30°28′N 31°11′E / 30.467°N 31.183°E / 30.467; 31.183

Banha
ⲡⲁⲛⲁϩⲟ
بنها
Traffic Square, Banha
Traffic Square, Banha
Banha is located in Egypt
Banha
Banha
Location within Egypt
Coordinates: 30°27′39″N 31°11′15″E / 30.46083°N 31.18750°E / 30.46083; 31.18750
Country Egypt
GovernorateQalyubia
Area
 • City10.9 km2 (4.2 sq mi)
Elevation
17 m (56 ft)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • City182,254
 • Density17,000/km2 (43,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
2,500,000
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
Area code(+20) 13

Banha (Egyptian Arabic: بنها [ˈbænhæ]; Coptic: ⲡⲁⲛⲁϩⲟ, Coptic pronunciation: [ˈpɑnɑho]) is the capital of the Qalyubiyya Governorate in north-eastern Egypt. Between the capital of Cairo and the city of Tanta, Banha is an important transport hub, as rail lines from Cairo to various cities in the Nile Delta pass through it and Benha it's a part of The Greater Cairo. Banha was founded as a city in 1850.

Etymology

O1
Z1
M1
pr nhꜣ[2][3]
in hieroglyphs

The city's modern name derives from Banaho (Coptic: ⲡⲁⲛⲁϩⲟ) from Per neha (Ancient Egyptian: pr-nha), which means 'House of Sycamore (Coptic: ⲛⲟⲩϩⲓ)'.[4]

Geography

It is located 48 km (30 miles) north of Cairo. located on the east bank of the Damietta Branch of the Nile River in the rich farmland of the southern part of the river's delta. Banha is a major junction in the rail network that radiates north from Cairo and it has the 6th biggest train station in Egypt.

The north of Benha is the site of one of several ancient cities called Athribis, the capital of the tenth nome (province) of Lower Egypt in about 1500 BC. The site has never been systematically investigated by archaeologists. Over the years, peasants digging in the area have uncovered a large hoard of silver.

Athribis was the center of worship of the black bull and enjoyed the most popularity during the Roman period of rule in Egypt. Not much still stands of this ancient capital except some remains from the 18th to the 26th Dynasties. Though not a popular tourist destination, there are such sites here as a Greco-Roman cemetery and silver ingots discovered at the Athribis site currently on display at the Egyptian Museum.

About 20 km (12 mi) southwest of Banha is Tall al Yahudiya, the site of Leontopolis, famed for its glazed tiles in ancient times. Population is around 2,479,347 (2005) and total area is 16.105 km2.

Climate

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh).

Climate data for Benha
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 19.2
(66.6)
20.7
(69.3)
23.5
(74.3)
27.8
(82.0)
32
(90)
34.5
(94.1)
34.8
(94.6)
34.6
(94.3)
32.4
(90.3)
30.2
(86.4)
25.5
(77.9)
20.9
(69.6)
28.0
(82.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.7
(54.9)
13.7
(56.7)
16.2
(61.2)
19.7
(67.5)
23.7
(74.7)
26.5
(79.7)
27.6
(81.7)
27.4
(81.3)
25.3
(77.5)
23.1
(73.6)
19.4
(66.9)
14.6
(58.3)
20.8
(69.5)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 6.2
(43.2)
6.8
(44.2)
9
(48)
11.7
(53.1)
15.4
(59.7)
18.5
(65.3)
20.4
(68.7)
20.2
(68.4)
18.2
(64.8)
15
(59)
13.3
(55.9)
8.4
(47.1)
13.6
(56.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
4
(0.2)
3
(0.1)
1
(0.0)
1
(0.0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.1)
3
(0.1)
6
(0.2)
25
(0.9)
Source: Climate-Data.org[5]

Economy

Well-irrigated by canals leading off the Delta Barrage, a dam 30 km (20 miles) upstream, the surrounding farmland produces wheat and long-staple cotton. Since ancient times, Banha has been known for the production of attar of roses, an ingredient in perfume. Today it is the center of Egypt's electronics industry.

Education

Banha University

Banha University was established in November 1976 as a branch of Zagazig University in the governorate. It became an independent University in 2005 incorporating several facilities and departments with around 60,500 graduates per annum. The Faculty of Medicine is notable for research and management of 2 main hospitals in Banha.

Banha University
Nasser Mosque, Banha

Districts

Banha consists of several districts : Bata, Kafr Bata, Al-Vilal, Banha El-Gedida (New Banha), Attrib, El-Manshiyyah , Kafr Manakr (El-Shdiya), West El-Balad (Downtown Area), El-Haras El-Watani, Manshiyyet El-Nur and Hayy El-Zehour(Flowers Suburb), Kafr El-Saraia, Ezbet El-Moraba'a,Kafr El-gazzar, Batta, Ezbet Elmanyawi, Ar Ramla, Ezbet El-Ziraea.

Notable people


El-Shaheed Farid Nada Street, Benha

References

  1. ^ a b "Egypt: Governorates, Major Cities & Towns - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 13 June 2023.
  2. ^ Wallis Budge, E. A. (1920). An Egyptian hieroglyphic dictionary: with an index of English words, king list and geological list with indexes, list of hieroglyphic characters, coptic and semitic alphabets, etc. Vol II. John Murray. p. 989.
  3. ^ Gauthier, Henri (1925). Dictionnaire des Noms Géographiques Contenus dans les Textes Hiéroglyphiques Vol. 2. p. 95.
  4. ^ Czapkiewicz. Ancient Egyptian and Coptic elements in the toponomy of contemporary Egypt. p. 44.
  5. ^ "Climate: Benha - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 19 February 2017.

Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. "Geographical information on Benha, Egypt". Archived from the original on 29 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-13.