Mount Vernon, New York
Looking northeast at statue and Community Church of the Circle in Mt. Vernon on a cloudy afternoon
Looking northeast at statue and Community Church of the Circle in Mt. Vernon on a cloudy afternoon
Official seal of Mount Vernon, New York
Location within Westchester County and the state of New York
Location within Westchester County and the state of New York
Interactive map of Mount Vernon
Coordinates: 40°54′51″N 73°49′50″W / 40.91417°N 73.83056°W / 40.91417; -73.83056
Country United States
State New York
Incorporated (as a village)1853[1]
Reincorporated (as a city)1892[1]
 • TypeMayor-Council
 • MayorShawyn Patterson-Howard (D)
 • City Council
Members' List
 • Total4.41 sq mi (11.42 km2)
 • Land4.39 sq mi (11.38 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)
108 ft (33 m)
 • Total73,893
 • Density16,824.45/sq mi (6,495.76/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
Area code914
FIPS code36-49121
GNIS feature ID0957917

Mount Vernon is a city in Westchester County, New York, United States. It is an inner suburb of New York City, immediately to the north of the borough of the Bronx. As of the 2020 census, Mount Vernon had a population of 73,893,[3] making it the eighth most populous city in the state (2020) and largest African American majority city in the state (2020).

Mount Vernon has two major sections. South-side Mount Vernon is more urban while north-side Mount Vernon is more residential. Mount Vernon's downtown business district is on the city's south side, which features the City Hall, Mount Vernon's main post office, Mount Vernon Public Library, office buildings, and other municipal establishments.[4]


South Fourth Avenue in the 1890s
Former trolley company building, Southside

The Mount Vernon area was first settled in 1664 by families from Connecticut as part of the Town of Eastchester.[1] Mount Vernon became a village in 1853, and a city in 1892.[1] Mount Vernon takes its name from George Washington's Mount Vernon plantation in Virginia, much like neighboring Wakefield (in the Bronx) was named for the Virginia plantation where Washington was born (now part of George Washington Birthplace National Monument).[4]

In 1894, the voters of Mount Vernon participated in a referendum on whether they wanted to consolidate into a new "City of Greater New York." The cities of Brooklyn (coterminous with Kings County) and Long Island City, the western towns and villages of Queens County, and all of Richmond County (present day Staten Island) all voted to join with the existing city (present day Manhattan and The Bronx). However, the returns were so negative in Mount Vernon and the adjacent city of Yonkers that those two areas were not included in the consolidated city and remain independent to this day.[5]

The Mount Vernon Public Library, a gift to the city from Andrew Carnegie, opened in 1904 and is now part of the Westchester Library System, providing educational, cultural and computer services to county residents of all ages. The Mount Vernon Trust Company, opened in 1903. It was the largest bank in Westchester County, with branches in the east and west sections of the city.[6][7]

During the 1960s, Mount Vernon was a divided city on the brink of a "northern style" segregation. Many African Americans from the southern United States migrated north and settled in the city of Mount Vernon for better job opportunities and educational advancements. At the same time, many white Americans from the Bronx and Manhattan looked to Mount Vernon as a new "bedroom community" due to rising crime in New York City (a "white flight" factor contributed as well). As a result, Mount Vernon became divided in two by the New Haven Line railroad tracks of the Metro-North Railroad: North Side and South Side. The population south of the tracks became predominantly African American, while that north of the tracks was largely white.

At the height of this segregation in the 1970s, August Petrillo was mayor. When he died, Thomas E. Sharpe was elected mayor. Upon Sharpe's death in 1984, Carmella Iaboni took office as "acting mayor" until Ronald Blackwood was elected; Blackwood was the first Afro-Caribbean mayor of the city (as well as of any city in New York State). In 1996, Ernest D. Davis was elected the mayor of Mount Vernon; he served until 2007. Clinton I. Young, Jr. became the city's mayor on January 1, 2008. Four years later, on January 1, 2012, Ernest D. Davis became the 21st mayor of Mount Vernon. In 2013, Davis was investigated for failure to report rental income.[8] In 2015, Richard Thomas ran against Davis (and several other opponents) and defeated him in an upset victory during the September primary. Thomas had to run again in the November general election, where he received 71% of the votes to become the Mayor of Mount Vernon.[9][10]

