MetLife Stadium in East Rutherford, Bergen County, home to the NFL's New York Giants and New York Jets.[1]

As of 2023, New Jersey has five teams from major professional sports leagues playing in the state, with only one team identifying themselves as solely being from the state. The other remaining teams identify themselves as being from the New York metropolitan area with the National Women's Soccer League team having a team name that includes both New Jersey and New York. The National Hockey League and National Basketball Association teams representing Philadelphia have their training facilities in South Jersey.

Major League professional sports

The Prudential Center in Newark, home of the NHL's New Jersey Devils.

The National Hockey League's New Jersey Devils, based in Newark at the Prudential Center, is the only major league franchise to solely bear the state's name. Founded in 1974 in Kansas City, Missouri as the Kansas City Scouts, the team played in Denver, Colorado as the Colorado Rockies from 1976 until the spring of 1982 when naval architect, businessman, and Jersey City native John J. McMullen purchased and relocated the franchise to Brendan Byrne Arena in East Rutherford's Meadowlands Sports Complex under its current identity. While the organization was largely a failure on the ice in Kansas City, Denver, and its first years in New Jersey, the Devils would ultimately begin their rise to prominence in the late 1980s and early 1990s under the tenure of Hall of Fame president and general manager Lou Lamoriello, winning the Stanley Cup in 1995, 2000, and 2003, and act as an annual fixture in the Stanley Cup playoffs for the majority of two decades. The organization is the youngest out of all nine "Big Four" major league teams within the New York Metropolitan Area and media market dominated in terms of ice hockey by the New York Rangers and Islanders prior to the Devils' arrival, but has ultimately been successful in establishing a visible and dedicated following throughout the northern and central portions of the state. In 2018, one of the Devils' fiercest rivals, the Philadelphia Flyers, renovated and expanded their training facility, the Flyers Training Center, in Voorhees Township in the southern portion of the state.[2][3][4]

The former Premier Hockey Federation's Metropolitan Riveters played at The Rink at the American Dream Meadowlands in the Meadowlands Sports Complex in East Rutherford.[5] While initially beginning in Brooklyn as the New York Riveters, they moved to New Jersey in their 2016 season, where the team has played since, initially playing out of the Barnabas Health Hockey House at the Prudential Center.[6] In 2016 the team formed an affiliation with the New Jersey Devils where the team renamed to the Metropolitan Riveters along with changing their uniform and team colors to match the Devils.[7] The Riveters won both the regular season title and the Isobel Cup in the 2017–18 season. In 2019, this affiliation was terminated between the Devils and the Riveters,[8][9] which caused the team to revert to their original colors along with finding a new home at the ProSkate Ice Arena in Monmouth Junction.[10][11] The Premier Hockey Federation ceased operations on June 29, 2023, along with the Riveters.

The New York Metropolitan Area's two National Football League teams, the New York Giants and the New York Jets, both play at MetLife Stadium in East Rutherford's Meadowlands Sports Complex.[12] At completion, with a construction cost of approximately $1.6 billion,[13] the venue is the most expensive stadium ever built.[1] On February 2, 2014, MetLife Stadium was the host venue for Super Bowl XLVIII. There have been multiple short lived attempts at starting a competing league to the NFL, with teams based in New Jersey. The New Jersey Generals played with the United States Football League at Giants Stadium for three seasons from 1982 until 1985 when the league went bankrupt after an antitrust lawsuit against the NFL. Two attempts by Vince McMahon at creating a competing league, both named the XFL, have been attempted in New Jersey. The first XFL league was created as a joint venture between World Wrestling Entertainment and NBC[14] in 2001, had the New York/New Jersey Hitmen playing at Giants Stadium for the only season they played before the league folded. The New York/New Jersey Hitmen finished in third for the XFL Eastern Division for the season they played.[15] In 2020, the New York Guardians of the newly revived XFL began playing at MetLife Stadium.[16] After the XFL filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on April 13, 2020,[17] citing the premature suspension of their season due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the New York Guardians ceased operations. The Guardians brand was later transferred to Orlando.

