Cumberland County
Cumberland County Courthouse
Map of Illinois highlighting Cumberland County
Location within the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°16′N 88°14′W / 39.27°N 88.24°W / 39.27; -88.24
Country United States
State Illinois
Founded1823
Named forCumberland Road
SeatToledo
Largest cityNeoga
Area
 • Total347 sq mi (900 km2)
 • Land346 sq mi (900 km2)
 • Water1.0 sq mi (3 km2)  0.3%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total10,450
 • Density30/sq mi (12/km2)
Congressional district15th
Websitecumberlandco.org

Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,048.[1] Its county seat is Toledo.[2]

Cumberland County is part of the CharlestonMattoon, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Cumberland County was created on March 2, 1823, from parts of Coles County. It is named for the National Road (Cumberland Road), which was projected to run through it.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 347 square miles (900 km2), of which 346 square miles (900 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.3%) is water.[4]

Climate and weather

Toledo, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
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2
 
 
33
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39
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Toledo have ranged from a low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 (jobs) and a record high of 111 °F (44 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.03 inches (52 mm) in January to 4.21 inches (107 mm) in June.[5]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18503,718
18608,311123.5%
187012,22347.1%
188013,75912.6%
189015,44312.2%
190016,1244.4%
191014,281−11.4%
192012,858−10.0%
193010,419−19.0%
194011,69812.3%
195010,496−10.3%
19609,936−5.3%
19709,772−1.7%
198011,06213.2%
199010,670−3.5%
200011,2535.5%
201011,048−1.8%
202010,450−5.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]
2000 census age pyramid for Cumberland County
2000 census age pyramid for Cumberland County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,048 people, 4,377 households, and 3,121 families living in the county.[10] The population density was 31.9 inhabitants per square mile (12.3/km2). There were 4,874 housing units at an average density of 14.1 per square mile (5.4/km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 98.3% white, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.7% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 30.6% were German, 17.4% were American, 11.7% were Irish, and 11.4% were English.[11]

Of the 4,377 households, 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.7% were non-families, and 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 40.9 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $42,101 and the median income for a family was $51,729. Males had a median income of $42,157 versus $29,142 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,262. About 8.1% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.4% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.[12]

Communities

Cities

Villages

Townships

Cumberland County is divided into eight townships:

Unincorporated Communities[edit]

Politics

Although predominantly Democratic in the years before World War I, in the aftermath of which Woodrow Wilson’s policies towards Germany were locally deplored, Cumberland County has since become powerfully Republican. Even in Franklin D. Roosevelt’s 1932 and 1936 landslides, he won only small victories, and since then only three Democrats have carried the county. Bill Clinton, who won a plurality in 1992, is the last Democrat to reach forty percent of the county’s vote, and in 2016, the rapid Upland South trend towards overwhelmingly Republican voting caused his wife Hillary to win less than twenty percent of the county’s ballots.

United States presidential election results for Cumberland County, Illinois[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,601 78.66% 1,142 19.52% 106 1.81%
2016 4,206 75.50% 1,031 18.51% 334 6.00%
2012 3,509 66.27% 1,641 30.99% 145 2.74%
2008 3,156 59.11% 2,055 38.49% 128 2.40%
2004 3,497 64.57% 1,862 34.38% 57 1.05%
2000 2,964 59.58% 1,870 37.59% 141 2.83%
1996 2,002 44.80% 1,776 39.74% 691 15.46%
1992 1,860 35.76% 2,111 40.58% 1,231 23.66%
1988 2,667 57.98% 1,904 41.39% 29 0.63%
1984 3,002 63.04% 1,733 36.39% 27 0.57%
1980 3,159 59.73% 1,892 35.77% 238 4.50%
1976 2,518 47.12% 2,752 51.50% 74 1.38%
1972 3,257 60.79% 2,083 38.88% 18 0.34%
1968 2,671 53.12% 1,828 36.36% 529 10.52%
1964 2,251 42.42% 3,056 57.58% 0 0.00%
1960 3,020 54.91% 2,475 45.00% 5 0.09%
1956 3,235 58.69% 2,272 41.22% 5 0.09%
1952 3,302 59.88% 2,200 39.90% 12 0.22%
1948 2,451 50.72% 2,353 48.70% 28 0.58%
1944 2,700 52.88% 2,391 46.83% 15 0.29%
1940 3,330 51.62% 3,091 47.92% 30 0.47%
1936 3,016 47.45% 3,290 51.76% 50 0.79%
1932 2,166 40.68% 3,128 58.75% 30 0.56%
1928 3,242 63.04% 1,873 36.42% 28 0.54%
1924 2,698 51.09% 2,384 45.14% 199 3.77%
1920 3,095 58.18% 2,162 40.64% 63 1.18%
1916 2,879 48.20% 2,960 49.56% 134 2.24%
1912 990 28.78% 1,673 48.63% 777 22.59%
1908 1,739 47.66% 1,810 49.60% 100 2.74%
1904 1,857 50.39% 1,644 44.61% 184 4.99%
1900 1,870 47.61% 1,993 50.74% 65 1.65%
1896 1,856 46.52% 2,098 52.58% 36 0.90%
1892 1,470 41.18% 1,785 50.00% 315 8.82%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 97.
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Toledo, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  11. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  12. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved October 31, 2018.

Coordinates: 39°16′N 88°14′W / 39.27°N 88.24°W / 39.27; -88.24