Montage: Livingston Town Center (top row), Town Hall (left row 2), street sign (right row 2), St. Barnabas Medical Center (row 3), Historic Force Homestead (left row 4) and Livingston Mall (right row 4)
The community has been one of the state's highest-income communities. Based on data from the American Community Survey for 2013–2017, township residents had a median household income of $153,381, ranked 14th in the state among municipalities with more than 10,000 residents, more than double the statewide median of $76,475.
Livingston's history dates back to 1699 when 101 settlers from Newark wanted to move westward. They set up a committee to negotiate with Lenni LenapeNative Americans for the purchase of the Horseneck Tract which today includes Livingston and eight other municipalities in northern Essex County. Between 1698 and 1702, the rules for property ownership were unclear. There were many disputes between settlers and the English proprietors. For some unknown reasons, the Newark settlers did not obtain a grant from the proprietors before negotiating with the native tribes. They finally obtained the deed directly from Lenni Lenape in 1702 for £130. The settlements began until around the 1740s as the dispute between the proprietors and the settlers continued.
The dispute came to a breaking point in September 1745 when the East Jersey proprietors began to evict a settler only six months after a house fire in Newark completely destroyed the original deed, which was the only evidence of the purchase. During that period, William Livingston who was one of the few landed aristocrats joined the settlers against the proprietors. Livingston owned land around today's south western corner of the Township of Livingston. His land, like other settlers, was levied with quit rents in the amount 40 shillings per acre. He defended many settlers who were jailed for refusing to pay the quit rents.
This series of events caused the settlers, led by Timothy Meeker, to form a group to riot against the British government. The Horseneck Riots lasted for 10 years from 1745 to 1755. The group was also one of the first colonial militia which had periodic battles for 32 years leading up to the Revolutionary War as the group joined the Continental Army in 1776.
After the American Revolutionary War, more permanent settlements took place with the first school built in 1783. In 1811, a petition was filed to incorporate the township from about 100 people who lived in seven distinct areas: Centerville (separated to become Roseland, in 1908), Cheapside (now Livingston Mall), Morehousetown (now Livingston Circle), Northfield (now Northfield Center), Squiretown (now the Cerebral Palsy Institute of New Jersey on Old Road), Teedtown (now Livingston Center), and Washington Place (now near the border with Millburn). On February 5, 1813, the township was officially incorporated. The first town meeting was held on the same day and they decided to run the township by a Township Committee system.
During the 1800s, lumber and farming were major industries in the town. Shoemaking and dairy farming became major industries during and after the Civil War. However, the population grew slowly because it was not easily accessible. Mt. Pleasant Avenue—which was one of the first turnpikes in New Jersey—was the only primary access to the town through stagecoaches.
The population grew quickly after the 1920s when automobiles became more accessible. As a suburb of Newark, the town experienced many housing developments especially after World War II with its peak in 1970 of more than thirty thousand residents. During this growth period, many services were organized including public library in 1916, volunteer Fire Department in 1922, first regular police chief in 1923, an ambulance unit in 1937 which became first aid squad in 1949. Some major relocations took place during this period of growing population shift. Cooperman Barnabas Medical Center (formerly Saint Barnabas Medical Center) and Newark Academy moved from Newark to Livingston in 1964.
The last surviving Harrison Cider Apple tree, the most famous of the 18th century Newark cider apples was rescued from extinction in 1976 in Livingston.
Today, around 30,000 people live in this suburban community, which lies around an hour from New York City. Its school system -- which has been nationally recognized since 1998 -- and other programs have been drawing new residents to the town. Its population has maintained a level of diversity while the residents continue the tradition of community volunteerism.
According to the 2002 results of the National Jewish Population Survey, there were 12,600 Jews in Livingston, approximately 46% of the population, one of the highest percentages of Jews in any American municipality. The neighboring towns of South Orange and Millburn also have high Jewish populations.
In a report performed by the United Way of Northern New Jersey based on 2012 data, around 14% of Livingston households were classified as "Asset Limited, Income Constrained, Employed" households (below a threshold of $50,000 for households below 65, below $35,000 for those over 65), struggling with basic necessities, such as housing, childcare, food, health care, and transportation, compared to 38% statewide and 47% in Essex County.
Of the 9,990 households, 41.5% had children under the age of 18; 73.5% were married couples living together; 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present and 17.2% were non-families. Of all households, 15.2% were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.24.
