South Holland, Illinois
Village
Village of South Holland
South Holland Town Center
South Holland Town Center
Motto(s): 
"A Heritage of Faith; An Emphasis on Family; A Home for Our Future"
Location of South Holland in Cook County, Illinois.
Location of South Holland in Cook County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 41°36′N 87°36′W / 41.600°N 87.600°W / 41.600; -87.600Coordinates: 41°36′N 87°36′W / 41.600°N 87.600°W / 41.600; -87.600
Country United States
StateIllinois Illinois
CountyCook
TownshipThornton
Named forSouth Holland, Netherlands
Settled1847
IncorporatedMay 12, 1894
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Trustee
 • BodyBoard of Trustees
 • MayorDon A. DeGraff
 • AdministratorJ. Wynsma
 • ClerkSallie D. Penman
 • TreasurerBeth Herman
Area
 • Total7.25 sq mi (18.78 km2)
 • Land7.24 sq mi (18.74 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)  0.27%
Elevation
601 ft (183 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total21,465
 • Density2,966.42/sq mi (1,145.36/km2)
Standard of living (2009-11)
 • Per capita income$25,887
 • Median home value$168,600
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
60473
Area code708
FIPS code17-70850[2]
GNIS feature ID0418788[3]
Websitewww.southholland.org

South Holland is a village and south suburb of Chicago in Cook County, Illinois, United States, within Thornton Township. The population was 21,465 at the 2020 census.[4]

History

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The area currently occupied by South Holland, Illinois, was first settled in 1846 by immigrants from South Holland, Netherlands. When the community formally incorporated as a village in 1894, its population was about 1,000. Originally a general farming community, it later specialized in vegetable growing, especially onion sets. By the 1940s South Holland was known as the "Onion Set Capital of the World". The town was built on low ground near the Calumet River and was originally called de Laage Prairie (Low Prairie) to differentiate it from another Dutch settlement further north on higher ground and called de Hooge Prairie (now the Roseland neighborhood of Chicago).

In October 2007, Forbes.com declared South Holland to be the "Most Livable Metro-Area suburb" of the Chicago metropolitan area.[5]

Geography

South Holland is located at 41°36′N 87°36′W / 41.600°N 87.600°W / 41.600; -87.600 (41.60, -87.60).[6] It is bordered by Harvey and Phoenix to the west, Dolton to the north, Thornton to the south, and Calumet City and Lansing to the east.

According to the 2010 census, South Holland has a total area of 7.286 square miles (18.87 km2), of which 7.27 square miles (18.83 km2) (or 99.78%) is land and 0.016 square miles (0.04 km2) (or 0.22%) is water.[7]

South Holland's addresses and numbered streets are 3 blocks ahead of Chicago's grid. For example, 159th Street is actually called 162nd Street.

Surrounding areas

  Dolton
  Harvey
Up arrow left.svg
Up-1.svg
Up arrow right.svg
Calumet City
  Phoenix / Harvey
Left.svg
 
Right.svg
Calumet City
  East Hazel Crest
Down arrow left.svg
Down arrow.svg
Down arrow right.svg
Lansing
  Thornton

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18901,005
1900766−23.8%
19101,06539.0%
19201,24717.1%
19301,87350.2%
19402,27221.3%
19503,24742.9%
196010,412220.7%
197023,931129.8%
198024,9774.4%
199022,105−11.5%
200022,1470.2%
201022,030−0.5%
202021,465−2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2010[9] 2020[10]

2020 census

South Holland, Illinois - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[9] Pop 2020[10] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 4,023 2,094 18.26% 9.76%
Black or African American alone (NH) 16,263 17,277 73.82% 80.49%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 34 24 0.15% 0.11%
Asian alone (NH) 135 87 0.61% 0.41%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 1 1 0.00% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 31 87 0.14% 0.41%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 269 478 1.22% 2.23%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 1,274 1,417 5.78% 6.60%
Total 22,030 21,465 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2010 Census

As of the 2010 census South Holland had a population of 22,030 people. The ethnic and racial makeup of the population was 18.3% non-Hispanic white, 73.8% non-Hispanic African-American, 0.2% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% non-Hispanics reporting some other race, 1.5% reporting two or more races and 5.8% Hispanic or Latino.[11]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 22,147 people, 7,663 households, and 6,007 families residing in the village. The population density was 3,042.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,174.6/km2). There were 7,825 housing units at an average density of 1,074.8 per square mile (415.0/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 50.81% African American, 45.04% White, 0.17% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.93% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.77% of the population.

There were 7,663 households, out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.8% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.6% were non-families. 19.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 25.6% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.6 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $60,246, and the median income for a family was $67,451. Males had a median income of $46,582 versus $35,557 for females. The per capita income for the village was $24,977. About 2.8% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.9% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government

South Holland is in Illinois's 2nd congressional district.

Notable people

Education

South Holland is served by several school districts:

Thornton Township High School District 205[15] serves all of South Holland.

Thornwood High School is located in South Holland. Thornridge High School and Thornton Township High School are also within District 205.

The private K-8 schools, Calvin Christian School and Calvary Academy, are located in South Holland. Seton Academy was a Catholic co-educational high school located in the village. It was formerly an all-girls school until 2003 when boys were admitted. Seton Academy closed on June 30, 2016.[16] Christ our Savior School and Holy Ghost School also were once both in South Holland, but both have been closed by the Chicago Archdiocese.

South Holland is home to the main campus of South Suburban College.[17]

In literature

The 1925 Pulitzer Prize-winning novel So Big by Edna Ferber is set in South Holland. The Widow Paarlberg inspired one of the main characters and her family farm is preserved in a municipal park.

The 2021 novel "Termination Shock" by Neal Stephenson includes a lead character, child of a conservative Dutch father and Indonesian mother, who spends his childhood in South Holland during the 1950s and 1960s. Though the town isn't named its description in the novel fits only South Holland, Illinois during that time period.

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "South Holland village, Illinois profile". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 26, 2022.
  5. ^ "Most Livable Metro-Area Suburbs". Forbes. 11 October 2007.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
  8. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
  9. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - South Holland village, Illinois". United States Census Bureau.
  10. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - South Holland village, Illinois". United States Census Bureau.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". Retrieved 2016-01-09.
  12. ^ Seidel, Jon (13 March 2014). "Former Ald. Robert Shaw to run for mayor". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  13. ^ South Holland School District 150
  14. ^ "South Holland School District 151". Archived from the original on 2000-04-08. Retrieved 2007-05-11.
  15. ^ Thornton Township High School District 205
  16. ^ "Seton Academy / Overview". Archived from the original on 2016-10-22. Retrieved 2016-10-21.
  17. ^ South Suburban College