In the subsequent 2019 election, Shawyn Patterson-Howard unseated the incumbent Mayor Thomas (as well as fellow candidates Clyde Isley and Councilman André Wallace, and others not on the final ballot including former Mayor Ernie Davis) in a hotly contested June primary to become the new Democratic nominee and went on to capture 81% of the vote to defeat André Wallace (who had since been named Acting Mayor and ran as a Republican) in the general election in November to become the first black woman elected mayor of Mount Vernon (and of any city in Westchester County).[11][12]

Mount Vernon has in recent years undergone a transition from a city of homes and small businesses to a city of regional commerce. Between 2000 and 2006, the city of Mount Vernon's economy grew 20.5%, making it one of the fastest-growing cities in the New York metropolitan area.[13]

January 2019 Loss of Moody's Rating

In January 2019, Moody withdrew its credit rating for Mount Vernon due to the City's failure to provide audited financial statements.[14] According to local press accounts of the situation and internal city memos obtained from the Mount Vernon city website, the failure to prepare and deliver audited financial statements stems from a disagreement as to which entity would pay for the audit of the Urban Renewal Agency (URA), one of the City's agencies, and which auditing firm would perform the audit.[15][16][17] Further clouding the City's financial condition is the prospect that it might have a repayment obligation to HUD in connection with grants previously awarded to the City [18]

2019 Mayoral dispute

On July 9, 2019, mayor Richard Thomas pled guilty to stealing campaign funds and lying to the State Board of Elections.[19] As part of the terms of the guilty plea, Thomas was ordered to resign from office by September 30, 2019. The city council moved to remove Thomas from office under the city charter's provision disqualifying felons from office,[clarification needed] and appointed council president Andre Wallace as acting mayor.[20] Thomas refused to resign from his post, citing the terms of the plea bargain. Wallace then appointed Shawn Harris as new police commissioner. After arriving for work, Thomas ordered the Mount Vernon Police to arrest Harris for trespassing.[21] Harris was only released after an order from the Westchester County District Attorney. Both Thomas and Wallace occupied offices in the city hall, with Thomas in the mayor's office, under the guard of the Mount Vernon Police.[20] Finally, before a packed courtroom in White Plains, Judge Ecker made a decisive ruling that Thomas had actually vacated the office of mayor on July 8, that Wallace had automatically assumed the office at that time, and that Wallace would be the acting mayor of Mount Vernon until January 1, 2020.

Mount Vernon Charter Revision Commission

In March 2019, Mayor Richard Thomas called for the formation of the Mount Vernon Charter Revision Commission, suggesting the charter was antiquated, dating to the late 19th century.[22] In August 2019, the Commission presented its final report [23] which included four key proposed changes to the City's Charter:

  1. A new requirement for annual financial audits.
  2. Quarterly financial reports showing the city's fiscal condition.
  3. An updated comprehensive plan for economic growth.
  4. A periodic review of the city charter.[24]

Notable sites

St. Paul's Church is a Mount Vernon attraction designated as a National Historic Site.[25]

Mount Vernon sites included on the National Register of Historic Places include:


The corner of Gramatan Avenue and Grand Street in Fleetwood


Mount Vernon is at 40°54′51″N 73°49′50″W / 40.914060°N 73.830507°W / 40.914060; -73.830507 (40.914060, -73.830507).[26] It is the third-largest and the most densely populated city in Westchester County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.4 square miles (11.4 km2), of which 0.015 square miles (0.04 km2), or 0.39%, is water.[27]

Mount Vernon is bordered by the village of Bronxville and city of New Rochelle to the north, by the town of Pelham and village of Pelham Manor to the east, by the Hutchinson River and the Eastchester and Wakefield sections of the Bronx to the south, and by the city of Yonkers and the Bronx River to the west.[28]


