Middletown Township, New Jersey
From top, left to right: The former residence of American social reformer Geraldine Morgan Thompson, which now serves as the visitor center at Thompson Park in Middletown's Lincroft neighborhood, Covered bridge in Middletown Village, Brookdale Community College, Sandy Hook Light, and Water Witch homestead
Official seal of Middletown Township, New Jersey
Motto: 
The Biggest Small Town in New Jersey
Map of Middletown Township in Monmouth County. Inset (left): Monmouth County highlighted within New Jersey
Map of Middletown Township in Monmouth County. Inset (left): Monmouth County highlighted within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Middletown Township, New Jersey Interactive map of Middletown Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Middletown Township, New Jersey
Map
Interactive map of Middletown Township, New Jersey
Middletown Township is located in Monmouth County, New Jersey
Middletown Township
Middletown Township
Location in Monmouth County
Middletown Township is located in New Jersey
Middletown Township
Middletown Township
Location in New Jersey
Middletown Township is located in the United States
Middletown Township
Middletown Township
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°24′17″N 74°04′17″W / 40.404786°N 74.071404°W / 40.404786; -74.071404[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
CountyMonmouth
FormedOctober 31, 1693
IncorporatedFebruary 21, 1798
Government
 • TypeSpecial charter
 • BodyTownship Committee
 • MayorAnthony S. Perry (R, term ends December 31, 2023)[3][4]
 • AdministratorAnthony P. Mercantante[5]
 • Municipal clerkHeidi R. Brunt[6]
Area
 • Total58.72 sq mi (152.09 km2)
 • Land40.95 sq mi (106.06 km2)
 • Water17.78 sq mi (46.04 km2)  30.27%
 • Rank23rd of 565 in state
2nd of 53 in county[1]
Elevation98 ft (30 m)
Population
 • Total67,106
 • Estimate 
(2022)[9][11]
66,807
 • Rank20th of 565 in state
1st of 53 in county[12]
 • Density1,638.8/sq mi (632.7/km2)
  • Rank326th of 565 in state
40th of 53 in county[12]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Codes[13]
07748 – Middletown[14]
07701 – Red Bank[15]
07716 – Atlantic Highlands[16]
07718 – Belford[17]
07732 – Highlands[18]
07733 – Holmdel[19]
07737 – Leonardo[20]
07738 – Lincroft[21]
07752 – Navesink[22]
07758 – Port Monmouth[23]
07760 – Locust[24]
Area code(s)732 and 908[25]
FIPS code3402545990[1][26][27]
GNIS feature ID0882604[1][28]
Websitewww.middletownnj.org

Middletown Township is a township in northern Monmouth County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2020 United States census, the township was the state's 20th-most-populous municipality and the largest in the county,[29] with a population of 67,106,[9][10] an increase of 584 (+0.9%) from the 2010 census count of 66,522,[30][31] which in turn reflected an increase of 195 residents (0.3%) from its population of 66,327 in the 2000 census, when it was the state's 17th-most-populous municipality.[32][33]

Middletown is a bedroom community of New York City, located alongside of the Raritan Bay within the Raritan Valley region in the New York metropolitan area.[34] Due to its affluence, low crime, access to cultural activities, public school system, location at the Jersey Shore and Raritan Bayshore, and central commuting location, Middletown was ranked in 2006, 2008, 2010, and 2014 in the Top 100 in CNNMoney.com's Best Places to Live.[35][36][37][38] Time magazine listed Middletown on its list of "Best Places to Live 2014".[39]

In 2016, SafeWise named Middletown Township as the fifth-safest city in America to raise a child; the township was the highest ranked of the 12 communities in New Jersey included on the list.[40]

History

The Seabrook-Wilson House was built in 1663 and is one of the oldest surviving structures in New Jersey.