The New York Red Bulls of Major League Soccer play in Red Bull Arena, a soccer-specific stadium located in Harrison immediately across the Passaic River from downtown Newark. The team was founded in 1994 as the Empire Soccer Club, and renamed to New York/New Jersey Metrostars in 1995[18] and played under this name until the acquisition of the team by Red Bull GmbH in 2006, where the team was renamed to the New York Red Bulls and dropped their association with New Jersey in the team's name.[19][20][21] For the entire team's history, the team has always played in New Jersey, where Giants Stadium served as the team's home stadium, prior to the opening of Red Bull Arena in 2010.[22] On July 27, 2011, Red Bull Arena hosted the 2011 MLS All-Star Game.[23]

NJ/NY Gotham FC was founded in 2008 as Sky Blue FC and began playing in the 2009 Women's Professional Soccer season. After the league was folded in 2012,[24] SkyBlue FC transferred to the National Women's Soccer League beginning in the 2013 season. In November 2019 it was announced that SkyBlue FC will move from Yurcack Field at Rutgers University to Red Bull Arena, for the 2020 NWSL season[25] In April 2021, Sky Blue officially rebranded itself as NJ/NY Gotham FC,[26] Along with the new name, the club introduced a new crest that features the Statue of Liberty’s crown as it was voted the most recognizable symbol of New Jersey and New York. The crest also displays three letters – an “N” and a hybrid “J/Y”, which acknowledges New Jersey as the club's birthplace while embracing the club's growing New York reach.[27]

The New York Cosmos of the North American Soccer League (NASL) played at Giants Stadium from 1977 until the league collapsed at the end of the 1984 season. They won the league championship, the NASL Soccer Bowl, five times.

New Jersey hosted matches during the 1994 FIFA World Cup at Giants Stadium and is set to host matches during the upcoming 2026 FIFA World Cup, including the final, at MetLife Stadium.[28] The Copa América Centenario final in 2016 and several CONCACAF Gold Cup tournaments have also been played at MetLife Stadium.[29]

From 1977 to 2012, New Jersey had a National Basketball Association (NBA) team, the New Jersey Nets, which last played at the Prudential Center in Newark. In 2012, the team was moved to Brooklyn and now plays under the Brooklyn Nets. The Net's former headquarters and training facility in East Rutherford has been renovated into the Meadowlands YMCA.[30] The WNBA's New York Liberty played at the Prudential Center from 2011 to 2013 while Madison Square Garden was renovated. In 2016, the Philadelphia 76ers of the NBA opened their new headquarters and training facility, the Philadelphia 76ers Training Complex, in Camden.[31]

Major league sports

New Jersey teams

Club Sport League Stadium (capacity) Established Titles
New Jersey Devils Ice hockey National Hockey League Prudential Center (16,514) 1974 3
NJ/NY Gotham FC Soccer National Women's Soccer League Red Bull Arena (25,000) 2007 2

New York metropolitan teams that play in New Jersey

Club Sport League Stadium (capacity) Established Titles
New York Giants Football National Football League MetLife Stadium (82,500) 1925 8
New York Jets 1959 1
New York Red Bulls Soccer Major League Soccer Red Bull Arena (25,000) 1994 0

Major league professional championships

New Jersey Devils (NHL)

3 Stanley Cup titles

NJ/NY Gotham FC (NWSL)

1 WPS Championship (as Sky Blue FC)

1 NWSL Championship

New York Red Bulls (MLS)

3 Supporters Shield titles

Metropolitan Riveters (PHF)

1 Isobel Cup title

Newark Eagles (NNL)

1 Negro World Series title

Semi-pro and minor league sports

New Jersey teams

Club Sport League Stadium (capacity) Established Titles
Somerset Patriots Baseball MiLB (AA-Eastern League) TD Bank Ballpark (6,100) 1997 7
Jersey Shore BlueClaws MiLB (A+-South Atlantic League) ShoreTown Ballpark (6,588) 2001 3
Trenton Thunder MLB Draft League Trenton Thunder Ballpark (6,440) 1994 5
New Jersey Jackals Frontier League Hinchliffe Stadium (7,800) 1998 6
Sussex County Miners Skylands Stadium (4,500) 2015 1
Garden State Warriors Basketball American Basketball Association NAN Tech Newark 2005 0
Jersey Bearcats Arena Football American Arena League Warinanco Sports Center 2018 1
New Jersey Titans Ice hockey North American Hockey League Middletown Ice World 2015 1
Garden State Rollergirls Roller Derby Women's Flat Track Derby Association Inline Skating Club of America Roller Skating Rink 2006 0
Jersey Shore Roller Girls Asbury Park Convention Hall (3,600) 2007 0
Hoboken FC 1912 Soccer Cosmopolitan Soccer League Sinatra Park, Hoboken and Laurel Hill Park, Secaucus 1912 1
Cedar Stars Rush USL League Two Fairleigh Dickinson University 2018 0
FC Motown Ranger Stadium (1,200) 2021 0
Morris Elite SC Livingston High School 2016 0
New Jersey Copa FC St. John Vianney High School 2015 0
Ocean City Nor'easters Carey Stadium (4,000) 1996 3
Real Central New Jersey Rider University 2020 0
Atlantic City FC National Premier Soccer League Egg Harbor Township High School 2018 0
FC Monmouth Count Basie Park 2018 0
FC Motown Ranger Stadium (1,200) 2012 1
New Jersey Copa FC United Women's Soccer Mercer County Community College 2015 0
PSA Wildcats Women's Premier Soccer League Woodbridge High School 1996 0
NJ Wizards SC Cedar Grove High School - 0

