Jasper County
Jasper County Courthouse in Newton
Map of Illinois highlighting Jasper County
Location within the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°01′N 88°09′W / 39.01°N 88.15°W / 39.01; -88.15
Country United States
State Illinois
Founded1831
Named forWilliam Jasper
SeatNewton
Largest cityNewton
Area
 • Total498 sq mi (1,290 km2)
 • Land495 sq mi (1,280 km2)
 • Water3.6 sq mi (9 km2)  0.7%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total9,698
 • Estimate 
(2018)
9,611
 • Density19/sq mi (7.5/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district15th

Jasper County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 9,698.[1] Its county seat is Newton.[2]

History

Jasper County was formed in 1831 out of Clay and Crawford Counties. It was named for Sgt. William Jasper, a Revolutionary War hero from South Carolina. During the defense of Fort Moultrie in 1776, the staff of the American flag was shot away. Sgt. Jasper attached the flag to a pole and stood on the wall waving the flag at the British until a new staff was erected.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 498 square miles (1,290 km2), of which 495 square miles (1,280 km2) is land and 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2) (0.7%) is water.[3]

Climate and weather

Newton, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
2.4
 
 
34
18
 
 
2.4
 
 
40
23
 
 
3.9
 
 
51
33
 
 
3.9
 
 
63
42
 
 
4.4
 
 
73
52
 
 
3.7
 
 
82
62
 
 
4.4
 
 
85
66
 
 
3.4
 
 
84
63
 
 
3.2
 
 
78
55
 
 
2.8
 
 
66
43
 
 
4
 
 
52
34
 
 
2.9
 
 
39
24
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Newton have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −28 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 112 °F (44 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.38 inches (60 mm) in January to 4.39 inches (112 mm) in May.[4]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18401,472
18503,220118.8%
18608,364159.8%
187011,23434.3%
188014,51529.2%
189018,18825.3%
190020,16010.8%
191018,157−9.9%
192016,064−11.5%
193012,809−20.3%
194013,4314.9%
195012,266−8.7%
196011,346−7.5%
197010,741−5.3%
198011,3185.4%
199010,609−6.3%
200010,117−4.6%
20109,698−4.1%
2018 (est.)9,611[5]−0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2013[1]
2000 census age pyramid for Jasper County
2000 census age pyramid for Jasper County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 9,698 people, 3,940 households, and 2,800 families living in the county.[10] The population density was 19.6 inhabitants per square mile (7.6/km2). There were 4,345 housing units at an average density of 8.8 per square mile (3.4/km2).[3] The racial makeup of the county was 98.6% white, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.3% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.8% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 39.5% were German, 12.5% were American, 11.0% were Irish, and 9.1% were English.[11]

Of the 3,940  households, 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.1% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.9% were non-families, and 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age was 42.7 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $46,546 and the median income for a family was $53,034. Males had a median income of $39,167 versus $24,856 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,467. About 6.3% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.6% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those aged 65 or over.[12]

Education

Jasper County is largely served by Jasper County Community Unit School District 1, which is based in its county seat, Newton. Five of the district's six schools are located in Jasper County. Saint Thomas Catholic School is a private elementary school, also in Newton.

Communities

City

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Jasper County is divided into eleven townships:

Notable residents

Politics

Jasper is politically a fairly typical "anti-Yankee" Southern Illinois county. Opposition to the "Yankee" Republican Party and that party's Civil War meant that Jasper County voted solidly Democratic until isolationist sentiment drove its voters to Warren G. Harding in 1920.

Since the New Deal, the county has shown a steady trend away from the Democratic Party due to major shifts in that party's views – initially on economic policies, and since the 1990s on social issues.[13] Only one Democrat – Lyndon Johnson in his 1964 landslide – has won a majority since 1940, and as is typical of the Upland South, Barack Obama in 2012 and Hillary Clinton did far worse than any previous Democrat.

United States presidential election results for Jasper County, Illinois[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,494 80.45% 1,007 18.03% 85 1.52%
2016 3,975 77.76% 924 18.08% 213 4.17%
2012 3,514 69.68% 1,436 28.48% 93 1.84%
2008 2,964 57.64% 2,063 40.12% 115 2.24%
2004 3,529 66.14% 1,781 33.38% 26 0.49%
2000 3,119 62.12% 1,815 36.15% 87 1.73%
1996 2,234 45.12% 2,038 41.16% 679 13.71%
1992 1,996 36.42% 2,284 41.68% 1,200 21.90%
1988 3,024 58.28% 2,135 41.14% 30 0.58%
1984 3,673 67.35% 1,750 32.09% 31 0.57%
1980 3,548 63.22% 1,846 32.89% 218 3.88%
1976 2,794 49.45% 2,772 49.06% 84 1.49%
1972 3,461 61.18% 2,114 37.37% 82 1.45%
1968 2,944 51.78% 2,012 35.39% 730 12.84%
1964 2,614 43.42% 3,406 56.58% 0 0.00%
1960 3,393 52.84% 3,027 47.14% 1 0.02%
1956 3,107 51.77% 2,895 48.23% 0 0.00%
1952 3,753 57.82% 2,728 42.03% 10 0.15%
1948 2,957 49.76% 2,936 49.40% 50 0.84%
1944 3,453 52.13% 3,142 47.43% 29 0.44%
1940 4,082 52.23% 3,689 47.20% 44 0.56%
1936 3,221 42.94% 4,149 55.31% 132 1.76%
1932 2,300 34.20% 4,390 65.27% 36 0.54%
1928 3,201 51.04% 3,055 48.71% 16 0.26%
1924 3,030 47.37% 3,144 49.15% 223 3.49%
1920 3,279 51.63% 2,971 46.78% 101 1.59%
1916 3,110 43.36% 3,884 54.15% 179 2.50%
1912 1,227 31.11% 2,042 51.77% 675 17.11%
1908 1,860 43.01% 2,317 53.57% 148 3.42%
1904 1,889 45.20% 2,024 48.43% 266 6.37%
1900 1,923 41.57% 2,591 56.01% 112 2.42%
1896 1,867 40.12% 2,724 58.54% 62 1.33%
1892 1,519 36.74% 2,217 53.62% 399 9.65%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Newton, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  11. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  12. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  13. ^ Cohn, Nate; ‘Demographic Shift: Southern Whites’ Loyalty to G.O.P. Nearing That of Blacks to Democrats’, New York Times, April 24, 2014
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 31, 2018.

Coordinates: 39°01′N 88°09′W / 39.01°N 88.15°W / 39.01; -88.15