Small communities of the Lenape Navesink tribe were common throughout the area when the first known European landing in what would become Middletown Township occurred in 1609. Sea captain and explorer Henry Hudson, in search of the mythical Northwest Passage in the service of the Dutch West India Company, anchored along the shores of Sandy Hook Bay in 1609, describing the area "a very good land to fall in with and a pleasant land to see."[41] While a patroonship was granted by the company in 1651 the land wasn't officially settled. Today's Shoal Harbor Museum and Old Spy House includes portions of a house constructed by Thomas Whitlock, one of the area's first European settlers (and a Reformed Baptist at Middletown[42]) who arrived here as early as 1664,[43] around the time of the English takeover of New Netherland as a prelude of the Second Anglo-Dutch War.[41] Long-standing tradition had Penelope Stout, one of the first settlers, hiding in a tree from hostile Native Americans.[44]

Marlpit Hall was built in 1686 and is an example of New England-influenced saltbox architecture.[45]
Sandy Hook Light was built in 1764. It is the oldest operating lighthouse in the United States.[46]
The Thomas Lloyd House at Brookdale Farm

Shortly after the Dutch surrender of the New Netherland to the English in 1664 a large tract of land known as the Navesink Patent or Monmouth Tract was granted to Baptist and Quaker settlers from Long Island, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts. In 1693 the triangular tract became three townships – Middletown Township, Shrewsbury Township and Freehold Township.[47][48]

Middletown was settled as a place of refuge for Baptists from Long Island and New England.[49] Pictured is the New Monmouth Baptist Church, established in 1855.[50]

During the American Revolutionary War, Middletown and much of the rest of Eastern Monmouth County was held by the British. After the Battle of Monmouth, the British retreat from Freehold Township carried them down King's Highway through Middletown to their embarkation points at Sandy Hook in the bay, heading back to New York City.[41][51]

Middletown Township was originally formed on October 31, 1693, and was incorporated as a township by the Township Act of 1798 of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. Portions of the township were taken to form Atlantic Township (February 8, 1847, now Colts Neck Township), Raritan Township (February 25, 1848, now Hazlet), Atlantic Highlands (February 28, 1887), Highlands (March 22, 1900) and Keansburg (March 22, 1917).[52]

The Holland Activity Center at Tatum Park, the former homestead of the prestigious Tatum family

Upon the completion of a railroad junction in 1875, the town grew more rapidly, eventually changing from a group of small and loosely connected fishing and agricultural villages into a fast-growing suburb at the turn of the 20th century. If Middletown ever had a recognizable town center or town square, it was lost in that rapid growth soon after World War II.

In May 1958, several Nike Ajax missiles exploded at Battery NY-53 in Chapel Hill, killing ten Army and civilian personnel. The accident was one of the worst missile-related disasters of the Cold War.[53][54]

World Trade Center Memorial Gardens in Middletown, which had the second-highest number of residents killed during the September 11th attacks, behind New York City

During the September 11 terrorist attacks in 2001, Middletown lost 37 of its residents at the World Trade Center,[55] which was the second-most 9/11 deaths of any municipality, behind New York City itself.[56][57][58] The World Trade Center Memorial Gardens were opened to the public on September 11, 2003, the second anniversary of the attacks.[55]

The Waterfront site of Naval Weapons Station Earle is located in Leonardo on Sandy Hook Bay, and is used to load ammunition onto ships on a finger pier that stretches for 2.9 miles (4.7 km), making it the world's second-longest such pier.[59]

The "Evil Clown of Middletown" is a towering sign along Route 35 painted to resemble a circus clown, that currently advertises a liquor store. The sign is a remnant of an old supermarket that used to be at that location called "Food Circus". The clown and recent successful attempts from residents to save it from demolition have been featured in the pages of Weird NJ magazine, on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, and in the Kevin Smith-directed film Clerks II.[60]

The Indian Trails 15K road race is held each year in April to benefit the Monmouth Conservation Foundation and includes a 5K walk/run event for fun. The race, run on a combination on paved and dirt roads, includes many relatively steep hills and has been described as "the most challenging race in the state".[61]

The Middletown Township Historical Society is a non-profit formed in 1968 to preserve and promote the history of Middletown.[62]

