|Developer||ALT Linux Ltd and ALT Linux Team|
|OS family||Linux (Unix-like)|
|Source model||Open source|
|Initial release||March 25, 2001|
|Latest release||10.1 / November 16, 2022|
|Latest preview||Sisyphus / released daily|
|Available in||Multilingual (but installation process in Russian by default; can edit the language at boot of livecd by changing ru_RU to en_US)|
|Update method||0.5 years per stabilization|
|Kernel type||Monolithic (Linux kernel)|
|bash; KDE Plasma Desktop (in Desktop), Xfce (in Desktop Lite)|
ALT Linux is a set of Russian operating systems based on RPM Package Manager (RPM) and built on a Linux kernel and Sisyphus package repository. ALT Linux has been developed collectively by ALT Linux Team developers community and ALT Linux Ltd.
ALT Linux Team arose from the merger of IPLabs Linux Team and the Linux community of the Institute of Logic, Cognitive Science and Development of Personality. The latter cooperated with Mandrake Linux and SUSE Linux teams to improve localization (specifically Cyrillic script), producing a Linux-Mandrake Russian Edition (RE).
Mandrake and Mandrake RE became different distributions and thus the decision was made to create a separate project. The name ALT was coined, which is a recursive acronym meaning ALT Linux Team.
The split led to the creation of the Sisyphus package repository, which is an unstable branch of the ALT Linux development. In 2007, the Sisyphus repository won a prestigious CNews award in nomination for Information Security.
|Version||Release date||End-of-life date||Kernel version|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 1.1||2001-09-12||?||2.4.9|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 2.0||2002-04-17||?||2.4.18|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 2.2||2003-03-04||?||2.4.20|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 2.3||2004-03-25||?||2.4.22|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 2.4||2004-09-19||?||2.4.26|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 3.0||2005-12-08||?||2.6.12|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 4.0||2007-08-27||?||2.6.18|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 4.1.1||2009-01-14||?||2.6.25|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 5.0.0||2009-10-29||?||2.6.30|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 6.0.0||2011-08-30||?||3.0.3|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 7.0.0||2013-07-01||?||3.8.13|
|Older version, yet still maintained: 8.0||2016-08-16||?||4.4.16|
|Older version, yet still maintained: 8.1||2016-11-24||?||4.4.34|
|Older version, yet still maintained: 8.2||2017-12-31||?||4.9.72|
|Older version, yet still maintained: 8.2.1||2019-09-06||?||4.19.65|
|Older version, yet still maintained: 9.0||2019-10-28||?||4.19.79|
|Older version, yet still maintained: 9.1||2020-08-02||?||5.4.51|
|Older version, yet still maintained: 10.0||2021-12-16||?||5.15.34|
|Current stable version: 10.1||2022-11-16||?||5.15.72|
Linux-Mandrake 7.0 Russian Edition, released in the beginning of 2000, was the first de facto independent distribution of IPLabs Linux Team. It kept the name Mandrake with permission from Mandrake developers.
Spring 2001 was the second IPLabs Linux team release, released several months later.
Since the summer of 2001, ALT Linux Team has been formed and the ALT Linux name has been established.
The first ALT Linux release was ALT Linux Junior 1.0, released in summer of 2001, followed by the updated ALT Linux Junior 1.1 in autumn of 2001.
Junior distributions were 1CD releases.
ALT Linux Master 2.0, released in May 2002, was the 4CD all-purpose Linux distribution targeted for software developers and system administrators.
ALT Linux Junior 2.0 was released in summer of 2002, as a 1CD desktop/workstation-oriented release.
ALT Linux Compact 3.0 was released during autumn 2005, and consisted of 1CD/1DVD installable versions along with LiveCD (TravelCD 3.0). There were several subsequent OEM updates counting up to 3.0.5.
These series changed the official naming somewhat to be ALT Linux 4.0 $flavour.
There was also a more conservative school 4.0 branch maintained for the Russian schools pilot project, and several distributions specifically tailored for schools released using that as a base.
The 5.0 branch was canceled mainly due to stormy X.org conditions (and subsequently archived); 5.1 community branch was created along with p5 conservative branch later in 2009. Somewhat confusingly, distributions based on the p5/branch were numbered as ALT Linux 5.0:
A small single-CD distribution for older/low-memory computers, with Xfce as default desktop. Available in normal and Live CD versions. Rather superseded by LXDE-based New Lite.
Compact is a series of ALT Linux distributions tailored for beginner users. It is mostly used on workstations, home computers, and notebooks. It includes additional means for easy configuration, many office and multimedia applications, and some games. Compact was also a popular choice for OEM whitelabeling, i.e., creating a specific edition for various hardware vendors to bundle with their hardware.
Linux ALT Linux Server is a hardened server single CD distribution. It is certified by Federal department of technical and expert control of Russia in the following categories:
ALT Linux Terminal is a terminal server distribution based on ALT Linux Desktop and ALTSP5: a friendly/merging fork of Linux Terminal Server Project (LTSP) which is usable on older hardware acting as thin and diskless clients (16 MB RAM is enough, while stock LTSP5 usually requires ≥ 64 MB RAM). It was also adapted for Russian School Education National Project free software package.