MX Linux
MX-21 "Wildflower"
DeveloperMX Dev Team
OS familyUnix-like (based on Debian)
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen source
Initial release24 March 2014; 7 years ago (2014-03-24)
Latest releaseMX 21[1] / October 21, 2021; 32 days ago (2021-10-21)
Available inMultilingual
Update methodAPT
Platformsamd64, i686
Kernel typeMonolithic (Linux)
Default
user interface
Xfce, Fluxbox & KDE
LicenseLinux Foundation Sublicense No. 20140605-0483
Official websitemxlinux.org

MX Linux is a midweight Linux operating system based on Debian stable and using core antiX components, with additional software created or packaged by the MX community.[2] MX Linux was developed as a cooperative venture between the antiX and former MEPIS communities. The MX 'name' came from the M for MEPIS and the X from antiX - an acknowledgment of their roots. The community's stated goal is to produce "a family of operating systems that are designed to combine elegant and efficient desktops with high stability and solid performance".

MX Linux uses the Xfce desktop environment as its flagship, to which it adds a freestanding KDE Plasma version and in 2021 a standalone Fluxbox implementation. Other environments can be added or are available as "spin-off" ISO images.

History

MX Linux began in a discussion about future options among members of the MEPIS community in December 2013.[3] Developers from antiX then joined them, bringing the ISO build system as well as Live-USB/DVD technology. To be listed on the Linux distribution clearinghouse website DistroWatch, MX Linux was initially presented as a version of antiX. It received its own DistroWatch page with the release of the first public beta of MX-16 on November 2, 2016.

The MX-14 series was based on Debian Stable "Wheezy", using Xfce 4.10 and then, with the 14.4 release, Xfce 4.12. The MX-14 versions were intended to fit onto a CD, which limited the number of applications that could be included. This series saw the gradual evolution of the MX Tools, a collection of utilities to help users with common tasks that are often complicated and obscure.[4]

MX-15 moved to the new Debian Stable "Jessie" using systemd-shim, meaning that systemd is installed but the default init is sysvinit.[3] The size limitation was lifted, enabling the developers to present a full turnkey product. There was substantial expansion of MX Tools.

MX-16 was still based on Debian Stable "Jessie", but with many applications backported and added and from other sources. There were further refinements to MX Tools, import of advanced antiX developments, expanded support, and a completely new icon/theme/wallpaper collection.[5][6]

MX-16.1 collected all bug fixes and improvements since MX-16, added a new kingfisher theme, upgraded and streamlined MX Tools, revised documentation, and added new translations.[7]

MX-17 changed its base to Debian 9 (Stretch) and brought upgraded artwork, new MX Tools, improved Live operation via antiX and other changes.[8]

MX-18 continued the development of MX Tools, introduced a new kernel, enabled whole disk encryption, and added grub themes, splash functionality through MX Boot options artwork, and improved localization.[9]

MX-19 upgraded its base to Debian 10 (Buster) and its default desktop to Xfce 4.14. It is characterized by new and revised Tools, artwork, documentation, localization and technical features.[10]

MX-21 was released on October 21 2021. It is based on Debian 11 (Bullseye) and is available as Xfce, KDE or Fluxbox versions. Details in the MX Blog.[1]

Desktop Environments

Besides the fast and medium-low resource default XFCE desktop environment MX Linux also has two other desktop editions:

In addition, a 'XFCE' (64 bit only) Advanced Hardware Support (AHS) was released with newer graphics drivers, 5.10 kernel and firmware for very recent hardware.[13]

