iOS 13
A version of the iOS operating system
IOS 13 logo.svg
IOS 13 Homescreen iPhone X.png
Screenshot of iOS 13 in dark mode
DeveloperApple Inc.
Source modelClosed, with open-source components
Initial releaseSeptember 19, 2019; 2 years ago (2019-09-19)
Latest release13.7[1] (17H35)[2] (September 1, 2020; 22 months ago (2020-09-01)) [±]
Update methodSoftware Update
Package managerApp Store
Platforms
Kernel typeHybrid (XNU)
Default
user interface
Cocoa Touch (multi-touch, GUI)
LicenseProprietary software with open-source components
Preceded byiOS 12
Succeeded byiOS 14
Official websiteiOS 13 at the Wayback Machine (archived September 11, 2020)
Support status
No longer getting security updates, because phones that supported iOS 13 support 14 as well. Third party app support. Drops support for all A7 and certain A8 chips, including the iPhone 5S and 6/6 Plus, and iPod Touch (6th generation).
Articles in the series
iPadOS 13 (iPadOS version derived from iOS 13)

iOS 13 is the thirteenth major release of the iOS mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc. for their iPhone, iPod Touch, and HomePod lines. The successor to iOS 12 on those devices, it was announced at the company's Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC) on June 3, 2019, and released on September 19, 2019. It was succeeded by iOS 14, released on September 16, 2020.

As of iOS 13, the iPad lines run a separate operating system, derived from iOS, named iPadOS. Both iPadOS 13 and iOS 13 dropped support for devices with less than 2 GB of RAM.

History

Further information: iOS version history § iOS 13 / iPadOS 13

Introduction and initial release

iOS 13 and iPadOS 13 were introduced by Senior Vice President of Software Engineering Craig Federighi at the WWDC keynote address on June 3, 2019.[3][4][5]

The first beta was made available to registered developers after the keynote.[6] The second beta was released to registered developers on June 18, 2019, and the first public beta was released on June 24, 2019.[7] The initial release of iOS 13 was version 13.0, which was released to the public on September 19, 2019.[8]

Updates

Version Build Codename Release Date Notes Update Type
13.0 17A577 YukonPre September 19, 2019 Initial release on iPhone 11, iPhone 11 Pro, and iPhone 11 Pro Max
  • Introduces Dark Mode
  • Introduces "Sign in with Apple", allowing users to link accounts to their Apple ID
  • Introduces Apple Arcade
  • Integrates Siri and Shortcuts
  • Adds more Memoji customization options
  • Redesigns the CarPlay Dashboard
  • Adds custom fonts to the App Store
  • Enables external drive support in the Files app
  • Enables SMB support in the Files app
  • Enables extraction and compression of .zip archives
  • Adds "Allow Once" location permission
  • Redesigns volume control in the upper-left corner to be less unobtrusive
  • Adds 38 more keyboard languages
  • Adds Voice Control
  • Introduces Low Data Mode, to reduce data usage over cellular networks
  • Introduces Optimized Battery Charging, which learns from your charging behavior to only charge your device when you need it
  • Find My iPhone and Find My Friends are combined into one app
Initial Release
13.1 17A844 Yukon September 24, 2019[9] Initial release for HomePod
  • Allows AirDrop transfers by pointing iPhones at one another for iPhone 11, iPhone 11 Pro, and iPhone 11 Pro Max
  • Allows sharing Apple Maps ETA while a route is in progress
  • Fixes bug that allows malicious websites to read browsing history
Feature Update
13.1.1 17A854 September 27, 2019[10]
  • Addresses an issue that prevented iPhones from restoring from backups
  • Addresses an issue that caused rapid battery draining
  • Addresses an issue that re-enabled Safari search suggestions after they were disabled
Bug Fixes
13.1.2 17A860

17A861[a]