New York metropolitan minor league teams that play in New Jersey

Club Sport League Stadium (capacity) Established Titles
New York Red Bulls II Soccer MLS Next Pro MSU Soccer Park at Pittser Field (5,000) 2015 1
New York Red Bulls U-23 USL League Two Red Bulls Training Facility 2009 2

College sports

Major schools

New Jerseyans' collegiate allegiances are predominantly split among the three major NCAA Division I programs in the state – the Scarlet Knights of Rutgers University (New Jersey's flagship state university), members of the Big Ten Conference; the Pirates of Seton Hall University (the state's largest Catholic university), members of the Big East Conference; and the Tigers of Princeton University (the state's Ivy League university).

Rutgers and Princeton athletics share an intense rivalry – stemming from the first intercollegiate football game in 1869 – though the two schools have not met on the football field since 1980. They continue to play each other annually in all other sports offered by the two universities.

Rutgers, which fields 24 teams in various sports, is nationally known for its excellent football and women's basketball programs, owning a 6-4 all-time bowl record and appearing in a National Final in 2007, respectively. In 2008 and 2009, Rutgers expanded their football home SHI Stadium on the Busch Campus, and the basketball teams play at Jersey Mike's Arena on the Livingston Campus. Both venues and campuses are located in Piscataway, immediately across the Raritan River from New Brunswick. The university also fields rising men's basketball and baseball programs. Rutgers' fan base is mostly derived from the western parts of the state and Middlesex County, not to mention its alumni base, which is the largest in the state.

Rutgers' satellite campuses in Camden and Newark each field their own athletic programs. The Rutgers–Camden athletic teams are called the Scarlet Raptors. The Rutgers–Newark athletic teams are called the Scarlet Raiders. The Scarlet Raiders and the Scarlet Raptors both compete within NCAA Division III.

Seton Hall, unlike Rutgers and Princeton, does not field a football team. Its men's basketball team, however, is one of the Big East's storied programs, New Jersey's most successful representative in the NCAA Division I men's basketball tournament by number of wins, the state's only men's basketball program to reach a modern National Final, and plays its home games at Prudential Center in downtown Newark approximately four miles from the university's South Orange campus. The Pirates, while lacking as large an alumni base as the state university, have a large well of support in the predominantly Roman Catholic areas of the northern part of the state and the Jersey Shore. The annual inter-conference rivalry game between Seton Hall and Rutgers which alternates between Newark and Piscataway, the Garden State Hardwood Classic, has been renewed through 2026.[32]

Other schools

The state's other Division I schools include the Monmouth University Hawks (West Long Branch), the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) Highlanders (Newark), the Rider University Broncs (Lawrenceville), and the Saint Peter's University Peacocks (Jersey City). Saint Peter's reached national prominence in 2022 when its men's basketball team became the first 15-seed (out of 16 teams in each region) ever to reach the Elite Eight (one step shy of the Final Four) in the NCAA tournament.

Fairleigh Dickinson University competes in both Division I and Division III. It has two campuses, each with its own sports teams. The teams at the Metropolitan Campus are known as the FDU Knights, and compete in the Northeast Conference and NCAA Division I. The College at Florham (FDU-Florham) teams are known as the FDU-Florham Devils and compete in NCAA Division III as a member of the Middle Atlantic Conference and its Freedom Conference.[a]

Among the various Division III schools in the state, the Stevens Ducks, representing Stevens Institute of Technology, have fielded the longest continuously running collegiate men's lacrosse program in the country. 2009 marked the 125th season.

Golf

New Jersey has several notable golf courses, like Atlantic City Country Club, Baltusrol Golf Club, Liberty National Golf Club, Pine Valley Golf Club, Ridgewood Country Club, Scotland Run Golf Club and Trump National Golf Club Bedminster. Notable tournaments include The Northern Trust.

Notable New Jerseyan golfers include Scottie Scheffler, Marina Alex, Megha Ganne, Al Besselink and Vic Ghezzi.

The United States Golf Association (USGA) headquarters and USGA Museum are located in Liberty Corner.

