Palatine, Illinois
Village of Palatine
Official logo of Palatine, Illinois
Motto(s): 
A Real Home Town
Location of Palatine in Cook County, Illinois
Location of Palatine in Cook County, Illinois
Palatine is located in Illinois
Palatine
Palatine
Palatine is located in the United States
Palatine
Palatine
Coordinates: 42°07′01″N 88°02′26″W / 42.11694°N 88.04056°W / 42.11694; -88.04056Coordinates: 42°07′01″N 88°02′26″W / 42.11694°N 88.04056°W / 42.11694; -88.04056
Country United States
State Illinois
CountyCook
TownshipPalatine
Government
 • MayorJim Schwantz
Area
 • Total14.28 sq mi (36.98 km2)
 • Land14.11 sq mi (36.56 km2)
 • Water0.16 sq mi (0.42 km2)
Elevation741 ft (226 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total67,908
 • Density4,811.39/sq mi (1,857.69/km2)
Demonym(s)Palatinian
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
60067, 60074, 60078, 60094, 60095, 60173, 60195
Area codes847, 224
FIPS code17-57225
Home value:$254,600 (2013)[3]
Wikimedia CommonsPalatine, Illinois
Websitewww.palatine.il.us

Palatine (/ˈpælətn/) is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. It is a northwestern residential suburb of Chicago. As of the 2020 census, it had a population of 67,908.[4] As of the 2010 Census, it was the seventh-largest community in Cook County[5] and the 18th-largest in the state of Illinois.[6]

History

The first European-American to settle in Palatine is generally thought to be George Ela, who built a log cabin in the area now called Deer Grove. Ela was one of the first of a wave of pioneers to migrate to northern Illinois following the Black Hawk War. A road that passes through the western edge of Palatine is called Ela Road in his honor. Palatine is thought to be named after a town in New York state.[7]

The Palatine Metra station along the Union Pacific Northwest Line
The Palatine Metra station along the Union Pacific Northwest Line

The Village of Palatine was founded in 1866. It was built around a station on the new Chicago and North Western Railway. Joel Wood surveyed and laid out the village, earning him the title of Palatine's founder. One of Palatine's original downtown streets is named after Wood.

In 1920, the Indian Fellowship League held its first American Indian Day celebration at Camp Reinberg, in Palatine. According to the Daily Herald, the festivities were attended by 60,000 people, which packed the highways leading to the camp with motorists.[8]

Palatine's historic George Clayson House was built in 1873.
Palatine's historic George Clayson House was built in 1873.

A shortline railroad, the Palatine, Lake Zurich and Wauconda Railroad, was built in 1911, and began full passenger service to Wauconda, Illinois, in 1912. The line was closed in 1924 after a series of financial misfortunes and the improvement of roads in the area. The PLZ&W provided transportation to Dr. Wilson's Deer Grove Park, just north of Dundee Road in Palatine.[9]

Palatine's first suburb-style subdivision was called Palanois Park, built shortly after World War II. The town has experienced rapid growth since the 1970s, part of Chicago's growing suburban sprawl. Palatine was home to the Cook County Fair from 1914 to 1931. The fairgrounds are now a subdivision, Fairgrounds Park, whose name pays tribute to Palatine's former fairgrounds.

During the early 1990s, Palatine along with neighboring Rolling Meadows and far northern suburb Zion were sued by atheist activist Rob Sherman over its village seal and seal-defaced flag, which had a Christian cross, among other things, inside an outline of an eagle.[10] A 1992 advisory referendum to keep the seal passed, but another referendum to use public funds to defend the seal failed, leading the village to drop the seal.[11] While Rolling Meadows and Zion developed new seals with the crosses removed, Palatine has since been without an official seal or flag, and is Illinois' largest city or village to be so.[citation needed] The French tricolor reflecting the village's sister city relationship with Fontenay-le-Comte, France, has flown at times on the flagpole meant for the village flag outside the village hall.

In 1993, a multiple homicide, the Brown's Chicken massacre, received national attention.

Palatine has been in the process of revitalizing its downtown area since December 1999.[12] This process has spawned a new passenger train station, a nearby parking garage, and several new condominiums, rowhomes, and commercial buildings.

