Sabayon Linux
Sabayon Linux 19.03 with GNOME 3
DeveloperFabio Erculiani and Team
OS familyLinux (Unix-like)
Working stateDiscontinued
Source modelMixed
Initial release28 November 2005 (2005-11-28)
Latest release(Rolling release) 19.03[1][2] / 31 March 2019; 2 years ago (2019-03-31)
Update methodEntropy (Equo, Rigo) / Emerge
Package managerEntropy (Equo, Rigo) / Portage
Platformsx86-64, previously also IA-32
Kernel typeMonolithic kernel (Linux)
UserlandGNU
Default
user interface
GNOME, KDE, Xfce, MATE,[3] Fluxbox
LicenseVarious; Mainly GPL
Official websitewww.sabayon.org

Sabayon Linux or Sabayon (formerly RR4 Linux and RR64 Linux), was a Gentoo-based Italian Linux distribution created by Fabio Erculiani and the Sabayon development team. Sabayon followed the "out of the box" philosophy, aiming to give the user a wide number of applications ready to use and a self-configured operating system.

Sabayon Linux featured a rolling release cycle, its own software repository and a package management system called Entropy. Sabayon was available in both x86 and AMD64 distributions and there was support for ARMv7 in development for the BeagleBone.[4]

It was named after an Italian dessert, zabaione, which is made from eggs.[5] Sabayon's logo was an impression of a chicken foot.[6] In November 2020 it was announced that future Sabayon Linux versions would base on Funtoo instead of Gentoo Linux.[7] Sabayon Linux would hence be rebranded to MocaccinoOS.[8]

Editions

Since version 4.1, Sabayon had been released in two different flavors featuring either the GNOME or KDE desktop environments, with the ultralight Fluxbox environment included as well. (In the previous versions all three environments were included in a DVD ISO image).

Since Sabayon's initial release, additional versions of Sabayon have added other X environments, including Xfce and LXDE. A CoreCD edition which featured a minimal install of Sabayon was released to allow the creation of spins of the Sabayon operating system;[9] however, this was later discontinued and replaced by CoreCDX (fluxbox window manager) and Spinbase (no X environment) first and by "Sabayon Minimal" later.[10] A ServerBase edition was released which featured a server-optimized kernel and a small footprint, but this was later discontinued and integrated into the "Sabayon Minimal".[11]

Daily build images were available to Sabayon testers, but were released weekly to the public on the system mirrors containing stable releases. Official releases were simply DAILY versions which had received deeper testing. The adoption of Molecule[clarification needed] led the team to change the naming system for releases.[12]

Currently available versions are:

Name Architecture Desktop Environment Availability
Sabayon GNOME 64 Bit GNOME 3 DAILY and stable
Sabayon KDE KDE
Sabayon LXDE LXDE No longer developed
Sabayon XFCE Xfce DAILY and stable
Sabayon MATE MATE
Sabayon Minimal None

Derivatives

Name Desktop Environment Availability
Sabayon Forensics[13] Xfce DAILY
Name Architecture Desktop Environment Availability
Sabayon for ARM [14] ARM Kodi Media Manager MONTHLY

Additional X window managers could also be installed from the Sabayon repositories, such as Cinnamon and Razor-qt.[15][16][17]

Configuration

Sabayon used the same core components as the Gentoo Linux distribution, which means it used systemd. All of the Gentoo configuration tools, such as etc-update and eselect were fully functional. Sabayon also included additional tools for automatic configuration of various system components such as OpenGL. Sabayon provided proprietary video drivers for both nVidia and ATI hardware.[18] These are enabled if compatible hardware is found; otherwise, the default open-source drivers are used. Because of the automatic driver configuration, the compositing window manager Compiz Fusion and KWin were used for the GNOME and KDE editions, respectively. The discovery and configuration of network cards, wireless cards, and webcams was similarly automatic. Most printers were detected automatically but required specific manual configuration through the CUPS interface.

