Town of Newtown
Main Street in Newtown
Main Street in Newtown
Official seal of Newtown
Newtown's location within Fairfield County and Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°24′48″N 73°18′32″W / 41.41333°N 73.30889°W / 41.41333; -73.30889
CountryUnited States
U.S. stateConnecticut
RegionWestern CT
 • TypeSelect board
 • First selectmanDan Rosenthal[2]
 • SelectmanMaureen Crick Owen (D)
 • SelectmanJeff Capeci (R)
 • Total57.66 sq mi (149.3 km2)
 • Land57.66 sq mi (149.3 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
397 ft (121 m)
 • Total27,173
 • Density471.3/sq mi (182.0/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Codes
06470, 06482
Area codes203/475
FIPS code09-52980
GNIS ID0213475

Newtown is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. It is part of the Greater Danbury metropolitan area as well as the New York metropolitan area. Newtown was founded in 1705, and later incorporated in 1711. As of the 2020 census, its population was 27,173.[4] The town is part of the Western Connecticut Planning Region.


Main article: History of Newtown, Connecticut

In 1705, English colonists purchased the Townsite from the Pohtatuck Indians, a branch of the Pasgussett. It was originally known as Quanneapague. Settled by migrants from Stratford and incorporated in 1711, Newtown residents had many business and trading ties with the English. It was a stronghold of Tory sentiment during the early Revolutionary War. Late in the war, French General Rochambeau and his troops encamped there in 1781 during their celebrated march on their way to the siege of Yorktown, Virginia, which ended the Revolution.[5]

An important crossroads throughout its early history, the village of Hawleyville briefly emerged as a railroad center. The town's population grew to over 4,000 c. 1881. In the following decades, the population dwindled to a low of 2,635 in 1930 before again growing.[6]

Local industry has included the manufacture of furniture, tea bags, combs, fire hoses, folding boxes, buttons, and hats, as well as farming, and mica and feldspar mining. The game of "Scrabble" was developed here by James Brunot.[7]

From the period of highway development and suburbanization following World War II, the town has developed as a suburb of Danbury, with many people also commuting to Norwalk, Stamford, and Bridgeport.

The Newtown Bee

The local newspaper, The Newtown Bee has been the hometown media outlet since June 1877, under Publisher John Pearce of Bethel. The Smith family purchased the newspaper in 1881 and has continuously operated it since that time.[8]

Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting

Main article: Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting

On December 14, 2012, Adam Lanza shot and killed his mother in her home and then drove to Sandy Hook Elementary School where he killed 20 children and six adult staff. He committed suicide when police arrived at the school.[9] Lanza suffered from severe mental illness which was left untreated. The event reignited a debate regarding access to firearms by people with mental illness and gun laws in the United States.[10]


The northeastern border of the town is a natural border that follows the Housatonic River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 59.1 sq mi (153 km2), of which 57.8 sq mi (150 km2) is land and 1.3 sq mi (3.4 km2), or 2.22%, is water. Newtown is located in northern Fairfield County, about 45 mi (72 km) southwest of Hartford and about 42 mi (68 km) northeast of New York City.[11] The state's fifth largest town in area, it is bordered by Bethel, Bridgewater, Brookfield, Easton, Monroe, Oxford, Redding and Southbury.

Principal communities

Smaller communities include Camelot, Head of Meadow (not necessarily related to Head O'Meadow Elementary School), Hopewell, Huntingtown, Lands End, Middle Gate, Palestine, and Taunton.


See also: List of Connecticut locations by per capita income

Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the 2020 census, the total population was 27,179 in 9,934 households.[13] As of the census of 2000, there were 25,031 people, 8,325 households, and 6,776 families residing in the town. The population density was 433.4/sq mi (167.3/km2). There were 8,601 housing units at an average density of 148.9/sq mi (57.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.14% White, 1.75% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 1.40% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.36% of the population.