Geography

New York architect Edwin L. Howard designed this home in the early 20th century for the wealthy Huber family. In 1974, the estate was donated to the Monmouth County Park System.[63]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 58.72 square miles (152.09 km2), including 40.95 square miles (106.06 km2) of land and 17.78 square miles (46.04 km2) of water (30.27%).[1][2]

Belford (2010 Census population of 1,768),[64] Fairview (3,806),[65] Leonardo (2,757),[66] Lincroft (6,135),[67] Navesink (2,020),[68] North Middletown (3,295)[69] and Port Monmouth (3,818)[70] are all census-designated places and unincorporated communities located within Middletown Township.[71][72][73]

Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Browns Dock, Chapel Hill, East Keansburg, Everett, Fort Hancock, Harmony, Headdons Corner, Hendrickson Corners,[citation needed] Highland Park, Highlands Beach, Highlands of Navesink, Holland,[citation needed] Leonardville, Locust, Locust Point, Monmouth Hills,[citation needed] New Monmouth, Normandie, Oak Hill, Philips Mills, Red Hill,[citation needed] River Plaza,[citation needed] Stone Church,[citation needed] Tiltons Corner, Town Brook, Waterwitch Park and Wilmont Park.[74]

The Sandy Hook peninsula is also within Middletown Township, though it is not connected to the rest of the township by land. However, one could sail along Raritan Bay from the mainland to Sandy Hook and remain within Middletown Township.[41][75]

The township borders the Monmouth County communities of Atlantic Highlands, Colts Neck Township, Fair Haven, Hazlet Township, Highlands, Holmdel Township, Keansburg, Red Bank, Rumson, Sea Bright and Tinton Falls.[76][77][78]

Poricy Creek (Poricy Park, Oak Hill Road) is locally well known for its deposits of Cretaceous marine fossils, including belemnites.[79]

Climate data for Middletown Township, NJ
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 38
(3)
41
(5)
48
(9)
59
(15)
69
(21)
79
(26)
83
(28)
83
(28)
77
(25)
65
(18)
54
(12)
44
(7)
62
(16)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 27
(−3)
27
(−3)
34
(1)
42
(6)
52
(11)
62
(17)
68
(20)
68
(20)
61
(16)
50
(10)
41
(5)
32
(0)
47
(8)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.50
(89)
2.98
(76)
3.90
(99)
3.85
(98)
4.02
(102)
4.40
(112)
4.91
(125)
4.19
(106)
3.84
(98)
4.00
(102)
3.46
(88)
3.70
(94)
46.75
(1,189)
Source: [80]

Demographics

Autumn foliage in Middletown
Historical population
CensusPop.Note
17903,225
18103,849
18204,36913.5%
18305,12817.4%
18406,06318.2%
18503,251*−46.4%
18604,11226.5%
18704,63912.8%
18805,0599.1%
18905,650*11.7%
19005,479*−3.0%
19106,65321.4%
19205,917*−11.1%
19309,20955.6%
194011,01819.6%
195016,20347.1%
196039,675144.9%
197054,62337.7%
198062,57414.6%
199068,1839.0%
200066,327−2.7%
201066,5220.3%
202067,1060.9%
2022 (est.)66,807[9][11]−0.4%
Population sources:
1800–1920[81] 1840[82]
1850[83] 1870[84] 1880–1890[85]
1890–1910[86][87] 1910–1930[88]
1940–2000[89] 2000[90][91]
2010[30][31][32] 2020[9][10]
* = Lost territory in previous decade[52]
Memorial for deceased officers

2010 census

The 2010 United States census counted 66,522 people, 23,962 households, and 18,235 families in the township. The population density was 1,622.9 per square mile (626.6/km2). There were 24,959 housing units at an average density of 608.9 per square mile (235.1/km2). The racial makeup was 93.89% (62,456) White, 1.31% (869) Black or African American, 0.10% (67) Native American, 2.60% (1,730) Asian, 0.01% (8) Pacific Islander, 0.81% (537) from other races, and 1.29% (855) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 5.37% (3,569) of the population.[30]