Package management

Sabayon Linux relied on two package managers. Portage was inherited from Gentoo, while Entropy was developed for Sabayon by Fabio Erculiani and others. Portage downloaded source-code and compiled it specifically for the target system, whereas Entropy managed binary files from servers. The binary tarball packages were precompiled using the Gentoo Linux unstable tree. Entropy clients then pulled these tarballs and performed the various post- and pre-compilation calls of the Gentoo ebuild to set up a package correctly. This means the system was completely binary-compatible with a Gentoo system using the same build configuration. The adoption of two package managers allowed expert users to access the full flexibility of the Gentoo system and others to easily and quickly manage software applications and updates. The Entropy software featured the ability of allowing users to help generate relevant content by voting and by attaching images, files and web links to a package.

The Rigo application browser was a GUI front-end to Entropy that was the successor to Sulfur (aka Entropy Store).[19] Taking on a "less is more" approach, Rigo was designed to be simple and fast. During an interview with Fabio Erculiani he described Rigo as a ”Google-like” Applications Management UI.[20] Rigo handled system updates, package searching, install/removal of packages, up/down voting of packages, and many other common Entropy tasks.

Applications

The number of applications installed by default was higher for DVD editions than for editions small enough to fit on a CD. Their selection was also tailored to the choice between GNOME, KDE, Xfce, and MATE. The XBMC environment could be run without loading the full desktop environment.

The following table summarizes the software included in GNOME, KDE, Xfce, and MATE versions:

Type of Program GNOME Version KDE Version Xfce Version MATE Version
BitTorrent Client Transmission Transmission
E-mail Client Evolution KMail
IRC Client HexChat Konversation HexChat
Compositing window manager Mutter KWin Xfwm Marco
Drop down terminal Guake Yakuake
Text editor gedit KWrite Leafpad Pluma
Image processing GIMP GIMP
Archive tool Archive Manager Ark Archive Manager Engrampa
Photo manager Shotwell Gwenview Shotwell Eye of MATE
Browser Chromium Midori
Burning program Brasero K3b
Media Center Kodi
Media player Totem VLC media player Totem
Instant messaging Empathy Kopete Pidgin
Network Manager NM Applet KNetworkManager NM Applet NM Applet
Music Player Exaile Amarok Exaile Audacious
Office suite LibreOffice
Virtual terminal GNOME Terminal Konsole Terminal MATE Terminal
Portable Document Format viewer Evince Okular ePDFView Atril

Considerable software was also available in the main repository.

Many Microsoft Windows executables were automatically run in Wine.

Other applications included Adobe Reader, Audacity, Clementine, aMSN, Celestia, Eclipse, FileZilla, GnuCash, Google Earth, Inkscape, Kdenlive, Mozilla Firefox, Mozilla Sunbird, Mozilla Thunderbird, Nero Burning ROM, Opera, Picasa, Skype, Teamviewer, VirtualBox, Vuze and Wireshark.

Games (open-source and proprietary) included Doom 3, Eternal Lands, Nexuiz, OpenArena, Quake, Quake 2, Quake 3, Quake 4, Sauerbraten, The Battle for Wesnoth, Tremulous, Unreal, Unreal Tournament, Urban Terror, Vendetta Online, Warsow, Warzone 2100, Wolfenstein: Enemy Territory, World of Padman and Xonotic.

Installation

Gentoo's installation was generally not recommended for beginners because its package management system required users to compile source code to install packages (most distributions rely on precompiled binaries). Compiling larger programs and the base operating system could take several hours. Sabayon was considered easier to install than "pure Gentoo" because it used both the Portage package management system and its own Entropy package management, which allowed the user the option of using precompiled binary files during installation.[21]

Although the distribution was a LiveDVD (or a LiveCD for LXDE, CoreCDX, SpinBase and ServerBase) it could be installed on a hard disk once the system was fully booted. Sabayon Linux used the Calamares[22] installer. In previous releases, Anaconda and the Gentoo Linux Installer were used.[23] Installation was designed to be simpler than is typical for Gentoo, which required more extensive knowledge of the operating system (particularly for the compilation of the Linux kernel). Installation took up to 30 minutes depending on the speed of the DVD drive. Those without a DVD drive could install the GNOME and KDE versions through a USB drive, which could be created with Unetbootin. A program played music during the boot process.