September 30, 2019[11]
  • Fixes bug where the progress bar for restoring iCloud backups would not vanish after the backup was successfully loaded
  • Fixes a bug where display calibration data may be lost
Bug Fixes
13.1.3 17A878 October 15, 2019[12]
  • Fixes an issue where iPhones may not ring or vibrate when receiving a call
  • Fixes an issue where Apple Watches may not successfully pair
Bug Fixes
13.2 17B84 YukonB October 28, 2019[13]
  • Introduces Deep Fusion, which uses the A13 Bionic Neural Engine to capture photos in much better detail
  • Adds 70 new emojis, along with skin tones
  • Adds AirPods Pro support
  • Adds options to control Siri and Dictation recordings
  • Fixes bug that allowed AirDrop transfers to be forcefully accepted when the recipient is in Everyone mode
  • Provides support for new HomePod features
    • The ability for HomePod to recognize the voices of different family members to provide a personalized experience
    • Handoff music, podcasts or phone calls by bringing the iPhone close to HomePod
    • Add music to HomeKit scenes
    • Play relaxing high-quality soundtracks with Ambient Sounds
    • Set sleep timers to fall asleep to music or Ambient Sounds
Feature Update
13.2.1 17B90 October 30, 2019[14] HomePod only Bug Fixes
13.2.2 17B102 November 7, 2019[15]
  • Fixes a bug that caused background apps to quit unexpectedly
Bug Fixes
13.2.3 17B111 November 18, 2019[16]
  • Fixes issue where search within Mail, Files, and Notes may not function
  • Fixes a bug where attachments may not display correctly in the Messages details view
Bug Fixes
13.3 17C54 YukonC December 10, 2019[17]
  • Adds more parental controls features to Screen Time, such as limits on who the child can call, message, or FaceTime
  • Adds French language option for Stocks in Canada
  • Fixes bug where phone calls initiated by Siri may be initiated on the wrong cellular plan for devices with two active plans
Feature
13.3.1 17D50 YukonD January 28, 2020[18]
  • Fixes issue in Screen Time where allowed contacts may be added without a passcode (if one is enabled)
  • Addresses an issue where a delay between pushing the capture button and recording a photo with Deep Fusion on iPhone 11 and iPhone 11 Pro
Bug Fixes
13.4 17E255 YukonE March 24, 2020[19]
  • Introduces 9 new Memojis
  • Adds iCloud Drive folder sharing from Files, along with Google Drive-like permissions
  • Adds third-party navigation app support for CarPlay
  • Adds predictive typing support for Arabic
  • Fixes issue where Photos may report using more storage than they actually do
  • Fixes an issue in Settings where cellular data is incorrectly reported as off
  • Fixes issue where Reply to Messages on Lock Screen is still allowed when disabled
  • Fixed issue where Private browsing history is saved in Screen Time
Feature Update
17E8255 April 15, 2020[b] Initial release on iPhone SE (2nd generation) Initial Release
13.4.1 17E262 April 7, 2020[20]
  • Fixes a bug where selecting Bluetooth from the Quick Actions menu on the home screen may fail
Bug Fixes
17E8258 April 23, 2020[21]
13.5 17F75 YukonF May 20, 2020[22]
  • Automatically presents passcode field when swiping up on the Lock Screen when wearing a mask on Face ID Devices, this also works with other apps that support signing in with Face ID
  • Introduces Exposure Notification API support for contact tracing and bug fixes
  • Fixes a bug where a user's video in FaceTime may not be paused if they exit the app while a call request is being received
Bug Fixes
13.5.1 17F80 June 1, 2020[23] Patches a bug that allowed the unc0ver jailbreak to work Bug Fixes
13.6 17G68 YukonG July 15, 2020[24]
  • Adds digital car key support
  • Adds setting to automatically download updates when on Wi-Fi
  • Fixes an issue that caused data roaming to appear disabled on eSIM plans when it was active
Feature Update
13.6.1 17G80 August 12, 2020[25]
  • Fixes a bug that caused DeathRow to not be emptied when iPhone storage capacity is nearing full
  • Fixes a bug that caused displays to have a green tint due to poor thermal management
  • Fixes a bug that caused Exposure Notifications to be disabled
Bug Fixes
13.7 17H35 YukonH September 1, 2020[26]
  • Allows use of the Exposure Notifications system without the need of an app
Feature Update

