iPadOS 13
IPadOS wordmark.svg
IPadOS 13 Screenshot.png
iPadOS 13 home screen in "dark mode" running on an iPad Pro (3rd generation)
DeveloperApple Inc.
Written inC, C++, Objective-C, Swift, assembly language
OS familyUnix-like, based on Darwin (BSD), iOS
Working stateCurrent
Source modelClosed with open-source components
Initial releaseSeptember 24, 2019; 2 years ago (2019-09-24)[1]
Latest release13.7[2] (17H35)[3] (September 1, 2020; 23 months ago (2020-09-01)) [±]
Marketing targetTablet computers
Available in40 languages[4][5][6][7]
Update methodOTA, Software Update
Package managerApp Store
Platforms
Kernel typeHybrid (XNU)
Default
user interface
Cocoa Touch (multi-touch, GUI)
LicenseProprietary software except for open-source components
Preceded byiOS 12
Succeeded byiPadOS 14
Official websiteiPadOS 13 at the Wayback Machine (archived September 11, 2020)
Support status
No longer getting security updates, because iPads that supported iPadOS 13 support 14 as well. Third party app support. Drops support for the iPad Air (1st generation), and the iPad Mini 2 and 3.
Articles in the series
iOS 13 (derived from)

iPadOS 13 is the first major release of the iPadOS mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc. for their iPad line of tablet computers. The successor to iOS 12 on those devices, it was announced at the company's 2019 Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC) on June 3, 2019,[8] as a derivation from iOS, with a greater emphasis on multitasking and tablet-centric features. It was released on September 24, 2019. It was succeeded by iPadOS 14, released on September 16, 2020.

History

Further information: iOS version history § iOS 13 / iPadOS 13

The first iPad was released in 2010 and ran iPhone OS 3.2, which added support for the larger device to the operating system, previously only used on the iPhone and iPod Touch. This shared operating system was rebranded as "iOS" with the release of iOS 4.[9]

The operating system initially had rough feature parity running on the iPhone, iPod Touch, and iPad, with variations in user interface depending on screen size, and minor differences in the selection of apps included.[10] However, over time, the variant of iOS for the iPad incorporated a growing set of differentiating features, such as picture-in-picture, the ability to display multiple running apps simultaneously (both introduced with iOS 9 in 2015), drag and drop, and a dock that more closely resembled the one in macOS than the one on the iPhone (added in 2017 with iOS 11). Standard iPad apps were increasingly designed to support the optional use of a keyboard.

To emphasize the different feature set available on the iPad, and to signal their intention to develop the platforms in divergent directions, at WWDC 2019 Apple announced that the variant of iOS that runs on the iPad would be rebranded as "iPadOS." The new naming strategy began with iPadOS 13.1, in 2019.[8]

Updates

The releases of iPadOS 13 began with 13.1, 13.0 was never publicly released, even though beta testing for iPadOS 13 started with 13.0.

Version Build Darwin version Release Date Reference Notes
13.1 17A844 19.0.0 September 24, 2019 [11] Initial release on iPad (7th generation)
13.1.1 17A854 September 27, 2019 [12]
13.1.2 17A860 September 30, 2019 [13]
13.1.3 17A878 October 15, 2019 [14]
13.2 17B84 October 28, 2019 [15]
13.2.2 17B102 November 7, 2019 [16]
13.2.3 17B111 November 18, 2019 [17]
13.3 17C54 19.2.0 December 10, 2019 [18]
13.3.1 17D50 19.3.0 January 28, 2020 [19]
13.4 17E255 19.4.0 March 24, 2020 [20] Adds complete support for mice and trackpads, previously an accessibility feature only.

Initial release on iPad Pro (4th generation)

13.4.1 17E262 April 7, 2020 [21]
13.5 17F75 19.5.0 May 20, 2020 [22]
13.5.1 17F80 June 1, 2020 [23]
13.6 17G68 19.6.0 July 15, 2020 [24]
13.6.1 17G80 August 12, 2020 [25]
13.7 17H35 September 1, 2020 [26] Bug fixes

Legend:   Past   Current   Beta

Features

See also: System features of iOS 13

Home Screen

Unlike previous versions of iOS, the icon grid displays up to five rows and six columns of apps (30), regardless of whether the device is in portrait or landscape orientation. The first page of the home screen can be configured to show a column of widgets from applications for easy access. Spotlight Search is no longer part of the widgets but can still be accessed by swiping down from the center of the home screen or pressing Command + Space on a connected keyboard.

