Northbrook, Illinois
Village
NorthbrookWelcomeSign.jpg
Location of Northbrook in Cook County, Illinois.
Location of Northbrook in Cook County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 42°7′45″N 87°50′27″W / 42.12917°N 87.84083°W / 42.12917; -87.84083Coordinates: 42°7′45″N 87°50′27″W / 42.12917°N 87.84083°W / 42.12917; -87.84083
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyCook
TownshipNorthfield
Incorporated1901
Government
 • TypeCouncil–manager
 • PresidentKathryn Ciesla
Area
 • Total13.30 sq mi (34.46 km2)
 • Land13.24 sq mi (34.29 km2)
 • Water0.07 sq mi (0.17 km2)  0.45%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total35,222
 • Density2,660.27/sq mi (1,027.12/km2)
Demonym(s)Northbrookian
Standard of living (2009-11)
 • Per capita income$51,719
 • Median home value$519,000
ZIP code(s)
60062, 60063
Area code(s)847 & 224
Geocode53481
FIPS code17-53481
Websitewww.northbrook.il.us

Northbrook is a suburb of Chicago, located at the northern edge of Cook County, Illinois, United States, on the border of Lake County. Per the 2020 census, the population was 35,222.[2]

When incorporated in 1901, the village was known as Shermerville in honor of Frederick Schermer, who donated the land for its first train station. The village changed its name to Northbrook in 1923 as an effort to improve its public image. The name was chosen because the West Fork of the North Branch of the Chicago River runs through the Village.[3]

Glenbrook North High School, founded in 1952 as Glenbrook High School, is located in Northbrook. The village is also home to the Northbrook Park District,[4] founded in 1927, Northbrook Court shopping mall, the Ed Rudolph Velodrome, the Chicago Curling Club, and the Northbrook Public Library.

History

Members of the Potawatomi tribe were the earliest recorded residents of the Northbrook area. In 1833, upon signing the Treaty of Chicago, the Potawatomi ceded their Illinois lands and moved to a place near Council Bluffs, Iowa.[5] Afterward, Joel Sterling Sherman moved from Connecticut with his family and bought 159 acres (64 ha) of land in the northwest quarter of Section 10 for $1.25 per acre; as of 2010, Northbrook's downtown is located on this site.[6] A German immigrant named Frederick Schermer donated a portion of the land he bought from Sherman to be used for the town's first railroad station, which was named after him.[7] By the 1870s, Shermerville (which also took its name from Shermer) was a farming community. In 1901 the community was incorporated as the Village of Shermerville after a close referendum for incorporation. At the time of incorporation, it had 311 residents and 60 houses. In these early years, Shermerville became notorious for rowdy gatherings at its five saloons; by 1921, therefore, residents believed that the name "Shermerville" had a negative reputation and sought to change it.[8] A renaming contest was held, and the name "Northbrook" was submitted by the US postmaster (and then President of the National Rural Letter Carriers' Association)[9] Edward Landwehr. Edward Landwehr was the son of Herman and Anna Helene Landwehr, both German immigrants and early settlers in the community and for whose family Landwehr Road in Northbrook is named. In 1923 "Northbrook", the winning name, was adopted. At the time, Northbrook had 500 residents. Later on, after the end of World War II, Northbrook's population began to rapidly increase.[10] In 1997, President Bill Clinton visited Northbrook to congratulate the 8th-grade students of Northfield Township (which is mainly Northbrook)[11] for getting the highest score on a world science test, and for getting the second-highest score on a world math test.[12] Between 1950 and 1980, the town's population rose from 3,319 to 30,735. Northbrook was the first community not bordering Lake Michigan to filter Lake Michigan water for public use.[13] Owing to the suburbanization of the community, the last working farm in Northbrook, the Wayside Farm, was sold and closed in 1987.[13]

Geography

Northbrook is located at 42°7′45″N 87°50′27″W / 42.12917°N 87.84083°W / 42.12917; -87.84083 (42.129226, −87.840715).[14]

According to the 2010 census, Northbrook has a total area of 13.255 square miles (34.33 km2), of which 13.19 square miles (34.16 km2) (or 99.51%) is land and 0.065 square miles (0.17 km2) (or 0.49%) is water.[15]

Northbrook is considered to be a part of the towns in the North Shore (Chicago).