Of the 23,962 households, 34.5% had children under the age of 18; 63.5% were married couples living together; 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present and 23.9% were non-families. Of all households, 20.3% were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.22.[30]

24.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 31.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.5 years. For every 100 females, the population had 93.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 91.1 males.[30]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $96,190 (with a margin of error of +/− $2,818) and the median family income was $110,944 (+/− $3,794). Males had a median income of $78,739 (+/− $3,585) versus $52,752 (+/− $2,573) for females. The per capita income for the township was $42,792 (+/− $1,706). About 1.7% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.[92]

One of the few remaining covered bridges in the state

2000 census

As of the 2000 United States census there were 66,327 people, 23,236 households, and 18,100 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,613.0 inhabitants per square mile (622.8/km2). There were 23,841 housing units at an average density of 579.8 per square mile (223.9/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 94.71% White, 1.21% African American, 0.07% Native American, 2.59% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 3.41% of the population.[90][91]

There were 23,236 households, out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.3% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.1% were non-families. 18.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.27.[90][91]

In the township the population was spread out, with 26.3% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.[90][91]

The median income for a household in the township was $75,566, and the median income for a family was $86,124. Males had a median income of $60,755 versus $36,229 for females. The per capita income for the township was $34,196. About 1.9% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 105 or over.[90][91]

Government

Local government

Middletown Town Hall
Middletown Town Hall

The Township Committee operates under a special charter approved on June 23, 1971, by the New Jersey Legislature; The charter preserves many aspects of the township form of government. The township is one of 11 (of the 564) municipalities statewide governed under a special charter.[93][94] The township's governing body is comprised of the five-member Township Committee, whose members are elected at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting, the Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor, each for a one-year term. The Township Committee establishes municipal policies and programs and appropriates funds.[7]

As of 2023, members of the Middletown Township Committee are Mayor Anthony S. Perry Jr. (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2024; term as mayor ends 2023), Deputy Mayor Rick W. Hibell (R, term on committee ends 2025; term as deputy mayor ends 2023), Ryan M. Clarke (R, 2023), Kimberly Kratz (R, 2023; elected to serve an unexpired term) and Kevin M. Settembrino (R, 2025).[3][95][96][97][98]

In September 2021, the Township Committee selected Kimberly Kratz from a list of three candidates nominated by the Republican municipal committee to fill the seat expiring in December 2023 that had been held by Patricia A. Snell until she resigned from office the previous month.[99] Kratz served on an interim basis until the November 2021 general election, when she was chosen by the voters to serve the balance of the term of office.[97]

In February 2018, the Township Committee selected Rick Hibell to fill the seat expiring in December 2019 that was vacated by Gerard Scharfenberger after he resigned and took office on the Monmouth County Board of Chosen Freeholders; Hibell served on an interim basis until the November 2018 general election, when voters elected him to fill the balance of the term of office.[100][101]

In November 2017, the committee chose Anthony Perry, the son-in-law of then-Mayor Gerry Scharfenberger, from three candidates nominated by the Republican municipal committee to fill the seat expiring in December 2018 that had been vacated by Stephen G. Massell the previous month when he resigned from office to accept a position on the Monmouth County Tax Board.[102][103]

In October 2006, Middletown councilman and former four-term mayor Raymond J. O'Grady (R) was sentenced to 43 months in federal prison on bribery and extortion charges arising from his involvement in a federal sting operation known as Operation Bid Rig targeting political corruption in New Jersey. O'Grady committed to obtain no-bid contracts after he had accepted bribes from contractors in exchange for the work.[104]

Federal, state, and county representation

Middletown Township is split between the 4th and 6th Congressional Districts[105] and is part of New Jersey's 13th state legislative district.[106]

Prior to the 2010 Census, Middletown Township had been split between the 6th Congressional District and the 12th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[107] The split that took effect in 2013 placed 30,866 residents living in the township's southeast in the 4th District, while 35,656 residents in the northern and eastern portions of the township were placed in the 6th District.[105][108]

