Bayonne, New Jersey
The Bayonne Bridge in May 2019
The Bayonne Bridge in May 2019
Flag of Bayonne, New Jersey
Official seal of Bayonne, New Jersey
Location of Bayonne in Hudson County highlighted in red (left). Inset map: Location of Hudson County in New Jersey highlighted in orange (right).
Location of Bayonne in Hudson County highlighted in red (left). Inset map: Location of Hudson County in New Jersey highlighted in orange (right).
Census Bureau map of Bayonne, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Bayonne, New Jersey
Bayonne is located in Hudson County, New Jersey
Bayonne
Bayonne
Location in Hudson County
Bayonne is located in New Jersey
Bayonne
Bayonne
Location in New Jersey
Bayonne is located in the United States
Bayonne
Bayonne
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°39′45″N 74°06′37″W / 40.66253°N 74.110192°W / 40.66253; -74.110192[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Hudson
IncorporatedApril 1, 1861 (as township)
IncorporatedMarch 10, 1869 (as city)
Named forBayonne, France, or
location on two bays
Government
 • TypeFaulkner Act Mayor-Council
 • BodyCity Council
 • MayorJimmy M. Davis (term ends June 30, 2026)[3][4]
 • AdministratorMelissa Mathews[5]
 • Municipal clerkMadelene C. Medina[6]
Area
 • Total11.22 sq mi (29.06 km2)
 • Land5.82 sq mi (15.08 km2)
 • Water5.40 sq mi (13.98 km2)  47.50%
 • Rank201st of 565 in state
2nd of 12 in county[1]
Elevation7 ft (2 m)
Population
 • Total71,686
 • Estimate 69,527
 • Rank543rd in country (as of 2022)[12]
15th of 565 in state
2nd of 12 in county[14]
 • Density12,315.1/sq mi (4,754.9/km2)
  • Rank24th of 565 in state
10th of 12 in county[14]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area codes201[17]
FIPS code3401703580[1][18][19]
GNIS feature ID0885151[1][20]
Websitewww.bayonnenj.org

Bayonne (/bˈ(j)n/ bay-(Y)OHN)[21][22][23][24][25] is a city in Hudson County in the U.S. state of New Jersey. Located in the Gateway Region, Bayonne is situated on a peninsula between Newark Bay to the west, the Kill Van Kull to the south, and New York Bay to the east. As of the 2020 United States census, the city was the state's 15th-most-populous municipality, surpassing 2010 #15 Passaic,[26] with a population of 71,686,[10][11] an increase of 8,662 (+13.7%) from the 2010 census count of 63,024,[27][28] which in turn reflected an increase of 1,182 (+1.9%) from the 61,842 counted in the 2000 census.[29] The Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program calculated that the city's population was 69,527 in 2022,[10] ranking the city the 543rd-most-populous in the country.[12]

Bayonne was originally formed as a township on April 1, 1861, from portions of Bergen Township. Bayonne was reincorporated as a city by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 10, 1869,[30] replacing Bayonne Township, subject to the results of a referendum held nine days later.[31] At the time it was formed, Bayonne included the communities of Bergen Point, Constable Hook, Centreville, Pamrapo and Saltersville.[32]

While somewhat diminished, traditional manufacturing, distribution, and maritime activities remain a driving force of the economy of the city. A portion of the Port of New York and New Jersey is located there, as is the Cape Liberty Cruise Port.

History

Originally inhabited by Native Americans, the region presently known as Bayonne was claimed by the Netherlands after Henry Hudson explored the Hudson River which is named after him.[33] According to Royden Page Whitcomb's 1904 book, First History of Bayonne, New Jersey, the name Bayonne is speculated to have originated with Bayonne, France, from which Huguenots settled for a year before the founding of New Amsterdam.[34] However, there is no empirical evidence for this notion. Whitcomb gives more credence to the idea that Erastus Randall, E.C. Bramhall and B.F. Woolsey, who bought the land owned by Jasper and William Cadmus for real estate speculation, named it Bayonne for purposes of real estate speculation, because it was located on the shores of two bays, Newark and New York.[35]

Bayonne became one of the largest centers in the nation for refining crude oil and Standard Oil of New Jersey's facility—which had grown from its original establishment in 1877—and its 6,000 employees made it the city's largest place of employment.[32] Significant civil unrest arose during the Bayonne refinery strikes of 1915–1916, in which mostly Polish-American workers staged labor actions against Standard Oil of New Jersey and Tidewater Petroleum, seeking improved pay and working conditions.[36] Four striking workers were killed when strikebreakers, allegedly protected by police, fired upon a violent crowd.[37]

The Cape Liberty Cruise Port is a cruise ship terminal that is on a 430-acre (170 ha) site that had been originally developed for industrial uses in the 1930s and then taken over by the U.S. government during World War II as the Military Ocean Terminal at Bayonne. Voyager of the Seas, departing from the cruise terminal in 2004, became the first passenger ship to depart from a port in New Jersey in almost 40 years.[38]

Geography and climate

Geography

An 1837 map of Bayonne, oriented with north pointing to the right

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 11.09 square miles (28.72 km2), including 5.82 square miles (15.08 km2) of land and 5.27 square miles (13.64 km2) of water (47.50%).[1][2]

The city is located on a peninsula earlier known as Bergen Neck surrounded by Upper New York Bay to the east, Newark Bay to the west, and Kill Van Kull to the south.[32] Bayonne is east of Newark, the state's largest city, north of Elizabeth in Union County and west of Brooklyn. It shares a land border with Jersey City to the north and is connected to Staten Island by the Bayonne Bridge.[39][40][41]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include:[42] Bergen Point, Constable Hook and Port Johnson.[citation needed]

