1910 United States elections
1908          1909          1910          1911          1912
Midterm elections
Election dayNovember 8
Incumbent presidentWilliam Howard Taft (Republican)
Next Congress62nd
Senate elections
Overall controlRepublican hold
Seats contested30 of 92 seats[1]
Net seat changeDemocratic +7[2]
House elections
Overall controlDemocratic gain
Seats contestedAll 394 voting seats
Net seat changeDemocratic +58[2]
62 us house changes.png
1910 House of Representatives election net gains by state
  6+ Democratic gain   3-5 Democratic gain
  1 to 2 Democratic gain   1 to 2 Republican gain
Gubernatorial elections
Seats contested31
Net seat changeDemocratic +6
1910 gubernatorial election results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold

  Republican gain   Republican hold

The 1910 United States elections elected the members of the 62nd United States Congress, occurring during the Fourth Party System. The election was held in the middle of Republican President William Howard Taft's term. The Socialist Party won election to Congress for the first time. Arizona and New Mexico were admitted as states during the 62nd Congress.

Democrats won massive gains in the House, taking control of a chamber of Congress for the first time since the 1894 elections.[3][4]

In the Senate, Democrats won major gains, but Republicans continued to control the chamber.[4]

The election was a major victory for progressives in both parties. Taft had alienated many progressives in his own party, and allies of Taft lost several nomination battles. The strengthening of progressive Republicans helped lead to Theodore Roosevelt's third party run in 1912. Meanwhile, Woodrow Wilson's landslide gubernatorial election victory in New Jersey helped position him as a major candidate for the 1912 Democratic nomination. The progressive victory led to the passage of the 17th Amendment and the establishment of the Department of Labor during the 62nd Congress.[5]

See also


  1. ^ Not counting special elections
  2. ^ a b Congressional seat gain figures only reflect the results of the regularly-scheduled elections, and do not take special elections into account.
  3. ^ "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present". United States Senate. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  5. ^ Busch, Andrew (1999). Horses in Midstream. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 84–87.