Mount Vernon's elevation at City Hall is about 235 feet (72 m)[citation needed], reflecting its location between the Bronx River to the west and the Hutchinson River to the east. On a clear day, the Throgs Neck Bridge can be seen from 10 miles (20 km) away from many parts of the city, while at night, the bridge's lights can also be seen. The city's seal, created in 1892, depicts what were then considered the highest points in Mount Vernon: Trinity Place near Fourth Street, Vista Place at Barnes Avenue, and North 10th Street between Washington and Jefferson places. Since then, it was discovered that the city's highest elevation is on New York Route 22, North Columbus Avenue, at the Bronxville line.[citation needed]


Map of Mount Vernon's neighborhoods
The Circle at Lincoln and Gramatan Avenues

Mount Vernon is typically divided into four major sections in four square miles: Downtown, Mount Vernon Heights, North Side, and South Side.


Downtown Mount Vernon features the Gramatan Avenue and Fourth Avenue shopping district (known as "The Avenue" by locals[29]) and the Petrillo Plaza transit hub, and houses the city's central government.

Downtown is in the same condition it was 40 years ago. It features the same mid-century architecture and format. Former mayor Clinton Young vowed to make Mount Vernon a new epicenter with a new central business district. His failed plans included establishing commercial office space and rezoning to allow high density development in the downtown, as well as affordable and market rate housing.[30]

Mount Vernon Heights

Mount Vernon Heights' highly elevated terrain has earned the moniker "the rolling hills of homes".[citation needed] It is home to the city's commercial corridor, along Sandford Boulevard (6th Street).

Sandford Blvd (6th Street)—also known as "Sandford Square"—is a commercial corridor which attracts residents from Mount Vernon, nearby communities in Westchester County and the Bronx a well as other locales.

Most of the commercial development in this corridor has occurred since the 1980s. The area is still undergoing revitalization to encourage economic development within this 400-acre (1.6 km2) of land along and around the boulevard.[13]

North Side

Fleetwood Welcome Sign

Mount Vernon's North Side is one of the most ethnically diverse neighborhoods in Westchester County. The northern part of the city consists of five neighborhoods: Chester Heights, Estate Manor/Aubyn Estates, Fleetwood, Huntswood, and Oakwood Heights. In Fleetwood, many large co-op buildings line the center of town, which is bisected by Gramatan Avenue.

South Side

Church housed in a former synagogue on the South Side

Mount Vernon's South Side, which abuts The Bronx, resembles New York City and includes the neighborhoods Parkside, South Side and Vernon Park. Numerous industrial businesses are in Parkside, while the rest of South Side Mount Vernon features multi-family homes, apartment buildings, and commercial businesses.[citation needed]

South Side Mount Vernon features notable city landmarks such as Brush Park, Hutchinson Field, the Boys and Girls Club, and St. Paul's Church National Historic Site.


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[31]
2010[32] 2020[33]

2020 census

Mount Vernon city, New York – Racial and Ethnic Composition
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos may be of any race.
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[32] Pop 2020[33] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 12,449 9,077 18.50% 12.28%
Black or African American alone (NH) 44,655 41,226 61.26% 60.43%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 200 140 0.30% 0.19%
Asian alone (NH) 1,206 1,398 1.79% 1.89%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 27 21 0.04% 0.03%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 922 1,459 1.37% 1.97%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 1,670 3,140 2.48% 4.25%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 9,592 14,003 14.25% 18.95%
Total 67,292 73,893 100.00% 100.00%

2010 census data

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 67,292 people living in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 61.3% Black, 18.5% White, 0.3% Native American, 1.8% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.4% from some other race and 2.5% from two or more races. 14.3% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

2000 census data

As of the 2000 census,[34] 68,381 people, 27,048 households, and 18,432 families resided in the city. The population density was 14,290.3 inhabitants per square mile (5,517.5/km2), with 28,558 housing units at an average density of 7,205.9 per square mile (2,782.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 59.58% African American, 28.63% White, 10.48% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 4.85% from other races, 4.44% from two or more races, 2.12% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, and 0.32% Native American. A significant proportion of the population is of Brazilian descent; Brazilians can be included in the African American, White, Multiracial and/or Latino categories. Similarly, a significant part of the Black and/or Latino population is of Caribbean origin.