In 2008, Palatine made news by threatening to secede from Cook County over the latter's sales tax hike; as a result of the tax hike, Palatine's sales tax is 9.0%. In 2009, residents of Palatine Township (which includes the village of Palatine) overwhelmingly voted to pass an advisory referendum stating that they would like to secede from Cook County.

Geography

Undeveloped wooded marshland near Euclid Avenue in southern Palatine
Undeveloped wooded marshland near Euclid Avenue in southern Palatine

According to the 2010 census, Palatine has a total area of 13.763 square miles (35.65 km2), of which 13.62 square miles (35.28 km2) (or 98.96%) is land and 0.143 square miles (0.37 km2) (or 1.04%) is water.[13] Palatine's shape resembles that of the head of an axe.[14]

Palatine is in a wooded marshland where several streams rise around the village. Most of these streams meet up with Salt Creek which rises at Wilke Marsh on the village's east side. The most notable exception is the northeast side, where its streams lie in the Buffalo Creek watershed. A small part of the east and southeast sides lies in the McDonald Creek watershed.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880731
189089121.9%
19001,02014.5%
19101,14412.2%
19201,2105.8%
19302,11875.0%
19402,2224.9%
19504,07983.6%
196011,504182.0%
197026,050126.4%
198032,16623.5%
199039,25322.0%
200065,47966.8%
201068,5574.7%
202067,908−0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]
2010[16] 2020[17]

2020 census

Palatine village, Illinois – Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[16] Pop 2020[17] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 46,246 41,673 67.46% 61.37%
Black or African American alone (NH) 1,798 2,024 2.62% 2.98%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 61 58 0.09% 0.09%
Asian alone (NH) 7,043 8,754 10.27% 12.89%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 19 14 0.03% 0.02%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 109 217 0.16% 0.32%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 934 1,863 1.36% 2.74%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 12,347 13,305 18.01% 19.59%
Total 68,557 67,908 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2010 Census

As of the 2010 census, there were 68,557 people, 26,876 households, and 17,646 families residing in the village. The racial makeup of the village was 76.9% White, 10.3% Asian, 2.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, and 0.03% Pacific Islander. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.0% of the population. 7.4% identified as some other race, and 2.3% were of two or more races.[18]

There were 26,876 households, out of which 33.2% had any child under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were headed by husband-wife couples, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.3% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals living alone, and 7.5% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54, and the average family size was 3.16.[18]

In the village, the population was spread out, with 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.8 years. Of the total population, 49.4% were male and 50.6% were female.[18]

According to the 2011 American Community Survey, the estimated median income for a household in the village was $63,756, and the median income for a family was $74,915. The per capita income for the village was $30,049. About 8.2% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.[19]

The village is home to a large Sikh gurdwara on its northwest side that is visited by Sikhs from across the country.

Economy

Weber-Stephen Products' headquarters in Palatine
Weber-Stephen Products' headquarters in Palatine

Weber-Stephen Products, manufacturer of the Weber grill, is headquartered in Palatine.

Top employers

According to Palatine's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[20] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Community Consolidated School District 15 2,444
2 Township High School District 211 2,055
3 United States Postal Service 1,900
4 Community College District 512 840
5 Little City Foundation 735
6 Weber-Stephen Products 400
7 Village of Palatine 346
8 Intec Group, Inc. 175
8 Arlington Plating 175
10 United Parcel Service 155

Arts and culture

2019 Oktoberfest celebration
2019 Oktoberfest celebration

Parks and recreation

Birchwood Park
Birchwood Park

The Palatine Park District serves 85,000 residents within the Palatine, Rolling Meadows, Arlington Heights, Inverness, Hoffman Estates and Barrington communities. It is governed by five elected park commissioners who oversee a professional staff.

The Palatine Park District operates swimming pools at Family Aquatic Center, Birchwood, and Eagle, as well as recreational centers at its Community Center, Birchwood, and Falcon Park – which opened in January 2010.

Government

Palatine's Village Hall
Palatine's Village Hall

Palatine operates under the Council–manager form of local government. Six councilmen are elected from their respective districts, while the entire village elects the Village Clerk and the Mayor. The council then hires a Village Manager to oversee the town's day-to-day operation. The current mayor is Jim Schwantz.

