 Fall Creators Update (1709)
iOS 11.1
watchOS 4.1
tvOS11.1
OpenBSD 6.2
DragonFly BSD 5.0
Ubuntu 17.10
2017–11 Linux 4.14
Fedora Linux 27
BareMetal 1.0.0
2017–12 iOS 11.2
watchOS 4.2
tvOS11.2
Android 8.1 ReactOS 0.4.7
2018–01 Linux 4.15
2018–02 ArcaOS 5.0.2
2018–03 iOS 11.3
watchOS 4.3
tvOS11.3
NetBSD 7.1.2 Genode Sculpt EA
2018–04 Windows 10 April 2018 Update (1803) OpenBSD 6.3
DragonFly BSD 5.2
Linux 4.16
Ubuntu 18.04 (LTS)
ReactOS 0.4.8
2018–05 iOS 11.4
tvOS11.4
Fedora Linux 28
openSUSE Leap 15.0
2018–06 Linux 4.17 Genode Sculpt TC
2018–07 NetBSD 8.0 SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 ReactOS 0.4.9
2018–08 NetBSD 7.2 Linux 4.18
Android 9.0
ArcaOS 5.0.3
Solaris 11.4
2018–09 macOS Mojave (v10.14)
iOS 12
watchOS 5
tvOS12
Genode Sculpt VC[53]
2018–10 Windows 10 October 2018 Update (1809)
Windows Server 2019 (1809)
iOS 12.1
watchOS 5.1
tvOS12.1
OpenBSD 6.4 Linux 4.19
Ubuntu 18.10
Fedora Linux 29
SerenityOS
2018–11 ReactOS 0.4.10
2018–12 DragonFly BSD 5.4
FreeBSD 12.0
Linux 4.20
2019–01
2019–02
2019–03 iOS 12.2
watchOS 5.2
tvOS12.2
Linux 5.0 ReactOS 0.4.11
2019–04 Ubuntu 19.04
Fedora Linux 30
2019–05 Windows 10 May 2019 Update (1903) iOS 12.3
tvOS12.3
OpenBSD 6.5

NetBSD 8.1

Linux 5.1
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8
openSUSE Leap 15.1
2019–06 DragonFly BSD 5.6 SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 SP1 IBM i 7.4
2019–07 iOS 12.4
watchOS 5.3
tvOS12.4
Debian 10.0
Linux 5.2
ArcaOS 5.0.4
2019–08
2019–09 iOS 13
iOS 13.1
iPadOS 13.1
watchOS 6
tvOS13
Linux 5.3
Android 10.0
ReactOS 0.4.12
2019–10 iOS 13.2
iPadOS 13.2
watchOS 6.1
macOS Catalina (v10.15)
OpenBSD 6.6 Ubuntu 19.10
Fedora Linux 31
2019–11 Windows 10 November 2019 Update (1909) FreeBSD 12.1 Linux 5.4
2019–12 iOS 13.3
iPadOS 13.3