There were 27,048 households, of which 40.9% were married couples living together, 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.2% were non-families, and 28.0% had a female householder with no husband present. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.3% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years.

For every 100 females, there were 82.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $47,128, and the median income for a family was $55,573. Males had a median income of $41,493 versus $37,871 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,827. 13.9% of the population and 11.8% of families were below the poverty line. 12.7% of the population was 65 or older.


Mount Vernon's three major employers are the Mount Vernon city school district with (1,021 employees), Michael Anthony Jewelers (712 employees), and Mount Vernon Hospital (700 employees).[citation needed]

Mount Vernon has a large commercial sector, with industries such as electronics, engineering, high tech, historical metal restoration, and manufacturing mainly in the Southside section of the city.

Mount Vernon also has an established Empire Zone for commercial and industrial use, in the southern portion of the city.

Parks and recreation

The grandstand at Memorial Field. The aging structure was finally demolished in May 2018.

The city limits contain a number of city parks large and small[citation needed], and Willson's Woods Park, a 23-acre (93,000 m2) county-owned park. One of the oldest parks in the county system, Willson's Woods offers a wave pool, water slides, and a spray deck and water playground, against the backdrop of an English Tudor style bathhouse. The park also has areas for picnicking and fishing.[35][This reference moved from previous location and citation needed template moved to unsourced statement above]


Municipal Building

The City of Mount Vernon is governed by a five-member city council, a mayor, and a comptroller. As per the city charter, to balance power, the mayor runs every four years with two council members, and the comptroller runs two years after the mayor with three council members. Therefore, in 2019, the mayor and two council seats were up for re-election; in 2021 the remaining offices will be up for election. Beyond the regular political powers of elected officials, the City of Mount Vernon also has a checks and balances voting session called the Board of Estimate.

City Council

The city council consists of five representatives, elected at-large, one of whom is the city council president. The city council president is appointed/elected by the existing city council members. Under normal circumstances the council presidency is rotated, as are the council committee assignments as chair of the four council committees. In recent years, the full rotation has ceased to reappoint the more experienced council members. The council president also serves as mayor, in the absence of the mayor. This can occur when the mayor is out of town, had resigned, or dies in office. When this happens the president pro tempore becomes acting city council president and the acting president pro tempore becomes assumes his/her duties.