For the 118th United States Congress, New Jersey's 4th congressional district is represented by Chris Smith (R, Manchester Township).[109][110] For the 118th United States Congress, New Jersey's 6th congressional district is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch).[111][112] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027)[113] and Bob Menendez (Englewood Cliffs, term ends 2025).[114][115]

For the 2024-2025 session, the 13th legislative district of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the New Jersey Senate by Declan O'Scanlon (R, Little Silver) and in the General Assembly by Vicky Flynn (R, Holmdel Township) and Gerard Scharfenberger (R, Middletown Township).[116]

Monmouth County is governed by a Board of County Commissioners comprised of five members who are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as director and another as deputy director.[117] As of 2024, Monmouth County's Commissioners are:

Director Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City, 2025),[118] Susan M. Kiley (R, Hazlet Township, 2024),[119] Erik Anderson (R, Shrewsbury, 2026),[120] Nick DiRocco (R, Wall Township, 2025),[121] and Deputy Director Ross F. Licitra (R, Marlboro Township, 2026).[122][123][124]

Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are: Clerk Christine Giordano Hanlon (R, 2025; Ocean Township),[125][126] Sheriff Shaun Golden (R, 2025; Howell Township)[127][128] and Surrogate Rosemarie D. Peters (R, 2026; Middletown Township).[129][130]

Politics

United States presidential election results for Middletown[131]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 24,219 55.76% 18,582 42.78% 631 1.45%
2016 21,267 59.91% 12,979 36.56% 1,253 3.53%
2012 18,426 58.17% 12,801 40.41% 448 1.41%
2008 20,997 57.59% 15,058 41.30% 404 1.11%
2004 21,317 60.44% 13,651 38.71% 301 0.85%
2000 16,134 51.35% 13,738 43.73% 1,545 4.92%
1996 13,158 46.81% 12,175 43.31% 2,776 9.88%
1992 15,736 49.76% 10,002 31.63% 5,886 18.61%

As of March 2011, there were a total of 46,628 registered voters in Middletown Township, of which 10,222 (21.9%) were registered as Democrats, 11,674 (25.0%) were registered as Republicans and 24,701 (53.0%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 31 voters registered to other parties.[132]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 58.2% of the vote (18,426 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 40.4% (12,801 votes), and other candidates with 1.4% (448 votes), among the 37,742 ballots cast by the township's 48,011 registered voters (6,067 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 78.6%.[133][134] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 57.6% of the vote (20,997 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 41.3% (15,058 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (404 votes), among the 36,887 ballots cast by the township's 48,174 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.6%.[135] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 60.2% of the vote (21,317 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 38.6% (13,651 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (301 votes), among the 35,403 ballots cast by the township's 46,022 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 76.9.[136]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 74.5% of the vote (15,145 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 23.8% (4,834 votes), and other candidates with 1.7% (337 votes), among the 20,555 ballots cast by the township's 47,933 registered voters (239 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 42.9%.[137][138] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 67.3% of the vote (16,351 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 25.8% (6,265 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.7% (1,382 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (188 votes), among the 24,298 ballots cast by the township's 47,422 registered voters, yielding a 51.2% turnout.[139]

Education

The Middletown Township Public School District serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade.[140] As of the 2021–22 school year, the district, comprised of 16 schools, had an enrollment of 9,150 students and 794.3 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.5:1.[141] The district consists of twelve K–5 elementary schools, three middle schools for grades 6–8, and two four-year high schools. Four elementary schools feed into each of the three middle schools. The facilities vary in age, architecture, size, and student population. Schools in the district (with 2021-22 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[142]) are Bayview Elementary School[143] (341 students in grades K-5), Fairview Elementary School[144] (304; PreK-5), Harmony Elementary School[145] (471; PreK-5), Leonardo Elementary School[146] (258; K-5), Lincroft Elementary School[147] (452; K-5), Middletown Village Elementary School[148] (425; K-5), Navesink Elementary School[149] (194; K-5), New Monmouth Elementary School[150] (486; PreK-5), Nut Swamp Elementary School[151] (519; K-5), Ocean Avenue Elementary School[152] (292; K-5), River Plaza Elementary School[153] (260; K-5), Bayshore Middle School[154] (616; 6–8), Thompson Middle School[155] (917; 6–8), Thorne Middle School[156] (625; 6–8), Middletown High School North[157] (1,399; 9–12) and Middletown High School South[158] (1,544; 9–12).[159][160][161][162]