System requirements

Releases

Version Desktop Environment Release Date Notes
3.0RC1b miniEdition 1 July 2006[24]
3.0RC2 16 August 2006[25] Distribution name switch from RR4 to Sabayon
miniEdition 24 August 2006[26]
3.0 14 September 2006[27]
miniEdition 26 September 2006[28]
3.05 4 October 2006[29]
3.1 10 October 2006[30]
miniEdition 9 October 2006[31]
3.2 27 November 2006[32]
miniEdition 11 December 2006[33]
3.25 2 January 2007[34]
3.26 8 January 2007[35]
3.3 16 March 2007[36]
miniEdition 25 March 2007[37]
3.4 Loop 1 13 April 2007[38]
3.4 Loop 2 18 May 2007[39]
3.4 Loop 3 26 June 2007[40]
1.0 "Business Edition" RE 15 July 2007[12]
3.4 24 July 2007[41]
3.4 Revision E 6 August 2007[42]
3.4 miniEdition 23 September 2007[43]
3.4 Revision F 7 September 2007[44]
1.1 Professional Edition 23 October 2007[45]
3.5 Loop 1 24 December 2007[46] First release including Entropy
3.5 Loop 2 17 March 2008[47]
3.5 Loop 3 15 May 2008[48]
3.5 1 July 2008[49] First stable release including entropy
Pod 3.5 11 July 2008[50]
3.5.1 9 November 2008[51]
4 Revision 1 25 December 2008[52]
4 LiteMCE 4 January 2009[53]
4.1 GNOME 13 April 2009[54] KDE and GNOME versions split off. ISO size changes from 4.7GB to 1.5-2GB.
KDE 29 April 2009[55]
4.2 GNOME 30 June 2009[56]
KDE 6 July 2009[57]
coreCD 4.2 25 July 2009[58]
5.0 GNOME/KDE 2 October 2009[59]
5.1 GNOME/KDE 12 December 2009[60]
CoreCD 5.1 20 December 2009[61]
5.1 x86 GAMING EDITION 25 December 2009[62] Special Christmas versions containing only games
5.2 GNOME/KDE 26 March 2010[63]
5.3 GNOME/KDE 5 June 2010[64]
SpinBase 18 June 2010[65] Replaces the CoreCD
CoreCDX CoreCD with X and Fluxbox
LXDE/Xfce 19 July 2010[66] First stable version featuring LXDE/Xfce
SpinBase/OpenVZ Templates First stable version featuring ready to use OpenVZ templates
5.4 GNOME/KDE 30 September 2010[67]
5.5 27 January 2011[68]
6 23 June 2011[69]
7 GNOME/KDE/Xfce 11 October 2011
8 7 February 2012[15]
9 8 June 2012[70]
10 GNOME/KDE/Xfce/MATE 13 September 2012[71] First stable version featuring a MATE edition
11 15 February 2013[72]
13.04 30 April 2013[73]
13.08 12 August 2013[74] systemd adopted as default init system, GNOME 3.8
14.01 Gnome/KDE/Xfce/Mate 20 December 2013 Big Steam, Parallel Entropy, Long Term Stable versions
16.07 28 June 2016 Alpha Stage of LXQt spin, Anaconda installer, Rolling Release versions
16.11 Gnome/KDE/Xfce/Mate/Fluxbox 28 October 2016 New Anaconda version, kernel 4.8, Latest KDE-Plasma version, New Greeter!, Improvements and fixes to Entropy, New supported ARM devices!, Also new website, Rolling Release versions extra. Desktop, Server, and Cloud versions available
19.03 DESKTOP 21 January 2018 Unknown Changes
19.03 SERVER Minimal Install
19.03 CLOUD DockerHub/VagrantImage/(LXD/LXC)

