Chicago Heights
City
Looking east across Chicago Road
Location of Chicago Heights in Cook County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 41°30′43″N 87°38′25″W / 41.51194°N 87.64028°W / 41.51194; -87.64028Coordinates: 41°30′43″N 87°38′25″W / 41.51194°N 87.64028°W / 41.51194; -87.64028
Country United States
State Illinois
CountyCook
TownshipBloom
Incorporated1893
Government
 • TypeCouncil–manager
 • MayorDavid A. Gonzalez
Area
 • Total10.30 sq mi (26.67 km2)
 • Land10.28 sq mi (26.63 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)  0.10%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total27,480
 • Density2,672.37/sq mi (1,031.85/km2)
Standard of living (2009–11)
 • Per capita income$17,548
 • Median home value$125,400
ZIP code(s)
60411, 60412, 60413
Area code(s)708
Geocode17-14026
FIPS code17-14026
Websitecityofchicagoheights.org

Chicago Heights is a city in Cook County, Illinois, United States. The population was 27,480 at the 2020 census.[2] In earlier years, Chicago Heights was nicknamed "The Crossroads of the Nation". Currently, it is nicknamed "The Heights".[3]

Geography

Chicago Heights lies on the high land of the Tinley Moraine, with the higher and older Valparaiso Moraine lying just to the south of the city.

According to the 2010 census, Chicago Heights has a total area of 10.083 square miles (26.11 km2), of which 10.07 square miles (26.08 km2) (or 99.87%) is land and 0.013 square miles (0.03 km2) (or 0.13%) is water.[4]

The city's major crossroads are at Dixie Highway (Illinois Route 1) and Lincoln Highway (U.S. Route 30).

Chicago Heights is about 30 miles (48 km) south of the Chicago Loop.[5]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19005,100
191014,525184.8%
192019,65335.3%
193022,32113.6%
194022,4610.6%
195024,5519.3%
196034,33139.8%
197040,90019.1%
198037,026−9.5%
199033,072−10.7%
200032,776−0.9%
201030,276−7.6%
202027,480−9.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2010[7] 2020[8]

2020 census

Chicago Heights, Illinois - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[7] Pop 2020[8] % 2010 % 2020
White (NH) 7,062 4,438 23.33% 16.15%
Black or African American (NH) 12,370 11,487 40.86% 41.80%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 44 30 0.15% 0.11%
Asian (NH) 87 74 0.29% 0.27%
Pacific Islander (NH) 8 23 0.03% 0.08%
Some Other Race (NH) 51 103 0.17% 0.37%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 400 611 1.32% 2.22%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 10,254 10,714 33.87% 38.99%
Total 30,276 27,480 100.00% 100.00%
US 30 in Chicago Heights
US 30 in Chicago Heights

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 30,276 people, 9,587 households, and 7,077 families in the city. The population density was 3,003.6 people per square mile (1,160.0/km2). There were 11,060 housing units at an average density of 1,097.2 per square mile (423.8/km2). The racial makeup was 38.0% White, 41.5% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 16.6% some other race, and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 33.9% of the population.[9]

There were 9,587 households, out of which 44.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.0% were headed by married couples living together, 26.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.2% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.09, and the average family size was 3.62.[9]

The population was spread out, with 30.7% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.[9]

For the period 2009–11, the estimated median annual income for a household in the city was $43,941, and the median income for a family was $46,463. Male full-time workers had a median income of $35,695 versus $30,039 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,548. About 21.3% of families and 26.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.8% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.[10]

Education

Schools

Chicago Heights School District 170 operates eleven schools, with a student population of 3,600. Highland is the district's pre-school for children aged three and four; Garfield, Grant, Greenbriar, Jefferson, Kennedy, Lincoln, Roosevelt, Washington-McKinley, and Wilson are neighborhood schools that serve students from kindergarten through eighth grade.

Chicago Heights is home to Bloom High School, which all students of District 170 attend after 8th grade, and Bloom Trail High School, which shares its athletic programs with Bloom. Many students from neighboring communities including Steger, South Chicago Heights, Ford Heights, Sauk Village and Glenwood attend high school at Bloom.

Parts of Chicago Heights are included in Flossmoor School District 161 which includes Serena Hills Elementary School in Chicago Heights. After Serena, students attend Parker Jr. High School—also a part of Flossmoor School District 161. Only some students who went to Parker Jr. High School move on to Homewood-Flossmoor High School; the rest attend Bloom High School.

