Aporophobia (from the Spanish aporofobia, and this from the Ancient Greek ἄπορος (áporos), 'without resources, indigent, poor,' and φόβος (phobos), 'hatred' or 'aversion')[1][2] are negative attitudes and feelings towards poverty and poor people. It is the disgust and hostility toward poor people, those without resources or who are helpless.[3]

The concept of aporophobia was coined in the 1990s[4][5] by the philosopher Adela Cortina, professor of Ethics and Political Philosophy at the University of Valencia,[6] to differentiate this attitude from xenophobia, which only refers to the rejection of foreigners, and racism, which is discrimination by ethnic groups. The difference between aporophobia and xenophobia or racism is that socially there is no discrimination or marginalization of immigrants or members of other ethnic groups when these people have assets, economic resources and/or social and media relevance.[4][7][8]

The aporophobia consists, therefore, in a feeling of fear and in an attitude of rejection of the poor, the lack of means, the helpless. Such feeling and such attitude are acquired.[4]

After a decision of French Parliament on the 24 of June of 2016, it was added to the list of discriminations forbidden by the constitution as "discrimination for social precarity".[citation needed] However it noted that fewer than 20 persons instituted lawsuits due to a such discrimination.

See also

References

  1. ^ Fundéu BBVA (18 December 2014). "Aporofobia, neologismo válido". fundeu.es. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  2. ^ Guerrero, Gloria. «Aporofobia, f.», Martes Neológico, Instituto Cervantes. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
  3. ^ «El Imán pide a la RAE que acepte el término aporofobia.» La Voz de Galicia. 31 de agosto de 2008. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  4. ^ a b c Martínez Navarro, Emilio. “Aporofobia”, en: Jesús Conill (coord.): Glosario para una sociedad intercultural, Valencia, Bancaja, 2002, pp. 17-23.
  5. ^ Cortina, Adela (7 March 2000). "Aporofobia". El País. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  6. ^ Lascuráin, Javier (Fundéu BBVA). «'Aporofobia': la historia de una palabra nacida para cambiar la realidad.» Fundéu BBVA. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  7. ^ Cortina, Adela (1996). Ética. Madrid: Santillana.
  8. ^ Pérez Oliva, Milagros (10 May 2017). "Cortina: "Lo que molesta de los inmigrantes es que sean pobres"". El País. Retrieved 21 December 2017.

Bibliography