Climate

Bayonne has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) bordering a hot-summer humid continental climate (Dfa). The average monthly temperature varies from 32.3 °F in January to 77.0 °F in July.[43] The hardiness zone is 7b and the average absolute minimum temperature is 5.2 °F.[44]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18703,834
18809,372144.4%
189019,033103.1%
190032,72271.9%
191055,54569.7%
192076,75438.2%
193088,97915.9%
194079,198−11.0%
195077,203−2.5%
196074,215−3.9%
197072,743−2.0%
198065,047−10.6%
199061,444−5.5%
200061,8420.6%
201063,0241.9%
202071,68613.7%
2022 (est.)69,527[10][12][13]−3.0%
Population sources: 1870–1920[45]
1870[46][47] 1880–1890[48]
1890–1910[49] 1870–1930[50]
1940–2000[51] 2000[52][53]
2010[27][28] 2020[10][11]

The city has an ethnically diverse population, home to large populations of Italian Americans, Irish Americans, Polish Americans, Indian Americans, Egyptian Americans, Dominican Americans, Mexican Americans, Salvadoran Americans, Pakistani Americans, Boricua, amongst others.[citation needed]

2010 census

The 2010 United States census counted 63,024 people, 25,237 households, and 16,051 families in the city. The population density was 10,858.3 per square mile (4,192.4/km2). There were 27,799 housing units at an average density of 4,789.4 per square mile (1,849.2/km2). The racial makeup was 69.21% (43,618) White, 8.86% (5,584) Black or African American, 0.31% (194) Native American, 7.71% (4,861) Asian, 0.03% (16) Pacific Islander, 10.00% (6,303) from other races, and 3.88% (2,448) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.79% (16,251) of the population.[27] Non-Hispanic Whites were 56.8% of the population.

Of the 25,237 households, 29.5% had children under the age of 18; 41.1% were married couples living together; 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present and 36.4% were non-families. Of all households, 31.6% were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.16.[27]

22.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.4 years. For every 100 females, the population had 91.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 87.9 males.[27]

The U.S. Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $53,587 (with a margin of error of +/− $2,278) and the median family income was $66,077 (+/− $5,235). Males had a median income of $51,188 (+/− $1,888) versus $42,097 (+/− $1,820) for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,698 (+/− $1,102). About 9.9% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.5% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.[54]

2000 census

As of the 2000 United States census[18] there were 61,842 people, 25,545 households, and 16,016 families residing in the city. The population density was 10,992.2 inhabitants per square mile (4,244.1/km2). There were 26,826 housing units at an average density of 4,768.2 per square mile (1,841.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.8% White, 5.50% African American, 0.2% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 7.46% from other races, and 4.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.81% of the population.[52][53]

As of the 2000 Census, the most common reported ancestries of Bayonne residents were Italian (20.1%), Irish (18.8%) and Polish (17.9%).[52][53]

There were 25,545 households, out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.3% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.10.[52][53]

In the city the population was spread out, with 22.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males.[52][53]

The median income for a household in the city was $41,566, and the median income for a family was $52,413. Males had a median income of $39,790 versus $33,747 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,553. About 8.4% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over.[52][53]

Economy

Portions of the city are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ), one of 32 zones covering 37 municipalities statewide. Bayonne was selected in 2002 as one of a group of three zones added to participate in the program.[55] In addition to other benefits to encourage employment and investment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (half of the 6+58% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.[56] Established in September 2002, the city's Urban Enterprise Zone status expires in December 2023.[57] More than 200 businesses have registered to participate in the city's UEZ since it was first established.[58]

The Bayonne Town Center, located within the Broadway shopping district, includes retailers, eateries, consumer and small business banking centers. The Bayonne Medical Center is a for-profit hospital that anchors the northern end of the Town Center. It is the city's largest employer, with over 1,200 employees. A 2013 study showed that the hospital charged the highest rates in the United States.[59]

Bayonne Crossing on Route 440 in Bayonne, includes a Lowe's and Wal-Mart.[60]

On the site of the former Military Ocean Terminal, the Peninsula at Bayonne Harbor includes new housing and businesses. One of them, Cape Liberty Cruise Port is located at the end of the long peninsula with Royal Caribbean.[61] Also found is a memorial park for the Tear of Grief, a 100-foot-high (30 m), 175-short-ton (159 t) monument commemorating the September 11 terrorist attacks and the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.[62]

The firearms manufacturing company Henry Repeating Arms moved from Brooklyn to Bayonne in 2009.[63][64]

Parks and recreation

Hackensack RiverWalk begins at Collins Park in Bergen Point where the Kill Van Kull meets the Newark Bay. Also along the bay is 16th Street Park. A plaque unveiled on May 2, 2006, for the new Richard A. Rutowski Park, a wetlands preserve on the northwestern end of town that is part of the RiverWalk. It is located immediately north of the Stephen R. Gregg Hudson County Park.[65]

Hudson River Waterfront Walkway is part of a walkway that is intended to run the more than 18 miles (29 km) from the Bayonne Bridge to the George Washington Bridge.[66][67]

In August 2014, the Bayonne Hometown Fair, a popular tourist and community attraction that ceased in 2000, was revived by a local business owner and resident. The first revived Bayonne Hometown Fair took place from June 6–7, 2015.[68]