There were 8,325 households, out of which 44.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.3% were married couples living together, 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.6% were non-families. 14.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 29.3% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $90,193, and the median income for a family was $99,192 (these figures had risen to $101,937 and $119,175 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $68,965 versus $42,217 for females. The per capita income for the town was $37,786. About 2.2% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation

The town of Newtown offers many programs for area residents. Numerous parks and fields offer playgrounds, swimming, tennis, softball, baseball, volleyball, lacrosse, soccer, as well as a nature center and trails. Prominent Newtown parks include Treadwell Park, Dickinson Park, and Collis P. Huntington State Park. Treadwell Park, named after former selectman Timothy Treadwell, contains recreation facilities and the town pool. Dickinson park used to contain a swimming pool, which was a large asphalt-lined bowl-shaped depression surrounded by a grass "beach". It was a uniquely safe design for children because there was no "deep end"; however, it lacked a formal filtration system and required attendants to periodically row out and manually add chlorine to the water. The asphalt was removed and the pond pool filled with earth in 2006.


Newtown town vote
by party in presidential elections[14]
Year Democratic Republican Third Parties
2020 56.1% 9,695 42.2% 7,292 1.7% 282
2016 48.49% 7,448 46.58% 7,154 4.93% 757
2012 47.12% 6,784 51.75% 7,451 1.13% 163
2008 51.14% 7,764 47.89% 7,270 0.97% 148
2004 45.21% 6,540 53.50% 7,740 1.29% 186
2000 45.23% 5,606 48.89% 6,059 5.88% 729
1996 41.90% 4,454 46.13% 4,904 11.97% 1,272
1992 33.16% 3,783 43.30% 4,940 23.55% 2,687
1988 35.08% 3,403 64.11% 6,220 0.81% 79
1984 28.18% 2,697 71.42% 6,835 0.40% 38
1980 26.92% 2,365 58.20% 5,113 14.88% 1,307
1976 36.54% 2,946 62.79% 5,062 0.67% 54
1972 27.73% 2,023 70.80% 5,165 1.47% 107
1968 31.60% 1,877 61.54% 3,655 6.85% 407
1964 51.76% 2,496 48.24% 2,326 0.00% 0
1960 34.69% 1,517 65.31% 2,856 0.00% 0
1956 23.70% 818 76.30% 2,634 0.00% 0

In Connecticut politics, the town of Newtown is required to have both a Democratic and a Republican Town Committee.[15][16] The Town Committee members vote on which candidates to endorse for public elections. Elected to a two-year term, the Board of Selectmen supervise the administration of the affairs of the town, except those matters which by the General Statute or Town Charter are exclusively committed to the Board of Education or other departments. They are led by a First Selectman, who is the Chief Executive and Administrative Officer of the town. The Board of Selectmen, with the assistance of the departments and boards and commission, prepares the annual budget for the town in February. The Board of Education prepares and passes an education budget for the town schools at the same time. Both budgets then proceed to the Board of Finance, who reviews the town budget and education budget before being sent to the Legislative Council. The Legislative Council of 12 members (elected to the same two-year terms) acts as the legislative body of the town and has the power to pass ordinances and approve budgets for referendums. Final budget approval is subject to a town-wide referendum. These procedures are set forth in the Town Charter adopted and reviewed by the citizens.

The Borough of Newtown occupies about 1,252 acres (5.07 km2) (or roughly two square miles) in the central part of town. Incorporated in 1824 by an act of the Connecticut General Assembly, it is one of only nine boroughs in the state. The borough adopted zoning for the town center long before the rest of the community. The lot sizes are smaller than the minimum 1-acre (4,000 m2) lots of the rest of the community. The borough also has running public water provided by the Water & Sewer Authority.[17] Much of the borough is sewered, whereas most of the rest of the town have wells and septic systems.[18]

Law enforcement

The Newtown Police Department was founded in 1971.[19]


Newtown has a number of local landmarks. The flagpole, first erected in 1876, now stands in the center of Main Street. Across from the flagpole is Newtown Meeting House, which served as the town's Congregational church for many years. The rooster weather vane (a town symbol), located atop the meeting house, is said to have been used as a target by French soldiers encamped here in 1781 during the Revolutionary War.

Hawley School is a landmark constructed in the 1920s. It has been used as a whole-town school, a high school, and an elementary school, its current function. Though it has served many different school functions, its original section has remained much the same. Two additions have been added.