Name Years Party Notes
Edward F. Brush January 1, 1892 – December 31, 1893 Republican
  • elected to one two-year term
Edson Lewis January 1, 1894 – December 31, 1895 Republican
  • elected to one two-year term
Edwin W. Fiske January 1, 1896 – December 31, 1903 Democratic
  • elected to four two-year terms
Edward F. Brush January 1, 1904 – December 31, 1907 Republican (first term)
Independent (second term)
  • elected to two two-year terms
Benjamin Howe January 1, 1908 – December 31, 1909 Republican
  • elected to one two-year term
Edwin W. Fiske January 1, 1910 – December 31, 1917 Democratic
  • elected to four two-year terms
Edward F. Brush January 1, 1918 – December 31, 1919 Republican
  • elected to one two-year term
Elmer L. Kincaid January 1, 1920 – December 31, 1921 Republican
  • elected to one two-year term
William D. MacQuesten January 1, 1924 – December 31, 1927 Republican
  • elected to one four-year term
  • did not run for renomination[36]
James Berg January 1, 1928 – July 2, 1931 Republican
  • elected to one four-year term
  • resigned to become secretary of the Westchester County Sanitary Sewer Commission[37]
  • Berg, by virtue of not filing his letter of resignation was actually in office until 8:45 a. m. on July 2, 1931[38]
Thomas H. Hodge (Acting) July 2, 1931 – December 31, 1931 Republican
  • was City Council President, became Acting Mayor after Berg's resignation[38]
Leslie V. Bateman January 1, 1932 – December 31, 1935 Democratic
  • elected to one four-year term[39]
Denton Pearsall, Jr. January 1, 1936 – December 31, 1939 Republican
  • elected to one four-year term
William Hart Hussey January 1, 1940 – December 31, 1951 Republican
  • elected to three four-year terms
Joseph V. Vaccarella January 1, 1952 – December 31, 1959 Democratic
  • elected to two two-year terms
P. Raymond Sirignano January 1, 1960 – December 31, 1963 Republican
  • elected to one four-year term
Joseph P. Vaccarella January 1, 1964 – December 31, 1967 Democratic
  • elected to one four-year term
August P. Petrillo January 1, 1968 – August 29, 1976 Republican
  • elected to two four-year terms
  • died in office[40]
Ronald A. Blackwood (Acting) August 29, 1976 – December 31, 1976 Democratic
  • was City Council President, became Acting Mayor after Petrillo's death
  • first African-American mayor
Thomas E. Sharpe January 1, 1977 – October 27, 1984 Democratic
  • elected to two four-year terms
  • died in office[41]
Carmella Iaboni (Acting) October 27, 1984 – February 4, 1985 Democratic
  • was City Council President, became Acting Mayor after Sharpe's death[42]
Ronald A. Blackwood February 4, 1985 – December 31, 1995 Democratic
  • won a special to fill the remainder of Sharpe's unfilled term[43][44]
  • elected to two four-year terms
Ernest D. Davis January 1, 1996 – December 31, 2007 Democratic
  • elected to three four-year terms[45]
  • lost to Young in the Democratic primary and the general election
Clinton I. Young, Jr. January 1, 2008 – December 31, 2011 Democratic
  • elected to one four-year term[46]
  • lost to Davis in the election
Ernest D. Davis January 1, 2012 – December 31, 2015 Democratic
  • elected to one four-year term
Richard Thomas January 1, 2016 – July 11, 2019 Democratic
  • elected to one four-year term[47]
  • Removed from office by City Council[48][49]
André Wallace (Acting) July 12, 2019 – December 31, 2019 Democratic
  • was City Council President, became Acting Mayor after Thomas's removal from office [50][51][52][53]
Shawyn Patterson-Howard January 1, 2020 – present Democratic


Name Years Party Notes
Maureen Walker January 1, 1994 - December 31, 2017 Democratic • elected to five four year terms
Deborah Reynolds January 1, 2018 – present (after winning an election that features former City Councilman Marcus Griffith, no independent official building have yet to be established by the City of Mount Vernon, authorized by the State of York, or U.S. House of Representative motion to do so as of November 16, 2021) Democratic • elected to one four year term[56]

Board of Estimate

The Board of Estimate is composed of the mayor, the city council president, and the comptroller. The city council president votes on behalf of the city council. All monetary decisions, including the annual budget and many legal ramifications, must pass vote of the Board of Estimate, which meets every Tuesday after the city council's Wednesday legislative session.

Court system

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The Mount Vernon city court is part of the New York State Unified Court System. It has three elected full-time judges who serve for ten years and one part-time associate judge who is appointed by the mayor for a period of eight years. The judges of the court are William Edwards, Adrian Armstrong, and Nichelle Johnson. Adam Seiden serves as an associate judge of the court. The court handles a wide variety of cases, including initial processing of all felony criminal cases; handling of all misdemeanor cases from inception through trial; civil proceedings with a limited monetary jurisdiction of up to $15,000; all landlord tenant cases originating in the city; small claims cases; and all vehicle and traffic law matters. The court is housed in the public safety complex, which is adjacent to City Hall.


Hamilton Elementary

See also: Mount Vernon City School District (New York)

Mount Vernon City School District includes 11 elementary schools, two middle schools, two high schools and one alternative high school.