System features

Privacy

iOS 13 changes the handling of location data. When an app requests access to location, the user chooses whether to grant access whenever they are using the app, never, or only once. The user will receive similar prompts for background location access, and when an app requests access to Bluetooth or Wi-Fi (which may also be used for non-consensual location tracking).[27][28]

In August 2019, it was reported that beginning in April 2020, the PushKit API for VoIP would be restricted to internet telephone usage, closing a "loophole" that had been used by other apps for background data collection.[29][30]

User interface

A system-wide dark mode allows users to enable a light-on-dark color scheme for the entire iOS and iPadOS user interface, all native applications, and supported third-party apps. It can be manually turned on or set to automatically switch between light and dark modes based on the time of day.[31]

The volume indicator was redesigned, replacing the larger, centered overlay with a slimmer bar shown vertically near the volume keys in portrait orientation, or at the top in landscape. The bar can also be manipulated directly.[32]

The card UI elements from Apple Music, Apple Podcasts, and Apple Books has been implemented system-wide, being an option for third-parties to use in their apps.

Siri

Siri uses a software-generated voice called "Neural TTS", intended to sound more natural than previous versions that use clips of human voices. Siri also became more functional and new sound control is available. The Siri Shortcuts app is installed by default. Siri also uses HomePod to learn and recognize voices of different people. It is also possible for Siri to automatically read incoming messages aloud on AirPods.[33][34]

Keyboard

The QuickType virtual keyboard features QuickPath, allowing the user to swipe their finger across the keyboard to complete words and phrases. This functionality was previously exclusively available via third-party keyboard applications such as SwiftKey, Adaptxt, Gboard, or Swype.[31][35] Emoji stickers have been included on the emoji keyboard and can be used wherever regular emoji can be.[36]

Text editing

iOS 13 and iPadOS 13 add a new system-wide gesture interface for cut, copy, paste, undo, and redo. A three-finger swipe left or up will undo; three fingers right or down will redo. A single three-finger pinch will copy, a second three-finger pinch will cut, and a three-finger spread pastes. A three-finger single tap will bring up a shortcut menu with all five options.[37]

The blue text cursor can be moved around text fields by pressing and holding to pick it up and move it. Many new options for text selection have also been added: double-tapping a word will select it, triple-tapping selects a sentence, and quadruple-tapping a paragraph selects it.[38]

Sign in with Apple

Main article: Sign in with Apple

A new single sign-on service known as "Sign in with Apple" is integrated with iOS 13, and allows users to create accounts for third-party services with a minimal amount of personal information. Users may optionally generate a disposable email address for each account, improving privacy and anonymity, and reducing the amount of information that can be associated with a single email address.[39]

All iOS applications that support third-party social login are required to implement Sign in with Apple,[40][41] The iOS human interface guidelines also state that Sign in with Apple should be given prominence above any other login provider in application interfaces.[42][39]

Performance

iOS 13 contains several performance improvements. Face ID unlocks the iPhone X, XS / XS Max, and XR up to 30% faster than on iOS 12. A new file format makes app downloads as much as 50% smaller, app updates as much as 60% smaller, and app launches up to twice as fast.[31]

Battery lifespan extender

Similar to many laptops,[43] iOS 13 has a feature to limit the battery charging percentage to 80%.[44]

Keeping the battery percentage more centered instead of complete charges and discharges reduces strain onto the battery. This reduces the battery aging of the lithium-ion battery and extends its lifespan.

Haptics

iOS 13 introduced a new Core Haptics framework. Prior to iOS 13, apps could only provide the default haptic patterns. Core Haptics gives developers more fine-grained control over the iPhone's Taptic Engine, including synchronized audio, allowing apps to provide customized haptic and audio feedback.[45] This feature is only available on iPhone 8 or newer.[46] It is also not supported on the iPod Touch due to the lack of a haptic motor in those devices.