Releases

Version Release Kernel[14] Kernel (AHS)[15]
MX-21 AHS[16] November 22, 2021 5.10 5.14.0
MX-21[17] October 21, 2021 5.10
MX-19.4.1 April 8, 2021 5.10
MX-19.4[18] March 31, 2021 5.10
MX-19.3 November 11, 2020 5.8
MX-19.2 KDE August 16, 2020 5.6
MX-19.2[19] June 1, 2020
MX-19.1 February 14, 2020 5.4
MX-19 October 21, 2019 5.4
MX-18.3 May 26, 2019 4.19.5
MX-18.2 April 7, 2019
MX-18.1 February 9, 2019
MX-18 December 20, 2018
MX-17.1 March 14, 2018 4.15.4
MX-17 December 15, 2017
MX-16.1 June 8, 2017 4.7.8
MX-16 December 13, 2016 N/A
MX-15 December 24, 2015 N/A
MX-14.4 March 22, 2015 N/A
MX-14.3 December 3, 2014 N/A
MX-14.2 June 30, 2014 N/A
MX-14.1.1 June 18, 2014 N/A
MX-14 March 27, 2014 (non-PAE) N/A
MX-14 March 24, 2014 (PAE) N/A

Features

MX Linux has basic tools like a graphic installer that handles UEFI computers, a GUI-based method to change a Linux kernel and other core programs.

It includes MX Tools,[20] a suite of user-oriented utilities, many of which were developed specifically for MX, while some were forked from existing antiX applications or are existing antiX applications; a couple were imported with permission from outside sources.

A particularly popular one is MX-snapshot, a GUI tool to remaster a live session or installation into a single .ISO file. The "cloned" image is bootable from disk or USB flash drive, maintaining all settings, allowing an installation to be completely backed up, and/or distributed with minimal administrative effort, since an advanced method of copying the file system (developed by antiX-Linux) uses bind-mounts performing the "heavy lifting".

System Requirements

Minimum

Recommended

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Dolphin Oracle. "MX-21 "Wildflower" released! – MX Linux". MX Linux. mxlinux.org. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  2. ^ Smith, Jesse (January 1, 2018). "MX Linux 17". DistroWatch.com: Put the fun back into computing. Use Linux, BSD. Copenhagen: distrowatch.com. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
  3. ^ a b "About Us – MX Linux". mxlinux.org. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
  4. ^ Igor Ljubuncic (January 16, 2015). "AntiX MX-14.3 review". dedoimedo.com. Dedoimedo. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
  5. ^ Igor Ljubuncic (January 14, 2017). "MX Linux MX-16 Metamorphosis - Winds of change". dedoimedo.com. Dedoimedo. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
  6. ^ Smith, Jesse (January 9, 2017). "MX Linux 16". DistroWatch.com: Put the fun back into computing. Use Linux, BSD. distrowatch.com. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
  7. ^ Dolphin Oracle. "MX-16.1 now available – MX Linux". mxlinux.org. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
  8. ^ "MX-17 released December 15, 2017 – MX Linux". mxlinux.org. Retrieved 2020-01-01.
  9. ^ "MX-18 Continuum Now Available – MX Linux". mxlinux.org. Retrieved 2020-01-01.
  10. ^ "MX-19 "patito feo" released! – MX Linux". mxlinux.org. Retrieved 2020-01-01.
  11. ^ "MX-21 "Wildflower" released!". mxlinux.org. Retrieved October 21, 2021.
  12. ^ "MX-19.4 now available! – MX Linux". mxlinux.org. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
  13. ^ "Download Links – MX Linux". mxlinux.org. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
  14. ^ Jesse Smith. "DistroWatch.com: MX Linux". distrowatch.com. Atea Ataroa Limited. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  15. ^ "New "Advanced Hardware Support" Repo (ahs for short) – MX Linux". mxlinux.org. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  16. ^ Dolphin Oracle (November 22, 2021). "MX-21 "AHS" iso now available – MX Linux". mxlinux.org. MXLinux. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  17. ^ Dolphin Oracle (October 21, 2021). "MX-21 "Wildflower" released! – MX Linux". mxlinux.org. MXLinux. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  18. ^ Dolphin Oracle (March 31, 2021). "MX-19.4 now available! – MX Linux". mxlinux.org blog. mxlinux.org. Retrieved 9 November 2021.
  19. ^ Dolphin Oracle (June 1, 2020). "MX-19.2 now available! – MX Linux". mxlinux.org. Retrieved 9 November 2021.
  20. ^ MX Linux Developers (October 10, 2021). "Tools To Make Common Tasks Easier". Current Release Features – MX Linux. mxlinux.org. Retrieved 23 October 2021.