2020s

Further information: Timeline of free and open-source software

Year–month Windows Apple BSD Linux Others
2020–01 Linux 5.5
2020–02 NetBSD 9.0
2020–03 iOS 13.4
iPadOS 13.4
watchOS 6.2
tvOS13.4
DragonFly BSD 5.8 Linux 5.6
2020–04 Ubuntu 20.04
Fedora Linux 32
ReactOS 0.4.13
2020–05 Windows 10 May 2020 Update (2004) iOS 13.5
iPadOS 13.5
OpenBSD 6.7 OpenVMS 9.0
2020–06 Linux 5.7 ArcaOS 5.0.5
Haiku R1/beta2
2020–07 iOS 13.6
iPadOS 13.6
2020–08 Linux 5.8 ArcaOS 5.0.6
2020–09 iOS 13.7
iPadOS 13.7
iOS 14
iPadOS 14.0
watchOS 7.0
tvOS14.0
Android 11
2020–10 Windows 10 October 2020 Update (20H2) iOS 14.1
iPadOS 14.1
NetBSD 9.1
OpenBSD 6.8
FreeBSD 12.2
Linux 5.9
Fedora Linux 33
Ubuntu 20.10
2020–11 macOS Big Sur (v11.0)
iOS 14.2
iPadOS 14.2
watchOS 7.1
tvOS14.2
2020–12 macOS Big Sur (v11.1)
iOS 12.5
iOS 14.3
iPadOS 14.3
watchOS 6.3
watchOS 7.2
tvOS14.3
Linux 5.10
2021–01 iOS 14.4
iPadOS 14.4
watchOS 7.3
tvOS14.4
2021–02 macOS Big Sur (v11.2)
2021–03
2021–04 macOS Big Sur (v11.3)
iOS 14.5
iPadOS 14.5
watchOS 7.4
tvOS14.5
FreeBSD 13.0 Fedora Linux 34
2021-05 Windows 10 May 2021 Update (21H1) macOS Big Sur (v11.4)
iOS 14.6
iPadOS 14.6
watchOS 7.5
tvOS14.6
OpenBSD 6.9
DragonFly BSD 6.0
NetBSD 9.2
Linux 5.12
Ubuntu 21.04
2021-06 Rocky Linux 8
Linux 5.13
2021-07 macOS Big Sur (v11.5)
iOS 14.7
iPadOS 14.7
watchOS 7.6
tvOS14.7
Haiku R1/beta3
2021-08 Windows Server 2022 Linux 5.14
Debian 11.0
2021-09 macOS Big Sur (v11.6)
iOS 14.8
iPadOS 14.8
iOS 15
iPadOS 15.0
watchOS 8.0
tvOS15.0
2021-10 Windows 11 macOS Monterey (v12.0)
iOS 15.1
iPadOS 15.1
watchOS 8.1
tvOS15.1
OpenBSD 7.0 Android 12
Ubuntu 21.10
2021-11 Windows 10 November 2021 Update (21H2)
2021-12 macOS Monterey (v12.2)
iOS 15.2
iPadOS 15.2
watchOS 8.3
tvOS15.2
ArcaOS 5.0.7
ReactOS 0.4.14
2022-01 iOS 15.3
iPadOS 15.3
watchOS 8.4
tvOS15.3
2022-02 Slackware 15.0
2022-03 macOS Monterey (v12.3)
iOS 15.4
iPadOS 15.4
watchOS 8.5
tvOS15.4
Android 12L
2022-04 OpenBSD 7.1 Ubuntu 22.04
2022-05 macOS Monterey (v12.4)
iOS 15.5
iPadOS 15.5
watchOS 8.6
tvOS15.5
IBM i 7.5
2022-06
2022-07 macOS Monterey (v12.5)
iOS 15.6
iPadOS 15.6
watchOS 8.7
tvOS15.6
2022-08 Android 13
2022-09 Windows 11 2022 Update (22H2) macOS Big Sur (v11.7)
macOS Monterey (v12.6)
iOS 15.7
iPadOS 15.7
iOS 16
watchOS 9.0
tvOS16.0
2022-10 macOS Ventura (13.0) OpenBSD 7.2 Ubuntu 22.10
2022-11 macOS Ventura (13.0.1)