27.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.3 years. For every 100 females, the population had 94.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 90.1 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $129,208 (with a margin of error of +/− $6,377) and the median family income was $143,429 (+/− $10,622). Males had a median income of $100,075 (+/− $11,306) versus $71,213 (+/− $7,102) for females. The per capita income for the township was $60,577 (+/− $3,918). About 1.1% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.6% of those under age 18 and 1.7% of those age 65 or over.
There were 9,300 households, out of which 41.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.0% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.7% were non-families. 13.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.21.
In the township the age distribution of the population shows 26.6% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $98,869, and the median income for a family was $108,049. Males had a median income of $77,256 versus $41,654 for females. The per capita income for the town was $47,218. 1.8% of the population and 1.1% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 1.2% are under the age of 18 and 3.2% are 65 or older.
Shopping and dining
Although largely a bedroom community, there are many stores and restaurants located in Livingston, in three main shopping areas. The first area is located in the center of the town. It stretches along Livingston Avenue from Route 10 to Northfield Avenue. Historically, the area has been dominated by small local stores, but retains some national chain stores. With the addition of Livingston Town Center, classified as mixed-use development, new restaurants have opened as well, adding to the large number of locally owned establishments.
The second area is the Livingston Mall located at the south-western corner of the town. Macy's occupies one of the original three wings the mall. Sears, the original anchor in the second wing, announced its closure in February 2020, while Lord & Taylor, the third original anchor, shut down on December 29, 2020. The fourth wing, added in 2008, is home of Barnes & Noble.
The third shopping area begins the Route 10 shopping corridor that extends to East Hanover. It includes the Route 10 Farmer's Market.
There are varieties of other services in the township. The Westminster Hotel is located on the western side of the town. Fitness facilities include West Essex YMCA and New York Sports Club. A Jewish Community Center with fitness center also exists just over the border in West Orange.
Livingston is home of several performing arts organizations:
Livingston Symphony Orchestra is a group of community-based performers which was formed in 1960. The symphony orchestra is currently directed by Anthony LaGruth. It holds limited performances during each season.
Livingston Community Players is a community-based theatre organization. There has been many productions in the recent years. The performers are from local community and other places in New Jersey. Past productions, including The Sound of Music, Oliver!, and Annie, received Perry Awards from New Jersey Association of Community Theatres.
Children's Theatre of Livingston is a local organization that provides performance opportunities for Livingston children grades 2 to 8. The children are trained in acting roles and staging staff. It has annual performance since the first season in 2007.
New Jersey Ballet is a major ballet company based in Livingston. The company is recognized nationally and internationally with tours in many countries in Europe, Asia and North America. Livingston is also the headquarters of New Jersey School of Ballet which offers many classes in Ballet, Jazz and Tap.
Livingston has many local artists in varied forms. Local artists have support from Livingston Arts Association which is an organization formed in 1959 to promote art in the community including large scale exhibitions, demonstrations, and workshops. The organization is also a member of Art Council of Livingston which has a gallery at Livingston Town Center. The Arts Association includes numerous organizations in addition to the Arts Council of Livingston, including the NJ State Opera Guild—West Essex Chapter and Livingston Camera Club.
From 1984 to 1989, Livingston was the site of the Grand Prix tennis circuit tournament, the Livingston Open, held at Newark Academy. The Grand Prix was the only professional circuit since 1985 before it was succeeded by the ATP Tour in 1990. The tournament was won by Andre Agassi in 1988, earning him the seventh title in his career.
Parks and recreation
There are more than 470 acres (1.9 km2) of wooded parks with passive hiking trails in Livingston. Additional 1,817 acres (7.35 km2) are zoned to be preserved in its natural state without public access. This brings to about 25% of total land in the town that is in its natural conditions with habitats of eight threatened or endangered species.
There are smaller parks and open space areas dedicated to recreation and sports, mostly centered around the town's public schools. These include two swimming pools, one of which, Northland Pool, is no longer open to the public, ten little league baseball diamonds, four full baseball diamonds, eight full soccer/lacrosse fields, one full football field, three basketball courts, sixteen tennis courts, eleven playgrounds, a jogging track, a dog park, and a fishing/ice skating pond. The township is planning to build inter-connected mixed-use paths, biking and hiking trails to connect those parks and open space throughout the township.
Livingston has an active open space trust fund that continues to acquire more lands for preservation and recreation. As of 2003[update], there were 842 acres (9% of total land) that were protected from development. There were additional 2,475 acres (10.02 km2) that could be protected by the fund.