Government

City Hall

Local government

Further information: Mayor of Bayonne, New Jersey

The City of Bayonne has been governed within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Mayor-Council system of municipal government (Plan C), implemented based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission as of July 1, 1962,[69] before which it was governed by a Board of Commissioners under the Walsh Act. The city is one of 71 municipalities (of the 564) statewide that use this form of government.[70] The governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the five-member City Council, of which two seats are chosen at-large and three from wards, all of whom serve four-year terms of office on a concurrent basis and are chosen in balloting held as part of the May municipal election.[7][3][71][72]

As of July 2022, the Mayor of Bayonne is James M. "Jimmy" Davis, whose term of office ends June 30, 2026; Davis was first elected as mayor in a runoff election on June 10, 2014, against incumbent Mayor Mark Smith. Members of the Bayonne City Council are Loyad Booker (at-large), Neil Carroll III (1st Ward), Gary La Pelusa Sr. (3rd Ward), Juan M. Perez (at-large) and Jacqueline Weimmer (2nd Ward), all of whom are serving concurrent terms of office that end on June 30, 2026.[3][73][74][75]

In November 2018, the City Council appointed Neil Carroll III to fill the 1st Ward seat vacated by Tommy Cotter, who resigned to take a position as the city's DPW director; at age 27, Carroll became the youngest councilmember in city history.[76] In the November 2019 general election, Carroll was elected to serve the balance of the term of office.[77]

Babcock & Wilcox Co. works in 1919, one of the many industrial sites that were once located in Bayonne

Federal, state, and county representation

View of Manhattan from Bayonne, 1974
View of Lower Manhattan from Bayonne, September 11, 2014

Bayonne is in the 8th Congressional District[78] and is part of New Jersey's 31st state legislative district.[79][80][81]

Prior to the 2010 Census, Bayonne had been split between the 10th Congressional District and the 13th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[82] The split placed 33,218 residents living in the city's south and west in the 8th District, while 29,806 residents in the northeastern portion of the city were placed in the 10th District.[83][84]

For the 118th United States Congress, New Jersey's 8th congressional district is represented by Rob Menendez (D, Jersey City).[85][86] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027)[87] and Bob Menendez (Englewood Cliffs, term ends 2025).[88][89] For the 2024-2025 session, the 31st legislative district of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Angela V. McKnight (D, Jersey City) and in the General Assembly by Barbara McCann Stamato (D, Jersey City) and William Sampson (D, Bayonne).[90]

Hudson County is governed by a directly elected County Executive and by a Board of County Commissioners, which serves as the county's legislative body. As of 2024, Hudson County's County Executive is Craig Guy (D, Jersey City), whose term of office expires December 31, 2027.[91] Hudson County's Commissioners are:[92][93][94]

Kenneth Kopacz (D, District 1-- Bayonne and parts of Jersey City; 2026, Bayonne),[95][96] William O'Dea (D, District 2-- western parts of Jersey City; 2026, Jersey City),[97][98] Vice Chair Jerry Walker (D, District 3-- southeastern parts of Jersey City; 2026, Jersey City),[99][100] Yraida Aponte-Lipski (D, District 4-- northeastern parts of Jersey City; 2026, Jersey City),[101][102] Chair Anthony L. Romano Jr. (D, District 5-- Hoboken and adjoining parts of Jersey City; 2026, Hoboken),[103][104] Fanny J.Cedeno (D, District 6-- Union City; 2026, Union City),[105][106] Caridad Rodriguez (D, District 7-- West New York (part), Weehawken, Guttenberg; 2026, West New York),[107][108] Robert Baselice (D, District 8-- North Bergen, West New York (part), Seacaucus (part); 2026, North Bergen),[109][110] and Albert Cifelli (D, District 9-- East Newark, Harrison, Kearny, and Secaucus (part); 2026, Harrison).[111][112]

Hudson County's constitutional officers are: Clerk E. Junior Maldonado (D, Jersey City, 2027),[113][114] Sheriff Frank Schillari, (D, Jersey City, 2025)[115] Surrogate Tilo E. Rivas, (D, Jersey City, 2024)[116][117] and Register Jeffery Dublin (D, Jersey City, 2024).[118][117]

Politics

As of March 2011, there were a total of 32,747 registered voters in Bayonne, of which 17,087 (52.2%) were registered as Democrats, 2,709 (8.3%) were registered as Republicans and 12,928 (39.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 23 voters registered to other parties.[119]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 66.4% of the vote (13,467 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 32.6% (6,605 votes), and other candidates with 1.0% (197 votes), among the 20,454 ballots cast by the city's 34,424 registered voters (185 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 59.4%.[120][121] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 57.0% of the vote here (13,768 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 40.6% (9,796 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (283 votes), among the 24,139 ballots cast by the town's 35,823 registered voters, for a turnout of 67.4%.[122] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 56.0% of the vote here (12,402 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 42.2% (9,341 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (184 votes), among the 22,135 ballots cast by the town's 32,129 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 68.9.[123]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 49.3% of the vote (5,322 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 49.1% (5,297 votes), and other candidates with 1.6% (169 votes), among the 10,987 ballots cast by the city's 34,957 registered voters (199 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 31.4%.[124][125] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 53.8% of the vote here (7,421 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 38.7% (5,333 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 4.8% (662 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (183 votes), among the 13,781 ballots cast by the town's 32,588 registered voters, yielding a 42.3% turnout.[126]