Parts of Chicago Heights are also served by Park Forest – Chicago Heights School District 163,[11] and Beacon Hill Primary Center is located in the Beacon Hill neighborhood. Students from this neighborhood attend Rich East High School, part of Rich Township High School District 227.[12]

Marian Catholic High School, affiliated with the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago, is a private high school located in city.

Prairie State College is a community college located in Chicago Heights.

There are also many elementary schools that operate at church locations.

Public library

On May 20, 1901, many Chicago Heights residents signed a petition asking for the mayor and aldermen to select a board of directors that would be responsible for founding and running a free public library in Chicago Heights. On June 28, 1901, the first library board members were sworn in, including Sam W. Lea, F.W. Schact, W.E. Canady, James Bowie, David Wallace, Joseph Caldwell, C.W. Salisbury, A.J. Sorensen, and A.W. McEldowney. The library was opened in a small room in the new city building on February 20, 1902. That month, the library board wrote to industrialist Andrew Carnegie seeking funds to build a library building in Chicago Heights. In July, the board was notified that Carnegie had proposed $15,000 toward the cost of a library building as long as the city could provide a free site for the building and if the council could promise $1,500 a year to keep the library running. The Carnegie Library in Chicago Heights was designed by Richard E. Schmidt. The library was located at 1627 Halsted Street and opened on September 11, 1903, with a staff of two and 1,643 volumes. A bigger library was eventually needed, and on August 5, 1972, the present building at 15th Street and Chicago Road was opened. The Chicago Heights Free Public Library was a million-dollar building that opened with 60,000 books, records, and other materials.

Economy

Chicago Heights was once home to a number of major industrial concerns, including the Thrall Car Manufacturing Company, manufacturer of freight cars, run for many years by chief executive officer Richard L. Duchossois. The city was also the original home of the Inland Steel Company.

Ford Motor Company operates a metal stamping plant located along Lincoln Highway in Chicago Heights. This facility produces automobile body panels that are shipped to Ford's Chicago Assembly plant approximately 15 miles (24 km) to the north in the Hegewisch community area of Chicago.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Pace Chicago Heights bus terminal
Pace Chicago Heights bus terminal
Pace Chicago Heights bus terminal
Pace Chicago Heights bus terminal

Chicago Heights is served by six Pace bus routes and the Pace Chicago Heights Terminal.[13]

Healthcare

There was a Well Group Clinic (part of St. James) located on Dixie Highway. Well Group was previously known as Suburban Heights Medical Center. There are also two Aunt Martha's health centers in Chicago Heights.[14]

In September 2018, St. James Hospital closed after more than 100 years.[15]

Notable people

Julian Wright

Sister Cities

Chicago Heights has 4 sister cities.:[19]

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  2. ^ "Chicago Heights city, Illinois profile". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  3. ^ "Chicago Heights Illinois Profile and Resource Guide, City or community of Chicago Heights, Illinois Facts, Information, Relocation, Real Estate, Advertising". www.usacitiesonline.com. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  4. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 26, 2015.
  5. ^ Candeloro, Dominic. "Chicago's Italians: A Survey of the Ethnic Factor, 1850–1990." In: Jones, Peter d'Alroy and Melvin G. Holli. Ethnic Chicago: A Multicultural Portrait. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1995. p. 229–259. ISBN 0802870538, 9780802870537. p. 229.
  6. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
  7. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Chicago Heights, Illinois". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 19, 2022.
  8. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Olympia Fields, Illinois". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 19, 2022.
  9. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Chicago Heights city, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved February 8, 2013.
  10. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2009–2011 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates (DP03): Chicago Heights city, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved February 8, 2013.
  11. ^ "School District 163".
  12. ^ "Rich Township District 227".
  13. ^ "Pace Bus". www.pacebus.com. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  14. ^ "Locations". Aunt Martha's Health Center. Archived from the original on January 26, 2011.
  15. ^ "St. James Hospital Slated To Close Soon". Patch.
  16. ^ Pope, John (July 14, 2011). "John Mosca, owner of the landmark restaurant bearing his name, dies at 86". The Times Picayune. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
  17. ^ 'Illinois Blue Book 1959-1960,' Biographical Sketch of Maurino Richon, pg. 204-205
  18. ^ Bushey, Claire (November 13, 2019). "40 under 40: Andy Rosenband". Crain's Chicago Business. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 5, 2017. Retrieved April 10, 2017.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
Wikisource has the text of the 1921 Collier's Encyclopedia article Chicago Heights.