Viewpoint discrimination is a concept in United States jurisprudence related to the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. If a speech act is treated differently by a government entity based on the viewpoint it expresses, this is considered viewpoint discrimination.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8]


  1. ^ Bloom, Lackland H. (2019). "The Rise of the Viewpoint-Discrimination Principle". SMU Law Review Forum. 72 (1): 20–40. doi:10.25172/slrf.72.1.3.
  2. ^ Kelso, R. Randall (3 January 2019). "Clarifying Viewpoint Discrimination In Free Speech Doctrine". Social Science Research Network. SSRN 3360691. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ ""Giving Offense is a Viewpoint": Supreme Court Holds It Is Viewpoint Discrimination To Deny Trademark Protection For Allegedly Offensive Marks". The National Law Review.
  4. ^ Hudson, David L. "Viewpoint Discrimination". Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  5. ^ "Viewpoint Discrimination in Free Speech Cases". Civil Liberties and Civil Rights in the United States. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  6. ^ Boggs, Danny (7 December 2015). "A Differing View on Viewpoint Discrimination". University of Chicago Legal Forum. 1993 (1). ISSN 0892-5593.
  7. ^ Post, Robert C. (2007–2008). "Viewpoint Discrimination and Commercial Speech". Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review. 41: 169.
  8. ^ Douglas, Maura (1 January 2018). "Finding Viewpoint Neutrality in Our Constitutional Constellation". University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law. 20 (3): 727. ISSN 1521-2823.