Local services

Municipal Utilities Authority

The Bayonne Municipal Utilities Authority (BMUA) is the second agency to use wind power in New Jersey and has built the first wind turbine in the metropolitan area.[127][128][129][130][131] Construction of a single turbine tower was completed in January 2012.[132][133] It is the first wind turbine created by Leitwind to be installed in the United States.[134]

In December 2012, the autonomous agency entered into a water management agreement with the Bayonne Water Joint Venture (BWJV), a partnership between United Water and investment firm KKR.[135] The 40-year concession agreement is a public-private partnership between the city and the BWJV in which the private partners pay off the BMUA's $130 million debt and take over the operations, maintenance, and capital improvement of Bayonne's water and wastewater utilities in exchange for a regulated share of the revenue.[136][137][138] United Water is managing the operations for the partnership, while KKR is providing 90% of the funding.[139] A rate schedule was included in the agreement, and it contained an immediate 8.5% utility rate increase (the first rate increase since 2006),[135] followed by two years without increases, followed by annual increases estimated to range between 2.5%–4.5%.[137] This partnership was sought for several reasons, including the BMUA's debt, its shortage of skilled employees, and its lagging rate revenue from years without rate increases and reduced demand.[136][140] Part of this reduced demand stemmed from the closure of the Military Ocean Terminal at Bayonne,[140] and the fact that the subsequent plans to redevelop the site with housing fell short.[141] The BMUA's $130 million debt that was paid off by the BWJV represented over half of Bayonne's overall debt ($240 million) at the time,[137] and in March 2013, Moody's Investors Service upgraded the credit rating of Bayonne from 'negative' to 'stable', citing the water deal.[139]

Fire department

Fire Station # 3

The city of Bayonne has around 161 full-time professional firefighters consisting of the city of Bayonne Fire Department (BFD), which was founded on September 3, 1906, and operates out of five fire stations located throughout the city. The Bayonne Fire Dept operates a fleet of five engines, one squad (rescue-pumper), three ladder trucks, a heavy rescue truck (which is also part of the Metro USAR Collapse Rescue Strike Team), a large 4,000 gallon foam tanker truck, a haz-mat truck, a multi-service unit, a fireboat, as well as spare apparatus. Each tour is commanded by a battalion chief.[142]

The department is part of the Metro USAR Strike Team, which consists of nine North Jersey fire departments and other emergency services divisions working to address major emergency rescue situations.[143]

Education

Bayonne Free Public Library and Cultural Center

Public schools

The Bayonne School District serves students from pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade.[144] As of the 2020–21 school year, the district, comprised of 13 schools, had an enrollment of 10,059 students and 763.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.2:1.[145] Schools in the district (with 2020–21 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[146]) are John M. Bailey School No. 12[147] (656 students; in grades PreK-8), Mary J. Donohoe No. 4[148] (459; PreK-8), Henry E. Harris No. 1[149] (637; PreK-8), Lincoln Community School No. 5[150] (433; PreK-8), Horace Mann No. 6[151] (641; PreK-8), Nicholas Oresko School No. 14[152] (444; PreK-8), Dr. Walter F. Robinson No. 3[153] (772; PreK-8), William Shemin Midtown Community School No. 8[154] (1,230; PreK-8), Phillip G. Vroom No. 2[155] (485; PreK-8), George Washington Community School No. 9[156] (677; PreK-8), Woodrow Wilson School No. 10[157] (747; PreK-8), Bayonne High School[158] (1,290; 9-12) and Bayonne Alternative High School[159] (141; 9-12).[160][161][162][163] Bayonne High School is the only public school in the state to have an on-campus ice rink for its hockey team.[164][165]

During the 1998–99 school year, Midtown Community School No. 8 was recognized with the National Blue Ribbon School Award of Excellence by the United States Department of Education.[166] During the 2008–2009 school year, Nicholas Oresko School No. 14 was recognized as a Blue Ribbon School award, and Washington Community School No. 9 was honored during the 2009–2010 school year.[167]

For the 2004–05 school year, Mary J. Donohoe No. 4 School was named a "Star School" by the New Jersey Department of Education, the highest honor that a New Jersey school can achieve.[168] It is the fourth school in Bayonne to receive this honor. The other three are Bayonne High School in 1995–96,[169] Midtown Community School in 1996–97[170] and P.S. #14 in the 1998–99 school year.[171]

Private schools

Private schools in Bayonne include All Saints Catholic Academy, for grades Pre-K–8, which operates under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark[172] and was one of eight private schools recognized in 2017 as an Exemplary High Performing School by the National Blue Ribbon Schools Program of the United States Department of Education.[173] Marist High School, a co-ed Catholic high school, announced in January 2020 that it would close at the end of the 2019–2020 school year due to deficits that had risen to $1 million and enrollment that had declined by 50% since 2008.[174]

The Yeshiva Gedolah of Bayonne is a yeshiva high school / beis medrash / Kolel with 130 students.[175]

Holy Family Academy for girls in ninth through twelfth grades was closed at the end of the 2012–2013 school year in the wake of financial difficulties and declining enrollment, having lost the support of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia in 2008.[176]

Libraries and museums

The Bayonne Public Library,[177] one of New Jersey's original 36 Carnegie libraries,[178] the Bayonne Community Museum,[179] the Bayonne Firefighters Museum,[180] and the Joyce-Herbert VFW Post 226 Veterans Museum[181] provide educational events and programs.

