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BOSS (Bharat Operating System Solutions)
OS familyLinux (Unix-like)
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen source
Initial release10 January 2007 (17 years ago) (2007-01-10)
Latest release10.0 ("Pragya") / 15 March 2024 (58 days ago) (2024-03-15)
Marketing targetDesktop computer, Laptop, Education, and Server
Available in19 languages
Update methodAPT (several front-ends available)
Package managerdpkg
Kernel typeMonolithic (Linux)
user interface
LicenseFree software licenses
(mainly GPL)

Bharat Operating System Solutions (BOSS GNU/Linux) is an Indian Linux distribution based on Debian, with Its latest stable version is 10.0 ("Pragya") which was released in March 2024.


BOSS Linux was released in various editions for different purposes:[citation needed]


BOSS Linux was developed by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing with the aim of promoting the adoption of free and open-source software throughout India. As a vital deliverable software of the National Resource Centre for Free and Open Source Software, it has an enhanced desktop environment that includes support for various Indian language and instructional software.

The software has been endorsed by the Government of India for adoption and implementation in India. BOSS Linux has been certified by the Linux Foundation for compliance with the Linux Standard Base.[1] BOSS Linux supported Intel and AMD IA-32/x86-64 architecture until version 6 ("Anoop"). From version 7 ("Drishti"), the development shifted to x86-64 architecture only.


BOSS Linux has nine major releases:

Legend: Old version, not maintained Older version, still maintained Current stable version Latest preview version Future release
Version Code name Kernel version Desktop Date of release
Old version, no longer maintained: Evaluation Sethu 2.6.14-2-smp GNOME 2.8
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.0 Tarag 2.6.17-1-i386 GNOME 2.14 January 2006
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.0 Anant 2.6.21-1-486 GNOME 2.18 September 2007
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.0 Tejas 2.6.22-3-486 GNOME 2.20 September 2008
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.0 Savir 2.6.32-5-686 GNOME 2.30.2 April 2011
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.0 Anokha 3.10 GNOME 3.4.2 September 2013
Old version, no longer maintained: 6.0 Anoop 3.16.0-4-686 GNOME 3.14.4 August 2015
Old version, no longer maintained: 7.0 Drishti 4.9.0-8-amd64 GNOME 3.22 August 2018
Old version, no longer maintained: 8.0 Unnati 5.2 Cinnamon 11 July 2019
Old version, no longer maintained: 9.0 Urja 5.10 Cinnamon 19 February 2021
Current stable version: 10.0 Pragya # Cinnamon 15 March 2024

BOSS 5.0 (Anokha)

This release came with many new applications that focused mainly on enhanced security and user-friendliness. The distribution included over 12,800 new packages, for a total of over 37,493. Most of the software in the distribution had been updated as well: over 20,160 software packages (70% of all packages in Savir). BOSS 5.0 supported Linux Standard Base (LSB) version 4.1. It also featured XBMC to allow users to easily browse and view videos, photos, podcasts, and music from a hard drive, optical disc, local network, and the Internet.

BOSS 6.0 (Anoop)

There are several significant updates in BOSS Linux 6.0 (Anoop) from 5.0 (Anokha). Notable changes include a kernel update from 3.10 to 3.16, a shift for system boot from init to systemd, the full support of GNOME Shell as part of GNOME 3.14, an update to the GRUB version, the Iceweasel browser being replaced by Firefox and the Pidgin messaging client replacing Empathy, as well as several repository versions of available programs being updated as part of the release.

BOSS Linux 6.0 also shipped various application and program updates, such as LibreOffice, X.Org, Evolution, GIMP, VLC media player, GTK+, GCC, GNOME Keyring, and Python.

Related specifically to localization support, language support improved with the replacement of SCIM with IBus with the Integrated System Settings. Indic languages enabled with "Region and Languages" are now directly mapped to the IBus, and the OnScreenKeyboard layout is provided for all layouts.

This release is fully compatible with LSB 4.1.

BOSS 7.0 (Drishti)

The most significant change over previous releases is that support for the x86 version has been dropped, and BOSS is now only available for x86-64. Other notable changes include a kernel update to 4.9.0, a GNOME update from 3.14 to 3.22, and software updates to various applications and programs with wide Indian language support & packages. This release aims to enhance the user interface with more glossy themes and is coupled with the latest applications from the community.

BOSS 8.0 (Unnati)

The desktop environment is changed from GNOME to Cinnamon.

BOSS 9.0 (Urja)

The Linux kernel was updated from 5.2 to 5.10.

BOSS 10.0 (Pragya)

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2024)

See also