Berkeley, Illinois
Village
Village of Berkeley, Illinois
Location of Berkeley in Cook County, Illinois.
Location of Berkeley in Cook County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 41°53′12″N 87°54′38″W / 41.88667°N 87.91056°W / 41.88667; -87.91056Coordinates: 41°53′12″N 87°54′38″W / 41.88667°N 87.91056°W / 41.88667; -87.91056
Country United States
StateIllinois
CountyCook
TownshipProviso
Incorporated1924
Government
 • TypePresident-Trustee
 • PresidentRobert E. Lee, Jr.
Area
 • Total1.40 sq mi (3.63 km2)
 • Land1.40 sq mi (3.63 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total5,338
 • Density3,807.42/sq mi (1,470.57/km2)
Standard of living (2007-11)
 • Per capita income$25,952
 • Median home value$202,200
ZIP code(s)
60163
Area code(s)708/464
Geocode17-05404
FIPS code17-05404
Websitewww.berkeley.il.us

Berkeley (pronounced BURK-lee) is a village located in Cook County, Illinois, United States. Incorporated in 1924, the population at the 2020 census was 5,338.[2]

The town has a commuter railroad station on Metra's Union Pacific/West Line with service to downtown Chicago.

Berkeley is situated fourteen miles west of the Chicago Loop in Cook County. Berkeley is on the western edge of Cook County. Berkeley has instant access to the metropolitan area, with Interstates 290 and 294 comprising its western and part of its southern boundaries, and the Union Pacific Railroad (originally the Chicago & North Western) and the large Proviso classification yard to the north. However, the transit arteries that link Berkeley to separate locations also function to isolate the village from its close neighbours, providing it a small-town atmosphere.

Geography

Berkeley is located at 41°53′12″N 87°54′38″W / 41.88667°N 87.91056°W / 41.88667; -87.91056 (41.886794, -87.910528).[3]

According to the 2010 census, Berkeley has a total area of 1.4 square miles (3.63 km2), all land.[4]

History

Farmers, mostly of German and Dutch heritage, began to settle in the region that would become Berkeley around 1835. The Dutch sought to be truck farmers, dwelling on farms spanning from 40 to 160 acres, whereas the Germans conducted general farming. In 1848, a small group of farm families founded Sunnyside, a one-room school. Sunnyside Elementary School is still in operation today, however it is now located in a bigger and newer structure. Farmland was provided for what is now known as Old Settler's Cemetery a short distance west on St. Charles Road (which was finished in 1836).

The Chicago, Aurora & Elgin Railroad (interurban) opened in 1902, providing the area with its first passenger rail service at Berkeley. Subdivisions were made in 1908 and again in 1914-1915 introduced new residential building and new inhabitants to the region, who were mostly English. Berkeley became a village in 1924, thanks to the efforts of these people.

The early 1900s population surge paled in comparison to the post-World War II population explosion in Berkeley, which saw the village population treble from 1,882 in 1950 to 5,792 in 1960. Berkeley also lost a number of homes when the Interstate 290 expansion was built in the late 1950s, cutting a north-south swath across the village's western part. The Chicago, Aurora & Elgin Railway ceased passenger service in 1957 when traffic was transferred to the new expressway system, but its path is still preserved through the community by the Prairie Path for bicyclists.

Berkeley bought property from the railroad in the 1960s to stretch its northern borders, enabling for the development of a small industrial park. Electrical contractors, printing firms, warehouses, wholesalers, and the World Dryer Corporation, one of the world's largest hand dryer manufacturers, were among the facility's 12 light industries in 2000. Berkeley, on the other hand, has remained mostly a residential neighborhood. Many of the residents who bought houses in the village in the 1950s stayed into the 1990s. The village anticipated large residential turnover when these long-term homeowners sold their homes at the turn of the twenty-first century.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930779
1940724−7.1%
19501,882159.9%
19605,792207.8%
19706,1526.2%
19805,467−11.1%
19905,137−6.0%
20005,2452.1%
20105,209−0.7%
20205,3382.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5] 2010-2020[6]

2020 census

Berkeley village, Illinois - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[7] Pop 2020[6] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 1,684 1,242 32.33% 23.27%
Black or African American alone (NH) 1,610 1,718 30.91% 32.18%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 17 13 0.33% 0.24%
Asian alone (NH) 199 219 3.82% 4.10%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 1 3 0.02% 0.06%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 4 13 0.08% 0.24%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 96 122 1.84% 2.29%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 1,598 2,008 30.68% 37.62%
Total 5,209 5,338 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2010 Census

As of the census[8] of 2010, there were 5,209 people, 1,801 households, and 1,304 families residing in the village. The racial makeup of the village was 47.7% White, 31.3% African American, 0.6% Native American, 3.9% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 13.5% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 30.7% of the population.

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 1,877 households, out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.1% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 25.6% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $58,984, and the median income for a family was $67,478. Males had a median income of $40,568 versus $31,370 for females. The per capita income for the village was $24,334. About 4.7% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Most children in Berkeley attend schools in Berkeley School District 87 which are Sunnyside Elementary School and MacArthur Middle School. Others attend Hillside School in Hillside School District 93.[10]

Proviso Township High Schools District 209 operates public high schools. The community is served by Proviso West High School in Hillside.[11] Berkeley residents may apply to Proviso Math & Science Academy in Forest Park.

Private school education is available in the Berkeley area with Immanuel Lutheran grade schools in Hillside, Immaculate Conception, Visitation, and Immanuel Lutheran grade schools in neighboring Elmhurst. High school age students have several schools to choose from in the Berkeley area including Immaculate Conception High School in Elmhurst and Nazareth Academy in LaGrange Park. Timothy Christian school in Elmhurst is also an option and has students from K through 12. Lastly, an option that has been growing in popularity is Walther Christian Academy in Melrose Park.

Companies based in Berkeley

Sister city

The village has a sister city in England, Berkeley, Gloucestershire.

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  2. ^ "Berkeley village, Illinois". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-08-02.
  5. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
  6. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Berkeley village, Illinois". United States Census Bureau.
  7. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Berkeley village, Illinois". United States Census Bureau.
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2018-03-23.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ "Education." Village of Berkeley. Retrieved on March 18, 2017.
  11. ^ "About Proviso Township High Schools District 209 Archived 2017-04-12 at the Wayback Machine." Proviso Township High Schools District 209. Retrieved on February 23, 2014.