Media and culture

Bayonne is located within the New York media market, with most of its daily papers available for sale or delivery. Local, county, and regional news is covered by the daily Jersey Journal. The Bayonne Community News is part of The Hudson Reporter group of local weeklies. Other weeklies, the River View Observer and El Especialito also cover local news.[182] Bayonne-based periodicals include the Bayonne Evening Star-Telegram (B.E.S.T.).

Bayonne's local culture is served by the Annual Outdoor Art Show, which was instituted in 2008, in which local artists display their works.[183]

Jackie Gleason, a former headliner at the Hi-Hat Club in Bayonne, was fascinated by the city and mentioned it often in the television series The Honeymooners.[184]

Films set in Bayonne include the 1991 film Mortal Thoughts, with Demi Moore and Bruce Willis, which was filmed near Horace Mann School and locations around Bayonne and Hoboken;[185] the 2000 drama Men of Honor, starring Robert De Niro and Cuba Gooding Jr.; the 2002 drama Hysterical Blindness; and the 2005 Tom Cruise science fiction film War of the Worlds, which opens at the Bayonne home of the lead character, and depicts the destruction of the Bayonne Bridge by aliens. Films shot in Bayonne include the 2001 film A Beautiful Mind, scenes of which were filmed at the Peninsula at Bayonne Harbor,[186] and the 2008 Mickey Rourke drama The Wrestler, which was partially filmed in the Color & Cuts Salon and the former Dolphin Gym, both of which are on Broadway in Bayonne.[187][188]

The November 16, 2010, episode of The Daily Show with Jon Stewart parodied former Alaska Governor Sarah Palin's reality television series, Sarah Palin's Alaska, in the form of a trailer for a fictional reality show called Jason Jones' Bayonne, New Jersey, whose portrayal of the city was characterized by prostitution, drugs, crime, pollution and a stereotypical Italian-American population.[189] Bayonne Mayor Mark Smith criticized the sketch, saying, "Jon Stewart's unfortunate and inaccurate depiction of Bayonne represents a lame attempt at humor at the expense of a rock solid, all-American community."[190] It is also referenced in the humorous song "The Rolling Mills of New Jersey" by John Roberts and Tony Barrand as the narrator's home town.[191]

The comic strip Piranha Club (originally "Ernie"), drawn by Bud Grace, is set in and around Bayonne.[192]

The ABC sci-fi comedy television series The Neighbors is about a family that moves from Bayonne into a fictional gated community, Hidden Hills, that is populated by aliens from another planet posing as humans.[193]

Religion

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark operates Catholic churches. Two in Bayonne, Blessed Miriam Teresa Demjanovich Church and St. John Paul II Church, were formed from consolidations,[194] in 2016, because the number of people attending Catholic churches declined.[195]

Demjanovich church is a merger of St. Andrew and St. Mary Star of the Sea churches, with the merged congregation keeping the two sites for worship. Reverend Alexander Santora in the Jersey Journal wrote that due to the efforts of the pastor, the Demjanovich merger "went off, however, without a hitch."[196]

Three other churches, Our Lady of the Assumption, Our Lady of Mt. Carmel, and St. Michael/St. Joseph, merged into John Paul II in 2016.[197] There were unsuccessful protests to keep Assumption open,[198] and the archdiocese committed to closing that church.[199]

Bayonne's Jewish community is served by Temple Beth Am (Reform), Temple Emanu-El (Conservative), Ohav Zedek (Orthodox), and Chabad (Orthodox).[citation needed]

Transportation

Roads and highways

View west along Interstate 78 (New Jersey Turnpike Newark Bay Extension) in Bayonne

As of May 2010, the city had a total of 76.55 miles (123.20 km) of roadways, of which 65.78 miles (105.86 km) were maintained by the city, 4.82 miles (7.76 km) are overseen by Hudson County, 4.04 miles (6.50 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 1.91 miles (3.07 km) are the responsibility of the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[200]

The Bayonne Bridge stretches 1,775 feet (541 m), connecting south to Staten Island over the Kill Van Kull. Originally constructed in 1931, the bridge underwent a Navigation Clearance Project that was completed in 2017 at a cost of $1.7 billion, that raised the bridge deck from 151 feet (46 m) above the water to 215 feet (66 m), allowing larger and more heavily laden cargo ships to clear their way under the bridge.[201]

Several major roadways pass through the city.[202] The Newark Bay Extension (Interstate 78) of the New Jersey Turnpike eastbound travels to Jersey City and, via the Holland Tunnel, Manhattan. Westbound, the Newark Bay Bridge provides access to Newark, Newark Liberty International Airport and the rest of the turnpike (Interstate 95).[203]

Kennedy Boulevard (County Route 501) is a major thoroughfare along the west side of the city from the Bayonne Bridge north to Jersey City and North Hudson.[204]

Route 440 runs along the east side of Bayonne, and the West Side of Jersey City, partially following the path of the old Morris Canal route.[205] It connects to the Bayonne Bridge, I-78, and to Route 185 to Liberty State Park.