Climate data for Northbrook, Illinois
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 32
(0)
36
(2)
45
(7)
57
(14)
68
(20)
78
(26)
83
(28)
81
(27)
74
(23)
62
(17)
49
(9)
36
(2)
58
(15)
Average low °F (°C) 16
(−9)
19
(−7)
28
(−2)
38
(3)
47
(8)
57
(14)
63
(17)
62
(17)
54
(12)
42
(6)
33
(1)
20
(−7)
40
(4)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.81
(46)
1.80
(46)
2.37
(60)
3.58
(91)
4.01
(102)
3.67
(93)
3.63
(92)
4.77
(121)
3.48
(88)
3.24
(82)
3.06
(78)
2.40
(61)
37.82
(960)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 11
(28)
8
(20)
5
(13)
1
(2.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(2.5)
7
(18)
33
(84)
Source 1: Weather.com[16]
Source 2: US Climate Data[17]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910441
192055425.6%
19301,193115.3%
19401,2656.0%
19503,348164.7%
196011,635247.5%
197025,422118.5%
198030,77821.1%
199032,3085.0%
200033,4353.5%
201033,170−0.8%
202035,2226.2%
U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts[18]

2020 census

Northbrook village, Illinois – Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[19] Pop 2020[20] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 27,892 26,998 84.09% 76.65%
Black or African American alone (NH) 201 257 0.61% 0.73%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 8 16 0.02% 0.05%
Asian alone (NH) 3,869 5,746 11.66% 16.31%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 4 2 0.01% 0.01%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 25 79 0.08% 0.22%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 343 922 1.03% 2.62%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 828 1,202 2.50% 3.41%
Total 33,170 35,222 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2010 Census

Demographics (2010)[21]
Demographic Proportion
White 86.1%
Black 0.6%
Asian 11.7%
Islander 0.01%
Native 0.04%
Other 1.6%
Hispanic
(any race)
2.5%

As of the census of 2010, there were 33,170 people, 12,642 households, and 9,522 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,514.8 people per square mile (971.0/km2). There were 13,434 housing units at an average density of 1,018.5 per square mile (392.8/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 86.1% White, 0.6% African American, 0.04% Native American, 11.7% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.4% some other race, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.[21]

There were 12,642 households, out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.3% were headed by married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.7% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.6% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57, and the average family size was 3.03.[21]

In the village, the population was spread out, with 23.5% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 17.0% from 25 to 44, 32.2% from 45 to 64, and 22.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.[21]

For the period 2009–11, the estimated median annual income for a household in the village was $103,053, and the median income for a family was $166,083. Male full-time workers had a median income of $97,459 versus $54,970 for females. The per capita income for the village was $51,719. About 4.1% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.[22]

Religion

The North Shore is known for having many Jews. Indeed, Northbrook and its neighbors are home to many synagogues and the local high school offers Hebrew as a language course.[23][24]

Northbrook is home to The Islamic Cultural Center of Greater Chicago.[25]

Society of the Divine Word formerly housed their North American headquarters in Northbrook's Techny Towers. They constructed the Towers for St. Joseph's Technical School, which they established in 1901 and operated for twelve years. Techny's name is derived from this school. St. Mary's Mission Seminary, the first of its kind which prepared priests and Brothers for foreign missions, was opened by the Divine Word Missionaries in 1909.[26][27]

Techny Towers

Economy

Northbrook had 15,613 employed civilians as of the 2006–2008 census estimate, including 6,841 females. Of the civilian workers, 12,458 were private for profit wage and salary workers.[28]

The corporate headquarters of Underwriters Laboratories[29] and Crate & Barrel are located in Northbrook, as are the North American headquarters of Astellas, a Japanese pharmaceutical company, and Bell Flavors & Fragrances, an international flavor and fragrance company.