External storage

iOS 13 introduced the ability to connect to external USB drives.[47] Although primarily designed for thumb drives and hard drives, a wide variety of USB disk devices will work, thanks to the iOS's support of the SCSI subclass of USB Mass Storage. Native SCSI disk devices will work as well, when used with a SCSI to USB adapter.[48]

Exposure Notification API

On 20 May 2020, Apple released iOS 13.5, which includes the Exposure Notification API that provides access to the Apple / Google privacy-preserving contact tracing system that Apple have developed jointly with Google.[49] This is provided to support digital contact tracing which came to light during the COVID-19 pandemic.[50]

ARKit 3

ARKit 3 was released as a part of iOS 13[51] and brought new features, such as People occlusion,[52] which allowed AR objects to be in front or behind people in a more realistic way. New features were restricted to devices with A12 processors and newer – like iPhone XS, iPhone XR, and the 2018 iPad Pro.[53] Other features of ARKit 3 were multiple face tracking[54] and collaborative sessions.[55]

ARKit 3.5

Released with the 2020 iPad Pro,[56] ARKit 3.5 vastly improved positioning in virtual environments due to new anchors and use of data from a LiDAR scanner.[57] It also improved its motion capture and people occlusion.[58]

Other changes

The version of iOS for iPad devices was renamed iPadOS, reflecting the precedence for the OS to include additional features intended primarily for use on tablets.[59]

iOS 13 adds official support for the Sony DualShock 4 and the Microsoft Xbox One controller.[60] iOS 13 also adds support for wireless audio sharing for AirPods and certain Beats headphones.[61]

A new multi-select gesture is available in supported applications such as Files and Mail. Multiple items, such as files or emails, can be quickly selected by dragging two fingers over the desired items.[38]

App features

Music

Apple has added a fun new feature to Apple Music - time synced lyrics. The updated lyrics experience presents real-time synced song words that animate along with the music as they’re being sung, rapped or spoken. While lyrics are displayed on the phone, Apple Music will highlight the currently playing line in white color. The feature also lets you navigate music in a new way - skip to a part of a song simply by tapping on the lyric.[62]

Messages and Memoji

User profiles can be created and Memoji can be used as an iMessage profile picture. All iOS devices with an A9 processor or newer can create custom Memoji. Memoji and Animoji can be used as a sticker in iMessage and other apps; they are also available as regular emoji for use anywhere the emoji keyboard is available. There are a variety of new customization options for Memoji.[36]

Maps

The Maps app features a redesigned maps UI, featuring more detailed maps, and Look Around, a street level imagery implementation similar to Google Street View.[31]

Reminders

Redesigned and rebuilt from the ground up with new features such as the ability to suggest when a reminder should be delivered to the user, and the ability to tag contacts so that references to reminders can be surfaced elsewhere, such as in Messages.[31][63]

Photos

The Photos app includes a redesigned UI and uses machine learning to auto-hide "clutter" images such as screenshots and documents.[64]

Photos has a redesigned interface showing users photos they took in the past year, month, week and day. This brings all photos to one page and shows users photos based on what their device suggests for them.[65]

Problems

There were a number of issues following the release of iOS 13, some relating to battery drain, call-dropping, and ringtones not functioning properly, resulting in frequent software updates and patches. Despite the frequency of bug fix releases, the updates have introduced new issues.[66][67][68][69]

Other issues included incorrect artwork for user's playlists. Users reported the artwork is repeated for some playlists or uses a different picture.[70]

Supported devices

iOS 13 requires 2GB of RAM. It ended support for all iPhones, iPod touches, and iPads using the Apple A7 SoC and devices that shipped with 1 GB of RAM: the iPhone 5S, iPhone 6/6 Plus, iPod touch (6th generation), iPad mini 2, and iPad mini 3.

The HomePod used iOS 13 as a base for the system software until the release of iOS 13.4, where the base software was changed to tvOS.

To further differentiate features between iPhones and iPads, Apple rebranded the tablet-oriented platform with its own operating system, iPadOS.

Notes

  1. ^ iPhone X, iPhone XS, iPhone XS Max only
  2. ^ A different build of iOS 13.4 (17E8255) was shipped only with the iPhone SE (2nd generation), thus making the theoretical release date the same as the SE (2nd) itself. This build is also unavailable for download.

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