Middletown also hosts two public magnet schools, High Technology High School, on the property of Brookdale Community College, located in the Lincroft section of town, and the Marine Academy of Science and Technology located on Sandy Hook, which are part of the Monmouth County Vocational School District.[163]

Middletown Township is home to one private high school, Christian Brothers Academy which is an all-boys College preparatory school with a focus on Christian education run by the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, located in Lincroft. Mater Dei High School was a four-year Catholic coeducational high school located in the New Monmouth section and operated under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton before closing in 2022.[164]

Saint Mary School (for Pre-K–8, founded in 1953) in New Monmouth[165] and Saint Leo the Great School (a National Blue Ribbon School founded in 1960) in Lincroft[166] both operate as part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton.[164] Oak Hill Academy is an independent school for Pre-K–8 in Lincroft, that was founded in 1981.[167]

Historic district

Middletown Village Historic District
Christ Church on Kings Highway
LocationKings Highway
Area80 acres (32 ha)
Built1664 (1664)
NRHP reference No.74001177[168]
NJRHP No.2026[169]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPMay 3, 1974
Designated NJRHPDecember 20, 1973

The Middletown Village Historic District is a 80-acre (32 ha) historic district located on both sides of Kings Highway, south and west of Route 35. It features numerous structures from the early colonial period, when settlers primarily of English descent from Long Island and New England were first immigrating to Middletown after the Dutch surrender of the New Netherland colony at the onset of the Second Anglo-Dutch War in 1664.[170][171] The most distinct preserved structures in this village are the three historic churches along Kings Highway, including The Old First Church (founded in 1688[172]), Christ Church (founded in 1702, which is one of the oldest Episcopal parishes in New Jersey), and The Middletown Reformed Church (which dates from 1836).[173]

The district was added to the National Register of Historic Places on May 3, 1974, for its significance in education, military history, political history, religion, and settlement.[174] It includes a total of 15 contributing properties.

Infrastructure

Emergency services

Middletown has some of the largest emergency service departments in the area. The police and fire departments celebrated a joint 75th Anniversary in 2003.[175] As of November 2016, Middletown Township switched their radio system over to county dispatch as part of an effort to save an estimated $1 million per year by eliminating 15 dispatchers.[176]

Police

The Middletown Township Police Department is the largest police force in Monmouth County, with 112 sworn officers.[177] The Middletown Township Police Department was formed on May 15, 1928, with the hiring of its first full-time police officer, Earl N. Hoyer. His appointment read Patrolman / Chief of Police, at an annual salary of $125.00.[178]

The Rude Awakening Program educates the youth and their parents about alcohol abuse and its position as a gateway drug to further and harsher drugs and substance abuse. The program is specifically designed to educate the student in the life altering ramifications of drinking and driving.[179] The program is mainly backed by the police department and has later encompassed EMS and fire into the program for vehicle extrication demonstrations.

Fire department

The Middletown Township Fire Department (referred to as MTFD, Monmouth County agency prefix 31 and 71) consists of 11 fire companies plus additional specialized units spread throughout the town. It is composed of 500 volunteers.[180] It is commonly stated that the Middletown Township Fire Department is "the world's largest all volunteer fire department".[181][182]

Fire companies, in order of creation, are as follows:

These companies acted separately, until August 28, 1928, when all the individual companies were brought together to form the current fire department. Since then, two more companies have been formed:

Later, the individual companies took on station numbers with regard to their creation date, with Navesink becoming Station #1 and Old Village becoming Station #11.