Education

Public schools

Harper College
Harper College
William Fremd High School
William Fremd High School
Palatine High School
Palatine High School

Palatine is part of Community Consolidated School District 15 for public elementary schools and Township High School District 211 for public high schools. Schools located in Palatine include:[24][25]

Private schools

Independent schools

College

Notable people

Sister cities

Musical group

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  2. ^ "USGS detail on Newtown". Retrieved 2007-10-21.
  3. ^ "Palatine, Illinois (IL 60067) profile: Population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders".
  4. ^ "Palatine village, Illinois". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
  5. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): All Places fully within/partially within Cook County, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  6. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): All Places within Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  7. ^ "Palatine, IL". 2005.
  8. ^ LaPier, Rosalyn (2015). City Indian: Native American Activism in Chicago, 1893-1934. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
  9. ^ Whitney, Richard. Old Maud: The Story of The Palatine, Lake Zurich and Wauconda Railroad. Polo, Illinois: Transportation Trails, 1992. ISBN 0-933449-14-3
  10. ^ "Atheist Targets Palatine Seal". tribunedigital-chicagotribune. Retrieved 2016-02-16.
  11. ^ "Palatine's Cross Heads Into Sunset". tribunedigital-chicagotribune. Retrieved 2016-02-16.
  12. ^ Village of Palatine. "Downtown Land Use Guide Update. Online: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-04-18. Retrieved 2007-04-25.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link).
  13. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
  14. ^ "Village of Palatine Street Map" (PDF). Village of Palatine. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
  15. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
  16. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Palatine village, Illinois". United States Census Bureau.
  17. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Palatine village, Illinois". United States Census Bureau.
  18. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Palatine village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  19. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2011 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates (DP03): Palatine village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  20. ^ Mehring, Paul. "COMPREHENSIVE ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORT". Village of Palatine. Village of Palatine. Retrieved 14 June 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  21. ^ Pareti, Tim (24 August 2000). "Downtown Streetfest To Give A Warm Summer Send-off". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  22. ^ "Hometown Fest 2012" (PDF). Palatine Jaycees. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
  23. ^ "Oktoberfest". Palatine Rotary. Retrieved 2018-06-13.
  24. ^ "About District 15". Community Consolidated School District 15. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  25. ^ Township High School District 211 Facilities (PDF) (Map). Township High School District 211. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  26. ^ Welcome to the Academy-North Website!
  27. ^ "Acton Palatine | Homeschool Resource| Northwest Chicago". Schole Ministries.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  28. ^ "Contact Us." Chicago Northwest Suburban Chinese School. Retrieved on February 24, 2014. "The school is located at the William Fremd High School, 1000 South Quentin Road, Palatine, Illinois 60067"
  29. ^ a b "Palatine Chinese school shows its versatility." Chicago Daily Herald. February 6, 2011. Retrieved on February 24, 2014.
  30. ^ Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: "(LIVE) KILL TONY #435 - THE BIG THREE". YouTube.
  31. ^ "Lynn Smith II and Michael Durnil". The New York Times. 2015-11-29. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-06-17.
  32. ^ Writer, SHEILA SMITH-H&R Staff. "Decatur native J. Michael Durnil new senior vice president of Gay and Lesibian Alliance Against Defamation". Herald-Review.com. Retrieved 2021-06-17.
  33. ^ Encarnacion, Lisa (2011-01-11). "Palatine Resident Named CEO of Simon Youth Foundation". TribLocal Palatine. Archived from the original on 2013-12-05. Retrieved 2021-06-17.
  34. ^ http://www.dailyherald.com/story/?id=364270
  35. ^ "Gudy Gaskill, 'Mother of the Colorado Trail'". Colorado Trail Foundation. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  36. ^ Denovomagazine.com Archived 2011-07-09 at the Wayback Machine
  37. ^ 'Illinois Blue Book 1979-1980,' Biographical Sketch of Richard A. Mugalian, pg. 71
  38. ^ 'Illinois Blue Book 1997-1998, Biographical Sketch of Bernard E. Pedersen, pg. 61
  39. ^ Keeshan, Charles (July 30, 2019). "Trump's intelligence director pick Ratcliffe was born in Mount Prospect, grew up in Palatine". Daily Herald. Retrieved October 1, 2019.