Ubuntu Kylin
Ubuntu Kylin.png
Ubuntu Kylin 22.04.jpg
Screenshot of the desktop of Ubuntu Kylin 22.04
DeveloperNational University of Defense Technology, Canonical Ltd., Ubuntu Kylin Community
OS familyLinux (Unix-like)
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen-source[1][2]
Initial release25 April 2013; 9 years ago (2013-04-25)
Latest release22.10 / 20 October 2022; 6 days ago (2022-10-20)
Marketing targetPersonal computers
Available inMore than 55 languages by LoCos,
presets to Simplified Chinese characters
Update methodSoftware Updater, UKSC, APT
Package managerdpkg, APT, Snap, flatpak
Platforms
Kernel typeMonolithic (Linux kernel)
UserlandGNU
Default
user interface
UKUI (based on Qt)[5]
LicenseFree software + some proprietary device drivers[6]
Official websitewww.ubuntukylin.com?lang=en

Ubuntu Kylin (Chinese: 优麒麟; pinyin: Yōu Qílín) is the official Chinese version of the Ubuntu computer operating system. It is intended for desktop and laptop computers,[7] and has been described as a "loose continuation of the Chinese Kylin OS".[8] In 2013, Canonical Ltd. reached an agreement with the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology to co-create and release an Ubuntu-based operating system with features targeted at the Chinese market.[9]

The first official release, Ubuntu Kylin 13.04, was released on 25 April 2013, on the same day as Ubuntu 13.04 (Raring Ringtail). Features include Chinese input methods, Chinese calendars, a weather indicator, and online music search from the Dash.[10]

History

Version 20.04 introduced version 3.0 of its own, newly developed UKUI (Ubuntu Kylin User Interface).[11] Formerly, UKUI was a customization of the MATE desktop.

Version 14.10 introduced the Ubuntu Kylin Software Center (UKSC), and a utility which helps end-users for daily computing tasks called Youker Assistant.

The team cooperates with Sogou to develop Sogou Input Method for Linux. Since it is closed source, it is not included in the official Ubuntu Kylin image, but users can download it from UKSC or Sogou's website.

WPS Office, also closed-source, is the default office suite in the pro and enhanced editions. LibreOffice however is used mainly as default in the official vanilla Ubuntu Kylin image from the main Ubuntu server website[12] without WPS Office installed.

Release history

Version Code name Release date Supported until Kernel version
13.04 Raring Ringtail 2013-04-25 2014-01-27 3.8[13]
13.10 Saucy Salamander 2013-10-17[14] 2014-07-17 3.11
14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr 2014-04-17[15][16] 2019-04 3.13[17]
14.10 Utopic Unicorn 2014-10-23[18] 2015-06 3.16[19][20]
15.04 Vivid Vervet[21][22] 2015-04-23 2016-01 3.19[23]
15.10 Wily Werewolf[24][25][26] 2015-10-22[27] 2016-07 4.2
16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus[28][29] 2016-04-21[30] 2021-04 4.4
16.10 Yakkety Yak 2016-10-14[31][32][33] 2017-07 4.8[34]
17.04 Zesty Zapus 2017-04-13[35][36][37] 2018-01 4.10[38]
17.10 Artful Aardvark 2017-10-20[39][40] 2018-07 4.13[41]
18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver 2018-04-26[42][43][44][45] 2023-04 4.15
18.10 Cosmic Cuttlefish 2018-10-18 2019-07 4.18
19.04 Disco Dingo 2019-04-19[46] 2020-01 5.0
19.10 Eoan Ermine 2019-10-18 2020-07 5.3
20.04 LTS Focal Fossa 2020-04-23 2025-04 5.4
20.10 Groovy Gorilla 2020-10-22 2021-07 5.8
21.04 Hirsute Hippo 2021-04-22 2022-01 5.11
21.10 Impish Indri 2021-10-14 2022-07 5.13
22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish 2022-04-21 2027-04 5.15
22.10 Kinetic Kudu 2022-10-20 2023-07
  Old version   Older version, still maintained   Latest version

