Deori
Community development block
Deori
Deori
Location in Jharkhand, India
Deori
Deori
Deori (India)
Coordinates: 24°30′36″N 86°11′33″E / 24.51000°N 86.19250°E / 24.51000; 86.19250Coordinates: 24°30′36″N 86°11′33″E / 24.51000°N 86.19250°E / 24.51000; 86.19250
Country India
StateJharkhand
DistrictGiridih
Government
 • TypeFederal democracy
Area
 • Total423.61 km2 (163.56 sq mi)
Elevation
298 m (978 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total182,527
 • Density430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
815314 (Deori)
Telephone/STD code06556
Vehicle registrationJH - 11
Lok Sabha constituencyKodarma
Vidhan Sabha constituencyJamua
Websitegiridih.nic.in

Deori is a community development block (CD block) that forms an administrative division in the Khori Mahuwa subdivision[1] of the Giridih district in the Indian state of Jharkhand.

Overview

Giridih is a plateau region. The western portion of the district is part of a larger central plateau. The rest of the district is a lower plateau, a flat table land with an elevation of about 1,300 feet. At the edges, the ghats drop to about 700 feet. The Pareshnath Hills or Shikharji rises to a height of 4,480 feet in the south-eastern part of the district. The district is thickly forested. Amongst the natural resources, it has coal and mica.[2][3] Inaugurating the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana in 2016, Raghubar Das, Chief Minister of Jharkhand, had indicated that there were 23 lakh BPL families in Jharkhand.[4] There was a plan to bring the BPL proportion in the total population down to 35%.[5]

Maoist activities

Jharkhand is one of the states affected by Maoist activities. As of 2012, Giridih was one of the 14 highly affected districts in the state.[6]As of 2016, Giridih was identified as one of the 13 focus areas by the state police to check Maoist activities.[7] In 2017, the Moists, in Giridih district, have torched more than 50 vehicles engaged in road construction or carrying goods.[8]

Geography

Deori is located at 24°30′36″N 86°11′33″E / 24.51000°N 86.19250°E / 24.51000; 86.19250.

Deori CD block is bounded by Kawakole CD block, in Nawada district of Bihar and Khara CD block, in Jamui district of Bihar, on the north, Sono and Chakai CD blocks, of Jamui district of Bihar, on the east, Jamua and Dhanwar CD blocks on the south and Tisri CD block on the west.[9][10]

Deori CD block has an area of 423.61 km2. It has 27 gram panchayats, and 269 inhabited villages. Deori and Bhelwaghati police stations serve this block.[11][12] Headquarters of this CD block is at Deori. 22.09% of the area has forest cover.[9][13]

The main river in Deori CD block is Kunda.[13]

Gram panchayats in Deori CD block are:Khatori, Jamkhukharo, Chiknadih, Manikbad, Bairiya, Barwabad, Salaiyadih (Khorodih), Marudih, Harladih, Dhengadih, Sikrudih, Tilakdih, Bhelwaghati, Guniyathar, Ghaskaridih, Ghose, Jamdiha, Asko, Nekpur, Parsatand, Bedodih, Hariyadih, Chahal, Chatro, Gadidighi, Bansdih and Kosogondo Dighi.[13]

Demographics

Population

According to the 2011 Census of India, Deori CD block had a total population of 182,527, all of which were rural. There were 94,686 (52%) males and 87,841 (48%) females. Population in the age range 0–6 years was 33,133. Scheduled Castes numbered 28,118 (15.40%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 22,540 (12.35%).[14]

Literacy

As of 2011 census the total number of literate persons in Deori CD block was 93,433 (62.54% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 60,145 (77.30% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 33,288 (46.50% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 30.81%.[14]

As of 2011 census, literacy in Giridih district was 63.14% [15] Literacy in Jharkhand was 66.41% in 2011.[15] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[16]