See also

References

  1. ^ Not Panicking Ltd (January 7, 2012). "h2g2 - Early Electronic Computers - Edited Entry". Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  2. ^ "LCS/AI Lab Timeline". Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  3. ^ Douglas Ross. 1986. A personal view of the personal work station: some firsts in the Fifties. In Proceedings of the ACM Conference on The history of personal workstations (HPW '86), John R White and Kathi Anderson (Eds.). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 19–48. DOI=10.1145/12178.12180 [1]
  4. ^ "Early Operating Systems". Archived from the original on April 10, 2015. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  5. ^ "Michigan Terminal System: Time Line". Clock.org. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
  6. ^ "Multics History". Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  7. ^ "Digital Research home page". Retrieved September 27, 2021.
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 3, 2014. Retrieved May 2, 2014.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ Wilkes, M. V.; Needham, R. M. (January 1, 1979). "The Cambridge CAP Computer and Its Operating System" – via www.microsoft.com. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  10. ^ Ian P. Blythe. "FLEX User Group - History". Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  11. ^ "SECURE MINICOMPUTER OPERATING SYSTEM (KSOS)" (PDF). csrc.nist.gov. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
  12. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 3, 2014. Retrieved May 2, 2014.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ Stan Sokolow (ed.). "SOLUS NEWS" (PDF). Retrieved January 30, 2020.
  14. ^ "CSDL | IEEE Computer Society". www.computer.org.
  15. ^ [2] Archived August 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ "Apollo/DOMAIN Computers". Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". ftp.stratus.com:80. Archived from the original on June 12, 2003. Retrieved January 13, 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ [3][dead link]
  19. ^ "FINAL EVALUATION REPORTM OFN SCOMP" (PDF). www.dtic.mil. 1965. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
  20. ^ Vinter, S. T. and Schantz, R. E. 1986. The Cronus distributed operating system. In Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Making Distributed Systems Work (Amsterdam, Netherlands, September 8–10, 1986). EW 2. ACM, New York, NY, 1-3.
  21. ^ "Final evaluation report" (PDF). www.aesec.com. June 28, 1995. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
  22. ^ [4][permanent dead link]
  23. ^ Paul A. Karger; Mary Ellen Zurko; Douglass W. Bonin; Andrew H. Mason; Clifford E. Kahn (November 1991). "A Retrospective on the VAX VMM Security Kernel" (PDF). IEEE Journal of Software Engineering. 17 (11): 1147–1165. doi:10.1109/32.106971. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 12, 2015. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
  24. ^ Quarterly Status Report - Report #1 (PDF). Advance Computing Systems: An Advanced Reasoning-Based Paradigm for Ada Trusted Systems and its Application to MACH (Report). TRW - Federal Systems Group - Systems Division. March 15, 1989. AD-A206 308. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 2, 2021 – via Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC).
      • EPOC
      • NeXTSTEP (1.0)
      • OS/2 (1.2)
      • RISC OS (First release was to be called Arthur 2, but was renamed to RISC OS 2, and was first sold as RISC OS 2.00 in April 1989)
      • SCO UNIX (Release 3)
  25. ^ "LOCK-An Historical Perspective" (PDF). Cyberdefenseagency.com. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  26. ^ "A Brief History of RISC OS", Wakefield RISC OS Computer Club, retrieved November 19, 2011
  27. ^ "EPL Entry CSC-EPL-92/001". Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  28. ^ "JN: An Operating System for an Embedded Java Network Computer UCSC-CRL-96-29". Archived from the original on August 24, 2012. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
  29. ^ various 1997 publications listed on the Nemesis website, retrieved 2013-08-13
  30. ^ "Inferno Downloads", Vita Nuova Holdings, retrieved November 19, 2011
  31. ^ "Microsoft Releases Windows 2000 to Manufacturing", Microsoft News Center, December 15, 1999, retrieved November 19, 2011
  32. ^ "Plan 9 from Bell Labs Overview", Bell Labs, retrieved November 19, 2011
  33. ^ Balaban, Alexandre (2000), Test de MorphOS 0.1 (in French), retrieved November 19, 2011
  34. ^ "Microsoft Announces Immediate Availability Of Windows Millennium Edition (Windows Me)", Microsoft News Center, September 14, 2000, retrieved November 19, 2011
  35. ^ "AmigaOS 3.9 release", Amiga History (UK), December 4, 2000, retrieved July 22, 2012
  36. ^ Schmidt, Ralph (February 15, 2001), New MorphOS 0.4 Release, retrieved November 19, 2011
  37. ^ Project History, retrieved November 19, 2011
  38. ^ "Windows XP to Take the PC to New Heights", Microsoft News Center, August 24, 2001, retrieved November 19, 2011
  39. ^ "Microsoft Unveils Plans for 64-Bit Windows Platform". Microsoft.
  40. ^ "Sanos". Jbox.dk. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  41. ^ "Plan 9 From Bell Labs Fourth Release Notes", Bell Labs, April 2002, retrieved November 19, 2011
  42. ^ "What is the history of Syllable?", Frequently Asked Questions, archived from the original on January 7, 2011, retrieved November 19, 2011
  43. ^ "Jaguar "Unleashed" at 10:20 p.m. Tonight", Apple Inc., August 23, 2002, archived from the original on October 8, 2003, retrieved November 19, 2011
  44. ^ "Node, an operating system based on Java" (PDF). 2010.rmll.info. 2010. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
  45. ^ "Windows XP 64-bit Edition for Itanium systems, Version 2003 Press release", Microsoft News Center, March 28, 2003, retrieved November 19, 2011
  46. ^ Kernel.org archive, retrieved November 19, 2011
  47. ^ News digest August 2006, August 2006, retrieved November 19, 2011
  48. ^ "Genode - Release notes for the Genode OS Framework 8.11". genode.org.
  49. ^ Muen SK. "Muen | SK for x86/64". Muen.codelabs.ch. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  50. ^ "IBM z/OS Version 2 Release 2 Announcement Letter". July 28, 2015. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
  51. ^ "IBM AIX 7.2 delivers the reliability, availability, performance, and security needed to be successful in the new global economy". 01.ibm.com. October 5, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  52. ^ "What's New in Oracle® Solaris 11.3". Docs.oracle.com. October 3, 2017. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  53. ^ "Genode - Genode News". genode.org.