Riker Hill Complex
A radio tower in the Riker Hill Complex
Riker Hill Complex (also referred to as Riker Hill Art Park) is a 204.68-acre (0.8283 km2) parkland located along the border of Livingston and Roseland. The complex is managed by Department of Parks, Recreation, and Cultural Affairs of Essex County. It comprises three parks, Riker Hill Art Park—a former Nike Missile control area site, Walter Kidde Dinosaur Park—a National Natural Landmark, and Becker Park which were acquired between 1969 and 1977. Although a large portion of the complex is located within Roseland, but the county designated Livingston as the host community as the Riker Hill Art Park is the only functional and publicly accessible park at the present time. The art park located atop of the hill is home of many studios in multiple disciplines of art and craft.
The recreation department under the Senior, Youth and Leisure Services program offers programs for residents ranging from pre-school courses, children games, crafts, and dance to youth and adult sports programs to special programming for seniors. Programming also grew during Covid to include various virtual exercise, meditation, and other types of programs and virtual events. The recreation department's variety of services and programs for adults ages 62+ includes educational, sports, special events (in person pre-Covid), concerts, and locally available transportation via several new vans. The recreation department has proven innovative in working to provide programs and services safely throughout the pandemic. Prior to 2020, residents enjoyed two pools, Haines Pool and Northland Pool. Since then, Northland Pool has been mainly closed to residents. There are many independent sports organizations such as Livingston Little League, Livingston Jr. Lancers (football and cheerleading), Livingston Lacrosse Club, and Livingston Soccer Club.
Livingston has operated since 1957 within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Council-Manager form of municipal government. The township is one of 42 municipalities (of the 564) statewide that use this form of government. Livingston's Township Council is comprised of five members, elected to four-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election in even-numbered years. A Mayor and Deputy Mayor are selected by the Council from among its members at a reorganization meeting held after each election.
As of 2023[update], members of the Township Council are Mayor Michael M. Vieira (D, term on council ends 2024; term as mayor ends December 31, 2023), Deputy Mayor Alfred M. Anthony (D, term on council ends 2024; term as deputy mayor ends 2023), Rosaura "Rosy" Bagolie (D, 2026), Shawn R. Klein (D, 2026) and Edward Meinhardt (D, 2026).
In February 2019, after the Township Council failed to choose a candidate, the Democratic municipal committee selected Michael Vieira to fill the seat expiring in December 2020 that became vacant following the resignation of Michael M. Silverman. Vieira served on an interim basis until the November 2019 general election, when voters elected him to serve the balance of the term of office.
The Township Manager is Barry R. Lewis Jr., whose tenure began on March 1, 2018. The previous Township Managers were Robert H. Harp (1954–1985), Charles J. Tahaney (1985–2005), and Michele E. Meade (2005–2016). Gregory J. Bonin served for a single week in 2017 before resigning, and Deputy Township Manager Russell A. Jones Jr. served as Acting Township Manager for the rest of the interval between Meade and Lewis.
Adam Loehner became the township's Assistant Manager in 2022. Since the Covid-19 pandemic in March 2020, meetings for local governance have been held through Zoom and Facebook livestream. This has created opportunity for the public to respond to their many concerns, including low-income housing development contracts, cannabis, the closing of Northland Pool, the increase of commercial real estate closures, the safety of the water, the increase in water and sewer costs, and the increase in taxes.
An SUV of the Livingston Police Department
The Livingston Police Department (LPD) was established in 1813. It consists of the following divisions: Patrol, Traffic, Communications (911 dispatch), Police Records, Internal Affairs, and Community Policing. Bureaus include the Detective and Juvenile bureaus.
There are more than 40 volunteer committees and boards are operated by the Township, including Livingston Municipal Alliance Committee (LMAC), Holiday Committees, Consumer Affairs Office, Planning Board, Zoning Board of Adjustment, and Committee for Diversity & Inclusion.
As of March 2011, there were a total of 20,617 registered voters in Livingston, of which 7,640 (37.1%) were registered as Democrats, 3,564 (17.3%) were registered as Republicans and 9,402 (45.6%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 11 voters registered as Libertarians or Greens.
In the 2016 presidential election, Democrat Hillary Clinton received 60.8% of the vote (9,052 cast), ahead of Republican Donald Trump with 36.8% (5,475 votes), and other candidates with 2.5% (367 votes), among the 15,235 ballots cast by the township's 22,664 registered voters (341 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 67.2%. In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 51.1% of the vote (7,303 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 48.1% (6,863 votes), and other candidates with 0.8% (116 votes), among the 14,371 ballots cast by the township's 21,225 registered voters (89 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 67.7%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 53.4% of the vote here (8,244 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 44.8% (6,920 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (122 votes), among the 15,433 ballots cast by the township's 20,367 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.8%.
