iPadOS
IPadOS wordmark.svg
IPadOS 16 Homescreen.png
iPadOS 16 home screen running on an iPad Pro
DeveloperApple Inc.
Written inC, C++, Objective-C, Swift, assembly language
OS familyUnix-like, based on Darwin (BSD), iOS, macOS
Working stateCurrent
Source modelClosed with open-source components
Initial releaseSeptember 24, 2019; 3 years ago (2019-09-24)[1]
Latest release16.2[2] (20C65)[3] (December 13, 2022; 28 days ago (2022-12-13)) [±]
Latest preview16.3 beta[4] (20D5024e)[5] (December 14, 2022; 27 days ago (2022-12-14)) [±]
Marketing targetTablet computers
Available in40 languages[6][7][8][9]
Update methodOver-the-air, iTunes
PlatformsiPads with ARMv8-A CPUs
Kernel typeHybrid (XNU)
Default
user interface
Cocoa Touch (multi-touch, GUI)
LicenseProprietary software except for open-source components
Preceded byiOS
Official websitewww.apple.com/ipados/
Support status
Supported
Articles in the series
iOS (derived from)

iPadOS is a mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc. for its iPad line of tablet computers. It is a rebranded variant of iOS, the operating system used by Apple's iPhones, renamed to reflect the diverging features of the two product lines, particularly the iPad's multitasking capabilities. It was introduced as iPadOS 13 in 2019, reflecting its status as the successor to iOS 12 for the iPad, at the company's 2019 Worldwide Developers Conference.[10] iPadOS was released to the public on September 24, 2019. The current public release is iPadOS 16.2, released on December 13, 2022.

History

See also: iOS version history

The first iPad was released on January 10, 2010, and ran iPhone OS 3.2, which added support for the larger device to the operating system, previously only used on the iPhone and its smaller counterpart, the iPod Touch. This shared operating system was rebranded as "iOS" with the release of iOS 4.[11]

The operating system initially had rough feature parity running on the iPhone, iPod Touch, and iPad, with variations in user interface depending on screen size, and minor differences in the selection of apps included.[12] However, over time, the variant of iOS for the iPad incorporated a growing set of differentiating features, such as picture-in-picture, the ability to display multiple running apps simultaneously (both introduced with iOS 9 in 2015), drag and drop, and a dock that more closely resembled the dock from macOS than the one on the iPhone (added in 2017 with iOS 11). Standard iPad apps were increasingly designed to support the optional use of a physical keyboard.

To emphasize the different feature set available on the iPad, and to signal their intention to develop the platforms in divergent directions, at WWDC 2019, Apple announced that the variant of iOS that runs on the iPad would be rebranded as “iPadOS.” The new naming strategy began with iPadOS 13.1, in 2019.[10]

On June 22, 2020, at WWDC 2020, Apple announced iPadOS 14, with compact designs for search, Siri, and calls, improved app designs, handwriting recognition, better AR features, enhanced privacy protections, and app widgets.[13] iPadOS 14 was released to the public on September 16, 2020.

On June 7, 2021, at WWDC 2021, iPadOS 15 was announced with widgets on the Home Screen and App Library, the same features that came to iPhone with iOS 14 in 2020. The update also brought stricter privacy measurements with Safari such as IP Address blocking so other websites cannot see it. iPadOS 15 was released to the public on September 20, 2021.

On June 6, 2022, at WWDC 2022, iPadOS 16 was announced with a Weather app[14] and Stage Manager,[15] along with most of the features included in iOS 16, excluding a customizable lock screen.[16]

Features

Many features of iPadOS are also available on iOS; however, iPadOS contains some features that are not available in iOS and lacks some features that are available in iOS.

iPadOS 13

Further information: iPadOS 13 § Features

iPadOS 14

Further information: iPadOS 14 § Features

Scribble

Introduced in iPadOS 14, Scribble converts text handwritten by an Apple Pencil into typed text in most text fields.[17]

iPadOS 15

Further information: iPadOS 15 § Features

Widgets

Beginning with iPadOS 15, widgets can be placed on the home screen.[18]

Translate

Beginning with iPadOS 15, Translate is available. The feature was announced on June 7, 2021, at WWDC 2021. Translation works with 11 languages.

iPadOS 16

Further information: iPadOS 16 § Features

Weather

Beginning with iPadOS 16, the Weather app was added to iPad. The application had previously only been available on the iPhone and iPod Touch. The feature was announced on June 6, 2022, at WWDC 2022.

Stage Manager

iPadOS 16 has another new feature called Stage Manager that automatically sorts windows by app.

References

  1. ^ "iPadOS". Apple Inc. Archived from the original on December 15, 2019. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
  2. ^ Clover, Juli (December 13, 2022). "Apple Releases iOS 16.2 and iPadOS 16.2 With Freeform, Apple Music Sing, Advanced Data Protection and More". MacRumors. Retrieved December 13, 2022.
  3. ^ "iPadOS 16.2 (20C65) - Releases - Apple Developer". Apple Developer. Apple Inc. December 13, 2022. Retrieved December 13, 2022.
  4. ^ Clover, Juli (December 14, 2022). "Apple Seeds First Betas of iOS 16.3 and iPadOS 16.3 to Developers". MacRumors. Retrieved December 14, 2022.
  5. ^ "iPadOS 16.3 beta (20D5024e) - Releases - Apple Developer". Apple Developer. Apple Inc. December 14, 2022. Retrieved December 14, 2022.
  6. ^ "Apple – iPad Pro – Specs". Apple Inc. Archived from the original on January 4, 2019. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  7. ^ "Apple – iPad mini 4 – Specs". Apple Inc. Archived from the original on October 24, 2015. Retrieved October 24, 2015.
  8. ^ "Apple – iPad Air 2 – Technical Specifications". Apple Inc. Archived from the original on October 26, 2015. Retrieved October 24, 2015.
  9. ^ "Apple – iPhone XS – Technical Specifications". Apple Inc. Archived from the original on January 4, 2019. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  10. ^ a b Wuerthele, Mike (June 3, 2019). "Apple unveils iPadOS, adding features specifically to iPad". AppleInsider. Archived from the original on July 13, 2019. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
  11. ^ Tartakoff, Joseph (June 7, 2010). "Apple Avoids iPhone-Like Trademark Battle Thanks To Cisco, FaceTime Deals". paidContent. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved February 2, 2011.
  12. ^ "Why the iPad has never shipped with a calculator app". Cult of Mac. April 7, 2016. Archived from the original on February 21, 2022. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  13. ^ "iPadOS 14 introduces new features designed specifically for iPad" (Press release). Cupertino, California: Apple Inc. June 22, 2020. Archived from the original on August 8, 2022. Retrieved September 29, 2020.
  14. ^ Fathi, Sami (June 6, 2022). "iPad Finally Gains Weather App With iPadOS 16". MacRumors. Archived from the original on July 16, 2022. Retrieved July 16, 2022.
  15. ^ Baxter, Daryl (July 16, 2022). "iPadOS 16 Public Beta hands-on: Solving multitasking with an old solution". TechRadar. Archived from the original on July 16, 2022. Retrieved July 16, 2022.
  16. ^ Pierce, David (July 11, 2022). "iPadOS 16 Preview: Jack Of All Trades, Master Of Some". The Verge. Archived from the original on July 16, 2022. Retrieved July 16, 2022.
  17. ^ "iPadOS 14 introduces new features designed specifically for iPad". Apple Newsroom. Archived from the original on July 16, 2020. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  18. ^ "iPadOS 15". Apple. Archived from the original on October 19, 2021. Retrieved October 17, 2021.