Multitasking

iPadOS features a multitasking system developed with more capabilities compared to iOS, with features like Slide Over and Split View that make it possible to use multiple different applications simultaneously. Double-clicking the Home Button or swiping up from the bottom of the screen and pausing will display all currently active spaces. Each space can feature a single app, or a Split View featuring two apps. The user can also swipe left or right on the Home Indicator to go between spaces at any time, or swipe left/right with four fingers.

While using an app, swiping up slightly from the bottom edge of the screen will summon the Dock, where apps stored within can be dragged to different areas of the current space to be opened in either Split View or Slide Over. Dragging an app to the left or right edge of the screen will create a Split View, which will allow both apps to be used side by side. The size of the two apps in Split View can be adjusted by dragging a pill shaped icon in the center of the vertical divider and dragging the divider all the way to one side of the screen closes the respective app. If the user drags an app from the dock over the current app, it will create a floating window called Slide Over which can be dragged to either the left or right side of the screen. A Slide Over window can be hidden by swiping it off the right side of the screen, and swiping left from the right edge of the screen will restore it. Slide Over apps can also be cycled between by swiping left or right on the Home Indicator in the Slide Over window and pulling up on it will open an app switcher for Slide Over windows. A pill shaped icon at the top of apps in Split View or Slide Over allows them to be switched in an out of Split View and Slide Over.

The user can now have several instances of a single app open at once. A new mode similar to macOS's Mission Control has been added which allows the user to see all of the instances of an app.[27]

In many applications, a notable exception being YouTube, videos can be shrunk down into a picture-in-picture window so the user can continue watching it while using other apps. This window containing the video can be resized by pinching and spreading and can be docked to any of the four corners of the screen. It can also be hidden by swiping it off the side of the screen and is denoted by an arrow at the edge where the video is hidden and swiping it will bring it back onscreen.

Safari

iPadOS Safari now shows desktop versions of websites by default, includes a download manager, and has 30 new keyboard shortcuts if an external keyboard is connected.[28][29][30][31]

Sidecar

Sidecar allows for an iPad to function as a second monitor for macOS, named in reference to articulated motorcycles. When using Sidecar, the Apple Pencil can be used to emulate a graphics tablet for applications like Photoshop.[32] This feature is supported only on iPads compatible with the Apple Pencil.[33]

Storage

In addition to accessing local storage for general use, iPadOS allows external storage, such as USB flash drives, portable hard drives, and solid state drives to be connected to an iPad via the Files app. The iPad Pro (3rd generation) connects over USB-C, while the Lightning Camera Connection Kit can be used with previous iPads.[34]

Mouse and trackpad support

Support for mice and trackpads was available since the first public release, albeit as an accessibility feature only. Complete support was added in version 13.4, which included multitouch gestures for trackpads, and allowed third-party apps to implement new features supporting mice and trackpads.[35]

Supported devices

iPadOS 13 supports iPads with an Apple A8 or A8X chip or later, dropping support for devices with the A7 chip, more specifically the first-generation iPad Air and the iPad Mini 2 and iPad Mini 3. Devices supporting iPadOS 13 include:

An upgrade to iPadOS 13 is automatically offered to supported devices.[36]