Specialized units

There are other special units besides the main fire companies. The MTFD has its own Fire Police Unit, Air Unit, and Special Services Unit (SSU).

EMS

There are five squads that make up the Township of Middletown EMS Department (EMS) and provide Basic Life Support (BLS) ambulances to the township. They are:

They are all volunteer as well.[187] All except Port Monmouth have EMS rescue trucks with equipment to handle vehicle extrications and rope rescue. These squads also have boats and dive teams to perform rescue and recovery operations involving water which have been called out of town to assist with large area searches. Port Monmouth provides a bariatric unit, a converted ambulance, for severely overweight patients. It has been requested outside of Middletown Township as a back-up for MONOC's unit.

Advanced Life Support (ALS) or paramedics for the township and surrounding towns are provided by MONOC. The two primary paramedic units for Middletown Township are Medic 206 located at MTFD Station 8 (Middletown Fire Company No. 1) covering a majority of the town and Medic 201 located at South Aberdeen First Aid Squad in Aberdeen covering the Northwestern end of town. Other medic units from farther distances are dispatched when these are not available.

Transportation

Roads and highways

The Garden State Parkway in Middletown

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 350.16 miles (563.53 km) of roadways, of which 302.18 miles (486.31 km) were maintained by the municipality, 31.44 miles (50.60 km) by Monmouth County and 11.95 miles (19.23 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 4.59 miles (7.39 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[188]

The Garden State Parkway is the largest and busiest highway which passes through the township, connecting Tinton Falls in the south to Holmdel Township in the north.[189] The township includes Parkway interchange 109 which is signed for County Route 520 to Red Bank / Lincroft and interchange 114 for Holmdel / Middletown.[190] There are three toll gates on the Parkway located in Middletown, two of them are at Exit 109 (northbound entry, southbound exit), and two at Exit 114 (northbound entry, with the southbound toll exit in Holmdel). Routes 35[191] and 36[192] pass through Middletown.

CR 516 travels through the northern part of the township and its eastern end is at Route 36 near Leonardo, while its western end is at Route 18 in Old Bridge.[193] CR 520 passes through the southern portion of Middletown, and leads to Sea Bright to the east, and turns into CR 612 in Monroe Township to the west, making it a vital route for central New Jersey, by connecting sections of the state near the shore to inland sections of the state near the New Jersey Turnpike at Exit 8A.[194][195]

Public transportation

Train approaching Middletown station

NJ Transit provides rail service at the Middletown station.[196] Commuter service runs between New York City's Pennsylvania Station and Bay Head on the North Jersey Coast Line.[197][198]

NJ Transit offers local bus service on the 817, 833 and 834 routes.[199]

SeaStreak Wall Street docked at the East 34th Street Ferry Landing

Ferry service to and from New York City is available through the NY Waterway. The ferry slip is located in the neighborhood of Belford and is utilized by many Middletown residents for commuting to New York City. The roughly 50 minute trip on the ferry to West Midtown Ferry Terminal travels across the Lower New York Bay to enter Lower New York Harbor at The Narrows.[200]

SeaStreak is another local ferry service, with its ferry slip in neighboring Highlands. SeaStreak offers ferry service to and from New York City with trips to Pier 11 (on the East River at Wall Street) and East 35th Street in Manhattan.[201] The ferry service also offers seasonal travel, such as to the public beaches on Sandy Hook, baseball games at Yankee Stadium and Citi Field, trips to Broadway matinees, Martha's Vineyard in Massachusetts, college football games at West Point, fall foliage in the Hudson Valley, and to the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, among other excursions.[202][203][204]

Healthcare

Hackensack Meridian Health has two hospitals in the area. Bayshore Medical Center in neighboring Holmdel and Riverview Medical Center in neighboring Red Bank.[205] These are local hospitals for the Raritan Bayshore region and handles all but trauma cases. The closest major university hospitals to the area that handle trauma care are, Jersey Shore University Medical Center in nearby Neptune and Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital in nearby New Brunswick.[206]

