|Developer||The Trisquel Project and Sognus, S.L.U.|
|Initial release||January 30, 2007|
|Latest release||9.0.1 / October 27, 2021|
|Marketing target||Home users, small enterprises and educational centers|
|Update method||Long-term support|
|Package manager||APT, Synaptic (GTK+ frontend), dpkg|
|Platforms||amd64 and i386|
|Kernel type||Monolithic (Linux-libre)|
Trisquel (full name Trisquel GNU/Linux) is a computer operating system, a Linux distribution, derived from another distribution, Ubuntu. The project aims for a fully free software system without proprietary software or firmware and uses a version of Ubuntu's modified kernel, with the non-free code (binary blobs) removed. Trisquel relies on user donations. Its logo is a triskelion, a Celtic symbol. Trisquel is listed by the Free Software Foundation as a distribution that contains only free software.
Four basic versions are available.
The standard Trisquel distribution includes the MATE desktop environment and graphical user interface (GUI), and English, Spanish and 48 other localizations, 50 in total, on a 2.6 GB live DVD image. Other translations can be downloaded if an internet connection is present during installation.
Trisquel Mini is an alternative to mainline Trisquel, designed to run well on netbooks and older hardware. It uses the low-resource environment LXDE and lightweight GTK+ and X Window System alternatives to GNOME and Qt-KDE applications. The LXDE desktop only includes English and Spanish localizations, and can install from a 1.2 GB live DVD image.
Triskel is another alternative to mainline Trisquel using the KDE graphical interface, available as a 2.0 GB ISO DVD live image.
Sugar is a free and open source desktop environment designed with the goal of being used by children for interactive learning. Sugar replaces the standard MATE desktop environment available with Trisquel.
NetInstall consists of a 25MB CD iso image with just the minimal amount of software to start the installation via a text based network installer and fetch the remaining packages over the Internet.
The full installation includes 51 languages (Albanian, Arabic, Aranese, Asturian, Basque, Bulgarian, Catalan, Central Khmer, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Esperanto, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Latvian, Lithuanian, Low German, Norwegian Bokmål, Norwegian Nynorsk, Occitan, Punjabi, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Valencian and Vietnamese) pre-installed in a downloadable 1.2-gigabyte DVD image.
Source code for the full Trisquel installation is also available in a downloadable 3-gigabyte DVD image.
The project began in 2004 with sponsorship of the University of Vigo for Galician language support in education software and was officially presented in April 2005 with Richard Stallman, founder of the GNU Project, as a special guest. According to project director Rubén Rodríguez, the support for Galician has created interest in South American and Mexican communities of emigrants from the Province of Ourense.
By December 2008, Trisquel was included by the Free Software Foundation (FSF) in its list of Linux distributions endorsed by the Free Software Foundation.
|Legend:||Old version, not maintained||Older version, still maintained||Current stable version||Latest preview version||Future release|
|Version||Code name||Release date||Supported until||Kernel||Desktop environment||Based on|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 1.0||Arianrhod||2007-01-30||N/A||Linux 18.104.22.168||GNOME 2.14||Debian 4.0 (Etch)|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 2.0 LTS||Robur||2008-07-24||2014-03-02||Linux 2.6.24||GNOME 2.22||Ubuntu 8.04 LTS (Hardy Heron)|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 3.0 STS||Dwyn||2009-09-08||2011-05-11||Linux-libre 2.6.28||GNOME 2.26||Ubuntu 9.04 (Jaunty Jackalope)|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 3.5 STS||Awen||2010-03-22||2011-07-14||Linux-libre 2.6.31||GNOME 2.28||Ubuntu 9.10 (Karmic Koala)|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 4.0 LTS||Taranis||2010-09-18||2015||Linux-libre 2.6.32||GNOME 2.30||Ubuntu 10.04 LTS (Lucid Lynx)|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 4.5 STS||Slaine||2011-03-24||2012-09-15||Linux-libre 2.6.35||GNOME 2.32||Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat)|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 5.0 STS||Dagda||2011-09-17||2014-03-02||Linux-libre 2.6.38||GNOME 2.32||Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal)|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 5.5 STS||Brigantia||2012-04-16||2014-03-02||Linux-libre 3.0||GNOME 3.2||Ubuntu 11.10 (Oneiric Ocelot)|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 6.0 LTS||Toutatis||2013-03-09||2017||Linux-libre 3.2||GNOME 3.4||Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (Precise Pangolin)|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 7.0 LTS||Belenos||2014-11-03||2019||Linux-libre 3.13||GNOME 3.12||Ubuntu 14.04 LTS (Trusty Tahr)|
|Older version, yet still maintained: 8.0 LTS||Flidas||2018-04-18||2021||Linux-libre 4.4||MATE 1.12||Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus)|
|Current stable version: 9.0 LTS||Etiona||2020-10-16||2023||Linux-libre 4.15||MATE 1.20||Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver)|
|Future release: 10.0 LTS||Nabia||TBA||TBA||TBA||TBA||Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa)|
The releases that use GNOME 3.x use GNOME Classic/Flashback, rather than the default GNOME Shell. All Trisquel releases starting with version 6 are only based on Ubuntu LTS releases.
Current versions include this common software:
Jesse Smith of DistroWatch reviewed the 4.0 release, Taranis, and described it as refined and dependable. He portrayed difficulty with removing software as his main problem with the release. He complimented it as an operating system that showcased utility instead of mere compliance with free software criteria.
Jesse Smith also reviewed Trisquel 7.0 in 2014, writing "Whenever I boot up Trisquel I find myself wondering whether the free software only distribution will be able to hold its own when it comes to hardware drivers, multimedia support and productivity software. The answer I came to when running Trisquel 7.0 is that, yes, the distribution appears to be nearly as capable as operating systems that do not stick to the FSF's definition of free software. Some people who use hardware that requires binary blobs or non-free drivers may face problems and Flash support isn't perfect when using the free Gnash player, but otherwise Trisquel appears to be every bit as functional as other mainstream Linux distributions. The software Trisquel ships with appears to be stable, functional and user friendly. The distribution is easy to install, I found it pleasant to use and I didn't encounter any problems. People who value or wish to promote free software should definitely try running Trisquel, it's an excellent example of what can be accomplished with free software."
Jim Lynch of Desktop Linux Reviews reviewed the 5.5 release, Brigantia, and described it as "well-ordered and well developed" and recommended it to users whether they care about only using free software or not. Lynch stated that the release was suitable for beginners and advanced users.
Chris Fisher and Matt Hartley of The Linux Action Show! praised the design, ease of use, and hardware support of Trisquel 5.5 and Trisquel 5.5 Mini, but found that the Linux-libre kernel found in Trisquel impedes functionality of proprietary wireless devices. They argued that the distribution was targeting power users and that new users should use a different distribution.
Richard Stallman announced in January 2015 that he is using Trisquel on a Thinkpad X60 instead of his former computer the Lemote Yeeloong.
IA-32 and x86-64 CPU architectures are supported since Trisquel 5.5, which includes free software compatible chipsets.