References

  1. ^ "iPadOS". Apple Inc.
  2. ^ Juli Clover (September 1, 2020). "iOS 13.7 Now Available With Support for Exposure Notifications Express". MacRumors. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
  3. ^ "iPadOS 13.7 (17H35) - Releases - Apple Developer". Apple Developer. Apple Inc. September 1, 2020. Retrieved September 2, 2020.
  4. ^ "Apple – iPad Pro – Specs". Apple Inc. Archived from the original on January 4, 2019. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  5. ^ "Apple – iPad mini 4 – Specs". Apple Inc. Archived from the original on October 24, 2015. Retrieved October 24, 2015.
  6. ^ "Apple – iPad Air 2 – Technical Specifications". Apple Inc. Archived from the original on October 26, 2015. Retrieved October 24, 2015.
  7. ^ "Apple – iPhone XS – Technical Specifications". Apple Inc. Archived from the original on January 4, 2019. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  8. ^ a b Wuerthele, Mike (June 3, 2019). "Apple unveils iPadOS, adding features specifically to iPad". AppleInsider. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
  9. ^ Tartakoff, Joseph (June 7, 2010). "Apple Avoids iPhone-Like Trademark Battle Thanks To Cisco, FaceTime Deals". paidContent. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved February 2, 2011.
  10. ^ "Why the iPad has never shipped with a calculator app". Cult of Mac. April 7, 2016. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  11. ^ Clover, Juli (September 24, 2019). "Apple Releases iPadOS With New Home Screen, Multitasking Improvements, Apple Pencil Updates and More". MacRumors.
  12. ^ Juli Clover (September 27, 2019). "Apple Releases iOS and iPadOS 13.1.1 With Siri and Battery Drain Fix, Keyboard Vulnerability Update and More". MacRumors. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
  13. ^ Juli Clover (September 30, 2019). "Apple Releases iOS 13.1.2 and iPadOS 13.1.2 with Fixes for Camera, iCloud Backup, HomePod Shortcut, and Flashlight Bugs". MacRumors. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  14. ^ Juli Clover (October 15, 2019). "Apple Releases iOS 13.1.3 With Bug Fixes for Phone, Mail, Health, and More". MacRumors. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  15. ^ Juli Clover (October 28, 2019). "Apple Releases iOS and iPadOS 13.2 With New Emoji, Deep Fusion for iPhone 11, Siri Privacy Options, and More". MacRumors. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  16. ^ Juli Clover (November 7, 2019). "Apple Releases iOS and iPadOS 13.2.2 With Fix for Background Refresh Bug". MacRumors. Retrieved November 8, 2019.
  17. ^ Juli Clover (November 18, 2019). "Apple Releases iOS and iPadOS 13.2.3 With Bug Fixes for Messages, Mail and More". MacRumors. Retrieved November 18, 2019.
  18. ^ Juli Clover (December 10, 2019). "Apple Releases iOS and iPadOS 13.3 With Communication Limits for Screen Time, Safari Physical Security Key Support, and More". MacRumors. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
  19. ^ Juli Clover (January 28, 2020). "Apple Releases iOS and iPadOS 13.3.1 With Toggle for Turning Off U1 Chip in Latest iPhones". MacRumors. Retrieved January 28, 2020.
  20. ^ Juli Clover (March 24, 2020). "Apple Releases iOS and iPadOS 13.4 With New Mail Toolbar, iCloud Folder Sharing, Trackpad Support for iPad and More". MacRumors. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
  21. ^ Juli Clover (April 7, 2020). "Apple Releases iOS and iPadOS 13.4.1 With Fix for FaceTime Bug". MacRumors. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
  22. ^ Juli Clover (May 20, 2020). "Apple Releases iOS and iPadOS 13.5 With Exposure Notification API, Face ID Mask Updates, Group FaceTime Changes and More". MacRumors. Retrieved May 20, 2020.
  23. ^ Juli Clover (June 1, 2020). "Apple Releases iOS and iPadOS 13.5.1 With Fixes for Recent 'unc0ver' Jailbreak Vulnerability". MacRumors. Retrieved June 1, 2020.
  24. ^ Juli Clover (July 15, 2020). "Apple Releases iOS 13.6 With Car Key, Toggle to Turn Off Automatic Update Downloads, Audio Apple News+ Stories and More". MacRumors. Retrieved July 15, 2020.
  25. ^ Juli Clover (August 12, 2020). "Apple Releases iOS and iPadOS 13.6.1 With Fix for Storage Issue and Green Tinted Displays". MacRumors. Retrieved August 12, 2020.
  26. ^ Juli Clover (September 1, 2020). "iOS 13.7 Now Available With Support for Exposure Notifications Express". MacRumors. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
  27. ^ "iPadOS lets you open multiple instances of the same app for powerful multitasking". Cult of Mac. June 6, 2019. Retrieved August 12, 2019.
  28. ^ Hardwick, Tim. "Safari on iPadOS Optimized to Work With at Least Some Desktop Versions of Websites". MacRumors. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
  29. ^ "iPadOS Preview: Desktop-class Safari, Download Manager, and more!". iMore. July 18, 2019. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
  30. ^ Warren, Tom (June 3, 2019). "Apple reveals iPadOS for iPad with a new home screen, multitasking improvements, and more". The Verge. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
  31. ^ Lumb, David; Tablets, John McCann 2019-07-09T13:32:07Z. "iPadOS: public beta, release date and features list". TechRadar. Retrieved August 10, 2019.
  32. ^ Lee, Dami (June 3, 2019). "Sidecar lets you use your iPad as a second display for your Mac". The Verge. Archived from the original on July 11, 2019. Retrieved July 15, 2019.
  33. ^ "Use your iPad as a second display for your Mac with Sidecar". Apple Support. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  34. ^ "How to use external storage on iPad and iPhone with iOS 13". Retrieved August 1, 2019.
  35. ^ Gartenberg, Chaim (March 18, 2020). "iPadOS 13.4 adds full mouse and trackpad support". The Verge. Retrieved March 18, 2020.
  36. ^ Dan Grabham; Maggie Tillman (September 10, 2019). "Apple iPadOS preview: All the key new iPad features explored". Pocket-lint.
Preceded byiOS 12 iPadOS 13 2019 Succeeded byiPadOS 14