In the 2017 gubernatorial election, Democrat Phil Murphy received 61.2% of the vote (4,671 cast), ahead of Republican Kim Guadagno with 37.6% (2,872 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (95 votes), among the 7,722 ballots cast by the township's 22,280 registered voters (84 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 34.7%. In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 62.7% of the vote (4,860 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 36.1% (2,799 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (89 votes), among the 7,905 ballots cast by the township's 21,260 registered voters (157 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 37.2%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 48.8% of the vote here (4,863 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 44.0% (4,386 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.7% (563 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (61 votes), among the 9,961 ballots cast by the township's 20,405 registered voters, yielding a 48.8% turnout.
When Robert Kean ran for the Senate, losing to Harrison A. Williams in 1958, Livingston's Congressman became George M. Wallhauser, a Republican. In redistricting after the 1960 census, Livingston was moved into the district of Republican Congresswoman Florence P. Dwyer. After redistricting following the 1970 census, Livingston went into Congressman Peter Frelinghuysen Jr.'s district. He was the father of Livingston's Congressman until 2019 Rodney P. Frelinghuysen. When Peter Frelinghuysen retired in 1974, he was succeeded by Millicent Fenwick, who beat Tom Kean in a Republican primary by about 80 votes. After the 1980 census, Livingston was moved to Congressman Joseph G. Minish's district. Minish was defeated by Dean Gallo in 1984 and served until his death in 1994. Rodney Frelinghuysen took his seat. The 2000 Census split the town between the 8th and 11th districts; as of the 2010 Census, the entire township is in the 11th district.
For the 1997–98 school year, Livingston High School received the National Blue Ribbon Schools Award from the United States Department of Education, one of the highest honors that an American school can achieve. Livingston High School was ranked 24th in New Jersey in New Jersey Monthly's 2012 rankings, 9th in New Jersey high schools in Newsweek's 2013 rankings of "America's Best High Schools", and is ranked 605th in US News' 2020 national high school rankings.
Approximately 26.7% of the township's population 25 years and older have attained professional, Masters or Doctorate degrees. During 2007–2008 budget year, Livingston allocated 59.96% of local property tax toward the Livingston Public Schools. Additionally, a separate budget of 7% of all municipal services went toward the operation of its public library. According to library statistics collected by Institute of Museum and Library Services, Livingston Public Library was ranked 22 out of 232 municipal libraries in New Jersey based on total circulation in 2006.
Livingston Chinese School and Livingston Huaxia Chinese School are two weekend Chinese-language schools in Livingston which use facilities of Heritage Middle School and Mount Pleasant school.
Ward-Force House and Condit Family Cook House are two building structures located at 366 South Livingston Avenue. These structures were jointly registered in the National Register of Historic Places in 1981, commonly known as the Old Force Homestead. Originally, Ward-Force House and Condit Family Cook House were built in separate properties. Ward-Force House was built as early as 1745 by Theophilus Ward. It was later purchased by Samuel Force for his son, Thomas Force. During the Revolutionary War, Thomas served as a patriot and was captured by the British. Thomas came back to live with his wife and children after the war and expanded the house. It was sold to the township in 1962. Condit Family Cook House was built as a stand-alone summer kitchen of a farm home near the current location of Livingston Mall. When the mall was built during the 1970s, the cook house was donated to the township and was moved to the current location at the rear of Ward-Force House. Currently, the Old Force Homestead is the headquarters of Livingston Historical Society and the Force Homestead Museum.
Dickinson House and Washington Place Schoolhouse are two other sites in the township that are registered in the New Jersey State Historic Site Program. Dickinson House is located at 84 Dickinson Lane. It was once visited by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt for a hunting trip. Washington Place Schoolhouse is located at 122 Passaic Avenue. It was a school house that was built around 1800.
The intersection of Livingston Avenue and Route 10 at night
Roads and highways
As of 2010, The township had a total of 136.05 miles (218.95 km) of roadways, of which 105.43 miles (169.67 km) are maintained by the municipality, 26.05 miles (41.92 km) by Essex County and 4.57 miles (7.35 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Rail service is accessible via the NJ Transit Morristown Line, which has several stops in adjacent communities such as Short Hills, Millburn, and South Orange. The stations are about 5 to 7 miles (8.0 to 11.3 km) from most of Livingston, accessible by car or taxi. The township provides a fee-based direct shuttle service called Livingston Express Shuttle for a 15-minute ride between Livingston Mall and South Orange station for Morristown Line trains to Midtown Manhattan and Hoboken.
