Westchester, Illinois
Village of Westchester
Location of Westchester in Cook County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 41°51′14″N 87°53′1″W / 41.85389°N 87.88361°W / 41.85389; -87.88361Coordinates: 41°51′14″N 87°53′1″W / 41.85389°N 87.88361°W / 41.85389; -87.88361
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyCook
Founded1926
Government
 • TypeVillage
Area
 • Total3.69 sq mi (9.55 km2)
 • Land3.69 sq mi (9.55 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total16,892
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
16,117
 • Density4,372.49/sq mi (1,688.32/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
60154
Area code(s)708
FIPS code17-80047
Wikimedia CommonsWestchester, Illinois
Websitewww.westchester-il.org

Westchester is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. It is a western suburb of Chicago. The population was 16,892 at the 2020 census.[3] The current Village President is Nick Steker, serving in the special role of acting president after the death of the previous president Frank Perry, by cancer. [4] [5] [6]

History

The area now known as Westchester was occupied by German farmers beginning in the mid-19th century. Samuel Insull purchased the land in 1924 with plans to develop it for residential use and create an English-style town. As a result, the town's name and the majority of its street names are of English origin.

The Great Depression slowed development during the 1930s, although the population continued to grow. The town's suburban development was stimulated by its being the western terminal of Chicago's rapid transit line. The extension of the line was removed in 1951. But in 1956 the federal government began postwar construction of the Interstate Highway System, resulting in the construction of nearby expressways I-290 and I-294. These have provided residents with convenient travel in the region.

Residential and retail development has consumed nearly all open land within the village, save for the protected 85-acre (340,000 m2) of Wolf Road Prairie.[7] It is the largest black-soil prairie remnant east of the Mississippi River.[8]

Geography

Westchester is located at 41°51′14″N 87°53′1″W / 41.85389°N 87.88361°W / 41.85389; -87.88361 (41.853890, -87.883712).[9]

According to the 2010 census, Westchester has a total area of 3.69 square miles (9.56 km2), all land. It shares its western border with Du Page County.[10]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930358
194062173.5%
19504,308593.7%
196018,092320.0%
197020,03310.7%
198017,730−11.5%
199017,301−2.4%
200016,824−2.8%
201016,718−0.6%
202016,8921.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of the census[12] of 2010, there were 16,718 people living in the village. The racial makeup of the village was 65.9% White, 14.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 3.9% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.9% of the population.

Government

Westchester is divided among three congressional districts. The areas south of Cermak Road or west of Haase and Burns avenues are in Illinois' 3rd congressional district; nearly all of the areas east of Mannheim Road and east of Mayfair Avenue, between Canterbury Street and Dorchester Avenue, are in the 7th district; and the area in between (primarily Oak Ridge and Glen Oak cemeteries) is in the state's 4th district.

Economy

Westchester is home to Westbrook Corporate Center, located at Wolf Road and Cermak Road. Constructed in 1986 and renovated in 1996, the complex consists of five 10-story towers encompassing more than 1 million square feet (90,000 m²) of office space. Westbrook Corporate Center has won the 2000/2001 BOMA- International Office Building of the Year Award, 2000/2001 BOMA- North Central Region Office Building of the Year Award, and 1998/1999, 1999/2000, 2000/2001 BOMA- Suburban Chicago Office Building of the Year Award.

Top employers

According to the Village's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[13] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer
1 G4S Secure Solutions Inc
2 Corn Products International (Ingredion)
3 Sogeti
4 Chicago Laborers Pension & Welfare Funds
5 CommScope Corp (Andrew Solutions)
6 Insurance Auto Auctions
7 Yellow Book USA, Inc
8 Revenue Cycle Solutions
9 Per Mar Security Services
10 Healthcare Financial Management Association

Education

Public schools

Westchester School District 92.5 serves most of the city.[14] There are four schools in this district:

In addition Hillside School District 93, which operates a single K-8 school in Hillside, serves a section of Westchester.[16] In 1968 the school district proposed a bond for a junior high school,[17] on a 12.5-acre (5.1 ha) parcel of land in Westchester.[18] The voters rejected the referendum and the plans were scrapped. The president of Concord Homes, Roger Mankedick, stated in a Chicago Sun-Times stated that the student population that was supposed to surround the school never came.[19] The Chicago Tribune stated there was a decline in students in the area surrounding the school site. In 1998 the district instead sold the land to Concord Homes for $2.6 million.[18]

Proviso Township High Schools district serves high school residents. Zoned students attend Proviso West High School in Hillside.[15] Westchester residents may apply to Proviso Math & Science Academy in Forest Park.

Private schools

The following private Catholic school of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago is located in the village:

Other private schools are located in the village:

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
  2. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ (PDF) https://www.cmap.illinois.gov/documents/10180/102881/Westchester.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ "Westchester Appoints Acting President, Honors Late President Perry".
  5. ^ "Frank Perry, Westchester Village President Gifted With 'A Smile That Made You Smile,' Dies".
  6. ^ "Staff Directory • Westchester, IL • CivicEngage".
  7. ^ Encyclopedia of Chicago. Accessed 2007-04-23
  8. ^ "Wolf Road Prairie - Into the Wild", Chicago Wilderness Magazine], Spring, 2004. Accessed 2007-04-23
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  13. ^ Village of Westchester Comprehensive Annual Financial Report
  14. ^ http://www.sd925.w-cook.k12.il.us/
  15. ^ Home. Hillside School District 93. Retrieved on March 18, 2017. "About Since 1918 Hillside School District 93[...]" - See also U.S. Census Bureau School District Map page 4 of Cook County
  16. ^ "District 93 to Discuss Need for New School". Chicago Tribune. 1968-02-25. p. W2.
  17. ^ a b "School Site Turns Residential". Chicago Tribune. 1999-07-18. Retrieved 2017-03-18. "Concord purchased the land in an auction in 1998. Hillside School District 93 had [...]"
  18. ^ Cunniff, Bill (1999-07-30). "Westchester site of 76 town houses". Chicago Sun-Times. p. 8 New Homes.
  19. ^ "Welcome to Divine Providence Catholic School!".
  20. ^ "PAEC 803 - PAEC Academy".