Ubuntu MATE
The Ubuntu MATE logo
Ubuntu MATE 21.04 Desktop en.png
Ubuntu MATE 21.04 Hirsute Hippo with MATE 1.24
DeveloperUbuntu MATE team
OS familyLinux (Unix-like)
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen source
Initial release23 October 2014; 8 years ago (2014-10-23)
Latest release22.10[1] code-named "Kinetic Kudu" / 20 October 2022; 16 days ago (2022-10-20)
Available inMultilingual
Update methodAPT (Software Updater, Ubuntu Software Center)
Package managerdpkg
PlatformsIA-32 (defunct), x86-64, PowerPC, ARM
Kernel typeMonolithic
UserlandGNU
Default
user interface
MATE
LicenseFree software licenses
(mainly GPL)
Official websiteubuntu-mate.org

Ubuntu MATE is a free and open-source Linux distribution and an official derivative of Ubuntu. Its main differentiation from Ubuntu is that it uses the MATE desktop environment as its default user interface (based on GNOME 2), instead of the GNOME 3 desktop environment that is the default user interface for Ubuntu.[2][3]

History

The Ubuntu MATE project was founded by Martin Wimpress and Alan Pope[4] and began as an unofficial derivative of Ubuntu, using an Ubuntu 14.10 base for its first release;[5] a 14.04 LTS release followed shortly.[6] As of February 2015, Ubuntu MATE gained the official Ubuntu flavour status from Canonical as per the release of 15.04 Beta 1.[7][8] In addition to IA-32 and x86-64 which were the initial supported platforms, Ubuntu MATE also supports PowerPC and ARMv7 (on the Raspberry Pi 2 and 3[9] as well as the ODROID XU4[10]).

In April 2015, Ubuntu MATE announced a partnership with British computer reseller Entroware, enabling Entroware customers to purchase laptop and desktop computers with Ubuntu MATE preinstalled with full support.[11] Several other hardware deals were announced later.

In Ubuntu MATE 18.10, 32-bit support was dropped.[12]

Releases

Current release Release no longer supported Release still supported Future release
Version Codename Release date Supported until Remarks
14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr 2014-11-11 April 2019 Released after the 14.10 release in order to provide long-term support until 2019, following Ubuntu.[6]
14.10[13] Utopic Unicorn 2014-10-23 July 2015 First release of Ubuntu MATE.[5]
15.04 Vivid Vervet 2015-04-23[14] January 2016 First release as an official Ubuntu flavour.[2]
15.10[15] Wily Werewolf 2015-10-22[16] July 2016 Features MATE 1.10, Ubuntu Software Center not installed by default.[17]
16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus 2016-04-21 April 2019[18] First official LTS release; features MATE 1.12.x DE, expanded Welcome application and Software Boutique; has ZFS built-in by default.[19][20]
16.10 Yakkety Yak 2016-10-13[21] July 2017 Full GTK3+ implementation of the MATE Desktop. Most default applications are "Recommended" and can thus be uninstalled without issue.[22]
17.04 Zesty Zapus 2017-04-13 January 2018 Concluded the migration to GTK3+.[23]
17.10[24] Artful Aardvark 2017-10-19 July 2018 17.10.1, was released on 12 January 2018. It fixed a problem that corrupted the UEFI & BIOS firmware.[25]
18.04 LTS[26][27][28][29] Bionic Beaver 2018-04-26 April 2021 It includes support for GPD Pocket & Pocket 2, Raspberry Pi B2/B3/B3+.[30][31][32]
18.10[33][34][35] Cosmic Cuttlefish 2018-10-18 July 2019 First non-LTS 64-bit-only release, end of 32-bit support. Features MATE 1.20.[36][37][38]
19.04 Disco Dingo 2019-04-18 January 2020 Features MATE 1.20 and Nvidia drivers.[39]
19.10 Eoan Ermine 2019-10-17 July 2020 Non-LTS 64-bit-only release. Features MATE 1.22.2 and replaces VLC media player with GNOME mpv as default media player software.[40]
20.04 LTS Focal Fossa 2020-04-23 April 2023 Features MATE 1.24.[41]
20.10 Groovy Gorilla 2020-10-22 July 2021 Features MATE 1.24.1.[42]
21.04 Hirsute Hippo 2021-04-22 January 2022 64-bit-only. Features MATE 1.24.2.[43]
21.10 Impish Indri 2021-10-14 July 2022 Features MATE 1.26.[44]
22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish 2022-04-21 April 2025 Current LTS release.[45]
22.10 Kinetic Kudu 2022-10-20 July 2023 PipeWire replaces PulseAudio, and MATE 1.26.1 includes some backported features from the unreleased 1.28 version

Reception

In a May 2016 review Jesse Smith of DistroWatch concluded, "despite my initial problems getting Ubuntu MATE installed and running smoothly, I came away with a positive view of the distribution. The project is providing a very friendly desktop experience that requires few hardware resources by modern standards. I also want to tip my hat to the default theme used on Ubuntu MATE."[46]

Dedoimedo reviewed Ubuntu MATE in July 2018, and wrote that "[Ubuntu MATE offers] a wealth of visual and functional changes…You really have the ability to implement anything and everything, and all of it natively, from within the system's interface".[47]

