2011 United States elections
2009          2010          2011          2012          2013
Off-year elections
Election dayNovember 8
Congressional special elections
Seats contested4
Net seat change0
2011 U.S. House special election results map: Red: Republican holds, Blue: Democratic holds, Gray: No election
2011 Congressional special election results map
     Democratic hold      Republican hold
     Democratic gain      Republican gain
Gubernatorial elections
Seats contested4
Net seat change0
2011 West Virginia gubernatorial election2011 Kentucky gubernatorial election2011 Louisiana gubernatorial election2011 Mississippi gubernatorial election2011 United States gubernatorial elections results map.svg
About this image
2011 Gubernatorial election results map
     Democratic hold      Republican hold

The 2011 United States elections were held (for the most part) on Tuesday, November 8. This was an off-year election, in which the only seats up for election in the United States Congress were special elections. There were also four gubernatorial races, including a special election in West Virginia. There were also state legislative elections in four states and judicial elections in three states; as well as numerous citizen initiatives, mayoral races, and a variety of other local offices on the ballot.

Federal elections

Congressional elections

Main article: Special elections to the 112th United States Congress

No regularly scheduled elections for the United States Congress occurred in 2011, and instead only four special elections were held. Eventually, there was no net seat changes by the political parties.

In addition, a primary election was held in Oregon's 1st congressional district on November 8, for the seat left open after the resignation of David Wu; the special election for this seat then occurred on January 31, 2012. Democrat Suzanne Bonamici was elected on that date to replace Wu.

State elections

Gubernatorial elections

Main article: 2011 United States gubernatorial elections

There were three regularly scheduled elections and one special election for governorships in 2011. None of these four changed party hands.

Other statewide elections

In the first three of the aforementioned states, elections for state executive branch offices of Lieutenant Governor (in a separate election in Louisiana and Mississippi and on the same ticket as the gubernatorial nominee in Kentucky), Secretary of state, state Treasurer, state Auditor, state Attorney General, and Commissioners of Insurance and Agriculture were held. In addition, there were elections for Kentucky and Mississippi's state appellate courts, respectively.

State and territorial legislative elections

Four states – Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey and Virginia – and one U.S. territory, the Northern Mariana Islands, elected their state or territorial legislators in 2011.

Initiatives and referendums

Nine states, Arkansas, Colorado, Louisiana, Maine, Mississippi, New Jersey, Ohio, Texas, and Washington state, had measures certified for the 2011 ballot. Among those that attracted the most attention were an Ohio referendum that repealed legislation that limits collective bargaining for public employees, and a failed constitutional amendment in Mississippi that would have defined "personhood" as beginning at the fertilization of an embryo.

Judicial elections

Four states, Louisiana, New York, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin, had judicial elections in 2011. Additional states such as Arizona, Nevada and Ohio had municipal judicial elections in 2011.

Municipal elections

Nationwide, various cities, counties, school boards, special districts and others elected officers in 2011. Some were held on November 8 while others were held at other times throughout the year.

Some of the high-profile mayoral elections included the following:

Tables of partisan control results

See also: Political party strength in U.S. states

These tables show the partisan results of the Congressional special elections and gubernatorial races in 2011. Bold indicates a change in control.

House Congressional seats
Seat Before 2011 elections After 2011 elections
California 36th Democratic Democratic
Nevada 2nd Republican Republican
New York 9th Democratic Republican
New York 26th Republican Democratic
State Before 2011 elections After 2011 elections
Kentucky Democratic Democratic
Louisiana Republican Republican
Mississippi Republican Republican
West Virginia Democratic Democratic