Reception

Tux Machines reviewed Sabayon Linux in 2005.[75] Tux Machines wrote:

The system starts out really impressive. I booted the livedvd and was given the option of just hitting enter or perusing several booting options. Then the silent boot features a lovely splash that utilizes a kde-like progress of highlighting icons rather than a progress bar and all accented by the lovely gentoo purple color scheme. The verbose boot looks just like my everyday gentoo system booting – a variation on the regular linux boot you've all probably seen many many times. A beautiful desktop greets you and lulls you into a sense of confidence. The desktop appears so polished and refined. The menus are chocked full of useful applications and tools. The fonts are great looking and performance is amazing (considering it appears built for i386). It features a 2.6.14-r2 kernel and uses a 6.99 of Xorg. The crowning jewel is the installer. It's the whole point.

Dedoimedo wrote post in 2008.[76] Its review of Sabayon Linux:

Sabayon aims at delivering the complete experience out of the box. This means a plethora of programs, audio and video codecs and the sexy Compiz 3D desktop effects. It is also fully compatible with Gentoo, allowing the power users the ability to squeeze the absolute maximum of their operating system.

Linux.com wrote review about Sabayon 3.4:[77]

All the options take a relatively long time to boot – approximately three minutes on my system. During boot, startup music begins playing during the last stages, unless you choose the Start without Music boot option. After the boot process, the first screen to appear will be the Configure Accelerated Desktop options. Sabayon loaded my Nvidia drivers, but neither Compiz Fusion or Metisse would work properly on my machines. I also had trouble shutting down or rebooting Sabayon; it would hang more times than not.

LWN.net reviewed Sabayon 4.0:[78]

Sabayon Linux 4 sports a tasteful new theme that starts at first boot and is consistent throughout. Gone are the gothic tones of 2.x and the gawdy bright blue of 3.x. The professional quality graphics feature gray tones with royal blue accents and is very easy on the eyes. This new theme reflects the maturity of the distribution and its developers.

DistroWatch Weekly reviewed Sabayon Linux in 2009:[79]

The installer is simple and easy-to-use. However, I did have some issues with the partitioner. Having just installed a new hard drive, I needed to set up partitions and thought I'd use the Sabayon installer for that. If memory serves, Sabayon adapted portions of Anaconda for their installer several version back and I thought it would be up to the job. Depending upon your perspective, it may have been. The issue I had with it was its insistence that it knew better than me how to arrange my partitions. I kid you not. I'd set up a few partitions in the order and size I wanted, and then they would just mysteriously rearrange themselves to meet some developer's idea of how they should be ordered. And it would not allow me to set up some unused partitions. It insisted they all have names and filesystems. I messed with it for a while but finally gave up and fired up fdisk. The install proceeded without incident after that. I chose to use the Ext4 filesystem and installed all software. There isn't a complete individual package selection, but broad categories and a few optional packages are listed one can disable. One can set up user accounts and a root password is desired, even though by default the first user account will be set up as the administrator. The GRUB bootloader will be installed if and where you wish and it'll try to detect and include other systems. That part is a bit hit and miss, but most are.

LinuxBSDos wrote post in 2009.[80] Its review of Sabayon 5:

In Nautilus, the file manager, clicking on an image file opens the file in the GNU Image Manipulation Program (GIMP). I think when most people click on an image file, they want to view it in a photo viewer, and not in a Photoshop-like application. Note that this seems to be the default configuration of the GNOME desktop environment, and not a Sabayon-specific issue. I made a similar observation in a review of Hymera Open.

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