See also

References

  1. ^ "kernel.ubuntu.com". kernel.ubuntu.com. Archived from the original on 21 August 2018. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Index of /ubuntu". archive.ubuntu.com. Archived from the original on 11 May 2020. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Installation". Ubuntu Server Documentation. Canonical Ltd. 2020. Archived from the original on 29 November 2021. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  4. ^ "Supported platforms". Ubuntu Core Documentation. Canonical Ltd. 2020. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  5. ^ "UKUI 3.0 Preview-Start Menu". ubuntukylin.
  6. ^ "Explaining Why We Don't Endorse Other Systems". Free Software Foundation. Archived from the original on 24 April 2011. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  7. ^ "China to create home-grown operating system". BBC News. 22 March 2013.
  8. ^ Sneddon, Joey (27 February 2013). "Chinese Linux Distro Seeks Place in Ubuntu Family". omgubuntu.co.uk. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
  9. ^ Heath, Nick (22 March 2013). "Chinese government builds national OS around Ubuntu". ZDNet.
  10. ^ Nestor, Marius (25 April 2013). "The Final Release of Ubuntu Kylin 13.04 Is Now Available for Download". softpedia.com. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
  11. ^ "UKUI 3.0 Preview-TaskBar".
  12. ^ "Ubuntu Website server releases webpage". Retrieved 9 January 2022.
  13. ^ "Ubuntu Kernel Team - Raring Release Status". Retrieved 12 January 2013.
  14. ^ "Saucy Release Schedule". wiki.ubuntu.com. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
  15. ^ "Trusty Release Schedule". wiki.ubuntu.com. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
  16. ^ Smith, Jesse. "First impressions of Ubuntu Kylin 14.04 "Enhanced"". DistroWatch.com.
  17. ^ Larabel, Michael (28 March 2014). "Linux 3.14 Isn't Going To Make It Into Ubuntu 14.04 LTS". phoronix.com. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  18. ^ "Utopic Release Schedule". wiki.ubuntu.com. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
  19. ^ Stahie, Silviu (22 July 2014). "Ubuntu 14.10 (Utopic Unicorn) Now Based on Linux Kernel 3.16". softpedia.com.
  20. ^ Sneddon, Joey. "Ubuntu 14.10 Beta Downloads Now Available". OMG! Ubuntu!.
  21. ^ Mark Shuttleworth. "V is for Vivid". markshuttleworth.com. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
  22. ^ softpedia. "Ubuntu Kylin 15.04 Continues the Process of Conquering China". linux.com.
  23. ^ "VividVervet/ReleaseNotes - Ubuntu Wiki". wiki.ubuntu.com. Retrieved 2015-04-24.
  24. ^ Mark Shuttleworth (4 May 2015). "W is for Wily". Mark Shuttleworth | here be dragons. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  25. ^ Nestor, Marius. "Ubuntu Kylin 15.10 (Wily Werewolf) Launches for the Chinese Linux Community". Softpedia News.
  26. ^ Sneddon, Joey. "Ubuntu 15.10 Flavors Now Available for Download". OMG! Ubuntu!.
  27. ^ "WilyWerewolf/ReleaseSchedule – Ubuntu Wiki". ubuntu.com.
  28. ^ Mark Shuttleworth (21 October 2015). "X marks the spot". Mark Shuttleworth | here be dragons. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  29. ^ Sneddon, Joey. "Ubuntu 16.04 Flavors Make Second Beta Available to Download". OMG! Ubuntu!.
  30. ^ "XenialXerus/ReleaseSchedule – Ubuntu Wiki". ubuntu.com.
  31. ^ "Ubuntu Kylin 17.04 and YHKylin OS community version are released". ubuntukylin.com.
  32. ^ Sneddon, Joey. "Meet The New Linux Desktop Environment Inspired by Windows 7". OMG! Ubuntu!.
  33. ^ Nestor, Marius. "Ubuntu Kylin 16.10 Arrives for Chinese-Speaking Users, Here's What's New". softpedia.com/news.
  34. ^ "UbuntuKylinChinese". ubuntukylin.com.
  35. ^ "Ubuntu Kylin 17.04 and YHKylin OS community version are released". ubuntukylin.com.
  36. ^ Yu, Jack. "Ubuntu Kylin, a Linux Distribution with a Microsoft Windows Experience". Linux Journal.
  37. ^ Nestor, Marius. "Ubuntu Kylin 17.04 Drops Unity Desktop in Favor of MATE-Based UKUI Interface". softpedia.com/news.
  38. ^ "UbuntuKylinChinese". ubuntukylin.com.
  39. ^ "Official release of Ubuntu Kylin with 17.10, new style, new experience". ubuntukylin.com.
  40. ^ Nestor, Marius. "Ubuntu Kylin 17.10 Releases for Chinese Linux Users with Own Video Player, More". softpedia.com/news.
  41. ^ "What's new in Ubuntu Kylin 17.10". wiki.ubuntu.com.
  42. ^ "What's new in Ubuntu Kylin 18.04". wiki.ubuntu.com.
  43. ^ Sneddon, Joey. "Ubuntu 18.04 Flavours Release, Available to Download". OMG! Ubuntu!.
  44. ^ Turcotte-McCusker, Mike. "Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver Beta 1 Released". ghacks.net.
  45. ^ "Ubuntu Fridge | Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) released". fridge.ubuntu.com. 27 April 2018.
  46. ^ "Ubuntu Kylin 19.04 Final Now Available for Download!". ubuntukylin.com.

Media related to Ubuntu Kylin at Wikimedia Commons