Transfer is a technique used in propaganda and advertising. Also known as association, this is a technique of projecting positive or negative qualities (praise or blame) of a person, entity, object, or value (an individual, group, organization, nation, patriotism, etc.) to another in order to make the second more acceptable or to discredit it. It evokes an emotional response, which stimulates the target to identify with recognized authorities. Often highly visual, this technique often utilizes symbols superimposed over other visual images. An example of common use of this technique in the United States is for the President to be filmed or photographed in front of the country's flag.[1] Another technique used is celebrity endorsement.[2] Example of using the method for negative purpose is association of LGBT with pedophilia that is used by the authorities and pro-government media in Russia.[3][4]

See also


  1. ^ "[Symbols] are constantly used. The cross represents the Christian Church. The flag represents the nation. Cartoons like Uncle Sam represent a consensus of public opinion. Those symbols stir up emotions." — Institute for Propaganda Analysis. Transfer originally identified in 1938 by the IPA as one of the seven classifications of propaganda. In other words, transfer fantasy causes people to want to be as gorgeous as the model in the ad or as good as a basketball play in the commercial. So, it makes you want to buy the product to be just like the person in the ad. [1] 2011-02-28
  2. ^ John Eaton (Winter 1999). "Building Brand Image Through Event Sponsorship: The Role of Image Transfer". Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2010-03-22.
  3. ^ Госдума приняла закон о запрете пропаганды ЛГБТ, педофилии и смены пола [The State Duma adopted a law banning propaganda of LGBT, pedophilia and sex change]. Izvestia. 24 November 2022.
  4. ^ Путин утвердил запрет пропаганды ЛГБТ и педофилии, а также штрафы для нарушителей новых норм [Putin approved the ban on propaganda of LGBT and pedophilia, as well as fines for violators of the new norms]. Rossiyskaya Gazeta. 5 December 2022.