Elementary schools Middle schools High schools
Cecil H. Parker A.B. Davis Middle Mount Vernon High School
Columbus Longfellow Middle Nellie A. Thornton High
Edward Williams Pennington Middle Nelson Mandela/Dr. Hosea Zollicoffer Alternative High
Graham School
William H. Holmes

Westchester Community College has an extension site education facility, downtown.

In 2011, The Journal News featured an article titled "Region's Aging Schools Crumble as Finances Falter", by Cathey O'Donnell and Gary Stern. The article discussed several old school buildings within the region that were in disrepair, how much it would cost to fix them, and which if any might need to be demolished. The Mount Vernon school district was included in the article, which stated:

"In Mount Vernon, meanwhile, where a high school wall collapsed last year, inspectors flagged buildings for insufficient smoke detectors, poor air quality, evidence of rodents and vermin, halls without emergency lighting and junction boxes with exposed live wires."[57]

Infrastructure and services

Fire department

The city of Mount Vernon is protected by the Mount Vernon Fire Department (FDMV). The FDMV currently operates out of four firehouses, throughout the city, under the command of a Deputy Chief each shift. The department operates four engine companies, two ladder companies, and one rescue company. The department responds to approximately 8,000 emergency calls annually.[58]

Police department

As of 2021, the Mount Vernon Police Department has 184 officers.[59]

In May 2021, the District Attorney for Westchester County requested intervention by the Department of Justice (DOJ) for civil rights violations by the Mount Vernon Police Department. The DOJ announced its civil investigation in December 2021.[59]


The 115-year-old Mount Vernon Hospital[60] has 121 beds.[61] It is part of the Montefiore Health System and provides in-patient, critical care, and ambulatory services to residents of Mount Vernon and neighboring communities. The hospital is most known for its premier Chronic Wound Treatment and Hyperbaric Center, which is one of the most advanced in the Northeast. It also offers a variety of services, including the Assertive Community Treatment Center (ACT), the Family Health and Wellness Center, the Hopfer School of Nursing, Hyperbaric Medicine, and Intensive Case Management.[62]

Mount Vernon Hospital is one of four hospitals in the county that provides programs in medicine, nursing, podiatry, and surgery. (Montefiore New Rochelle Hospital, Westchester Medical Center, and White Plains Hospital are the others.)

Mount Vernon Hospital's emergency room treats 25,000 patients a year and is going to be expanded at a cost of $2.5 million, doubling its size from 9,000 to 18,500 square feet (800 to 1,700 m2). The expansion plans include 15 private treatment rooms and upgrades to the waiting area, triage room and other areas in the emergency department.[citation needed]

The area around the hospital has many medical office buildings and treatment facilities which provide healthcare to residents living in Mount Vernon, the southeast section of Yonkers, and the north Bronx, which shares a border with the city. For example, Planned Parenthood Hudson Peconic, the Planned Parenthood affiliate that serves New York's Putnam, Rockland, Suffolk and Westchester Counties, opened its first medical center in Mount Vernon in 1935; the affiliate remains a vital source for reproductive health care services to Mount Vernon residents.[citation needed]

Places of worship

The city's previous motto was "A City That Believes". This is reflected in the houses of worship in the city that represent more than 25 denominations.[63]

Research has confirmed the tradition that Grace Baptist Church was founded in 1888 by a few women who formally had been enslaved and it discovered their names: Emily Waller, Matilda Brooks, Helen Claiborne, Sahar Bennett, and Elizabeth Benson.[64]


In late 2005, the RBA Group conducted a study and found that over 5,000 commuters traverse the area on a daily basis; about 3,600 commuters use the Westchester County Bee-Line Bus System, and 1,500 use the Metropolitan Transportation Authority's Metro-North Railroad commuter rail service.

