Hillside, Illinois
Village of Hillside
Queen of Heaven Mausoleum at corners of Wolf and Roosevelt roads
Queen of Heaven Mausoleum at corners of Wolf and Roosevelt roads
Location of Hillside in Cook County, Illinois.
Location of Hillside in Cook County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 41°52′29″N 87°54′1″W / 41.87472°N 87.90028°W / 41.87472; -87.90028Coordinates: 41°52′29″N 87°54′1″W / 41.87472°N 87.90028°W / 41.87472; -87.90028
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyCook
Area
 • Total3.17 sq mi (8.20 km2)
 • Land3.17 sq mi (8.20 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,320
 • Density2,626.26/sq mi (1,014.11/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
60162
Area code(s)708/464
FIPS code17-35086
Wikimedia CommonsHillside, Illinois
Websitewww.hillside-il.org

Hillside is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. As of the 2020 census it had a population of 8,320.[2]

Geography

Hillside is located at 41°52′29″N 87°54′1″W / 41.87472°N 87.90028°W / 41.87472; -87.90028 (41.874797, −87.900372).[3]

History

German Lutheran immigrants planted farms and constructed Hillside's first school and church (Immanuel) near the intersection of Wolf and 22nd Street in the 1840s, which marked the start of the community's formal settlement. Although the majority of Hillside's later construction was located north of 12th Street, Immanuel Lutheran Church and School were incorporated inside village boundaries, giving Hillside its characteristic form.

However, Marion Covell found a significant limestone deposit just a few feet below the surface of his property during the 1850s, despite the fact that farming was the main industry at the time. The quarry he started in 1854 was still in operation until the middle of the 1970s, providing crushed stone for the construction of roads across the Chicago metropolitan area. The John Sexton Company purchased the quarry in 1979 and operated it as a sanitary landfill.

Cemeteries also took the place of active farming immediately beyond Hillside on its western and southern borders, first with Mt. Carmel in 1894, then Oak Ridge, Glen Oak, and ultimately Queen of Heaven in 1947. The Illinois Central Railroad station and the Chicago, Aurora & Elgin Railroad interurban's 12th Street spur made the cemetery easily accessible, which led to the development of taverns, restaurants, monument businesses, greenhouses, and flower stores. The Illinois Central Railroad station, known as Hillside because westbound trains had to ascend a slope at this location, served as the inspiration for the village's name when it was founded in 1905.

The community had its first significant residential growth during the 1920s when additional farmland was split up and sold. In the 1920s, there were substantial holdings obtained by St. Domitilla Roman Catholic Church and Mater Dolorosa Seminary. These institutions were formerly surrounded by open space, but following World War II, when Hillside's population quadrupled (from 1,080 to 2,131) between 1940 and 1950, then surged to 7,794 in 1960, it was submerged in a wave of residential building. Hillside Retail Mall, a pioneering regional shopping area, was next to the just finished Congress Expressway in 1956. Soon after, a Holiday Inn, Hillside Theaters, the High Point Tower office structure, and the industrial park on Fencl Lane surrounding the center.

Hillside Retail Center's heyday was brief due to the construction of newer, bigger malls and shopping complexes in the 1960s. The mall's deterioration was unaffected by changes to the exterior look of the building, its tenants, or its ownership. The majority of the mall was razed in 1997 to make room for a large auto dealership.

According to the 2010 census, Hillside has a total area of 3.18 square miles (8.24 km2), all land.[4]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910328
192055569.2%
19301,00480.9%
19401,0807.6%
19502,13197.3%
19607,794265.7%
19708,88814.0%
19808,279−6.9%
19907,672−7.3%
20008,1556.3%
20108,1570.0%
20208,3202.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2010-2020[6]

2020 census

Hillside village, Illinois - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[7] Pop 2020[6] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 2,022 1,414 24.79% 17.00%
Black or African American alone (NH) 3,485 3,519 42.72% 42.30%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 6 10 0.07% 0.12%
Asian alone (NH) 269 253 3.30% 3.04%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 3 2 0.04% 0.02%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 12 35 0.15% 0.42%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 108 129 1.32% 1.55%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 2,252 2,958 27.61% 35.55%
Total 8,157 8,320 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 8,157 people, 2,914 households, and 1,975 families living in the village. The population density was 2,565.1 people per square mile (994.8/km2). There were 3,138 housing units at an average density of 986.8 per square mile (382.7/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 37.7% White, 43.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 3.3% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 12.3% some other race, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.6% of the population, of which 23.6% of the total population were Mexican.[8]

There were 2,914 households, out of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.8% were headed by married couples living together, 18.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.2% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71, and the average family size was 3.35.[8]

In the village, the population was spread out, with 23.4% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males.[8]

For the period 2007–11, the estimated median annual income for a household in the village was $53,236, and the median income for a family was $61,933. Male full-time workers had a median income of $51,033 versus $44,819 for females. The per capita income for the village was $25,047. About 9.3% of families and 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.[9]

Government

Hillside is divided into three congressional districts. The area north of Harrison Street, and most of the area northeast of Roosevelt Road and Haase Avenue, is in Illinois's 7th congressional district; the southern arm of the city, south of Roosevelt Road along Wolf Road, is in the 3rd district; the area in between (primarily Mount Carmel Cemetery) is in the 4th district.

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

Hillside residents are served by various school districts for elementary and middle school [1].

Hillside School District 93 [2]:

Berkeley School District 87 [3]:

Bellwood School District 88 [4]:

All residents are served by Proviso Township High Schools District 209's Proviso West High School in Hillside, though qualified students may also attend the Proviso Mathematics and Science Academy in nearby Forest Park.[10]

Hillside is also the home and birthplace of the famous rap group Do or Die.

Colleges and universities

Nearby colleges and universities include:

Business

Commercial Light Company, located at 245 Fencl Lane, is one of the village's largest employers.[11]

Notable Cemeteries

Two notable cemeteries in Hillside. One is the Mount Carmel Cemetery. On the grounds of the cemetery are the graves of a number of organized crime figures, such as Al Capone and Dion O'Bannion. A number of Bishops and Archbishops of the Archdiocese of Chicago are buried in the Bishop's Mausoleum at Mount Carmel Cemetery. The other Catholic cemetery, Queen of Heaven Cemetery, is located immediately south of Mount Carmel, across Roosevelt Road.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  2. ^ "Hillside village, Illinois". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-08-03.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  6. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Hillside village, Illinois". United States Census Bureau.
  7. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Hillside village, Illinois". United States Census Bureau.
  8. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Hillside village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
  9. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Hillside village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 10, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
  10. ^ "About Proviso Township High Schools District 209 Archived 2017-04-12 at the Wayback Machine." Proviso Township High Schools District 209. Retrieved on February 23, 2014.
  11. ^ "Village of Hillside; Largest Employers". Hillside, IL. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011. Retrieved July 13, 2011.