See also – List of Jharkhand districts ranked by literacy rate

Literacy in CD Blocks of
Giridih district
Giridih subdivision
Giridih - 63.22%
Gandey - 56.30%
Bengabad - 59.33%
Dumri subdivision
Dumri - 63.55%
Pirtand - 47.22%
Bagodar Saria subdivision
Bagodar - 64.43%
Suriya - 66.25%
Birni - 61.47%
Khori Mahua subdivision
Dhanwar - 65.44%
Jamua - 63.99%
Deori - 62.54%
Tisri - 55.27%
Gawan - 60.94 %
Source: 2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data


Language and religion

In 2001, Khortha was the mother-tongue of 988,198 persons in Giridih district, forming 51.89% of the population, followed by Hindi with 392,263 persons (20.60%), Urdu with 309,960 persons (11.24%) and others with 309,960 persons (16.28%) with no information.[17]

Hindi is the official language in Jharkhand and Urdu has been declared as an additional official language.[18]

In 2011, Hindus numbered 1,856,202, forming 75.90% of the population of Giridih district followed by Muslims with 508,586 persons (20.80%), Christians with 14,645 persons (0.60%) and other religions/ religion not stated with 66,041 (2.70%).[17]

Rural poverty

40-50% of the population of Giridih district were in the BPL category in 2004–2005, being in the same category as Godda, Koderma and Hazaribagh districts.[19] Rural poverty in Jharkhand declined from 66% in 1993–94 to 46% in 2004–05. In 2011, it has come down to 39.1%.[20]

Economy

Livelihood

Livelihood
in Deori CD block

  Cultivators (34.16%)
  Agricultural labourers (47.42%)
  Household industries (4.16%)
  Other Workers (14.26%)

In Deori CD block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators numbered 26,111 and formed 34.16%, agricultural labourers numbered 36,254 and formed 47.42%, household industry workers numbered 3,184 and formed 4.16% and other workers numbered 10,899 and formed 14.26%. Total workers numbered 76,448 and formed 41.88% of the total population, and non-workers numbered 106,079 and formed 58.12% of the population.[21]

Note: In the census records a person is considered a cultivator, if the person is engaged in cultivation/ supervision of land owned. When a person who works on another person's land for wages in cash or kind or share, is regarded as an agricultural labourer. Household industry is defined as an industry conducted by one or more members of the family within the household or village, and one that does not qualify for registration as a factory under the Factories Act. Other workers are persons engaged in some economic activity other than cultivators, agricultural labourers and household workers. It includes factory, mining, plantation, transport and office workers, those engaged in business and commerce, teachers, entertainment artistes and so on.[22]

Infrastructure

There are 269 inhabited villages in Deori CD block. In 2011, 63 villages had power supply. 1 village had tap water (treated/ untreated), 269 villages had well water (covered/ uncovered), 251 villages had hand pumps, and all villages had drinking water facility. 36 villages had post offices, 4 villages had a sub post office, 3 village had telephones (land lines) and 143 villages had mobile phone coverage. 267 villages had pucca (paved) village roads, 58 villages had bus service (public/ private), 21 villages had autos/ modified autos, and 92 villages had tractors. 29 villages had bank branches, 21 villages had agricultural credit societies, 4 villages had cinema/ video halls, no village had public library and public reading room. 89 villages had public distribution system, 26 villages had weekly haat (market) and 120 villages had assembly polling stations.[23]

Agriculture

Hills occupy a large portion of Giridih district. The soil is generally rocky and sandy and that helps jungles and bushes to grow. The forest area, forming a large portion of total area, in the district is evenly distributed all over. Some areas near the rivers have alluvial soil. In Deori CD block, the percentage of cultivable area to total area is 20.91%. The percentage of cultivable area to the total area for the district, as a whole, is 27.04%. Irrigation is inadequate. The percentage of irrigated area to cultivable area in Deori CD block is 10.88%. May to October is the Kharif season, followed by the Rabi season. Rice, sown in 50% of the gross sown area, is the main crop in the district. Other important crops grown are: maize, wheat, sugar cane, pulses and vegetables.[24]

Mica mines

Deori CD block is home to mica mines.[13]

