Apple Wallet
Other namesPassbook
Developer(s)Apple Inc.
Operating systemiOS
Service nameApple Wallet
(or Wallet for short)
TypeDigital wallet app Edit this on Wikidata

Apple Wallet (or simply Wallet, known as Passbook prior to iOS 9) is a digital wallet developed by Apple Inc. and included with iOS and watchOS that allows users to store Wallet passes such as coupons, boarding passes, student ID cards, government ID cards, business credentials, resort passes, car keys, home keys, event tickets, public transportation passes, store cards, and – starting with iOS 8.1 – credit cards, and debit cards for use via Apple Pay.[1]


Apple Passbook was announced at the 2012 Apple Worldwide Developers Conference on June 11, 2012, and released with iOS 6 on September 19, 2012.[2] It was renamed "Apple Wallet" with the release of iOS 9 on September 16, 2015.[3][4]


Wallet displays Aztec, PDF417, and QR 2D barcodes and Code 128 1D barcodes beginning with iOS 9.[5] Each digital coupon or ticket is known as a "pass".[6] When the user launches Wallet for the first time, a brief introduction screen appears with a button inviting users to browse apps on the App Store with Wallet integration. Passes can also be distributed online via Safari, sent to the user via email, or scanned using the built-in scanner in Wallet.

Passes are synced between iOS devices using iCloud, and OS X 10.8.2 and later also support opening passes to be sent to users' iOS devices. Although the app is available in iOS 6 or later, it is only available on iPhone and iPod Touch, but not on iPad.[7]

Since iOS 16, Wallet has also included the ability to track package deliveries for Apple Pay purchases from selected retailers, providing order details and shipping estimations as well as notifications for order arrivals or updates.[8]

Wallet has the following features:

Express Mode & Power reserve

The first form of Express Mode came under the name "Express Transit" in iOS 12.3. Since then, supported payment cards, as well as some stored-value transport cards (such as Octopus or Suica) could be used to pay for journeys on certain public transport networks without requiring the user to authenticate the payment with Touch ID or Face ID, or even needing to wake the device.[12] Once a supported payment or transit card is selected as a user's Express Transit card, one can simply hold their device near the card reader to authorize payment for the journey.

Since the initial functionality launched, Express Mode has expanded along with the number of card schemes Wallet supports. As of 2023, home keys, transit cards, access badges, campus IDs, hotel keys, and car keys are supported types of cards that can be used with Express Mode. However, Apple limits some passes if they are the same type or from the same issuer from being used with Express Mode. For example, a user can only have one campus ID and one car key each set to Express Mode. This can be mitigated in a sense by using an Apple Watch to split the Express Mode passes between multiple devices. Some cards support grouping to help ease the space that could be taken in the device's secure element. For instance, if a user has multiple home keys linked to Apple Home or multiple hotel rooms at a supported resort, all locks will be valid with a singular pass.[13]

On iPhone XR, iPhone XS, or iPhone SE (2nd generation) and later, Express Mode cards can be used up to five hours via power reserve after the device has powered off due to a drained battery. A low-battery icon will display with "Express Cards Available" text appearing at the bottom of the display, letting users know that Express Mode-enabled cards are still available for usage. Payment cards are only available via power reserve when used for transit transactions. Power reserve functionality is not available for any Apple Watch model as of 2023.[14]


Add to Apple Wallet badge
"Add to Apple Wallet" badge

Passes exist in a larger ecosystem, because passes are created as a package. The package is a pass template, that is created with a pass signer, along with relevant data and a private key. Passes can be updated at any time using the PassKit API and an iOS app can interact directly with passes stored in Wallet.

Passes are presented and managed by Wallet. Systems and apps interact with passes via the PassKit API.[15]

In its simplest form, an interaction (or transaction) between a pass and a system is facilitated by a 2D barcode or the modern QR code although it requires the customer to initiate the activity.

Electronic boarding pass of an Air China flight shown in Apple Wallet on iPhone 7

In late 2014, the first known implementations utilizing the iBeacon wireless Geo-fence started to appear in retail locations in the US. The iBeacon solutions allowed the retailer to broadcast an unsolicited lock-screen notice onto smartphones within Bluetooth range.[16]

In 2015, Apple incorporated the ability to present a loyalty card in Wallet to a Payment terminal via NFC.[17] Walgreens enabled this first with their Balance Rewards loyalty program; customers can add their card to Wallet through the Walgreens or Duane Reade mobile apps and tap their device to the terminal when prompted for their rewards card.