On June 18, 1996, the Olympic Torch made a stop in Livingston while en route to Atlanta, Georgia.
On November 16, 1999, Livingston High School hosted sitting Governor Christine Todd Whitman and her cabinet for a town hall meeting with a conversation focusing on the state's diversity.
On January 13, 2008, Livingston High School hosted a crowd of 900 at the first of New Jersey Governor Jon Corzine's all-state county forum tour of Jersey to promote and explain his new toll hike proposal to finance state road maintenance. The town hall meeting featured a PowerPoint by Corzine and then a Q and A session where many attendees inquired about a new school financing proposal more so than the toll issue.
Jack Ketchum (pseudonym of Dallas Mayr, born 1946), author of The Girl Next Door and Off Season, who is a five-time winner of the Bram Stoker Award for Fiction
Ruth Marcus (born 1958), liberal op-ed columnist for The Washington Post who grew up in Livingston, where she was close friends with future political (and politically-opposite) columnist Mona Charen
^Raychaudhuri, Disha. "The wealthiest towns in N.J., ranked", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, June 7, 2019. Accessed November 4, 2019. "The median household income in N.J. is $76,475, recent Census data shows.... A note about the data: The data comes from the 2013-2017 American Community Survey conducted by U.S. Census Bureau. Smaller towns with less than 10,000 residents were excluded from the list.... 14. Livingston, Essex County Median income: $153,381"
^McManus, Fran. "Lost & Found; The rise, fall and rebirth of the Harrison cider apple", Edible Jersey, Fall 2010. Accessed August 5, 2013. "In September 1976, Paul Gidez, an orchardist and fruit collector from Vermont, came to Essex County to search for the Harrison apple. Stopping at a bagel shop, he asked if there were any old cider mills in the area. He was directed to Nettie Ochs Cider Mill in Livingston, where he found a large Harrison tree that, according to the owner, had been planted around the turn of the century."
^Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 243-4, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 14, 2013. "Livingston was formed in 1812, is five miles long and four wide. On the north is Caldwell, on the east West Orange, on the west Chatham and Hanover, in Morris county, and on the south Millburn. It lies ten miles west of Newark, and contains the small settlements of Livingston, Centreville, Moorehoustown, and Northfield. Population in 1850, 1,151; in 1860, 1,323; and in 1870, 1,157."
^About the Medical Center, Saint Barnabas Medical Center. Accessed November 4, 2019. "Since 1865, Saint Barnabas Medical Center (SBMC), New Jersey’s oldest nonprofit, nonsectarian hospital has worked to exceed our community’s highest expectations for compassionate care, health care excellence and superior service."
^Council-Manager Government, Township of Livingston. Accessed November 4, 2019. "This type of governance allows for professional local management, and Livingston has a 53-year legacy of which it can be proud. In 1957, voters here adopted the Council-Manager form of government, which was formed under the Optional Municipal Charter Law, also known as the Faulkner Act."
^Livingston Township Code, ecode360.com. Accessed April 2, 2020. "§ 2-3 Election of Mayor and Deputy Mayor. A. At the organization meeting each year, the members of the Council shall assemble at a site to be determined by the members of the Township Council and organize and elect one of their members as Mayor and one as Deputy Mayor. The Mayor and Deputy Mayor shall be chosen by ballot by majority vote of all members of the Council."
^Sanatola, Daniella. "Michael Vieira Takes His Seat on Livingston Township Council", TAP into Livingston, February 27, 2019. Accessed November 4, 2019. "Vieira was recently elected by the members of the LDCC after the township council deferred the vote back to the committee. For the remainder of the year, Vieira will fill the vacancy left by Michael Silverman, whose term would have expired on Dec. 31, 2020. In order to continue serving for the final year of Silverman’s term, Vieira would need to run in a general election to be held in November of this year."
^Santola, Danielle. "The Search is Over: Livingston Welcomes New Township Manager", TAP into Livingston, January 30, 2018. Accessed March 6, 2018. "After being vacant for several months, the position of Livingston Township Manager has been officially filled by Barry Lewis, Jr., who will begin full time on March 1."