Allstate's headquarters are in a nearby area in Northfield Township.[30][31] In 2021, the company announced it would sell the property.[32]

Top employers

According to Northbrook's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[33] the top employers in the village are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Allstate 8,750
2 Underwriters Laboratories 2,000
3 NorthShore Glenbrook Hospital 2,000
4 CVS Caremark 1,400
5 Astellas Pharma US Inc. 1,150
6 Northbrook Court 1,000
7 Glenbrook High School District 225 849
8 Euromarket Designs (Crate & Barrel) 500
9 Hilco Merchant Resources, LLC 400
10 W.W. Grainger, Inc. 350

Parks and recreation

Lake Shermerville, Wood Oaks Green Park
Lake Shermerville, Wood Oaks Green Park

Northbrook has many parks and golf courses. These include Wood Oaks Green Park, Williamsburg Square Park, Crestwood Park, Brees Park, Floral Park, and Greenfield Park. Golf courses in Northbrook include Heritage Oaks Golf Club (formerly Sportsman's Country Club),[34] Anetsberger Golf Course, and Techny Prairie Park and Fields. Other facilities in the town include the Northbrook Sports Center, the Northbrook Leisure Center, and Meadowhill Aquatic Center.[35]

The Northbrook Park District, headquartered in Northbrook, operates recreational facilities in Northbrook.[36] The 17.25-square-mile (44.7 km2) park district, formed in June 1927, serves all of Northbrook and some unincorporated areas within Cook County. The park district lies within the townships of Northfield and Wheeling.[37]

Founded in 1980, the Northbrook Symphony is a nonprofit that plays orchestral music in the town.[38]

Law and government

Northbrook's Village Hall
Northbrook's Village Hall

The Village of Northbrook adopted a council-manager form of government after a 1953 referendum. The Village President, six-member Board of Trustees, and the Village Clerk, all of whom must be residents of Northbrook, are elected at large for staggered four year terms. The board establishes policies and hires a village manager to operate the day-to-day business.[39][40] The most recent board election took place in 2021, with Kathryn Ciesla winning 4,263 votes (63.31% of the total vote).[41] The current board consists of:

Position Name Elected Term expires
President Kathryn L. Ciesla 2021 2025
Trustee Robert P. Israel 2019 2023
Trustee Heather E. Ross 2019 2021
Trustee Daniel H. Pepoon 2021 2025
Trustee Muriel J. Collison 2021 2025
Trustee Johannah K. Hebl 2019 2023
Trustee Joy U. Ebhomielen 2021 2025
Clerk Debra J. Ford 2021 2025

Politics

Like other suburbs in the area, Northbrook is considered a Democratic stronghold. Indeed, in the 2008 Presidential Election, Barack Obama received over 60% of Northfield Township's vote.[42]

Nationally, Northbrook is represented by Representative Brad Schneider (D-Deerfield) and Senators Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth. At the state level, Northbrook is a part of the 29th Senate District represented by Julie Morrison (D-Deerfield) and the 57th House District represented by Jonathan Carroll (D-Northbrook), who has an office in Northbrook.[43][44] At the county level, the municipality lies within District 14 represented by Scott R. Britton (D-Glenview).[45][46]

Crime

The North Shore is known for its low crime rates. In fact, Northbrook was ranked by MoneyGeek, a financial planning website, as being the safest town in Illinois, largely due to its low ($116 per capita) expenditure on crime.[47] Northbrook's crime rate is significantly lower than the national average.[48] That being said, thefts in Northbrook are not uncommon[49] and have made headlines.[50][51] Moreover, a murderer who acted in Northbrook is on the U.S. Marshals ‘15 Most Wanted Fugitives list.[52]