Notable people

In popular culture

Motion pictures



Multiple movies have been set in or featured Mount Vernon, such as:


Scenes from multiple TV shows have been shot in Mount Vernon, such as:

See also


  1. ^ a b c d Lew, Julie (January 13, 1985). "If You're Thinking of Living in: Mount Vernon". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  2. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  3. ^ "Mount Vernon city, New York". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  4. ^ a b Cohen, Joyce (January 31, 1999). "If You're Thinking of Living In / Wakefield, the Bronx; Hugging Westchester at the Subway's End". The New York Times. Retrieved August 21, 2009.
  5. ^ Nevius, Michelle & Nevius, James (2009), Inside the Apple: A Streetwise History of New York City, New York: Free Press, ISBN 141658997X, p.177-78
  6. ^ "2 Banks Merge In Mt. Vernon". The Yonkers Herald. Yonkers, New York. July 18, 1930. p. 2. Retrieved January 11, 2022.
  7. ^ "Financial Institutions of County Owed Deb By Real Estate Industry". The Daily Times. Mamaroneck, New York. June 22, 1928. p. 4. Retrieved January 13, 2022.
  8. ^ Bandler, Jonathan (February 13, 2013). "Feds investigate Mount Vernon Mayor Ernest Davis' finances". The Journal News – via
  9. ^ Lungariello, Mark (September 11, 2015). "Westchester County Primaries: Thomas Wins in Mount Vernon". The Journal News – via
  10. ^ Garcia, Ernie (November 4, 2015). "Richard Thomas Wins Mount Vernon Mayoral Race". The Journal News – via
  11. ^ Bandler, Jonathan (July 3, 2019). "Patterson-Howard declares victory in Mount Vernon mayoral primary". The Journal News – via
  12. ^ Bandler, Jonathan (November 6, 2019). "Patterson-Howard cruises to victory to become first woman elected Mount Vernon mayor". The Journal News – via
  13. ^ a b "Congressman Eliot Engel : About Our District". Retrieved October 7, 2018.
  14. ^ Bandler, Jon (January 29, 2019). "Mount Vernon credit rating falls; who is to blame?". Retrieved September 8, 2019.
  15. ^ "MountVernonInspectorGeneralReport.02-25-19.pdf". Google Docs. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
  16. ^ "February2019_ErasmusMemo.pdf". Google Docs. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
  17. ^ "2018.11.20.ErasmusAudited.pdf". Google Docs. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
  18. ^ "Ex. B 2018-03-28_Letter_Baker Tilly to the Mayor of Mt Vernon.pdf". Google Docs. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
  19. ^ "Attorney General James And Comptroller DiNapoli Announce Guilty Plea Of Mount Vernon Mayor Richard Thomas | New York State Attorney General". Retrieved September 24, 2019.
  20. ^ a b Nir, Sarah Maslin (July 18, 2019). "Mt. Vernon Has 2 Mayors, and Its Police Commissioner Was Just Arrested". The New York Times. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
  21. ^ Failla, Zak (July 17, 2019). "DA Orders Release After Police Commissioner Named By Mount Vernon City Council Charged". Mount Vernon Daily Voice. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
  22. ^ Bandler, Jonathan (March 28, 2019). "Mount Vernon mayor calls for revision of city charter". Retrieved August 31, 2019.
  23. ^ Cullen, Kevin (August 31, 2019). "City of Mount Vernon Charter Revision Commission Final Report". google drive.
  24. ^ "Residents skeptical of Mount Vernon's plan to overhaul city charter". August 1, 2019. Archived from the original on August 2, 2019. Retrieved August 31, 2019.
  25. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  26. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  27. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Mount Vernon city, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
  28. ^ Department of Planning, Westchester County. "Mount Vernon Comprehensive Plan, November 2011" (PDF).
  29. ^ "Gramatan Avenue at Lincoln Avenue, Mount Vernon, NY, 10550 - Office Building Property For Sale on". LoopNet. Retrieved October 7, 2018.
  30. ^ Garcia, Ernie (August 3, 2019). "Mount Vernon must pay more than $3 million to grocer". Retrieved October 7, 2018.
  31. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
  32. ^ a b "P2 Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino By Race - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Mount Vernon city, New York". United States Census Bureau.
  33. ^ a b "P2 Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino By Race - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Mount Vernon city, New York". United States Census Bureau.
  34. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
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