^Staff. "New Livingston Township Manager Resigns After One Week in Service", TAP into Livingston, August 16, 2017. "Following Monday's meeting of the Livingston Township Council, newly appointed Township Manager Greg Bonin announced his resignation, effective immediately. According to Livingston Mayor Shawn Klein, Bonin apologized in his letter of resignation, stating that he felt that he would be unable to commit his heart and soul to the level he felt the township deserves."
^Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "Menendez, who started his political career in Union City, moved in September from Paramus to one of Harrison's new apartment buildings near the town's PATH station.."
^General Information, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 20, 2020. "The County Executive, elected from the County at-large, for a four-year term, is the chief political and administrative officer of the County.... The Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, five of whom are elected from districts and four of whom are elected at-large. They are elected for three-year concurrent terms and may be re-elected to successive terms at the annual election in November. There is no limit to the number of terms they may serve."
^Livingston Board of Education District Policy 0110 - Identification, Livingston Public Schools. Accessed June 4, 2021. "Purpose The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades Pre-Kindergarten through twelve in the Livingston School District. Composition The Livingston School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of Livingston."
^Our History, Aquinas Academy. Accessed February 19, 2023. "The name Saint Philomena School was changed to Saint Philomena Academy in 1982 and changed again in 1987 to Aquinas Academy, in honor of Saint Thomas Aquinas, the Dominican scholar, philosopher and patron of Catholic schools. Our name reflects the love of truth and the pursuit of knowledge espoused by Saint Thomas."
^Chen, David W. "No Lack of Curiosity, or Civility, at Corzine's First Forum on Toll Proposal", The New York Times, January 13, 2008. Accessed August 25, 2014. "But surprisingly, those were the exceptions rather than the rule on Saturday, when Mr. Corzine convened his first town hall meeting on his plan to drastically increase tolls in order to pay off billions of dollars in debt and maintain the state's bridges and highways. More than 900 people showed up for the meeting at Livingston High School, prompting organizers to use another room for overflow."
^"Statement from the National Museum of American History: Collection of Materials from V.A. Shiva Ayyudurai", Smithsonian Institution, February 23, 2012. Accessed March 19, 2013. "On Feb. 16, the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History collected a selection of materials from Shiva Ayyadurai of MIT. In accepting these objects, the museum did not claim that Ayyadurai was 'the inventor of email,' as some press accounts have alleged.... The objects collected include: two program printouts, two tape cassettes, a reel of computer tape and a variety of other materials related to an electronic mail program Ayyadurai developed for the College of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey as a high school student at Livingston High School in Livingston, N.J., in 1979."
^"Jamieson Named Student Editor", West Essex Tribune, July 15, 1982. Accessed November 19, 2020. "Denise Jamieson, a Livingston student at Newark Academy, has been named associate editor of the Minuteman, the student news magazine, for the coming academic year."
^Staff. "Student Gets Teaching Award", New Jersey Jewish News, June 11, 1981. Accessed August 2, 2019. "Pamela S. Nadell, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Irwin M. Nadell of Livingston, has been selected by Ohio State University as a recipient of a 1981 graduate associate teaching award.... Ms. Nadell, who writes and lectures widely on a variety of Judaica topics, was a 1969 graduate of Livingston High School, attended Hebrew University in Jerusalem, and graduated from Douglass College with high honors."
^When Hearts Touch, Livingston Education Foundation, September 15, 2014. Accessed January 3, 2018. "In early September, through art and science, two hearts touched... neither aware that they had shared roots in the Township of Livingston. Dr. Suzanne Steinbaum, one of this year's Livingston High School Hall of Fame 2014 inductees (LHS class of 1986), participated on a Q and A panel for the American Heart Association- My Heart. My Life speaking to theatre-goers following an Off Broadway performance of Piece of My Heart."
^Santola, Danielle. "Livingston Native’s Startup Company PodShare is a Hit in California", TAP into Livingston, June 29, 2016. Accessed January 17, 2020. "A Livingston High School Class of 2003 graduate, who recently shared the success story of her startup company PodShare on Fox11, is opening a third location in Los Angeles in July and has other locations in the works.... Livingston native Elvina Beck, an early adopter of AirBnB when it first came on the market, found a passion in shared accommodation and PodShare was born."
^Sullivan, John. "Like an 'Abandoned Planet'", The New York Times, August 22, 2004. Accessed August 5, 2013. "There was the murmur of reporters and photographers trading the rumor of the moment, punctuated and fanned by cellphones ringing with tips – like the one on Tuesday that the United States attorney, up the Turnpike in Newark, was planning to announce a plea agreement involving Charles Kushner, a developer from Livingston who is one of the top Democratic contributors in the country."
