|Named for||Prince William, Duke of Cumberland|
|Largest municipality||Vineland (population)|
Maurice River Township (area)
|• Freeholder director||Joseph Derella Jr. (D, term ends December 31, 2017)|
|• Total||677.62 sq mi (1,755.0 km2)|
|• Land||483.70 sq mi (1,252.8 km2)|
|• Water||193.92 sq mi (502.3 km2) 28.62%|
|• Density||230/sq mi (88/km2)|
Cumberland County is a coastal county located on the Delaware Bay in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2020 United States Census, the county's population was 154,152, making it the 16th-largest of the state's 21 counties, representing a 1.8% decrease from the 156,898 residents enumerated in the 2010 U.S. Census. Its county seat is Bridgeton. Cumberland County is named for Prince William, Duke of Cumberland. The county was formally created from portions of Salem County as of January 19, 1748.
This county is part of the Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Delaware Valley Combined Statistical Area.
According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 677.62 square miles (1,755.0 km2), including 483.70 square miles (1,252.8 km2) of land (71.4%) and 193.92 square miles (502.3 km2) of water (28.6%).
Cumberland is a low-lying, generally featureless coastal county, with many salt marshes near the Delaware Bay. The highest elevation is at one of 12 areas in Upper Deerfield Township that stand approximately 140 feet (43 m) above sea level; the lowest elevation is sea level.
1across Delaware Bay; no land border
|Historical sources: 1790-1990|
The 2010 United States census counted 156,898 people, 51,931 households, and 36,559 families in the county. The population density was 324.4 per square mile (125.3/km2). There were 55,834 housing units at an average density of 115.4 per square mile (44.6/km2). The racial makeup was 62.74% (98,430) White, 20.23% (31,741) Black or African American, 1.11% (1,746) Native American, 1.22% (1,907) Asian, 0.04% (59) Pacific Islander, 11.15% (17,492) from other races, and 3.52% (5,523) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.06% (42,457) of the population.
Of the 51,931 households, 31.4% had children under the age of 18; 45.2% were married couples living together; 18.6% had a female householder with no husband present and 29.6% were non-families. Of all households, 24% were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.26.
24% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.5 years. For every 100 females, the population had 106.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 106.9 males.
Based on data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, Cumberland County had a gross domestic product (GDP) of $6.1 billion in 2018, which was ranked 17th in the state and represented an increase of 1.6% from the previous year.
Cumberland County is governed by a Board of County Commissioners consisting of seven members. Each Commissioner is assigned responsibility for one of the county's departments. These individuals are elected at large by the citizens of Cumberland County in partisan elections and serve staggered three-year terms in office, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. In 2016, freeholders were paid $15,000 and the freeholder director was paid an annual salary of $16,000.
As of 2018[update], members of the Cumberland County Board of County Commissioners (with party affiliation, residence and term-end year listed in parentheses) are:
Then-Freeholder Director Bill Whelan, whose term was to run to December 2014, announced in July 2013 that he was resigning from office. Later that month, Joe Derella was chosen to replace Whelan as director, while the vacant seat was filled by Vineland resident Carlos Mercado.
Freeholder Louis N. Magazzu, whose term was to expire in 2012, announced his resignation in August 2011.
Pursuant to Article VII Section II of the New Jersey State Constitution, each county in New Jersey is required to have three elected administrative officials known as "constitutional officers." These officers are the County Clerk and County Surrogate (both elected for five-year terms of office) and the County Sheriff (elected for a three-year term). Cape May's Constitutional offers are:
The Cumberland County Prosecutor is Jennifer Webb-McRae of Vineland. First nominated by Governor of New Jersey Jon Corzine in January 2010, Webb-McRae was nominated for a second five-year term by Chris Christie in November 2016 and sworn into office after confirmation in January 2017.
Cumberland County is a part of Vicinage 15 of the New Jersey Superior Court (along with Gloucester County and Salem County), seated in Woodbury in Gloucester County; the Assignment Judge for the vicinage is Benjamin C. Telsey. The Cumberland County Courthouse is in Bridgeton.
The 2nd Congressional District includes all of Cumberland County. For the 117th United States Congress, New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Jeff Van Drew (R, Dennis Township).
|1st||Mike Testa (R)||Antwan McClellan (R)
Erik K. Simonsen (R)
|Commercial Township, Downe Township, Fairfield Township, Greenwich Township, Hopewell Township,|
|3rd||Stephen M. Sweeney (D)||John J. Burzichelli (D)
Adam Taliaferro (D)
|Bridgeton, Deerfield Township and Upper Deerfield Township.|
The New Jersey Department of Corrections operates three correctional facilities in the county. They are Bayside State Prison, South Woods State Prison, and Southern State Correctional Facility. In 2007, while the state was preparing to close Riverfront State Prison in Camden, it considered establishing a fourth state prison in Cumberland County.
Cumberland County tends to lean towards the Democratic party.
As of August 1, 2020, there were a total of 91,725 registered voters in Cumberland County, of whom 32,667 (35.6%) were registered as Democrats, 20,249 (22.1%) were registered as Republicans and 36,923 (40.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 1,886 (2.1%) voters registered to other parties.
In the 2004 U.S. presidential election, John Kerry carried the county by a 6.6% margin over George W. Bush.
Municipalities in Cumberland County (with most 2010 Census data for population, housing units and area) are:
(with map key)
Laurel Lake (2,929)
Port Norris (1,377)
|Deerfield Township||9||township||3,119||1,143||16.80||0.03||16.76||186.1||68.2||Rosenhayn (1,098)|
|Downe Township||12||township||1,585||996||54.27||5.66||48.61||32.6||20.5||Dividing Creek|
|Fairfield Township||10||township||6,295||2,058||43.95||2.69||41.26||152.6||49.9||Fairton (1,264)|
|Lawrence Township||11||township||3,290||1,221||38.33||1.41||36.92||89.1||33.1||Cedarville (776)|
|Maurice River Township||14||township||7,976||1,506||95.76||2.65||93.11||85.7||16.2||Cumberland|
|Stow Creek Township||5||township||1,431||568||18.85||0.55||18.30||78.2||31.0||Jericho|
|Upper Deerfield Township||8||township||7,660||3,025||31.27||0.18||31.10||246.3||97.3||Deerfield|
Seabrook Farms (1,484)
The following public-use airports are located in Cumberland County:
As of 2010[update], the county had a total of 1,271.74 miles (2,046.67 km) of roadways, of which 643.65 miles (1,035.85 km) were maintained by the local municipality, 539.14 miles (867.66 km) by Cumberland County and 88.95 miles (143.15 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Cumberland is served only by state and county routes. Major county routes that pass through include County Route 540, County Route 548 (only in Maurice River Township), County Route 550, County Route 552, County Route 553 and County Route 555.
State routes include Route 47, Route 49, Route 55, Route 56, Route 77 and Route 347.
Route 55 is the only limited access road in the county which provides access to I-76, Interstate 295, and the Philadelphia area to the north.
|Bridgeton, New Jersey|
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Bridgeton have ranged from a low of 25 °F (−4 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −13 °F (−25 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 101 °F (38 °C) was recorded in July 1966. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.94 inches (75 mm) in February to 4.30 inches (109 mm) in March. Cumberland has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa).
The sole YMCA in the county is the Cumberland Cape Atlantic YMCA in Vineland.
Kathy Farinaccio, second vice president/secretary, commented, “The YMCA’s value is priceless for providing families in Cumberland, Cape May, and Atlantic Counties a healthy, active, and vibrant environment.”