Backward Regions Grant Fund

Giridih district is listed as a backward region and receives financial support from the Backward Regions Grant Fund. The fund created by the Government of India is designed to redress regional imbalances in development. As of 2012, 272 districts across the country were listed under this scheme. The list includes 21 districts of Jharkhand.[25][26]

Education

Deori CD block had 83 villages with pre-primary schools, 228 villages with primary schools, 71 villages with middle schools, 19 villages with secondary schools, 3 villages with senior secondary schools, 15 vocational training school/ ITI, 1 non-formal training centre, 37 villages with no educational facility.[27]
.*Senior secondary schools are also known as Inter colleges in Jharkhand

Healthcare

Deori CD block had 1 village with community health centre, 3 villages with primary health centres, 12 villages with primary health subcentres, 16 villages with maternity and child welfare centres, 6 villages with allopathic hospitals, 5 villages with dispensaries, 10 villages with veterinary hospitals, 18 villages with family welfare centres, 30 villages with medicine shops.[27]
.*Private medical practitioners, alternative medicine etc. not included

References

  1. ^ "Jharkhand gets five new sub-divisions". HT Ranchi. Hindustan Times, 4 March 2014. Archived from the original on March 4, 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  2. ^ "Giridih district". Welcome to Giridih. Giridih district administration. Archived from the original on 11 September 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  3. ^ "Parashnath Hill, Giridih". Native Planet. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  4. ^ "Chief Minister launches Ujjwal scheme in Hazaribag". The Times of India, 2 November 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  5. ^ "State 12th Five Year Plan: State Annual Plan 2012-13" (PDF). State of Jharkhand. Jharkhand Planning Commission. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  6. ^ "Jharkhand Assessment 2013". Satp. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  7. ^ "13 focus areas identified in Jharkhand to check Maoist activities". Eenadu Jndia, 14 June 2016. Archived from the original on 27 September 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  8. ^ "Maoista torch 9 vehicles, assault labourers in Jharkhand's Giridih district". India TV. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  9. ^ a b "2011 District Census Handbook Giridih, Series 21, Part XII B" (PDF). Map on Page 3. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  10. ^ "CD Block/ Tehsil Map of Giridih". Maps of India. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  11. ^ "District Statistical Handbook, Giridih". Tables 2.1, 2.4. Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Planning and Development, Jharkhand. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  12. ^ "District Police Profile – Giridih". Contact Numbers. Jharkhand Police. Retrieved 14 December 2020.
  13. ^ a b c d "Giridih". District Administration, Giridih. Archived from the original on 27 May 2011. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  14. ^ a b "2011 Census C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". Jharkhand – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  15. ^ a b "District Census Handbook Giridih 2011 Series- 21, Part XII B" (PDF). Page 17. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  16. ^ "Literacy in India". Census 2011. Census population 2015 data. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  17. ^ a b "District Census Handbook Giridih, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 24. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 8 December 2020.
  18. ^ "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. p. 35. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  19. ^ "Rural Poverty in Jharkhad, India" (PDF). Table I: Spatial Distribution of Poverty in Jharkhand. Munich Personal RePEc Archive. Retrieved 8 December 2020.
  20. ^ "Eliminating poverty" (PDF). Jharkhand government. Retrieved 8 December 2020.
  21. ^ "District Census Handbook 2011 Giridih, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Tables 30 and 33, pages 52 and 58. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  22. ^ "District Census Handbook 2011 Giridih, Series 21 Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 17-18. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  23. ^ "District Census Handbook, Giridih, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 1176-1178 Appendix I: Village Directory. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  24. ^ "District Census Handbook, Giridih, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 9: Forest, flora and fauna, Page 11, Soil and cropping pattern, and Land use pattern, Page 73, Table 41: Distribution of villages according to land use. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  25. ^ "Backward Regions Grant Funds: Programme Guidelines" (PDF). Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 October 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  26. ^ "Backward Regions Grant Fund". Press Release, 14 June 2012. Press Information Bureau, Government of India. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  27. ^ a b "District Census Handbook Giridih, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 1175-1176. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 8 December 2020.