Newtown is the site of Fairfield Hills Hospital, a state psychiatric hospital constructed in the 1930s and closed in 1995. The hospital was used as the set of the juvenile facility in the film Sleepers in 1995. In 2004, Newtown purchased the property and, as of 2007, was considering a controversial plan for redevelopment. In 2008, the Newtown Youth Academy began to operate there; extracurricular amenities include a fitness section, basketball courts, and a turf field.

Edmond Town Hall

Edmond Town Hall
Cyrenius H. Booth Library, 2007

Constructed in 1930 by a private benefactress for the community, the Town Hall is used for public-private purposes. Offices for the town are located there. The facility also has available for private rental the Alexandria Room for weddings, parties and recitals; and smaller meeting rooms that can be reserved by community groups. A gymnasium is used for community sports events, as well as private parties, and art or craft shows.

The Edmond Town hall is notable for its cinema. The theater shows popular films shortly after they leave mainstream theaters. It is the only $3 film theater in Connecticut. It is a popular spot for middle school and high school students.

The theater has been the primary venue for the Newtown Friends of Music chamber music concerts, the Flagpole Radio Café productions, and several others. The "Live at the Edmond Town Hall" concert series was created by Newtown resident Hayden Bates in 2009. All proceeds are put towards aiding the Edmond's theater upgrades. Headliners have included The Low Anthem, The Bill Frisell and Sam Amidon Duo, Brown Bird and Phosphorescent. In 2014, the theater began showing classic films through the Sunday Cinema Series, later changed to the Someday Cinema Series. A dozen films from 1939 were selected to celebrate The Greatest Year in Film, most sponsored by community members and local businesses, and presented by the Newtown Cultural Arts Commission.

The Board of Managers of the Hall is composed of six members serving six-year terms. At each regular Town Election, two members are elected, who must represent different political parties. According to Town Charter, the Board "shall have the exclusive care and maintenance of Edmond Town Hall and all grounds and buildings appurtenant thereto, together with all powers and duties prescribed for said Board by Special Act No. 98 of the 1931 session by which it was created, as amended by Special Act No. 517 of the 1953 session".

The architect was Philip Sutherland, who also designed Cyrenius H. Booth Library. The Town Hall was constructed for the community by a local benefactress Mary Elizabeth Hawley and dedicated in 1930. The building was named for Miss Hawley's maternal great-grandfather Judge William Edmond.

Cyrenius H. Booth Library

Newtown's public library was opened December 17, 1932, with a capacity for 25,000 volumes. The library is a posthumous gift of Mary Elizabeth Hawley. She named it for her maternal grandfather, a doctor in town from 1820 until his death in 1871. Hawley's gift paid for construction of the building, and an endowment, a trust fund of about $250,000. As a result, the town did not have to provide any financial support to the library until the 1980s.[20]

Designed by Philip Sutherland, the building was considered one of the most modern libraries of its time, with several innovative features. The building was fireproof, had cork floors and acoustic ceiling tiles to deaden sound, and had a built-in humidifying unit and a centralized vacuum cleaner.[20]

In January 1998 an addition to the rear of the building was completed and officially opened. The expansion doubled the available floor space. It provides areas for meetings and displays of art and local historical artifacts from the library's large collection.[20]

National Register of Historic Places


This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (December 2012)

Of the residents of Newtown, especially prior to the rise of remote work that became more prevalent after the COVID-19 pandemic, many commuted for work to Manhattan, Hartford, and Stamford.[21]

Major employers

According to the Newtown Connecticut Economic Development Commission, the top employers in the Newtown and Sandy Hook area are:[22]

Town of Newtown – Board of Education
Masonicare at Newtown (Now Newtown Rehabilitation and Healthcare Center owned by Athena)
State Dept. of Corrections at Garner
Taunton Press
Charter Communications
Big Y Supermarket
Town of Newtown
Tier One Manufacturing
Newtown Savings Bank
Curtis Packaging Corp.
Caraluzzi's Newtown Market
Stop & Shop
UConn Health Center (Garner Correctional Facility)
Sonics & Materials, Inc.
Rand – Whitney Corp.


