1790 and 1791 United States elections
Midterm elections
Incumbent presidentGeorge Washington (Independent)
Next Congress2nd
Senate elections
Overall controlPro-Administration hold
Seats contested9 of 26 seats[1]
Net seat changePro-Administration +1[2]
House elections
Overall controlPro-Administration hold
Seats contestedAll 67 voting seats
Net seat changePro-Administration +4[2]
New Colored map of 1790.png
House of Representative Results:
     Pro-Administration hold      Pro-Administration gain
     Anti-Administration hold      Anti-Administration gain

The 1790 United States elections occurred in the middle of President George Washington's first term. Members of the 2nd United States Congress were chosen in this election. Formal political parties did not exist, but Congress was broadly divided between a faction supporting the policies of the Washington administration and a faction opposed to those policies. Despite modest gains for the anti-administration faction, the pro-administration faction retained control of both houses of Congress. Vermont and Kentucky joined the union during the 2nd Congress.

In the House, neither faction made significant gains or losses, and the pro-administration faction retained control of the chamber.[3]

In the Senate, the anti-administration faction picked up a moderate number of seats, but the pro-administration faction narrowly retained control of the chamber.[4]

See also


  1. ^ Not counting special elections.
  2. ^ a b Congressional seat gain figures only reflect the results of the regularly-scheduled elections, and do not take special elections into account.
  3. ^ "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  4. ^ "Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present". United States Senate. Retrieved 25 June 2014.