Education

Schools

Public schools

Shabonee School, District 27
Shabonee School, District 27

Northbrook is served by multiple school districts. The elementary school districts Northbrook School District 27, Northbrook School District 28, Northbrook/Glenview School District 30, and West Northfield School District 31 serve Northbrook and are headquartered in Northbrook.[53][54] Wheeling Community Consolidated School District 21, headquartered in Wheeling,[55] also serves sections of Northbrook.[54][56]

District 27 operates three grade-level centers in Northbrook, including Hickory Point School (K-2), Shabonee School (3–5), and Wood Oaks Junior High School (6-8). David Kroeze is the Superintendent.[57] In the past, the district also contained the Grove School (closed in 2011) and Indian Ridge School (closed in 1984), which is now home to the Leisure Center and Indian Ridge Park.[58][59]

District 28 operates three (K-5) elementary schools, Meadowbrook Elementary School, Greenbriar Elementary School, and Westmoor Elementary School, in Northbrook.[60] Northbrook Junior High School (6-8) is the district's junior high in Northbrook.[61] Formerly operated by District 28, Oaklane School opened in 1957 and closed in 1977.[62][63]

District 30 operates Wescott School (K-5) in Northbrook and Willowbrook School (K-5) in Glenview, both elementary schools serving Northbrook.[60] Maple Middle School (6-8) in Northbrook is District 30's Junior High.[61]

The portion of Northbrook served by District 31 is served by Winkelman School, an elementary school in Glenview,[60] and Field School, a middle school in Northbrook.[61]

Areas within CCSD 21 are served by two schools,[64] including Walt Whitman School, an elementary school in Wheeling,[65] and Holmes Middle School in Wheeling.[66]

Northfield Township High School District 225 is the high school district serving Northbrook. Glenbrook North High School is located in Northbrook, serving primarily most of Northbrook served completely by the first two districts and some of the next two. Glenbrook South High School is also in District 225, which mainly serves nearby Glenview, the part of District 31 in Northbrook, and is Glenbrook North's main rival school. The western area within Wheeling Community Consolidated School District 21 is served by Township High School District 214, as part of Wheeling High School.[67]

Private schools

Colleges

Oakton Community College's Learning Center
Oakton Community College's Learning Center

Oakton Community College (in Skokie, Des Plaines and other locations) serves Northbrook and surrounding areas.[68]

Public library

Main article: Northbrook Public Library

Northbrook Public Library is the public library of Northbrook. The library's origins stem from a reading room created by the Citizens' Club of Shermerville. A primary advocate for a library in Northbrook after World War II was Carolyn A. Landwehr, daughter-in-law of Edward Landwehr who had originally suggested the name "Northbrook" for the community. The Northbrook Public Library first opened on June 30, 1952, in space located in the village hall; the first dedicated library building was dedicated in 1954. The northern portion of the current library opened in 1969, and bonds of 1975 and 1997 expanded the current library.[69]

Media

Television

Northbrook's government has a television station that all residents are able to access, NCTV Cable Channel 17. The station broadcasts meetings and information about the village.[70]

Newspapers

Northbrook is served by two newspapers, Northbrook Star[71] and Northbrook Herald.[72] Northbrook Star is a division of the Chicago Tribune[73] whilst Northbrook Herald is a division of Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, Illinois).[74][75] In the past, the village also housed The Northbrook Tower, a division of 22nd Century Media[76] which went bankrupt in 2020.[77][78]

Movies and filming

Director John Hughes, a native of Northbrook, used the fictional town of "Shermer" as a setting for several of his films.[79] David Kamp of Vanity Fair said "Hughes's Shermer was partly Northbrook and partly a composite of all the North Shore's towns and neighborhoods—and, by extension, all the different milieus that existed in American suburbia" and that Shermer "was at once an Everytown for every teen and an explicit homage to Hughes's home turf, the North Shore suburbs above Chicago." Hughes and his family moved to Northbrook in 1962, and Hughes attended Glenbrook North High School.[80]