Further information: Newtown Public Schools

The Newtown Public Schools district operates four elementary schools (Hawley Elementary School, Head O'Meadow Elementary School, Middle Gate Elementary School, and Sandy Hook Elementary School) that serve grades K–4, Reed Intermediate School serving grades 5–6, Newtown Middle School serving grades 7–8, and Newtown High School serving grades 9–12.[23]

Newtown also has several private and parochial schools, including St. Rose of Lima Roman Catholic School, the Fraser-Woods Montessori School, and the Housatonic Valley Waldorf School.[24] In 2010, six educators made the top salary list in Newtown, Connecticut.[25]

Notable people



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  2. ^ "Valentine concedes Stamford race but GOP claims widespread wins". November 3, 2021. Archived from the original on November 3, 2021. Retrieved November 3, 2021.
  3. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on March 21, 2021. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
  4. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Newtown town, Fairfield County, Connecticut". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 18, 2021. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  5. ^ "Newtowns Revolutionary War Story". Archived from the original on August 17, 2017. Retrieved August 17, 2017.
  6. ^ "Newtown Population Analysis" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on February 10, 2017. Retrieved August 17, 2017.
  7. ^ "James Brunot | Board Game Designer | BoardGameGeek". Archived from the original on February 26, 2020. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
  8. ^ Foderaro, Lisa (June 9, 1988). "A Family Commitment: Auctions and Antiques". New York Times. Archived from the original on October 24, 2019. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
  9. ^ Llanos, Miguel (December 14, 2012). "Authorities ID gunman who killed 27 in elementary school massacre". NBC News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on December 16, 2012. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  10. ^ Barry, Colleen L.; McGinty, Emma E.; Vernick, Jon S.; Webster, Daniel W. (2013). "After Newtown — Public Opinion on Gun Policy and Mental Illness". New England Journal of Medicine. 368 (12): 1077–1081. doi:10.1056/nejmp1300512. PMID 23356490.
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  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on July 1, 2021. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  13. ^ "Census quickfacts". Archived from the original on December 9, 2022. Retrieved August 29, 2022.
  14. ^ "General Elections Statement of Vote 1922". - Connecticut's Official State Website. Archived from the original on July 1, 2019. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
  15. ^ "Newtown CT Democrats". Newtown CT Democrats. Archived from the original on February 16, 2020. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
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  17. ^ "Newtown Water and Sewer Authority". October 30, 2016. Archived from the original on August 17, 2017. Retrieved August 17, 2017.
  18. ^ "Welcome to the Town of Newtown!" Archived May 15, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, town government Web site. Accessed March 28, 2007
  19. ^ "Newtown Police Department". Town of Newtown. October 30, 2016. Archived from the original on December 15, 2016. Retrieved April 8, 2022.
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  21. ^ Candiotti, Susan and Greg Botelho. "'Unspeakable sadness' as Obama meets with shooting victims' kin Archived December 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine." CNN. Sunday December 16, 2012. Retrieved on December 16, 2012.
  22. ^ "Major Employers - Newtown EDC". Newtown EDC. Archived from the original on February 18, 2016. Retrieved February 26, 2016.
  23. ^ NewtownCT_Finance (document) Archived April 8, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, town government Web site.
  24. ^ "State Department of Education - CEDaR". Archived from the original on January 17, 2013. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
  25. ^ "Educators Top List of Gross Salaries". Newtown, CT Patch. August 27, 2010. Archived from the original on February 16, 2020. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
  26. ^ Search Artists / American Art Archived July 17, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on August 16, 2013.
  27. ^ "About the Author" Archived September 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, a section of Powell's Books Web site. "Steven Kellogg lives in Sandy Hook, Connecticut." Accessed March 28, 2007
  28. ^ Kirk, Andrew, "Celebrities With Ties to Newtown, Connecticut – Site of Horrific School Shootings" Archived July 21, 2014, at the Wayback Machine,, December 14, 2012.
  29. ^ "Newtown Home belonging to James Thurber". April 6, 2017. Archived from the original on August 17, 2017. Retrieved August 17, 2017.