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, founded in New York City in 1884, is the oldest cancer treatment and research center in the world.[207][208] The cancer center has a regional center for Monmouth County located in Middletown.[209] The Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center of Monmouth is the first center outside of the main center in Manhattan to offer outpatient surgery.[210]

In popular culture

The progressive metal band Symphony X was formed in Middletown Township in the mid-1990s.[211][212][213]

Kevin Smith wrote and filmed Clerks at a Quick Stop in the Leonardo section of the township.[214]

Notable people

See also: Category:People from Middletown Township, New Jersey

People who were born in, are residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Middletown Township include:

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  226. ^ Bio and Press materials Archived February 24, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, VinnieBrand.com. Accessed July 18, 2016. "Vinnie grew up in Middletown NJ, the third of four children born to a plumber and a overly optimistic mother."
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  232. ^ Klingaman, Mike. "Catching Up With ... former Colt Gary Cuozzo", The Baltimore Sun, September 29, 2009. Accessed August 28, 2019. "Cuozzo's effort earned him the game ball, though now he doesn't know its whereabouts. 'It's in the attic, I think,' said Cuozzo, of Middletown, N.J. A retired orthodontist, he kept the ball in his office for years, where it kept patients occupied as he straightened their teeth."
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  234. ^ Stattel, Erin O. "From monumental to medallions, exhibit showcases De Lue's work; Leonardo sculptor known for powerful human figures", The Hub, August 6, 2009. Accessed November 26, 2017. "De Lue, best known for his sculpture 'Rocket Thrower,' showcased at the 1964 New York World's Fair, was originally from Boston but took up residence in the Leonardo section of Middletown after seeking more space for his sculpting passion."
  235. ^ Garafolo, Mike. "Monmouth County's Billy Devaney now making waves as GM of the St. Louis Rams", The Star-Ledger, April 21, 2009. Accessed July 20, 2011. "'He's very happy right now. And I can tell he is, too,' said Mike Corley, Devaney's best friend from before their days together at Mater Dei High School in New Monmouth.... It was a fitting career path for a self-proclaimed "draftnik" (before there were draftniks) who used to take the bus from Leonardo – a section of Middletown – to Port Authority in Manhattan to pick up a copy of Street & Smith's draft guide."
  236. ^ Chesek, Tom. "Archive: A Sneak Preview in Circuit City", Upper Wet Side, April 22, 2011. Accessed September 22, 2015. "Red Bank area native, movie actor and filmmaker Peter Dobson directing his project EXIT 102, which climaxes a daylong Reels & Wheels event at various venues in Asbury Park.... Peter Dobson: I was born in Riverview Hospital; lived on West Front Street out by River Plaza.... I went to Lincroft Elementary, Thompson Junior High and Middletown High School South — where I spent two years in tenth grade. I also lived for a while in Loch Arbour, so I have very vivid memories of hanging out in Asbury Park."
  237. ^ Dean Ehehalt, Monmouth Hawks baseball. Accessed August 28, 2019. "The Middletown, N.J., native spent the previous year as an assistant coach at Kennesaw State College in Marietta, Ga., where he was directly responsible for all aspects of defensive play and recruiting."
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  256. ^ Edelson, Stephen. "Eagles sign Middletown long snapper Rick Lovato", Asbury Park Press, December 13, 2016. Accessed May 7, 2018. "Rick Lovato Jr.'s pro football journey continued Monday night when the Philadelphia Eagles signed the 24-year-old long snapper to a contract."
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  258. ^ Symons, Michael. "Christie nominations include Hedinger back atop NJ Lottery", Asbury Park Press, June 11, 2010. Accessed August 28, 2019. "The Senate also voted to confirm Raymond P. Martinez of Middletown as chief administrator of the New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission and James Carey Witham of Annandale, Va., as brigadier general of the New Jersey Air National Guard."
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  262. ^ "Over A Dozen Fun Ways To Help Others", Red Bank Green, September 2010. Accessed August 28, 2019. "Micahel Mulheren of Middletown soon to return to Broadway as J. Jonah Jameson in the upcoming Spider-Man musical."
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