Crawford County
Location within the U.S. state of Illinois
Illinois's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°00′N 87°46′W / 39°N 87.76°W / 39; -87.76
Country United States
State Illinois
Founded1816
Named forWilliam H. Crawford
SeatRobinson
Largest cityRobinson
Area
 • Total446 sq mi (1,160 km2)
 • Land444 sq mi (1,150 km2)
 • Water2.2 sq mi (6 km2)  0.5%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total19,817
 • Estimate 
(2018)
18,807
 • Density44/sq mi (17/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district15th
Websitecrawfordcountyil.org

Crawford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,817.[1] Its county seat is Robinson.[2]

History

Crawford County was formed in the Illinois Territory on December 31, 1816, out of Edwards County. At the time of its formation, it encompassed about one third of the territory, but it was reduced to its present borders by 1831 as it spawned new counties. It was named in honor of William H. Crawford,[3] from Georgia, who was serving as Secretary of War and Secretary of the Treasury at the time. Crawford County was home to several battles between the settlers and Indians, and also the location of the only woman ever hanged in Illinois.

In 1818, the town of Palestine was designated as the county seat. After elections in 1843, a new site was chosen, which would become the town of Robinson.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 446 square miles (1,160 km2), of which 444 square miles (1,150 km2) is land and 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2) (0.5%) is water.[5] Some of the county's eastern border is defined by the Wabash River.

Climate and weather

Robinson, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
2.5
 
 
37
21
 
 
2.6
 
 
44
26
 
 
3.8
 
 
55
35
 
 
4
 
 
66
44
 
 
4.7
 
 
77
54
 
 
3.8
 
 
85
64
 
 
4.2
 
 
89
67
 
 
3.8
 
 
87
65
 
 
3.5
 
 
81
57
 
 
3
 
 
69
45
 
 
3.9
 
 
54
37
 
 
3.2
 
 
42
26
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Robinson have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 89 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in December 1989 and a record high of 114 °F (46 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.45 inches (62 mm) in January to 4.67 inches (119 mm) in May.[6]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18203,022
18303,1173.1%
18404,42241.9%
18507,13561.4%
186011,55161.9%
187013,88920.2%
188016,19716.6%
189017,2836.7%
190019,24011.3%
191026,28136.6%
192022,771−13.4%
193021,085−7.4%
194021,2941.0%
195021,137−0.7%
196020,751−1.8%
197019,824−4.5%
198020,8185.0%
199019,464−6.5%
200020,4525.1%
201019,817−3.1%
2018 (est.)18,807[7]−5.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]
2000 census age pyramid for Crawford County
2000 census age pyramid for Crawford County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 19,817 people, 7,763 households, and 5,154 families living in the county.[12] The population density was 44.7 inhabitants per square mile (17.3/km2). There were 8,661 housing units at an average density of 19.5 per square mile (7.5/km2).[5] The racial makeup of the county was 92.8% white, 4.7% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.8% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.8% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 25.0% were German, 14.4% were American, 12.4% were Irish, and 9.9% were English.[13]

Of the 7,763 households, 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.6% were non-families, and 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 41.7 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $41,434 and the median income for a family was $51,218. Males had a median income of $40,050 versus $30,870 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,545. About 11.1% of families and 16.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.0% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated places

Townships

Crawford County is divided into ten townships:

Unincorporated Communities[edit]

Politics

Although Crawford County was solidly Democratic before the Populist-backed candidacy of William Jennings Bryan in 1896, it has since become strongly Republican. The last Democrat to gain a majority in the county was Lyndon Johnson in his 1964 landslide, although Bill Clinton won a plurality in 1992. Like all the rural Upland South, Crawford County has shown dramatic swings against the Democratic Party in recent elections, with Hillary Clinton’s 22.8 percent in 2016 the worst performance ever by a Democrat.

United States presidential election results for Crawford County, Illinois[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 7,043 74.60% 2,202 23.32% 196 2.08%
2016 6,277 71.83% 1,992 22.79% 470 5.38%
2012 5,585 64.69% 2,858 33.11% 190 2.20%
2008 5,070 55.39% 3,883 42.42% 200 2.19%
2004 6,083 65.18% 3,194 34.23% 55 0.59%
2000 4,974 58.52% 3,333 39.21% 193 2.27%
1996 3,965 45.61% 3,627 41.72% 1,101 12.67%
1992 3,606 37.29% 3,964 40.99% 2,101 21.72%
1988 4,951 57.76% 3,555 41.48% 65 0.76%
1984 6,261 66.44% 3,130 33.21% 33 0.35%
1980 5,894 60.70% 3,372 34.73% 444 4.57%
1976 5,522 51.99% 5,007 47.14% 93 0.88%
1972 6,568 65.32% 3,477 34.58% 10 0.10%
1968 5,870 58.13% 3,383 33.50% 845 8.37%
1964 4,834 46.22% 5,624 53.78% 0 0.00%
1960 6,809 61.58% 4,245 38.39% 4 0.04%
1956 6,747 63.28% 3,906 36.63% 9 0.08%
1952 6,768 63.11% 3,947 36.81% 9 0.08%
1948 5,111 54.58% 4,150 44.32% 103 1.10%
1944 6,056 57.04% 4,482 42.22% 79 0.74%
1940 7,036 54.95% 5,703 44.54% 66 0.52%
1936 5,823 48.13% 6,164 50.95% 112 0.93%
1932 4,550 42.13% 6,081 56.31% 169 1.56%
1928 5,989 62.90% 3,495 36.70% 38 0.40%
1924 4,830 51.25% 4,223 44.81% 372 3.95%
1920 5,188 55.02% 4,092 43.39% 150 1.59%
1916 5,084 46.28% 5,570 50.71% 331 3.01%
1912 1,266 22.30% 2,691 47.41% 1,719 30.29%
1908 3,090 49.42% 2,890 46.23% 272 4.35%
1904 2,296 51.85% 1,850 41.78% 282 6.37%
1900 2,301 49.11% 2,299 49.07% 85 1.81%
1896 2,172 47.66% 2,342 51.39% 43 0.94%
1892 1,790 45.44% 1,875 47.60% 274 6.96%


See also

Sources

References

Specific
  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 95.
  4. ^ Perrin, p. 42.
  5. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Robinson, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on October 23, 2012. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Archived from the original on May 29, 2017. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 24, 2014. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018.
General

Coordinates: 39°00′N 87°46′W / 39.00°N 87.76°W / 39.00; -87.76