Horse racing

The Meadowlands Sports Complex is also home to the Meadowlands Racetrack, one of two major harness racing tracks in the state along with Freehold Raceway in Freehold. They are also two of the major harness racing tracks in North America. Monmouth Park Racetrack in Oceanport is also a popular spot for thoroughbred racing in New Jersey and the Northeast. It's marquee event is the Haskell Invitational Stakes. It hosted the Breeders' Cup in 2007, and its turf course was renovated in preparation.

Former racetracks include Garden State Park Racetrack and Atlantic City Race Course.

Ultimate

Ultimate, originally known as ultimate Frisbee, originated and was developed in Maplewood in 1968 with the first sanctioned game at Columbia High School between the student council and student newspaper staff.[33]

High school sports

New Jersey high schools are divided into divisions under the New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association.(NJSIAA) [34]'[35] Founded in 1918, the NJSIAA currently represents 22,000 schools, 330,000 coaches, and almost 4.5 million athletes. Sports are divided between 3 seasons (fall, winter, and spring).

Academies and clubs

New Jersey also features a collection of sports leagues, clubs, and academies for athletic training. Like many suburban communities, most New Jersey towns have individual leagues for America's most popular sports - baseball, softball, football, cheerleading, basketball, soccer, etc.[36]

Stadiums and arenas

Venue City Capacity Type Tenants Opened
SHI Stadium Piscataway 52,454 Football Rutgers Scarlet Knights 1994
Jadwin Gymnasium Princeton 6,854 Arena Princeton Tigers 1969
Jersey Mike's Arena Piscataway 8,000 Arena Rutgers Scarlet Knights 1977
MetLife Stadium East Rutherford 82,500 Multi-purpose New York Giants, New York Jets 2010
Princeton Stadium Princeton 27,773 Football Princeton Tigers 1998
Prudential Center Newark 18,711 Arena New Jersey Devils, Seton Hall Pirates 2007
Red Bull Arena Harrison 25,000 Soccer New York Red Bulls, NJ/NY Gotham FC 2010
ShoreTown Ballpark Lakewood 6,588 Baseball Jersey Shore BlueClaws 2001
TD Bank Ballpark Bridgewater 6,100 Baseball Somerset Patriots 1999
Trenton Thunder Ballpark Trenton 6,440 Baseball Trenton Thunder 1994
The Soccer Stadium at Yurcak Field Piscataway 5,000 Soccer Rutgers Scarlet Knights 1994
MSU Soccer Park at Pittser Field Montclair 5,000 Soccer New York Red Bulls II, Montclair State Red Hawks 1998

Other notable sports venues

Former notable sports venues

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ The Middle Atlantic Conference is an umbrella organization of three conferences. Two of its components, the Freedom and Commonwealth Conferences (officially styled as "MAC Freedom" and "MAC Commonwealth"), sponsor competition in 14 NCAA sports, but not football. The overall MAC organizes competition among both Commonwealth and Freedom members in 13 other sports, including football.

References

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  3. ^ "FLYERS PRACTICE FACILITY". hasrch.com. Retrieved February 28, 2024.
  4. ^ "Flyers Training Center". flyerstrainingcenter.com. Retrieved February 28, 2024.
  5. ^ "Metropolitan Riveters to play home games in New Jersey megamall American Dream". ESPN. September 14, 2022. Retrieved November 9, 2022.
  6. ^ Cimini, Kaitlin (August 1, 2016). "From The Ice New York Riveters leave Brooklyn for Newark". Slapshot.
  7. ^ "NEW JERSEY DEVILS ENTER FIRST OF ITS KIND AGREEMENT AND FORM MULTI-YEAR STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP WITH THE NWHL'S RIVETERS". NWHL. October 5, 2017. Archived from the original on October 6, 2017. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  8. ^ "New Jersey Devils dissolving partnership with Metropolitan Riveters". theicegarden.com. May 17, 2019.
  9. ^ "NJ Devils dissolve partnership with Metropolitan Riveters ahead of schedule". northjersey.com. May 17, 2019.
  10. ^ "RIVETERS UNVEIL NEW SWEATER DESIGN FOR SEASON 5". NWHL. September 27, 2019.
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  13. ^ Belson, Ken (April 8, 2010). "New Stadium, a Football Palace, Opens Saturday With Lacrosse". The New York Times. Retrieved March 21, 2011.
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  16. ^ "ESNY Exclusive: New York Guardians take over MetLife Stadium". elitesportsny.com. February 6, 2020. Retrieved February 6, 2020.
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  26. ^ "The Transformation of a Soccer Club, and the Ways We Value Women's Sports". The New Yorker. 2021-04-30. Retrieved 2021-08-23.
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