In 2016, Apple released the iPhone 7, along with Apple Pay support in Japan. This included IC e-cards like Suica to also be added digitally onto Apple Wallet. These cards work like a normal IC card, just on the iPhone, and Apple Wallet users can make normal transactions with their IC card using their iPhone, using the FeliCa NFC contactless technology to operate. Apple Wallet users can also reload their IC card just from their device using a debit or credit card added to Apple Wallet. To get a Suica, you could buy one digitally from Apple Wallet, or get a physical one from a JR East station and transfer the card balance to an iPhone. Japan's second main IC card, PASMO, would also be released later in 2020 with support with Apple Wallet.[18] [19]

In 2018, support was added for contactless Campus card for select universities. Such credentials operate in a similar manner to physical RFID cards in that they can be tapped to supported readers.[20] The power reserve feature on select iPhones and Apple Watches allows for continued use of the card even when the battery is depleted as long as Express Mode is enabled.[21]

In 2020, car keys were made available for the Apple Wallet, beginning with supported BMW vehicles. Such keys can be shared with friends and family, and permissions can be set per member, such as how fast they can go and whether or not some vehicle-specific features can be enabled/disabled or not. Such passes can also operate over UWB in addition to NFC.[22]

In 2021, Apple announced the ability to store government-issued ID cards, resort passes, home keys, and business credentials in Wallet. As of February 2023, three U.S. States offer the ability to store a IDUS within the wallet app, those being Maryland, Arizona, and Colorado.[23]

In 2022, Apple announced a new feature to track your Apple Pay orders in Wallet.[24]

Financial services

Apple Account

Not to be confused with Apple ID.

Apple Account is a stored value gift card that is issued and managed within Wallet. Users can add balances from iTunes and Apple gift cards for use in physical Apple Stores via Apple Pay or online across Apple's various services and online shop. Available only in the United States and Japan.[25][26]

Apple Card

Apple Card is an Apple-branded credit card that is issued and managed within Wallet. The service is provided by Goldman Sachs in association with Apple. Users can receive "Daily Cash" when shopping at certain retailers. A digital card is available to be added to Apple Pay for wherever Mastercard cards are accepted online or in-store. A physical card is also available, though it notably lacks an NFC antenna. Available only in the United States.[27]

In November 2023, it was revealed that Goldman Sachs would cease to be Apple's financial partner in the venture within the next 18 months.[28]

Main article: Apple Card

Savings Account

Goldman Sachs also offers a savings account to Apple Card holders, with a maximum annual percentage yield of 4.15%. A savings account is not required to utilize Apple Card.[29]

Apple Cash

Apple Cash is a P2P payment service within Wallet. The service is provided by Green Dot Bank in association with Apple. Users can send and receive funds with others through the Wallet or Messages apps on iOS, watchOS, iPadOS, or macOS. A digital card is available to be added to Apple Pay for wherever Visa cards are accepted online or in-store. At launch, this service operated over the Discover Debit network, but has since switched to Visa Debit. Available only in the United States.[30]

Apple Pay

Apple Pay is a service within Wallet that allows for payments with select banks and card networks. Currently available in 83 nations.[31]

Main article: Apple Pay

Apple Pay Later

Apple Pay Later is a buy now, pay later service within Wallet. It is thus far the only Apple-branded financial service that is run entirely by Apple itself, with Apple Financing being the subsidiary responsible for credit assessment and lending. A digital card is available to be added to Apple Pay for wherever Mastercard cards are accepted online or in-store. Available only in the United States.[32]


The Apple Wallet app is preinstalled on most iPhone and Apple Watch models worldwide, and developers from any country where Apple Developer resources are available can develop passes for Wallet. This is different from Apple Pay, which resides within Wallet, which currently has limited availability to a smaller selection of nations.

Region locking

These features in Wallet are locked behind a specific region setting of an iOS/watchOS device.[33]

Feature Country
E-Money (WAON, nanaco) Japan[34]
Apple Card Family United States[35]
Apple Cash Family
USA State IDs

Supported loyalty programs

These programs are conveyed through NFC via Apple Wallet's VAS protocol. Programs that support One Tap are conveyed at the same time as a payment card stored in Apple Wallet. Conversely, Two Tap programs are redeemed in a sequential manner, where a loyalty pass is scanned first, and then the payment can be presented.[36]

Country Retailer One Tap/Two Tap
Australia Dan Murphy's My Dan's[37]
Woolworths' Everyday Rewards[38] Two Tap
France Carrefour's Carrefour Card[39] One Tap & Two Tap
Ireland Nando's Nando Card[40] Two Tap
Japan d Point [ja][41] One Tap & Two Tap
Ponta [ja][42] One Tap & Two Tap
United Kingdom Nando's Nando Card[43] Two Tap
Texaco's Star Rewards Two Tap
United States CAVA's CAVA Rewards[44] One Tap
Coca-Cola's Vending Pass[45] One Tap
Dave & Buster's Power Card[46] Two Tap
Jimmy John's Freaky Fast Rewards[47] One Tap
Maverik's Adventure Club[48] One Tap
Panera Bread's MyPanera[49] One Tap
Quiznos' Toasty Points[50] One Tap
Redbox's Redbox Perks[51] Two Tap
Salsarita's Salsarita Rewards[52] One Tap
Walgreens' myWalgreens[53] Two Tap
Yogurtland's Real Rewards[54] One Tap

