Zhangfang Town
Ancient military tunnel at Zhangfang, 2011
Ancient military tunnel at Zhangfang, 2011
Zhangfang Town is located in Beijing
Zhangfang Town
Zhangfang Town
Zhangfang Town is located in China
Zhangfang Town
Zhangfang Town
Coordinates: 39°34′32″N 115°42′40″E / 39.57556°N 115.71111°E / 39.57556; 115.71111
Village-level Divisions15 villages
 • Total119.3 km2 (46.1 sq mi)
 • Total18,299
 • Density150/km2 (400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
Area code010

Zhangfang Town (simplified Chinese: 张坊镇; traditional Chinese: 張坊鎮; pinyin: Zhāngfǎng Zhèn) is a suburban town in the Fangshan District of Beijing.[1] As of the 2020 census, it had a population of 18,299,[2] and had an area of 119.3-square-kilometre (46.1 sq mi).[3] It is located in southwestern Beijing, approximately 80 kilometres (50 mi) southwest of the city center of Beijing.

The town was historically a crucial military station, and was named Zhangfang (Chinese: 账房; lit. 'Tent House') as a result. Later the name was corrupted to Zhangfang (张坊) of today.[4]


History of Zhangfang Town[4]
Time Status Part of
Qing dynasty Zhangfangli (张坊里) Fangshan County (房山县)
1916 - 1949 8th District (八区)
1949 - 1950 2nd District (二区)
1950 - 1954 Zhangfang Township (张坊乡)
1954 - 1958 Divided among 3 townships: Zhangfang (张坊), Qianhekou (千河口) and Dongguanshang (东关上)
1958 - 1961 Zhangfang Management Area (张坊管理区), under Changgou People's Commune (长沟人民公社) Zhoukoudian District (周口店区)
1961 - 1983 Zhangfang People's Commune (张坊人民公社) Fangshan County
1983 - 1986 Zhangfang Township
1986 - 1989 Fangshan District (房山区)
1989 - present Zhangfang Town

Administrative divisions

In the year 2021, the town was divided into 15 villages:[5]


Juma River (拒马河), a tributary of the Daqing River (大清河), flows northwest to southeast through the town.

Mountains located adjacent to and visible from the townsite are: Dawajian (大洼尖), Baihujiao (白虎窖), Zhuanghushan (庄户山), and Ma'anshan (马鞍山).


Zhangfang Middle School in 2011.

Zhangfang Town has four public primary schools and one middle school.


The local economy is primarily based upon agriculture and tourism.

Persimmon is important to the local economy.


Yunju Temple is a Buddhist temple in the town, which was originally built during the Northern Qi dynasty (550–570).


The Beijing–Tongliao railway, from Beijing to Tongliao in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, runs through the town.


The main attractions are the Zhangfang Shang and Zhou Dynasties Site (张坊商周遗址), Xianxi Cave (仙栖洞), and Jiulong Pond (九龙潭).

Notable people

See also


  1. ^ 北京房山张坊镇全力打造生态运动小镇. people.com.cn (in Chinese). 2017-09-09.
  2. ^ "北京市房山区第七次全国人口普查公报". Beijing Fangshan Bureau Of Statistics. Retrieved 2022-10-09.
  3. ^ 张坊镇基本情况介绍. bjfsh.gov.cn (in Chinese). 2017.
  4. ^ a b Zhong hua ren min gong he guo zheng qu da dian. Bei jing shi juan. Li li guo, Li wan jun, Wu shi min, 李立国., 李万钧., 吴世民. Bei jing: Zhong guo she hui chu ban she. 2013. ISBN 978-7-5087-4058-4. OCLC 910451741.((cite book)): CS1 maint: others (link)
  5. ^ "2021年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码". www.stats.gov.cn. Retrieved 2022-10-10.