Public transportation

8th Street station

The Hudson-Bergen Light Rail has four stops in Bayonne, all originally from the former Central Railroad of New Jersey (CNJ). They are located at 45th Street, 34th Street, 22nd Street, all just east of Avenue E, and 8th Street (the southern terminal of the 8th Street-Hoboken Line) at Avenue C, which opened in January 2011.[206][207]

Bus transportation is provided on three main north–south streets of the city: Broadway, Kennedy Boulevard, and Avenue C, both by the state-operated NJ Transit and several private bus lines.[208] The Broadway line runs solely inside Bayonne city limits, while bus lines on Avenue C and Kennedy Boulevard run to various end points in Jersey City. The NJ Transit 120 runs between Avenue C in Bayonne and Battery Park in Downtown Manhattan during rush hours in peak direction while the 81 provides service to Jersey City.[209][210][211]

MTA Regional Bus Operations provides bus service between Bayonne and Staten Island on the S89 route, which connects the 34th Street light rail station and the Eltingville neighborhood on Staten Island with no other stops in Bayonne. It is the first interstate bus service operated by the New York City Transit Authority.[212]

For 114 years, the CNJ ran frequent service through the city. Trains ran north to the Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal in Jersey City. Trains ran west to Elizabethport, Elizabeth and Cranford for points west and south. The implementation of the Aldene Connection in 1967 bypassed CNJ trains around Bayonne so that nearly all trains would either terminate at Newark Pennsylvania Station or at Hoboken Terminal.[213] By 1973, a lightly used shuttle between Bayonne and Cranford that operated 20 times per day was the final remnant of service on the line.[214] Until August 6, 1978, a shuttle service between Bayonne and Cranford retained the last leg of service with the CNJ trains.[215]

Points of interest

Kill Van Kull meets Newark Bay
Rutkowski Park

National Registered Historic Places and museums

See List of Registered Historic Places in Hudson County, New Jersey

Notable people

See also: Category:People from Bayonne, New Jersey

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Bayonne include ((B) denotes that the person was born in the city):