^"Seven-figure donation fuels emergency campaign", United Jewish Communities of MetroWest. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Chief among them is the gift of David Tepper of Livingston, who donated $1 million from the David A. Tepper Charitable Foundation. Tepper, a hedge-fund manager, made the pledge last month at a parlor meeting in the Short Hills home of Steven and Lori Klinghoffer."
^Rose, Lisa. "Lady Gaga files lawsuit of her own against Rob Fusari", The Star-Ledger, March 20, 2010. Accessed February 24, 2011. "The 42-year-old Livingston native, who helped pen and produce such hits as 'Bootylicious' by Destiny's Child and 'Wild Wild West' by Will Smith, was singing a different tune during a taped interview with The Star-Ledger in January."
^Shattuck, Kathryn. "Column: What's On Tonight", The New York Times, March 9, 2007. Accessed March 6, 2018. "10 P.M. (Comedy Central) Comedy Central Presents Chelsea Handler, the youngest of six children, was born in Livingston, N.J., to a Jewish father and a Mormon mother."
^Stone, Drew. "The NYHC Chronicles LIVE! Ep. #58 Jeff "JJ" Janiak (Discharge / Broken Bones / Dead Heros") YouTube, uploaded by stonefilmsnyc, Streamed live on 9 Sept 2020, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oExCPVUjUYk . Acsessed March 26, 2021
^Lee, Michelle. "And The Award Goes To...; Sophia Lin, who grew up in Livingston, won an Independent Spirit Award.", West Orange Patch, April 17, 2012. Accessed September 5, 2015. "Sophia Lin, who grew up in Livingston, knows this first-hand having toiled on 25 films and television shows over the span of 15 years.... Lin said she first became interested in the performing arts at Livingston High School while working behind the scenes on productions of Damn Yankees, Anything Goes and My Fair Lady."
^ abMona Charen and Ruth Marcus, C-SPANQ&A, July 9, 2006 transcript. Accessed November 30, 2014. "Brian Lamb, C-SPAN: Ruth Marcus, can you remember the first time you met Mona Charen? Ruth Marcus, Author: I can't remember the first time but I can remember many other times in the middle there because we were – we both started in Livingston, New Jersey in fourth grade. We were both new to the school but we were in different classes, so I remember fifth grade on up."
^Kennedy, Mark. "Talking With: Harlan Coben", Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, September 16, 2006. Accessed July 10, 2007. "Born in Newark and raised in Livingston, Coben is a Jersey boy through-and-through, having moved only to attend Amherst College in Massachusetts, where he met his wife, Anne, a pediatrician."
^Moskin, Julia. "One Cook, Thousands of Seders", The New York Times, April 16, 2008. Accessed March 28, 2011. "'No corn, no grains, no legumes, no seeds — not even mustard or soy sauce for eight days,' she said, searing a rib roast as big as a bread machine in her kitchen in Livingston, N.J. 'It's quite challenging, as a cook.'"
^Schneider, Jeremy. "", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, April 3, 2020. Accessed April 28, 2020. "Grady isn’t just a Livingston native, her dad was literally the town’s mayor. John H. Grady Jr. served two terms in office starting in 1976. She’s practically Essex County royalty!"
^"Environmental Resource Inventory"Archived 2011-10-02 at the Wayback Machine, Livingston Environmental Commission, July, 2010. Accessed August 25, 2011. "The Kean home is a Georgian–style bluestone mansion constructed by. Alexander Kean circa 1900 (Appendix D, Photo I). The house is located at 11 Chelsea Drive and was the longtime residence of Hamilton Kean US Congressman and brother of Alexander."
^Sullivan, Joseph F. "Politics; Kean Set To Get 'Diploma' Tuesday", The New York Times, November 29, 1981. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Thomas H. Kean of Livingston, a former Assembly Speaker, is scheduled to get his diploma on Tuesday. That is when the state's Board of Canvassers meets in Trenton to certify the results of the Nov. 3 gubernatorial election."
^Pennsylvania State Rep. Mike Schlossberg, Legistorm. Accessed September 29, 2022. "Date of Birth: May 15, 1983 (age: 39) Place of Birth: Livingston, N.J.... Livingston (N.J.) High School - Diploma (2001)"
^Dampf, Andrew. "Altidore gets his message across this time", USA Today, June 24, 2009. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Born in Livingston, New Jersey, to Haitian parents, U.S. Soccer is hoping Altidore develops into the consistent scorer the team has lacked for years. So far he's on schedule."