Starting with the 22.04 LTS release, Ubuntu MATE included AI-generated wallpapers. These were warmly received by popular tech blogs, with OMG! Ubuntu exclaiming "I'm blown away by the quality of this AI-produced artwork"[48] for the 22.04 release, and IT's FOSS News proclaiming the "beautiful" wallpapers were "a big highlight" of the 22.10 release".[49]

See also

References

  1. ^ ""Ubuntu Mate 22.10 Released"".
  2. ^ a b "UbuntuFlavours - Ubuntu Wiki".
  3. ^ Nestor, Marius (Apr 19, 2017). "Canonical to Make GNOME Default Session in Ubuntu 17.10, Likely Use Wayland". Softpedia. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  4. ^ "Team - Ubuntu MATE".
  5. ^ a b "Ubuntu MATE Sees Its First Release (14.10)".
  6. ^ a b "Ubuntu MATE 14.04 LTS Available For Download".
  7. ^ Sneddon, Joey-Ellijah (26 February 2015). "Ubuntu MATE Is Now An Official Ubuntu Flavor". omgubuntu.co.uk. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  8. ^ "GNOME 2 is back: Ubuntu MATE is now an official flavor".
  9. ^ "Download Ubuntu MATE". Ubuntu MATE. Ubuntu MATE Team. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  10. ^ "Release Note of Ubuntu MATE 18.04 LTS (v4.0)". Ubuntu MATE For XU4. HardKernel. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  11. ^ "Ubuntu MATE Inks First Hardware Deal". 10 April 2015.
  12. ^ Dropping 32-bit support, DistroWatch
  13. ^ DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 601, 16 March 2015
  14. ^ "VividVervet/ReleaseSchedule".
  15. ^ Ubuntu 15.10 MATE - The wolf that cried sheep, Dedoimedo
  16. ^ "WilyWerewolf/ReleaseSchedule".
  17. ^ "Ubuntu MATE 15.10 Officially Released with a Huge Number of Improvements". Softpedia. 22 October 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  18. ^ "Ubuntu MATE 16.04 (Xenial Xerus) Will Be an LTS Release, Supported for 3 Years". 18 April 2016.
  19. ^ Larabel, Michael. "Taking ZFS For A Test Drive On Ubuntu 16.04 LTS". phoronix.com. Phoronix Media. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  20. ^ "How to install ubuntu mate onto single sdd with zfs as main fs". Ubuntu MATE. ubuntu-mate.community. 21 January 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  21. ^ "YakketyYak/ReleaseSchedule - Ubuntu Wiki". Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  22. ^ Wimpress, Martin (2016-10-13). "Ubuntu MATE 16.10". Ubuntu MATE. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
  23. ^ Wimpress, Martin (2017-04-13). "Ubuntu MATE 17.04". Ubuntu MATE. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
  24. ^ DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 747, 22 January 2018
  25. ^ Wimpress, Martin (2017-10-19). "Ubuntu MATE 17.10". Ubuntu MATE. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
  26. ^ Ubuntu MATE 18.04 LTS: What’s New? - OMG! Ubuntu!
  27. ^ Ubuntu MATE 18.04 LTS Will Ship with a New Default Layout Called "Familiar", Softpedia News
  28. ^ Ubuntu MATE 18.04 Bionic Beaver - Medium-well, Dedoimedo
  29. ^ DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 774, 30 July 2018
  30. ^ Ubuntu MATE 18.04 Beta 1|Ubuntu MATE
  31. ^ Ubuntu MATE 18.04 Beta 2|Ubuntu MATE
  32. ^ Ubuntu MATE 18.04 LTS Final Release|Ubuntu MATE
  33. ^ Ubuntu 18.10 Flavors Released, Ready to Download - OMG! Ubuntu!
  34. ^ Ubuntu MATE 18.10 Will Drop 32-Bit Support for New Installations, Softpedia News
  35. ^ DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 786, 22 October 2018
  36. ^ Ubuntu MATE 18.10 Beta|Ubuntu MATE
  37. ^ Ubuntu MATE 18.10 Final Release|Ubuntu MATE
  38. ^ Ubuntu MATE 18.10 is Now Available for the GPD Pocket Laptop - OMG! Ubuntu!
  39. ^ "Ubuntu MATE 19.04 Final Release | Ubuntu MATE".
  40. ^ "Ubuntu MATE 19.10 Release Notes".
  41. ^ "Ubuntu MATE 20.04 Release Notes".
  42. ^ "Ubuntu MATE 20.10 Release Notes". Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  43. ^ "Ubuntu MATE 21.04 Release Notes".
  44. ^ "Ubuntu MATE 21.10 Release Notes".
  45. ^ Team, Ubuntu MATE. "Ubuntu MATE 22.04 LTS Release Notes". Ubuntu MATE. Retrieved 2022-04-25.
  46. ^ Smith, Jesse (9 May 2016). "Ubuntu MATE 16.04 LTS". DistroWatch. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  47. ^ "Ubuntu MATE - Pimp your desktop to perfection". www.dedoimedo.com. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
  48. ^ "These AI-Made Ubuntu Mascot Artworks are Incredible". OMG! Ubuntu. Retrieved 2022-10-25.
  49. ^ "Ubuntu MATE 22.10 Release Has Some Interesting Upgrades!". ITS FOSS. Retrieved 2022-10-25.