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  185. ^ Sullivan, Al. "Bayonne High School is film set Bruce Willis will play principal in new movie" Archived February 3, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, The Hudson Reporter, October 5, 2007. Accessed March 30, 2012. "When Demi Moore came to Bayonne in 1991 to make her film Mortal Thoughts, not many people may know that she brought her actor/husband, Bruce Willis, with her. Willis, who returned to Bayonne last week to film his segments in a new film, entitled The Assassination of a High School Principal or The Sophomore, was a big hit during his first visit, prompting one teacher - who was on the 1991 set at Horace Mann School - who hoped to catch a glimpse of him at the high school."
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  192. ^ Tahaney, Ed. "'Piranha' devours 'Ernie' comic"[permanent dead link], New York Daily News, September 2, 1998. Accessed November 20, 2012. ""Ernie," the award-winning comic strip that has appeared in the Daily News since 1987, has decided to join the club 'The Piranha Club'.... The strip, set in Bayonne, N.J., is about an innocent guy whose world is filled with conniving thieves, crooks and swindlers, including his Uncle Sid, the ringleader of the anti-social Piranha Club."
  193. ^ Sullivan, Al. "Home to aliens? New sci-fi TV series set in Bayonne" Archived December 30, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, The Hudson Reporter, October 17, 2012. Accessed December 30, 2014. "If you ever thought your neighbors might be from outer space, then the new show The Neighbors is right up your alley. Set in Bayonne, the show features a gated community in which most of the residents are aliens from outer space, with males who get pregnant and name their children after earthly sport stars."
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  201. ^ Bascome, Eric. "Bayonne Bridge rededication ceremony marks end of $1.7 billion project" Archived November 12, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Staten Island Advance, June 14, 2019. Accessed November 12, 2019. "The ceremony marked the completion of the Navigation Clearance Project, also known as Raise the Roadway, which began construction in 2013 and elevated the deck of the Bayonne Bridge from 151 feet to 215 feet in order to accommodate larger, 21st-century container ships that were unable to fit under the bridge's previous configuration.... The Bayonne Bridge, once the longest steel arch bridge in the world, opened to the public in 1931, paralleling an existing ferry service between Port Richmond, Staten Island and Bayonne, New Jersey.... When opened in 1931, the Bayonne Bridge was the longest steel arch bridge in the world, with the arch spanning 1,775 feet long and standing 325 feet high."
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  213. ^ Middleton, Kathleen M. Bayonne Passages Archived October 2, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, p. 151. Arcadia Publishing, 1999. ISBN 9780752405636. Accessed February 7, 2018. "Dwight Palmer had released a plan to reroute the mainline of the Jersey Central Railroad east of the town of Aldene. By shifting the mainline from Jersey City, the Palmer, or Aldene, plan all but finished passenger service through Bayonne. Despite the city's protest, the state enacted the plan in 1967."
  214. ^ Burks, Edward C. "Bayonne May Lose Its Trains" Archived February 8, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, May 27, 1973. Accessed February 7, 2018. "There were strong hints from the state's Department of Transportation last week that drastic curtailment or a complete cutoff of the Jersey Central's commuter service to Bayonne is imminent. Twenty times a day, a diesel car Shuttles between Bayonne and Cranford, on the Central's main line. But only two early‐morning trips to Bayonne and two returning ones in the evening are heavily patronized."
  215. ^ Thorpe, Steve. "Conrail/NJ D.O.T. Draws the Curtain on the Bayonne Shuttle" Archived February 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Accessed August 18, 2013.
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  218. ^ Shooters Island Archived February 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed December 6, 2011. "Because of its importance as a habitat and breeding ground for birds, Shooter's Island was assigned to Parks on March 3, 1994, as a bird sanctuary. Nine of the island's 43 acres (17 ha) belong to New Jersey (Bayonne owns 7.5 acres (3 ha), Elizabeth owns 1.5 acres). New York State paid New Jersey $30,000 for the right to manage the whole of the island in perpetuity."
  219. ^ The Memorial at Harbor View Park Archived December 31, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, The Peninsula at Bayonne Harbor. Accessed August 9, 2017.
  220. ^ Miller, Jonathan. "Art, or Something Like It, Brings Russian Leader to Bayonne" Archived August 10, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, September 16, 2015. Accessed August 9, 2017. "It is not every day that the president of Russia comes to visit a blue collar New Jersey town, but here he was, Vladimir Putin, standing amid shipping containers and cracked, weed-choked asphalt, clasping hands with the mayor, and speaking of Russia's 'unity' with the United States. The reason? A 'groundbreaking' (though no ground was actually broken) for a beleaguered memorial from Russia commemorating the attack of Sept. 11, 2001 that initially had been offered to, and then rejected by, Jersey City."
  221. ^ Dedication Ceremony: September 11, 2006 Archived November 30, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, 911 Monument. Accessed August 9, 2017. "On September 11, 2006, the fifth anniversary of the tragedy, the monument To the Struggle Against World Terrorism was dedicated. The ceremony started with the performance of the National Anthems of the United States and the Russian Federation. Former United States President William Jefferson Clinton was the keynote speaker."
  222. ^ First Reformed Dutch Church of Bergen Neck Nomination Form Archived October 23, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, National Register of Historic Places. Accessed March 15, 2018.
  223. ^ Robbins Reef - Entrance to Kill Van Kull Archived May 29, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Lighthouse Society. Accessed August 6, 2013. "The original lighthouse was a white, octagonal stone tower built in 1839. In 1883 the tower was replaced by the present 46 foot, cast iron 'spark plug' tower built atop a granite foundation situated a few yards south of the old tower."
  224. ^ Chasing Rainbows; The Road to Oz Archived March 5, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, Goodspeed Musicals. Accessed December 4, 2017. "Marc Acito (Book) was born on January 11, 1966 in Bayonne, New Jersey."
  225. ^ "Walker Lee Ashley" Archived September 20, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, National Football League. Accessed October 29, 2013.
  226. ^ Pogrebin, Robin. "Symphony to Investigate String-Instrument Deal" Archived October 2, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, August 17, 2004. Accessed October 29, 2013. "Mr. Axelrod, an entrepreneur from Bayonne, made his money publishing pet care books."
  227. ^ Central Savings Bank Archived August 14, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, December 21, 1993. Accessed October 29, 2013. "William Louis Ayres was born in Bergen Point, New Jersey."
  228. ^ Staff. "Alexander Barkan, 81; headed labor's political action group" Archived September 20, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Chicago Tribune, October 22, 1990. Accessed October 29, 2013. "Alexander E. Barkan, longtime head of the AFL-CIO's political action committee has died at age 81, the labor federation announced.Mr. Barkan was a native of Bayonne, N.J."
  229. ^ Staff. "Allan Benny Dead; Ex-Congressman; Bayonne Leader, Once Member of State Assembly, Served Also as City Attorney" Archived July 27, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, November 8, 1942. Accessed September 19, 2017.
  230. ^ Staff. "Ben Bernie Dies; Band Leader, 52; 'Old Maestro,' Star of Radio, Stage and Screen, Rose From Poverty on the East Side" Archived July 27, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, October 21, 1943. Accessed September 19, 2017. "His father, who had a horseshoeing establishment on South Street under the spreading roadway of the Brooklyn Bridge, had a difficult time to feed the eleven children, and when ben was 6 years old the family moved to Bayonne, N. J., where the family became, as it were, the village blacksmith."
