C/2013 V5 (Oukaimeden)
Discovered byOukaimeden Observatory
0.5-m reflector (J43)[1]
Discovery date12 November 2013
Orbital characteristics A
Epoch20 September 2014[2]
Orbit typeOort cloud
Aphelion~370,000 AU (6 ly) (inbound)[a]
~680 AU (outbound)[3]
Perihelion0.62539 AU (q)[2]
Orbital periodseveral million years inbound (Barycentric solution for epoch 1950)[3]
~6000 years outbound
(Barycentric solution for epoch 2050)[3]
Jupiter MOID0.18 AU
Last perihelion28 September 2014[2]

C/2013 V5 (Oukaimeden) is a retrograde Oort cloud comet discovered on 12 November 2013 by Oukaimeden Observatory at an apparent magnitude of 19.4 using a 0.5-meter (20 in) reflecting telescope.[1]

From 5 May 2014 until 18 July 2014 it had an elongation less than 30 degrees from the Sun.[4] By late August 2014 it had brighten to apparent magnitude 8[5] making it a small telescope and high-end binoculars target for experienced observers. It crossed the celestial equator on 30 August 2014 becoming a southern hemisphere object.[4] On 16 September 2014 the comet passed 0.480 AU (71,800,000 km; 44,600,000 mi) from Earth.[6] The comet peaked around magnitude 6.2 in mid-September 2014[7][8] but only had an elongation of about 35 degrees from the Sun.[4] On 20 September 2014 the comet was visible in STEREO HI-1B.[9] The comet came to perihelion (closest approach to the Sun) on 28 September 2014 at a distance of 0.625 AU (93,500,000 km; 58,100,000 mi) from the Sun.[2]

C/2013 V5 is dynamically new. It came from the Oort cloud with a loosely bound chaotic orbit that was easily perturbed by galactic tides and passing stars. Before entering the planetary region (epoch 1950), C/2013 V5 had an orbital period of several million years.[3] After leaving the planetary region (epoch 2050), it will have an orbital period of about 6000 years.[3]


  1. ^ The listed distance for the inbound AU is very close to a "no solution" Hyperbolic trajectory. The JPL Horizons answer of 370,000 AU (6 ly) is not realistic because it is just a generic fit to a curve assuming that the Sun+Comet are the only two objects in the universe.


  1. ^ a b "MPEC 2013-V95 : COMET C/2013 V5 (OUKAIMEDEN)". IAU Minor Planet Center. 15 November 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2013. (CK13V050)
  2. ^ a b c d e f "MPEC 2014-J58: Observations and Orbits of Comets". IAU Minor Planet Center. 12 May 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e Horizons output. "Barycentric Osculating Orbital Elements for Comet C/2013 V5 (Oukaimeden)". Solution using the Solar System Barycenter. Ephemeris Type:Elements and Center:@0 (To be outside planetary region, inbound epoch 1950 and outbound epoch 2050)
  4. ^ a b c "Elements and Ephemeris for C/2013 V5 (Oukaimeden)". IAU Minor Planet Center. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  5. ^ Yoshida, Seiichi (31 August 2014). "Weekly Information about Bright Comets (2014 Aug. 23: South)". aerith.net. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  6. ^ "JPL Close-Approach Data: C/2013 V5 (Oukaimeden)" (last observation: 2014-04-13; arc: 152 days). Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  7. ^ Yoshida, Seiichi (20 September 2014). "Weekly Information about Bright Comets (2014 Sept. 20: South)". aerith.net. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  8. ^ Seiichi Yoshida (11 May 2014). "C/2013 V5 ( Oukaimeden )". Seiichi Yoshida's Comet Catalog. Retrieved 15 June 2013.
  9. ^ Karl Battams (22 September 2014). "Comet C/2013 V5 Oukaimeden is in the @NASA STEREO HI-1B images". Retrieved 23 September 2014.