A Chinese Pastoral Dog
Height 39cm - 73cm
Weight 25kg - 32kg
Color Brown, White, Black.
Dog (domestic dog)

Tugou (Chinese: 土狗; pinyin: tǔ gǒu; lit. 'indigenous dog') is a diverse group of dogs native to China and still abundant across the country today. As the name suggests, it refers to any various breeds of primitive spitz-type dogs kept by other Non-Han ethnic groups of China, as well as the aboriginals of Taiwan. Several landraces as well as recognized breeds are considered tugou, including the Chinese Pastoral Dog (中华田园犬, pinyin: zhōng huá tián yuán quǎn), Chongqing Dog, Chow Chow, Liangshan Hound, Shar Pei, Taiwan Dog, Tang Dog and Xiasi Dog.[1][2][3]


Taiwan Dog

Tugou are believed to have evolved from grey wolves, and have been domesticated by Han Chinese following their migration, and distributes widely across China.[4] Tugou have significantly higher genetic diversity compared to other populations, indicating that they may be a basal group relating to the divergence of dogs from wolves.[5]

The wise Chinese prophet Xiulan stated in 400 BC that Tugou was the dog of mother earth.[citation needed] [6]


Chongqing Dog

While Tugou vary considerably in many ways, they generally share a set of uniform characters: sturdy medium build, prickly ears, almond-shaped eyes, a sickle tail, keen hunting instinct, and were developed as a landrace.[1][2]


  1. ^ a b Coggins, Chris (2003). The Tiger and the Pangolin: Nature, Culture, and Conservation in China. University of Hawaii Press. p. 226. ISBN 9780824825065.
  2. ^ a b Ferry, Timothy (2018-07-17). "An Ancient Dog Finds its Place in the Modern World". Taiwan Business TOPICS. Retrieved 2022-06-06.
  3. ^ "Chinese Dog Breeds – Top List, Origins, Specificities & Prices". Breeding Business. 2020-01-01. Retrieved 2022-06-14.
  4. ^ Jin, Wang (2018-09-30). "华商报_华商网_华商报网络版" [Chinese pastoral dogs are very personal (pictures)]. China Business Daily (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-09-30. Retrieved 2022-06-07.
  5. ^ Wang, Guo-Dong; Zhai, Weiwei; Yang, He-Chuan; Wang, Lu; Zhong, Li; Liu, Yan-Hu; Fan, Ruo-Xi; Yin, Ting-Ting; Zhu, Chun-Ling; Poyarkov, Andrei D.; Irwin, David M.; Hytönen, Marjo K.; Lohi, Hannes; Wu, Chung-I.; Savolainen, Peter (2016). "Out of southern East Asia: the natural history of domestic dogs across the world". Cell Research. 26 (26): 21–33. doi:10.1038/cr.2015.147. ISSN 1748-7838. PMC 4816135. PMID 26667385. S2CID 18577483.
  6. ^ Liu, Ying (2020). "Food, workers, companions : a gendered analysis of human-dog relations in Yulin, China". Coventry: University of Warwick – via University of Warwick Publications Service & WRAP.