Some exterior shots of Glenbrook North High School were used in the films The Breakfast Club[81] and Ferris Bueller's Day Off. Northbrook is notable for being home to the "Save Ferris" water tower featured in the movie, which inspired the name of the synonymous band.[82][83]

Radio

Northbrook is served by WGBK, a non-commercial station operated by students at Glenbrook North High School and Glenbrook South High School. It broadcasts popular music, local high school sports, and covers local news.[84][85]

Infrastructure

Transportation

Northbrook is connected to Chicago's transportation network.

Roads

Major Roads:

18 roads in Northbrook were named after pioneer settlers. These roads include: Bach St, Dehne Rd, Happ Rd, Holste Rd, Huehl Rd, Kiest Ave, Koehling Rd, Landwehr Rd, Lee Rd, Lorenz Dr, Pfingsten Rd, Sanders Rd, Sherman Dr, Shermer Dr, Voltz Rd, Walters Ave, Wessling Dr, Winkelman Rd.

Transit Systems

Shermer Road Northbrook Metra Station
Shermer Road Northbrook Metra Station

Northbrook is linked to downtown Chicago by rail through Metra's Milwaukee District/North Line which has the Shermer Road station.[86] Just across the village's northern border lies Lake Cook Road in Deerfield.[87]

Pace buses serve Northbrook.[88]

For elderly or disabled residents, Northbrook offers Paratransit in the form of a subsidized taxi program.[89] Northfield Township, which Northbrook lies in, has an identical program called "Dial-a-Ride".[90]

Airports

Northbrook is located 17 miles away from O'Hare International Airport, 33 miles away from Midway Airport, and just five minutes away from the Chicago Executive Airport. Other major regional airports within driving distance include Milwaukee's General Mitchell International Airport, Chicago Rockford International Airport, and Waukegan National Airport.[91]

From 1929 to 1973 Northbrook was home to Sky Harbor Airport.[92] Today the area it sat on has been transformed into Sky Harbor Business Park, which includes a restaurant and an air conditioning business that operate out of the airport's former hangar.[93]

Utilities

Northbrook's government manages water and sewer services.

Electricity is provided by Commonwealth Edison (ComEd).

Internet can be accessed through Comcast or AT&T.

Natural gas is provided by Nicor Gas.[94]

Garbage and recycling services are handled by Waste Management.[95]

The United States Postal Service operates the Northbrook Post Office,[96] the Northbrook Downtown Post Office,[97] and the Techny Post Office.[98]

Health Systems

Several clinics and medical service centers exist in Northbrook including Lurie Children's Hospital's Outpatient Center.[99] Nearby hospitals include Glenbrook Hospital and Highland Park Hospital, both of which are operated by NorthShore University HealthSystem.

Area codes

From 1947 until 1988, Northbrook used the single area code, 312.[100] In 1988 the 708 area code was introduced and the 312 area code was exclusive to the city of Chicago.[101] In 1996 the 708 area code was split into three 708, 630, and 847.[102] Northbrook uses the 847 area code as well as the 224 area code.[103] The 224 area code was introduced in 2002.[104]

Notable people

Further information: Glenbrook North High School § Notable alumni

Mike Brown
Jon Scheyer

Sister cities

Northbrook became sister cities with Diegem, Belgium, in 1966.[13]

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  2. ^ "Northbrook village, Illinois". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
  3. ^ Hughes, Judith J. "Northbrook by Any Other Name Is Still the Same." Northbrook, Illinois: The Fabric of Our History. Ed. Gerry and Janet Souter. Northbrook Historical Society, 2000, p. 99
  4. ^ "Home". Northbrook Park District.
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  6. ^ "Sowing the Seeds of Shermerville". Jwcdaily.com. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  7. ^ "History | Northbrook Chamber of Commerce & Industry". Northbrookchamber.org. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
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