Supported public transport systems

For public transport systems where payment cards can be used & Express Mode is supported, passengers can travel with Apple Pay without authenticating each transaction. Transit cards that support direct provisioning can be issued within the Apple Wallet app itself, without needing to download a separate third-party application. Express Transit/Travel mode is available in the following places:[55][56]

Country/Region Scenario Direct provisioning Fare Payment Method(s)
Australia All stations and buses of Transport for NSW Payment cards
Belarus All stations of Minsk Metro Payment cards
Mainland China[57] All forms of transit and stores that accept Beijing Transit cards Beijing Transit Card[note 1]
All forms of transit that accept Shanghai Transit cards and selected forms of transit that accept China City Union [zh] cards Shanghai Transit Card[note 1]
All forms of transit that accept China T-Union cards Yes Beijing T-Union Transit Card, Changsha Transit Card, Changzhou Transit Card, Chaozhou Transit Card, Dalian Transit Card, Foshan Transit Card, Guangzhou Transit Card, Heyuan Transit Card, Jiangmen Transit Card, Jieyang Transit Card, Jinan Transit Card, Jinhua Transit Card, Lhasa Transit Card, Maoming Transit Card, Nanchang Transit Card, Nanjing Transit Card, Ningbo Transit Card, Shanwei Transit Card, Shanghai T-Union Transit Card, Shaoguan Transit Card, Shenzhen Transit Card, Shijiazhuang Transit Card, Suzhou Transit Card, Taizhou Transit Card, Tianjin Transit Card, Xiamen Transit Card, Xi'an Transit Card, Xuzhou Transit Card, Yunfu Transit Card
All stations of Beijing Subway and Beijing Suburban Railway Yitongxing Miaotong Card
Finland All Föli transit operators Payment cards
Hong Kong All forms of transit and stores that accept Octopus Yes Octopus[58]
Japan All forms of transit and stores that accept Suica Yes Suica
All forms of transit and stores that accept PASMO Yes PASMO[59]
All forms of transit and stores that accept ICOCA Yes ICOCA
Sweden All Skånetrafiken city buses Payment cards
Serbia Belgrade city public transport Payment cards
United Kingdom All Arriva UK Bus transit operators Payment cards
All Brighton & Hove transit operators Payment cards
All First Bus Group transit operators Payment cards
All Metrobus transit operators Payment cards
All Oxford Bus Company transit operators Payment cards
All stations and buses of Transport for London Payment cards
United States All forms of transit that accept Ventra Ventra[60]
All forms of transit that accept TAP Yes TAP
All stations of Metropolitan Transportation Authority Payment cards
All forms of transit that accept Hop Fastpass Hop Fastpass, payment cards
All forms of transit that accept Clipper Yes Clipper
All forms of transit that accept SmarTrip Yes SmarTrip

In addition to the above scenarios, Apple Pay can still be used with other non-Express Transit/Travel readers that accept contactless open loop payment cards, but they will have to be verified beforehand.

Partially Supported

Country Scenario Fare Payment Method(s) Notes
United States Select forms of transit that accept Breeze Pre-authenticated payment cards linked to Breeze Mobile 2 account Payment cards that are linked via Apple Pay to a Breeze Mobile 2 account can be used to board. These transactions do not actually charge the payment card, instead acting as an unofficial ID forwarding method. Uses funds from the affiliated Breeze Mobile 2 app balance to pay fare.[61][62]


Country Scenario Fare Payment Method(s)
France Forms of transit that accept Navigo Navigo[63]
South Korea Forms of transit and stores that accept T-Money T-Money[64]
Canada Forms of transit that accept PRESTO PRESTO[65]

Supported government identifications

These territories permit their residents to save their government-issued identification credentials in Apple Wallet. Unlike the equivalent physical credentials, mobile government IDs in Apple Wallet can only be presented using NFC, so no barcode is scanned when presenting. Mobile IDs in Apple Wallet operate over the ISO 18013 mobile personal identification standard.[66] Once the credential is read, the ID holder must confirm the personal information they wish to share (full name, age, etc.) The transmission to the reader device will be completed over BLE after the presentation is fully verified. Added credentials can also be requested by apps to present virtually.[67] Available for iPhone 8 or later, and Apple Watch Series 4 or later.[68]

Country/Region State/Territory
United States  Arizona[69]

Supported digital keys

These home locks, vehicle models, hotel rooms, and more can be unlocked via NFC with the iPhone XR, iPhone XS or later, and Apple Watch Series 5 or later. In addition, certain car models that support operation via UWB (AKA "passive entry") require an UWB compatible device (such as the iPhone 11 or later or the Apple Watch Series 6 or later) for enhanced functionality.[73][74]

Main article: List of digital keys in mobile wallets

Supported campus identifications

Main article: List of campus identifications in mobile wallets


  1. ^ a b Existing users only


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