  231. ^ Thorbourne, Ken. "Bayonne actress Tammy Blanchard set to light up small screen" Archived June 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, NJ.com, March 25, 2010,
  232. ^ via Associated Press. "9/11 survivor from N.J. seen in iconic photo covered in dust dies" Archived August 28, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, The Record, August 26, 2015. Accessed August 29, 2015. "The 42-year-old Bayonne resident was working on the 81st floor inside one of the Twin Towers in the attack, but she managed to escape the building."
  233. ^ Kurland, Bob. "Pitching In Majors Fulfills Borowski's Other Dream", The Record, August 27, 1995. Accessed July 15, 2007. "The 24-year-old native of Bayonne even has had a taste of pitching for the Baltimore Orioles."
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  236. ^ Reichler, Joe via Associated Press. "Roberts Is Also 20 Game Winner" Archived November 19, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, The Telegraph, August 20, 1952. Accessed October 29, 2013. "Dick Brodowski, of Bayonne, NJ, Boston Rod Sox pitcher, has his blood pressure taken by Lieut Vincent Pattlavina, of Quincy, Mass, at the Army Base induction center in Boston, the morning of August 18."
  237. ^ "Clem Burke of Blondie talks to ZANI" Archived August 14, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, ZANI. Accessed October 29, 2013. "Clem Burke born 24th November 1954 Bayonne, New Jersey, is a drummer who has been in the forefront of popular music since 1976. He joined Blondie a year before in New York where he passed an audition under the watchful eye of Debbie Harry (Lead Singer and Songwriter) and Chris Stein (Guitar and Songwriter)."
  238. ^ Sandomir, Richard. "Walter Chandoha, Photographer Whose Specialty Was Cats, Dies at 98" Archived January 23, 2019, at archive.today, The New York Times, January 18, 2019. Accessed April 17, 2020. "Walter George Chandoha was born in Bayonne on Nov. 30, 1920. His parents, Sam and Pauline (Tychy) Chandoha, were Ukrainian immigrants."
  239. ^ Blumenthal, Ralph. "Leon H. Charney, Investor, Cable TV Host and Peace Broker, Is Dead at 77" Archived August 18, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, March 22, 2016. Accessed March 24, 2016. "Mr. Charney was born on July 23, 1938, in Bayonne, N.J., and grew up poor, the son of a sewing supplies salesman who died young."
  240. ^ Ferme, Antonio. "Cy Chermak, CHiPs and Ironside Producer, Dies at 91" Archived April 12, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, Variety, February 1, 2021. Accessed April 24, 2021. "Chermak was born in 1929 in Bayonne, New Jersey as Seymour 'Cy' Chermak."
  241. ^ Hack, Charles. "Assemblyman Anthony Chiappone of Bayonne is introducing a 'DiNardo' illegal-gun bill" Archived November 13, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, The Jersey Journal, October 8, 2009. Accessed September 20, 2017. "Although Bayonne Assemblyman Anthony Chiappone has been indicted on corruption charges by a state grand jury and the speaker of the Assembly is denying him his pay and benefits, he is still a working lawmaker."
  242. ^ Sullivan, Al (July 21, 2010). "Political career ends: Chiappone resigns from Assembly" Archived November 13, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. The Hudson Reporter.
  243. ^ Eagle Profile: Richard H. Best Archived June 13, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, Gathering of Eagles Program. Accessed June 13, 2023. "Richard Halsey Best was born 24 March 1910, in Bayonne, New Jersey."
  244. ^ Gobis, Peter. "Coello, PawSox knocked around " Archived October 18, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, The Sun Chronicle, July 9, 2010. Accessed October 29, 2013. "Coello, a Bayonne, N.J. native, was once a catcher, selected in the 20th round of the MLB Draft in 2004 by Cincinnati."
  245. ^ Hevesi, Dennis. "Robert B. Cohen, Hudson News Chain Founder, Dies at 86" Archived April 20, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, February 5, 2012. Accessed October 29, 2013. "Robert Benjamin Cohen was born in Bayonne, N.J., on May 26, 1925, to Isaac and Lillian Goodman Cohen. His father, who once operated a newsstand and a home-delivery route in Brooklyn, started what was then called the Bayonne News Company in the early 1920s."
  246. ^ Conte, Michaelangelo. "Former Bayonne Mayor Dennis P. Collins dies at 85" Archived August 16, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, The Jersey Journal, December 7, 2009. Accessed October 29, 2013. "Former Bayonne Mayor Dennis P. Collins died yesterday, leaving a legacy of nearly three decades of public service that earned him the distinction of having the city's largest park and main post office named in his honor.... Collins amassed 28 years of public service, including 12 years on the City Council and a record four-term mayoralty, from 1974 to 1990, when he retired."
  247. ^ Sullivan, Al. "Bringing it back home; Dr. Hook guitarist unveils new instrument" Archived September 20, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The Union City Reporter, March 25, 2009, Pages 5 and 20. Accessed August 25, 2013.
  248. ^ "Ex-Mayor B. J. Daly of Bayonne, Was 71; City's Chief Executive 5 Times in 30 Years Dies Played Baseball as Young Man" Archived October 2, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, September 4, 1952. Accessed March 8, 2021.
  249. ^ Miniscule, Caroline. "The Thunder Child: Interviews Source Book – Tom De Haven: Author It's Superman Archived September 20, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The Thunder Child, March 2006. Accessed September 20, 2017. "I was born in Bayonne, New Jersey, grew up in the same neighborhood you see in the first half hour of Steven Spielberg's War of the Worlds: that beautiful silvery bridge those aliens blast to undulating smithereens is the same Bayonne Bridge I used to ride my bike across (to Staten Island) in the late 1950s and early 1960s."
  250. ^ Kehr, Dave. "Sandra Dee, 'Gidget' Star and Teenage Idol, Dies at 62" Archived June 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, February 20, 2005. Accessed November 11, 2012. "Born Alexandra Zuck on April 23, 1942, in Bayonne, N.J., she began modeling in New York at an early age."
  251. ^ Schlossberg, Tatiana. "A Nun From New Jersey Is on a Path to Sainthood" Archived December 1, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, October 3, 2014. Accessed November 29, 2017. "Sister Miriam Teresa Demjanovich was a nun for only two years at a convent in New Jersey before she died in 1927 at the age of 26. But on Saturday she will edge closer to sainthood when she is beatified at a special Mass in Newark, the first time such a ceremony has been held in the United States.Sister Miriam Teresa was born in Bayonne in 1901, the youngest of seven children of immigrants from present-day Slovakia."
  252. ^ "Bayonne's Gen. Dempsey named one of world's most influential: Time Magazine" Archived February 1, 2022, at the Wayback Machine, The Jersey Journal, April 17, 2015, updated January 17, 2019. Accessed February 1, 2022. "Army General Martin E. Dempsey, who was born in Jersey City and grew up in Bayonne, made Time magazine's annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world, a group that includes Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton, Pope Francis and celebrity Kim Kardashian."
  253. ^ Rich Dimler profile Archived September 20, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Pro-Football-Reference.com. Accessed September 20, 2017.
  254. ^ Aron, Michael. Interview with James P. Dugan Archived July 22, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Eagleton Institute of Politics Center on the American Governor at Rutgers University, February 27, 2008. Accessed July 22, 2019. "James P. Dugan: Well, I was born Bayonne, many years ago.... Q: Where did you live in those days? Were you in Bayonne? James P. Dugan: Yes."
  255. ^ "Profile – Michael Embrich – The Authors Guild". go.authorsguild.org. Archived from the original on October 6, 2021. Retrieved September 29, 2021.
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