^Hirsch, Rod. "Immaculata Football Standout Begins NFL Career with Minnesota Vikings", TAPinto.net, September 3, 2017. Accessed November 5, 2017. "Standout Immaculata High School football player Tashawn Bower has played himself onto the opening day roster of the Minnesota Vikings after a four-year collegiate career at defensive end for perennial powerhouse LSU.... Bower's family lives in Livingston."
^Williams, Lena. "Plus: Tennis – Exhibition; Gimelstob Starts Charity Event", The New York Times, December 16, 1998. Accessed August 5, 2013. "On Saturday, Gimelstob and three of his Davis Cup teammates – Todd Martin, Jim Courier and Jan-Michael Gambill – will take part in a one-day exhibition to benefit three charities: the Eastern Tennis Association, the Tim and Tom Gullikson Foundation, and the Valerie Fund at St. Barnabas Medical Center in Livingston, N.J. My brothers and I were born there, said Gimelstob, of the medical center."
^Scorca, Robert. "An Interview with Jarryd Goldberg", Football in Miami and Beyond, January 13, 2010. Accessed September 3, 2019. "Today we bring you an interview Robert Scorca and I did with Jarryd Goldberg, one of Miami FC's standout players. Jarryd was born November 13, 1985 in Livingston, New Jersey. Goldberg attended Ridge High School in Basking Ridge, New Jersey, and played college soccer at Boston College and Boston University."
^Gambaccini, Peter. Eulogy for Sheldon Karlin, NY Runner, March / April 2000, at Central Park Track Club. Accessed January 8, 2018. "Karlin, only 49, died while walking near his home in Livingston, New Jersey, on January 16. He was known to have arteriosclerosis, and had suffered a mild heart attack in December."
^Dan Kellner, Sports Reference. Accessed August 21, 2018. "Born: April 16, 1976 (Age 42.127, YY.DDD) in Livingston, New Jersey, United States"
^Staff. "Utah Jazz Acquires Brevin Knight from L.A. Clippers", Utah Jazz, July 23, 2008. Accessed February 24, 2011. "A native of Livingston, N.J., Knight attended Seton Hall Prep in East Orange, N.J., before playing four seasons at Stanford University (1993–97), where he was a First Team All-American as a senior and won the 1997 Frances Pomeroy Naismith Award as the nation's most outstanding senior male collegian under six feet tall."
^Trecker, Jerry. "World Cup '94 Making A Quick Point Newcomers, one local, help USA over Norway", Newsday, January 16, 1994. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Chasing down a long throw from former Blau-Weiss Gottschee star Dario Brose, [Claudio Reyna], the 1993 College Player of the Year from the University of Virginia and Livingston, N.J., slammed a hard shot at Norway goalkeeper Frode Grodas to create a game-winning rebound chance for Cobi Jones as the United States defeated Norway, 2–1, in Sun Devil Stadium yesterday to begin its 1994 World Cup preparation with an upset triumph."
^Kipp, Guy. "Livingston Native Makes Major League Debut in KC Royals Opening Day Lineup", TAP into Livingston, March 29, 2019. Accessed January 18, 2020. "After years of consistent performance throughout the Kansas City Royals' minor league system, Frank Schwindel of Livingston is finally getting his shot. Schwindel, a 2010 Livingston High School graduate, was not even on the Royals' 40-man roster this spring training despite an .842 OPS (on-base-plus-slugging percentage) at the Triple-A level last year at Omaha."
^Dillon, Dennis. "The miracles in David Tyree's grasp"Archived 2013-10-19 at the Wayback Machine, Sporting News, June 19, 2008. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Born in Livingston, N.J., Tyree had something of a hardscrabble life. He was 1 when his parents, Jesse and Thelma, divorced. When he was 10, Thelma moved Tyree and his two older sisters to Montclair, where they lived in a one-bedroom house. Thelma slept in the bedroom, David had the living room and his sisters took the dining room."
^Kaufman, Michael J. "Boiardo's Daughter Killed While Cleaning a Window", The New York Times, October 19, 1973. Accessed July 28, 2020. "Livingston, N.J., Oct. 18 —The 47‐year‐old daughter of Ruggiero Boiardo, a patriarch of organized crime in New Jersey, was found dead yesterday at her home on her father's 29‐acre compound here, apparently the victim of a freakish accident.... For decades it has been the home of 82‐year‐old Ruggierio Boiardo, who describes himself as a mason and who, after being linked for decades with organized crime by law enforcement agencies, was convicted three years ago of a gambling violation."